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A titular see
of North Africa. The city, said to have been founded by the Libyan Hercules, belonged to King Jugurtha, who had deposited his treasures there; it was captured by Marius in 106 B.C. and destroyed, but later became a Roman colony. When Africa
was divided into two provinces by Justinian
, it was assigned to Byzacena. Under Justinian
the Duke of Byzacena resided there and the town which was protected by a strong citadel, was called Justiniana Capsa
. In the eleventh century after the Arab
conquest, more than two hundred flourishing villages stood in the surrounding region. Five bishops
, one a Donatist
, are known from 255 to 484 (Morcelli
, Africa Christiana, 1, 118, Gams
The modern name of the town is Gafsa; it is situated in a most fertile oasis, about 81 miles west of Gabes and 128 west of Sfax, with which it is connected by a railway. The oasis has about 5000 inhabitants trading in dates, carpets, and wool rugs. It is well watered, has magnificent palm-trees, and is an important centre for French military and civil administration in Tunisia.
About this page
APA citation. Vailhé, S. (1908). Capsa. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved May 17, 2021 from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03314b.htm
MLA citation. Vailhé, Siméon. "Capsa." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 17 May 2021<http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03314b.htm>.
Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Joseph P. Thomas.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. November 1, 1908. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor.Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.
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