Here’s a look at Yemen, a country located on the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, sharing a border with Saudi Arabia
Population: 30,399,243 (July 2021 est.)
Median age: 19.8 years
Ethnic groups: Predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asian, European
Unemployment: 27% (2014 est.)
May 22, 1990 - The Republic of Yemen is created from the unification of North Yemen, the Yemen Arab Republic and South Yemen, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen.
May-July 1994 -
A civil war between northerners and southerners begins due to disagreements between supporters of President Ali Abdullah Saleh,
from North Yemen, and Vice President Ali Salim al-Baid, from South Yemen. Troops loyal to Saleh win the war.
September 25, 1999 - Saleh wins the country’s first direct presidential election, with 96.3% of the vote. Opposition leaders allege tampering at the ballot box.
September 23, 2006 - Saleh wins reelection to a seven-year term with 77% of the vote.
January 2, 2010 - US President Barack Obama
announces a new counterterrorism partnership with Yemen, involving intelligence sharing, military training and joint attacks.
September 23, 2011 - Saleh returns to Yemen
after more than three months of medical treatment in Saudi Arabia.
February 10, 2014 - State news reports that Hadi has approved making Yemen a federal state consisting of six regions: two in the south, and four in the north. Sanaa is designated as neutral territory.
January 22, 2015 - President Hadi resigns
shortly after the prime minister and the cabinet step down. Houthis say they will withdraw their fighters from Sanaa if the government agrees to constitutional changes including fair representation for marginalized groups within the country. No agreement is reached.
April-August 2016 - Direct peace talks between the warring parties take place in Kuwait, but fail after Houthi rebels reject a UN proposal aimed at ending the war. Yemeni government officials leave the discussions shortly afterward.
December 21, 2017 - The International Committee of the Red Cross announces
that one million cases of cholera have been reported in Yemen since the outbreak began during the spring. More than 2,200 people have died, according to the World Health Organization. It is the largest outbreak of the disease in recent history.
April 3, 2018 -
Speaking at a UN Pledging Conference on Yemen, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres
notes that, in its fourth year of conflict, more than three-quarters of the population, 22 million,
require humanitarian aid. Regarding hunger alone, “some 18 million people are food insecure; one million more than when we convened last year.”
December 26, 2020 - Yemen’s new 24-member cabinet, the power-sharing government brokered by Saudi Arabia, is sworn in. The new cohesive government will have equal representatives from Yemen’s internationally recognized government and southern separatists, their coalition allies in the war against the Iran-aligned Houthi rebels.February 12, 2021 - US Secretary of State Antony Blinken announces the removal of Yemen’s Houthi rebels from the US list of foreign terrorist organizations, effective February 16, reversing the Trump administrations January 2020 designation that faced bipartisan backlash from politicians and humanitarian organizations.