What is GNU?
GNU is an operating system that is free software
—that is, it respects users' freedom. The GNU operating system consists of GNU packages (programs specifically released by the GNU Project) as well as free software released by third parties. The development of GNU made it possible to use a computer without software that would trample your freedom.
What is the Free Software Movement?
The free software movement campaigns to win for the users of computing the freedom that comes from free software. Free software puts its users in control of their own computing. Nonfree software puts its users under the power of the software's developer. See the video explanation
What is Free Software?
Free software means the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.
Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech”, not as in “free beer”.
- The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
- The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
- The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others (freedom 2).
- The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
Developments in technology and network use have made these freedoms even more important now
than they were in 1983.
More about GNU
is a Unix-like operating system. That means it is a collection of many programs: applications, libraries, developer tools, even games. The development of GNU, started in January 1984, is known as the GNU Project. Many of the programs in GNU are released under the auspices of the GNU Project; those we call GNU packages
The name “GNU” is a recursive acronym for “GNU's Not Unix.” “GNU” is pronounced g'noo
, as one syllable, like saying “grew” but replacing the r
The program in a Unix-like system that allocates machine resources and talks to the hardware is called the “kernel”. GNU is typically used with a kernel called Linux. This combination is the GNU/Linux operating system
. GNU/Linux is used by millions, though many call it “Linux” by mistake
GNU's own kernel, The Hurd
, was started in 1990 (before Linux was started). Volunteers continue developing the Hurd because it is an interesting technical project.
If you are a student, or have been admitted, and you are disgusted with being forced to use nonfree software for school, now is your chance to make a difference — tell the university you don't want to do that. Be civil to the staff, but show how strongly you feel this.
GNU and FSF move official IRC channels to Libera.Chat network. Read the full announcement
and the follow-up update
Release of MyGNUHealth 1.0.3: Dear GNU community: I am happy to announce that the release 1.0.3 of the GNU Health Personal Health Record (PHR) component, MyGNUHealth. This release updates the...
More action items
- Free phone operating system,
- decentralization, federation and self-hosting,
- free drivers, firmware and hardware designs,
- real-time voice and video chat,
- encourage contribution by people underrepresented in the community,
- and more.
- cfengine, freedink, freetalk, halifax, mcron, quickthreads, are all looking for maintainers.
- Also, these packages are looking for co-maintainers: aspell, bison, gnuae, gnubik, metaexchange, powerguru, xboard.
See the package web pages for more information.
Today's random package…
grep is a tool for finding text inside files. Text is found by matching a pattern provided by the user in one or many files. The pattern may be provided as a basic or extended regular expression, or as fixed strings. By default, the matching text is simply printed to the screen, however the output can be greatly customized to include, for example, line numbers. GNU grep offers many extensions over the standard utility, including, for example, recursive directory searching. (doc)
“The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a nonprofit with a worldwide mission to promote computer user freedom. We defend the rights of all software users.”
Updated: $Date: 2021/07/21 16:39:16 $