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225 years of Jewish school in Berlin:
10 years Jewish Secondary School Berlin
Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786), who came as 13year old boy from Dessau to Berlin, posed the question how a modern Jewish school system should look like. How could the implementation of enlightenment values be in a Jewish education?
The Jewish Free School was founded in 1778 by students of Moses Mendelssohn. Besides religion, Jewish history and Hebrew, also secular topics such as geography, biology, languages were part of the schedule, which were open also to children from less privileged families and until 1818 even to non-Jewish boys. The school fee was calculated upon the income of the parents. 1862 the school moved to the building in Große Hamburger Strasse 27, which was reconstructed extensively in 1905.


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From January 1933 the number of students increased considerably due to expulsion of Jewish students from the public school system. In those years the trial was undertaken, to prepare the Youth – since 1931 also girls were admitted to the school – as good as possible for potential emigration. On the 15th of April 1942 the school had to be closed, because according to a new law Jewish children were not to be educated any longer.
The building became a deportation collection point thereafter. During the GDR a professional school was housed in the same building. After the reunification of Germany, the building was returned to the Jewish community.
Around the same time, the question arose, if for the children, who had reached the end of the existing Jewish primary school, a Jewish secondary school could be established. Since in the 1990s Berlin was the community with the most rapidly growing Jewish population world-wide outside Israel, due mainly to a high influx of Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union, the first Jewish secondary school (Gymnasium and Realschule) in Germany after the Shoa was established in September 1993 in the historical building. At the moment 280 Jewish and non-Jewish students attend the Jewish secondary school. In Germany private schools get financial support by the state. Without such a support it is nearly impossible to start and to maintain a private school. The condition - given by the state - is, that a certain percentage of the students are not part of the religious community which maintains the school.

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hagalil.com 08-09-03

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