When searching multiple words the system first looks for words as phrases, next to or adjacent to each other, in the order the words are entered. If no results are found the system will automatically supply the Boolean "and" operator between each word. Multiple words entered for the search will all occur in the retrieved records though not necessarily in the order entered. Both examples on the right will retrieve the same results.
australian history women
women australian history
The asterisk ('*') matches up to five non-space characters, starting at the specified position in the word. For example, "inter*" will match "internal" and "internet", but will not match "international". The '*' wildcard may only appear after at least two characters.
The '*' wildcard may also be embedded in a search string. For example, "colo*r" would match both "color" and "colour".
Two asterisks ** matches any number of non-space characters, starting at the specified position in the word. For example, "inter**" will match all words that begin with "inter" (e.g., "internal", "internet", "international", etc.).
The '*' wildcard may also be embedded in a search string.
You may use a question mark ('?') to replace a single character anywhere within a word.
Boolean Operators and Field Limits
Use AND or OR to specify multiple words in any field, any order. Use NOT to exclude words.
These operators may be entered in either uppercase, lowercase, or mixed case (e.g., "NOT", "not", and "Not" are equivalent).
stocks and bonds
stocks and bonds
stocks not bonds
Use parentheses to construct complex searches.
(annotated bibliography) and child*
(alaska or canada) and (adventure and not vacation)
The NEAR operator is used to retrieve records that contain the specified words or phrases within ten words of each other in the same indexed field.
The WITHIN operator is similar to the NEAR operator, but allows the user to specify the maximum number of words that may appear between the specified words. WITHIN 10 and NEAR are equivalent.
international near conference
fractal within 3 geometry
Field limits may be specified by typing a field limit operator before the word or phrase to be searched. A field limit causes the system to search only the specified field for the specified word(s). The following field limits are supported:
Search only author fields
Search only title fields
Search only subject fields
Search only note fields
(a:twain) and (t:huck*)
(a:united and a:states) and (d:handicapped or d:disabled)