Mohammed bin Salman named Saudi Arabia’s crown prince
Saudi king replaces first in line to the throne with his son, Mohammed bin Salman, the defence chief, state media says.
Correction21 Jun 2017
A previous version of this article stated that the Allegiance Council voted 34 to 31 in favour of the changes. The council in fact endorsed the changes by 31 out of 34.
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman has appointed his son, Mohammed bin Salman, as heir, in a major reshuffle announced early on Wednesday.
A royal decree removed Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, a 57-year-old nephew of the king, as next-in-line to the throne and replaced him with Mohammed bin Salman, 31, who was previously the deputy crown prince.
According to the official Saudi Press Agency, the newly announced crown prince was also named deputy prime minister and maintained his post as defence minister.
The former crown prince was also fired from his post as interior minister, the decree said.
The series of decrees also amended Article V of the kingdom’s statute of ruling, stipulating that, from now on, only the sons and grandsons of the founding King Faisal Al Saud can be kings and crown princes.
The decision by King Salman to promote his son and consolidate his power was endorsed by 31 out of 34 members of the Allegiance Council, the decree said.
The council is made up of senior members of the ruling Al Saud family.
The Saudi king called for a public pledging of allegiance to the new crown prince early on Wednesday, the channel said.
Mohammed bin Nayef promptly vowed loyalty to his successor after the decree.
Mohammed bin Salman has risen to power under his father’s reign. He had previously been in charge of his father’s royal court when Salman was the crown prince.
Over the weekend, the king had issued a decree restructuring Saudi Arabia’s system for prosecutions that stripped Mohammed bin Nayef of long-standing powers overseeing criminal investigations.
Instead, King Salman ordered that a newly named Office of Public Prosecution and prosecutor report directly to the monarch.
That visit to Washington helped lay the foundation for Trump’s visit
to Saudi Arabia in May, which marked the president’s first overseas visit.
The trip was promoted heavily by the kingdom as proof of its weight in the region and wider Muslim world.
Yemen and Iran
Prince Mohammed bin Salman overhauled the kingdom’s economy away from its reliance on oil. He also oversees the Saudi-led war in Yemen
, as defence minister.
The war, launched more than two years ago, has failed to dislodge Iranian-allied rebels known as Houthis
from the capital, Sanaa, and has had devastating effects
on the impoverished country.
Rights groups say Saudi forces have killed scores of civilians and have called on the United States
, as well as the UK and France
, to halt the sale of weapons to Saudi Arabia
that could be used in the Yemen
The new crown prince also ruled out any chance of dialogue with Iran
In remarks aired on Saudi TV in May, Mohammed bin Salman framed the tensions with Iran in sectarian terms and said it is Iran’s goal “to control the Islamic world” and to spread its Shia doctrine.
He also vowed to take “the battle” to Iran.
Iran and Saudi Arabia’s rivalry has played out in proxy wars across the region.
They back opposite sides in the wars in Syria
and Yemen and they support political rivals in Lebanon
, Bahrain and Iraq
SOURCE: AL JAZEERA, NEWS AGENCIES
Qatar calls decision by Gulf nations and Egypt ‘unjustified’, saying allegations against Doha have ‘no basis in fact’.
US president receives warm welcome by King Salman as he seeks to repair ties with Washington’s closest Arab ally.
King Salman says his kingdom will not tolerate any external “interference” in war-torn neighbouring Yemen.
Follow Al Jazeera English:
© 2021 Al Jazeera Media Network
You rely on Al Jazeera for truth and transparency
We understand that your online privacy is very important and consenting to our collection of some personal information takes great trust. We ask for this consent because it allows Al Jazeera to provide an experience that truly gives a voice to the voiceless.
Dismiss Cookie preferences