24 Feb 1997 - 15 Oct 1997
MINDSPRING GLOSSARY OF TERMS
This is a brief list of common Internet terms. MindSpring-specific definitions are indicated by the spring
DLL - Dynamic Link Library
A file containing information to be used by one or more applications.
The unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general. A given machine may have more than one domain name but a given network will havve the same thing as the right-hand portion of their domain names, eg.
A user's email address is always in the form username@host.
File Transfer Protocol. A common method of moving files between two Internet sites. FTP is a special way to login to another Internet site for the purposes of retrieving and/or sending files. There are many Internet sites that have established publicly accessible repositories of material that can be obtained using FTP, by logging in using the account name anonymous, thus these sites are called anonymous ftp servers.
The high-speed communications link between the major providers of Internet access. The Internet Backbone comprises T-1 and T-3 connections.
A numerical address composed of four, three-digit numbers (called octets) which identifies a computer on the Internet.
(Internet Relay Chat) -- Basically a huge multi-user live chat facility. There are a number of major IRC servers around the world which are linked to each other. Anyone can create a channel and anything that anyone types in a given channel is seen by all others in the channel. Private channels can (and are) created for multi-person conference calls.
The first part of your email address that is used to retreive your email from the mail server.
A computer linked to the Internet, with a discrete IP address
This server is the news server. The newsgroups and their messages are saved on this machine for retrieval by users.
Point of Presence. This is a location were your modem may dial to connect to MindSpring.
The incoming mail server. This is where a user's email is stored.
rotocol. A lanuguage and system used by computers with modems to act as a node on the Internet using TCP/IP
The outgoing mail server. All outgoing email is sent through this server.
(Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) -- This is the suite of protocols that defines the Internet. Originally designed for the UNIX operating system, TCP/IP software is now available for every major kind of computer operating system. To be truly on the Internet, your computer must have TCP/IP software.
The command and program used to login from one Internet site to another. The telnet command/program gets you to the login: prompt of another host.
Your login name used to connect to MindSpring.
(World Wide Web) -- Two meanings - First, loosely used: the whole constellation of resources that can be accessed using Gopher, FTP, HTTP, telnet, USENET, WAIS and some other tools. Second, the universe of hypertext servers (HTTP servers) which are the servers that allow text, graphics, sound files, etc. to be mixed together.