LoginCreate new account
Read JT PDF Version
Arabic Press
What's On
About Us
Contact us
Advertise
WEATHER, AMMAN
Today, October 16, 2021
23/ broken clouds
Home » Opinion » James J. Zogby » How Bush's handling of 9/11 made a mess — at home and abroad
How Bush's handling of 9/11 made a mess — at home and abroad
Sep 20,2021 - Last updated at Sep 20,2021
While heroic first responders were still sifting through the rubble of the World Trade Centre looking for survivors and the remains of those who perished, the George W. Bush administration was laying the groundwork for a series of domestic and foreign policies that would put America on a dangerous path having a devastating impact on our country and the world.
While President Bush made forceful statements cautioning Americans against striking out against Arabs and Muslims, his attorney general, John Ashcroft, was launching a round-up of thousands of mainly Arab immigrants for deportation. They were guilty of no crimes, nor were they ever charged. They were just summarily deported without any due process. Lives were ruined and families were torn apart, never to recover. 
Following on the heels of this practice, thousands more Arab immigrants and visitors were ordered to report to immigration authorities in two special "call-ups". Then came the "Special Registration" programme in which more than 180,000 immigrants were required to report to authorities. Because the program was poorly conceived and arbitrarily implemented, it resulted in thousands being unfairly given deportation notices. Importantly, while presented as counter-terror, national security measures, a review of these programmes found that not a single person rounded up or deported was found to pose a terrorist threat to the country. The only result of these draconian measures was to create fear among immigrant communities and their families.
Then came the massive surveillance programmes and the use of informants to entice and entrap some young Muslims into planning bogus acts of terror, followed by Justice Department press conferences at which the Attorney General would announce, "We caught another one." No crimes had been committed and because civil rights groups argued that no crimes would have been planned had the "perpetrators" not been entrapped, these incidents appeared designed more for show. Once again, these efforts served only to create widespread fear in the Arab and Muslim communities and to fuel anti-Arab and anti-Muslim sentiment, all of which ran counter to the more tolerant messages coming from the White House.
The use of subjective profiling, mass surveillance, and lack of any form of due process had all started during the Clinton administration, but were intensified during the Bush years, and have lasted until the present day, taking a toll not only on my community, but also on the civil liberties of all persons in this country, without, I hasten to add, according to most respected civil rights organisations, contributing one iota to our security.
If this were not bad enough, just weeks after the horrors of 9/11, prominent neo-conservatives, both within and outside of the Bush administration began planning wars they felt were needed to demonstrate American resolve and power. Their purposes were ideological and grounded neither in reality nor in good intelligence. The ideologues who led us into these misadventures argued that we had been attacked because we were seen as weak and so a decisive blow against the terrorists and those who supported them was necessary to show the strength and reach of American power. 
Additionally, they saw this crisis as an opportunity to resurrect what had been their pet project for more than a decade, that is, overthrowing the regime in Iraq. This, they said would project American power insuring our hegemony in the post-Cold War world. It would also, they argued, usher in a friendly, democratic government in Iraq, that would "serve as a beacon of light" to spread democracy across the Middle East. This entire enterprise was based on fantasy born of ideology, not reality, and the consequences of their foolishness are still with us.
They succeeded in overthrowing the Taliban, for a time, and more than a decade later killing Osama Bin Laden. But the job in Afghanistan was never finished, if it ever could have been, before they shifted resources and attention to Iraq. 
Saddam was overthrown and an uninformed US Viceroy set up a model of sectarian-based governance that has had disastrous consequences for the country. Almost 5,000 Americans died, as did hundreds of thousands of Iraqis. And the loss in treasure for both the US and Iraq has been in the trillions of dollars.
As a result of the Iraq war, the US military was drained and depleted and US prestige around the world plummeted to new lows. Iran found a foothold in Iraq to pursue its sectarian agenda and was emboldened to expand its meddlesome reach across the region. Instead of defeating extremism, the wars contributed to its metastasising. And instead of ushering in an era of US hegemony, the war created a multi-polar Middle East with several global and regional powers competing for influence.
A year after 9/11, James Fallows wrote "Bush's Lost Year" in which he lamented the administration's decision to act unilaterally with hubris in response to the attacks. Instead of building on the world's support, Bush arrogantly squandered it. And the results of the fateful choices he made are still haunting us today 20 years later.
The writer is president of the Washington-based Arab American Institute
Rate

15 users have voted.
James J. Zogby
Archives
Neglect, cynicism and nice but too late
Oct 11,2021
Israel’s problem with US Visa Waiver Programme: Respecting Arab American rights
Oct 04,2021
Turkey, Ethiopia and Israel and the Middle East's water crisis
Sep 27,2021
Remembering 9/11
Sep 13,2021
Lessons from the Ben & Jerry's boycott
Sep 06,2021
The Lebanon I love is dying
Aug 30,2021
10 years since the Arab Spring
Jul 05,2021
Netanyahu is out but nothing has changed
Jun 28,2021
What is Netanyahu's legacy?
Jun 21,2021
Add new comment
Your name

Comment *
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Math question *
2 + 6 =
Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. E.g. for 1+3, enter 4.

PopularRatedCommented
Cautious optimism on the road to Glasgow
Oct 15, 2021
A new momentum in transforming agri-food systems in the march to ending hunger
Oct 14, 2021
Fifth parliamentary election since 2003 invasion demonstrates another US failure in Iraq
Oct 13, 2021
Public development banks can drive sustainable finance
Oct 13, 2021
Newsletter
Get top stories and blog posts emailed to you each day.
VIDEOS
THE JORDAN TIMES
The Jordan Times is an independent English-language daily published by the Jordan Press Foundationsince October 26, 1975. The Jordan Press Foundation is a shareholding company listed on the Amman Stock Exchange.
PAGES
SECTIONS
Local
Region
World
Business
2015
CONTACT US
To send your articles , please do email : editor@jordantimes.com
call us : +962 6 5600-800
ext. 2392
Copyright © 2021 The Jordan News. All Rights Reserved.
Powered By: AccuSolutions Web Development & Mobile Applications