At the outset of independence 18 years ago, Kazakhstan's leaders promised that the country's rich natural resources, with oil and gas reserves among the largest in the world, would soon bring economic prosperity. It appeared that democracy was beginning to take hold in this newly independent state. Nearly two decades later, Kazakhstan has achieved the World Bank's ranking of a "middle (read more)
About The Author
Martha Brill Olcott
Martha Brill Olcott is a senior associate with the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Olcott specializes in the problems of transitions in Central Asia and the Caucasus as well as the security challenges in the Caspian region more generallly. She is the author of Central Asia's Second Chance (Carnegie, 2005).
Kazakhstan is the second-largest fragment left over from the implosion of the USSR, next to Russia itself. Its population, however, is quite sparse and split between Slavs and Kazakhs. Given these contours, which include Kazakhstan's principal significance to the outside world--oil--what sort of nation and government have formed there? Such is Olcott's guiding (read more)
August 1, 2002
This detailed but accessible work will be the definitive work on the newly independent state of Kazakhstan. The product of a decade's research on, and work in, the region by the leading authority on the country, Martha Olcott (Carnegie Endowment), it is comprehensive in scope. While successfully establishing itself as a viable independent state, Kazakhstan fell into (read more)