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Leader Influence in Role Selection Choices: Fulfilling Role Theory's Potential for Foreign Policy Analysis
Leslie E Wehner,
Leslie E Wehner
University of Bath
,
UK
  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5790-7568
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Cameron G Thies
Cameron G Thies
Arizona State University
,
USA
  https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9932-1394
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International Studies Review, viab014, https://doi.org/10.1093/isr/viab014
Published:
14 April 2021Navbar Search Filter Mobile Microsite Search Term SearchClose
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Abstract
While it has been well-documented when and how leaders matter in foreign policy, there is still no clear roadmap on how to connect and investigate the different possibilities that leadership studies offer for the benefit of role theory development. Thus, this article lays the foundation for a dialogue between role theory and leader-based approaches to foreign policy. We approach this as a “glass half full” as leaders are present in role theory, but not properly integrated in terms of theorization and methods to study their influence on the overall selection of roles. We present a range of possible ways to study the beliefs and personal characteristics of leaders and other motivational approaches that inform and shape their role selection process. A better integration of the individual level can give foreign policy scholars and practitioners a more complete picture of why governments decide to prioritize certain roles over others. Introducing a way forward in establishing a more robust connection between leaders and the roles of the state also provides scholars with a more complete toolkit to analyze and unpack agent–structure relations in foreign policy.
Aunque está bien documentado cómo y cuándo los líderes son importantes en el ámbito de la política exterior, todavía no hay una hoja de ruta clara sobre cómo conectar e investigar las diferentes posibilidades que ofrecen los estudios liderazgo para el beneficio de la teoría de rol. Por lo tanto, este artículo sienta las bases para un diálogo entre la teoría de rol y los enfoques de política exterior basados en los líderes. Esta problemática la abordamos desde un prisma de “un vaso medio lleno,” ya que los líderes están presentes en la teoría de rol, pero no están debidamente integrados en términos teóricos y metodológicos para estudiar su influencia en la selección general de estos roles. Presentamos una serie de posibles maneras de estudiar las creencias y las características personales de los líderes, así como otros enfoques motivacionales que comunican y estructuran el proceso de selección de roles. Una mejor integración del nivel individual puede dar a los estudiosos y los profesionales de la política exterior un panorama más completo acerca de por qué los gobiernos deciden dar prioridad a ciertos roles sobre otros. La introducción de una vía para establecer una conexión más sólida entre los líderes y los roles del Estado también proporciona a los estudiosos un conjunto de herramientas más completo para analizar y desentrañar las relaciones entre agentes y estructuras en política exterior.
Bien que les moments auxquels et que la manière dont les dirigeants comptent en politique étrangère aient bien été documentés, il n'existe pas encore de feuille de route claire sur la façon d'associer et d’étudier les différentes possibilités que les études du leadership offrent aux bénéfices du développement de la théorie des rôles. Cet article pose donc les bases pour un dialogue entre théorie des rôles et approches basées sur les dirigeants de la politique étrangère. Nous approchons cela comme un « verre à moitié plein » car les dirigeants sont présents dans la théorie des rôles mais pas correctement intégrés en termes de théorisation et de méthodes d’étude de leur influence sur la sélection globale des rôles. Nous présentons toute une série de moyens possibles d’étudier les convictions et les caractéristiques personnelles des dirigeants, ainsi que d'autres approches motivationnelles qui éclairent et façonnent leur processus de sélection de rôles. Une meilleure intégration du niveau individuel peut doter les chercheurs et intervenants en politique étrangère d'une image plus complète des raisons pour lesquelles les gouvernements décident de prioriser certains rôles par rapport à d'autres. L'introduction d'une manière de procéder pour établir un lien plus robuste entre dirigeants et rôles de l’État fournit également aux chercheurs un ensemble d'outils plus complet pour analyser et décortiquer les relations entre agents et structure en politique étrangère.
leaders, roles, individual level, leader trait analysis, operational code analysis, motivation approaches, Palabras clave, líderes, roles, nivel individual, análisis de rasgos del líder, análisis de códigos, enfoques motivacionales, Mots clés, dirigeants, rôles, niveau individuel, analyse des traits de caractère des dirigeants, analyse des codes opérationnels, approches motivationnelles
© The Author(s) (2021). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Studies Association.
This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (​https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model​)

Issue Section:
Analytical
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