Federal Agencies are Worth Paying Attention to.
Independent federal agencies establish and enforce the rules that define the shape of our economy and society. From preventing the next financial crisis to antitrust enforcement, and from employment discrimination to net neutrality, independent agencies’ decisions impact the lives of every American.
Unfortunately, information about independent agency leadership and voting records has been scattered and opaque, making it difficult for the public to hold these powerful bodies accountable. In this vacuum, corporations, with their ability to purchase specialized expertise, have succeeded in setting the agenda to serve their narrow interests at the expense of the public good. 
With the Agency Spotlight, Demand Progress Education Fund and the Revolving Door Project hope to tilt the balance in favor of the public, whose interest government is meant to serve. This Spotlight tracks appointments to leadership positions at thirty-nine agencies through the confirmation process and beyond. For three prominent agencies — the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) — the Spotlight will monitor and exhibit key votes. 
FDIC
Recent Key Vote:
Volcker Rule Rollback (Private Equity) - 07/31/2020
FTC
Recent Key Vote:
Eldorado Resorts and Caesars Entertainment - 08/26/2020
SEC
Recent Key Vote:
Whistleblower Program Rules - 09/23/2020
49
VACANT SEATS
21 Democrat, 9 Republican,
17 Non Partisan
33
EXPIRED SEATS
15 Democrat, 13 Republican,
5 Non Partisan
28
PENDING
NOMINATIONS
20 Democrat, 2 Republican,
4 Non Partisan
Filter Agencies:
With Voting Record Without Quorum
Committee of Jurisdiction:  
# of Expired Seats:  
# of Vacant Seats:  
Legend:
Democratic Seat
Republican Seat
Non-Partisan Seat
Expired Seat
Pending Seat
Vacant Seat
Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSHIB)
Established by Statute:
42 U.S.C. 7412(r)(6)
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Environment and Public Works
Partisan Balance:
Not Required

The Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) is charged with investigating industrial chemical accidents and reviewing the effectiveness of regulations and regulatory enforcement. The independent federal agency makes recommendations to plants, regulatory agencies, industry organizations, and labor groups.
Katherine Andrea LemosChair
Term Expires 4/23/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/23/2020 after 273 days pending
Must Vacate by 4/23/2025
VacantMember
VacantMember
VacantMember
VacantMember
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
Established by Statute:
7 U.S.C. 2
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) regulates the U.S. derivatives markets and aims to lower the risk of the futures and swaps markets to the economy and public.
Quorum (3*)?

Rostin BehnamActing Chair
Term Expired 3 months ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/3/2017 after 21 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2023
Dan Michael Berkovitz​Commissioner
Term Expires 4/13/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/28/2018 after 126 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2025
Dawn DeBerry StumpCommissioner
Term Expires 4/13/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/28/2018 after 442 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2024
VacantCommissioner
VacantCommissioner
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB)
Established by Statute:
12 U.S.C. 5491
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Not Required
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) oversees financial products and services that are offered to consumers and serves as an educational resource for consumers, helping them to understand their rights and responsibilities.
Dave UejioActing Director
Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
Established by Statute:
15 U.S.C. 2053
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) works to protect the American public from the potential safety hazards of consumer products, focusing on items that pose an unreasonable risk of fire, chemical exposure, electrical malfunction, or mechanical failure.
Quorum (3)?
Robert AdlerChair
Term Expires 10/26/2021
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 12/2/2014 after 201 days pending
Must Vacate by 10/26/2022
Dana Baiocco​Commissioner
Term Expires 10/27/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/22/2018 after 133 days pending
Must Vacate by 10/27/2025
Peter Feldman​Commissioner
Term Expires 10/27/2026
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 9/26/2018 after 111 days pending
Must Vacate by 10/27/2027
VacantCommissioner
VacantCommissioner
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB)
Established by Statute:
42 U.S.C. 2286
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Armed Services
Partisan Balance:
Required

The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board reviews the health and safety standards and their implementation at the Department of Energy Defense Nuclear Facilities.The Board also provides advice and recommendations to President and Secretary of Energy regarding public health and safety issues.
Quorum (3)?
Joyce L. ConneryChair
Term Expires 10/18/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 7/2/2020 after 59 days pending
Jessie Hill RobersonMember
Term Expires 10/18/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 7/2/2020 after 532 days pending
Thomas A. SummersMember
Term Expired a year ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 7/2/2020 after 59 days pending
VacantMember
VacantMember
Election Assistance Commission (EAC)
Established by Statute:
52 U.S.C. 20923
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Rules and Administration
Partisan Balance:
Required

The Election Assistance Commission (EAC) was created by the Help America Vote Act of 2002 and establishes guidance to meet the HAVA requirements. The commission also adopts voluntary voting system guidelines, serves as a national clearinghouse of information on election administration, and accredits testing laboratories and certifies voting systems.
Quorum (3)?
Benjamin HovlandChair
Term Expired 2 years ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 89 days pending
Thomas HicksMember
Term Expired 4 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 12/16/2014 after 344 days pending
Donald L. PalmerMember
Term Expires 12/12/2021
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 168 days pending

Christy McCormickMember
Term Expired 6 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 12/16/2014 after 152 days pending
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission​(​EEOC​)
Established by Statute:
42 U.S.C. 2000e-4
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
Partisan Balance:
Required
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is tasked with enforcing federal laws that prohibit discrimination against a job applicant or an employee on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, gender identity, and sexual orientation), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.
Quorum (3)?
Charlotte A. BurrowsChair
Term Expires 7/1/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 15 days pending
Jocelyn Samuels​Commissioner
Term Expires 7/1/2026
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 7/14/2021 after 93 days pending
Janet DhillonCommissioner
Term Expires 7/1/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/8/2019 after 111 days pending
Keith E. Sonderling​Commissioner
Term Expires 7/1/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 9/22/2020 after 190 days pending
Andrea R. LucasCommissioner
Term Expires 7/1/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 9/22/2020 after 190 days pending
Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIMBANK)
Established by Statute:
12 U.S.C. 635a
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) is the official export credit agency of the United States. The agency provides loans, guarantees, and insurance to American businesses that seek to expand their presence in emerging markets.
Quorum (3)?
Jim CruseActing Vice Chairman
Spencer Bachus IIIMember
Term Expires 1/20/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/8/2019 after 111 days pending
Must Vacate by 7/20/2023
VacantMember
VacantMember
VacantMember
VacantMember
Farm Credit Administration (FCA)
Established by Statute:
12 U.S.C. 2242
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Farm Credit Administration is charged with ensuring the safety and dependability of Farm Credit System institutions and Farmer Mac which provide credit to agricultural or rural professionals such as farmers.
Quorum (2)?
Glen R. SmithChair
Term Expires 5/21/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/5/2017 after 82 days pending
Jeffery S. HallMember
Term Expired 3 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 3/9/2015 after 59 days pending
VacantMember
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Established by Statute:
47 U.S.C. 154
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates interstate and international communications by television, radio, satellite, cable, and wire. The commissions works to promote competition in the broadband services and facilities market.
Quorum (3)?

Jessica RosenworcelActing Chair
Term Expired a year ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/3/2017 after 49 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2022
Geoffrey Adam StarksMember
Term Expires 7/1/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 212 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2024
Nathan A. SimingtonMember
Term Expires 7/1/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/8/2020 after 83 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2026
Brendan CarrMember
Term Expires 7/1/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 359 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2025
VacantMember
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation(FDIC)
Established by Statute:
12 U.S.C. 1812
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Federal Deposit Insurance Commission (FDIC) insures deposits in banks and thrift institutions for at least $250,000 in the event of bank failures and promotes safe banking practices, upholding public confidence in the U.S. financial system
Voted with Agency Spotlight principles
Voted against Agency Spotlight principles
Did Not Vote
Ineligible
Dave UejioActing Director, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
Record on Key Votes:
FDIC: Volcker Rule Rollback (Private Equity)(tap box twice for more info)
Ineligible
Michael HsuActing Comptroller of the Currency
Record on Key Votes:
FDIC: Volcker Rule Rollback (Private Equity)(tap box twice for more info)
Ineligible
Jelena McWilliamsChair
Term Expires 5/24/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/24/2018 after 121 days pending
Record on Key Votes:
FDIC: Volcker Rule Rollback (Private Equity)(tap box twice for more info)
Yea

Martin J. Gruenberg​Commissioner
Term Expired 3 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 3/29/2012 after 290 days pending
Record on Key Votes:
FDIC: Volcker Rule Rollback (Private Equity)(tap box twice for more info)
Nay
VacantCommissioner
Federal Election Commission (FEC)
Established by Statute:
52 U.S.C. 30106
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Rules and Administration
Partisan Balance:
Required

The Federal Election Commission (FEC) administers and enforces federal campaign finance law which covers the public financing of presidential campaigns, limits on contributions to influence federal elections, and the public disclosure of funds raised and spent to influence federal elections.
Quorum (4)?
Shana M. BroussardChair
Term Expires 4/30/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/9/2020 after 40 days pending
Steven T. WaltherMember
Term Expired 12 years ago
Nominated by George W Bush, Confirmed 6/24/2008 after 531 days pending

Ellen L. WeintraubMember
Term Expired 14 years ago
Nominated by George W Bush, Confirmed 3/18/2003 after 68 days pending
James E. TrainorMember
Term Expires 4/30/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/19/2020 after 81 days pending
Allen DickersonMember
Term Expires 4/30/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/9/2020 after 84 days pending
Sean J. CookseyMember
Term Expired 5 months ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/16/2020 after 47 days pending
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission​(​FERC​)
Established by Statute:
42 U.S.C. 7171
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Energy and Natural Resources
Partisan Balance:
Required

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) regulates the interstate transmission of electricity, natural gas, and oil.
Quorum (3)?
Richard GlickChair
Term Expires 6/30/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/2/2017 after 92 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2023
Allison Clements​Commissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/30/2020 after 124 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2025
Mark C. Christie​Commissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/30/2020 after 124 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2027
James DanlyCommissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/13/2020 after 9 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2025
VacantCommissioner
Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA)
Established by Statute:
12 U.S.C. 4511
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Not Required
The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) was created by the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 and provides supervision, regulation, and housing mission oversight of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Federal Home Loan Banks.
Sandra ThompsonActing Director
Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA)
Established by Statute:
5 U.S.C. 7104
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Federal Labor Relations Authority is responsible for administering laws that protect the rights of federal non-postal employees to bargain collectively and manages relations between federal agencies and employees.
Quorum (2*)?
Ernest DuBesterMember
Term Expires 12/11/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/16/2017 after 44 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2023
Colleen Duffy KikoChair
Term Expires 7/30/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/16/2017 after 72 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2023

James T. AbbottMember
Term Expired a year ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/16/2017 after 72 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2022
Federal Maritime Commission (FMC)
Established by Statute:
46 U.S.C. 301
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) regulates the U.S. international ocean transportation system.
Quorum (2)?
Daniel B. MaffeiCommissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 48 days pending
Must Vacate by 6/30/2023
Carl Whitney BentzelCommissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/21/2019 after 162 days pending
Must Vacate by 6/30/2025

Michael A. KhouriChair
Term Expired 3 months ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 4/26/2018 after 90 days pending
Must Vacate by 6/30/2022
L. E. SolaCommissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 48 days pending
Must Vacate by 6/30/2024

Rebecca F. DyeCommissioner
Term Expired a year ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 6/29/2016 after 34 days pending
Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission (FMSHRC)
Established by Statute:
30 U.S.C. 823
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
Partisan Balance:
Not Required
The Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission (FMSHRC) administers trials and hears appeals of disputes related to the Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977.
Quorum (3)?
Arthur R. Traynor IIIMember
Term Expires 8/30/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/14/2019 after 56 days pending
Must Vacate by 8/30/2022
Marco M. Rajkovich Jr.Member
Term Expires 8/30/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/14/2019 after 56 days pending
Must Vacate by 8/30/2024
William I. AlthenMember
Term Expires 8/30/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/14/2019 after 56 days pending
Must Vacate by 8/30/2024
VacantMember
VacantMember
Federal Reserve System Board of Governors (FRB)
Established by Statute:
12 U.S.C. 241-242
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Not Required
The Federal Reserve System Board of Governors carries out U.S. monetary policy, promotes the stability of the financial system, and ensures the safety and reliability of individual financial institutions.
Jerome H. PowellChair
Term Expires 2/5/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/23/2018 after 15 days pending
Richard ClaridaVice Chair
Term Expires 1/31/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/28/2018 after 126 days pending
Randal QuarlesVice Chair for Supervision
Term Expires 10/13/2021
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 10/5/2017 after 86 days pending
Lael BrainardMember
Term Expires 7/31/2026
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 6/12/2014 after 149 days pending
Michelle BowmanMember
Term Expires 2/1/2034
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 9/12/2019 after 161 days pending
Christopher WallerMember
Term Expires 2/1/2030
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/3/2020 after 310 days pending
Vacant
Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board (FRTIB)
Established by Statute:
5 U.S.C. 8472
Committee of Jurisdiction:
N/A
Partisan Balance:
Not Required

The Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board administers the Thrift Savings Plan, a tax-deferred retirement account similar to a 401(k).
Quorum (3)?
Ronald McCrayMember
Term Expired 5 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 11/18/2011 after 176 days pending
David Avren JonesActing Chair
Term Expired 3 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 3/27/2015 after 77 days pending
William (Bill) JasienMember
Term Expired 6 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 6/27/2013 after 63 days pending
Dana K. BilyeuMember
Term Expired 6 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 11/18/2011 after 73 days pending
VacantMember
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Established by Statute:
15 U.S.C. 41
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) seeks to protect consumers and promote a competitive market through the enforcement of consumer protection and antitrust laws which work to prevent anticompetitive, deceptive, and unfair business practices.
Voted with Agency Spotlight principles
Voted against Agency Spotlight principles
Did Not Vote
Ineligible
Lina KhanChair
Term Expires 9/25/2024
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 6/15/2021 after 83 days pending
Record on Key Votes:
FTC: Eldorado Resorts and Caesars Entertainment(tap box twice for more info)
Ineligible
Rebecca Kelly SlaughterChair
Term Expires 9/26/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 4/26/2018 after 17 days pending
Record on Key Votes:
FTC: Eldorado Resorts and Caesars Entertainment(tap box twice for more info)
No-Vote

Rohit ChopraCommissioner
Term Expired 2 years ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 4/26/2018 after 90 days pending
Record on Key Votes:
FTC: Eldorado Resorts and Caesars Entertainment(tap box twice for more info)
Nay
Christine S. WilsonCommissioner
Term Expires 9/25/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 4/26/2018 after 90 days pending
Record on Key Votes:
FTC: Eldorado Resorts and Caesars Entertainment(tap box twice for more info)
Yea
Noah Joshua PhillipsCommissioner
Term Expires 9/25/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 4/26/2018 after 90 days pending
Record on Key Votes:
(tap box twice for more info)
Yea
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission​(​FCSC​)
Established by Statute:
22 U.S.C. 1621
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Judiciary
Partisan Balance:
Not Required

The Foreign Claims Settlement Commission (FCSC) adjudicates claims of U.S. nationals against foreign governments in accordance with international claims settlements agreements.
Quorum (2)?

Patrick HovakimianMember
Term Expired a year ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/10/2018 after 93 days pending
Sylvia M. BeckerMember
Term Expired 5 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 6/27/2013 after 155 days pending
VacantChair
IRS Oversight Board(IRSOB)
Established by Statute:
26 U.S.C. 7802
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Finance
Partisan Balance:
Not Required

The Oversight Board shall oversee the Internal Revenue Service in its administration, management, conduct, direction, and supervision of the execution and application of the internal revenue laws or related statutes and tax conventions to which the United States is a party. It also ensures that the organization and operation of the Internal Revenue Service allows it to carry out its mission.
Quorum (5)?
Janet YellenMember
Charles RettigMember
Term Expires 11/12/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 9/12/2018 after 210 days pending
Must Vacate by 11/12/2022
Robert M. TobiasMember
Term Expired 16 years ago
Confirmed 9/28/2000
VacantMember
VacantMember
VacantMember
Vacant
VacantMember
VacantMember
Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB)
Established by Statute:
5 U.S.C. 1201-1206
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Merit Systems Protection Board protects federal employees from abuses by agency management and carries out merit systems studies.
Quorum (2*)?
VacantChair
VacantMember

VacantMember
National Aeronautics and Space Administration​(​NASA​)
Established by Statute:
42 U.S.C. 2451
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Partisan Balance:
Not Required
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is tasked with U.S. space exploration along with space technology, Earth and space science, and aeronautics research.
Bill NelsonAdministrator
Pamela MelroyDeputy Administrator
National Credit Union Administration (NCUA)
Established by Statute:
12 U.S.C. 1752a
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) charters and monitors federal credit unions and insures deposits at federally insured credit unions.
Quorum (2)?
Todd HarperChair
Term Expired 6 months ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/14/2019 after 35 days pending
Rodney HoodMember
Term Expires 8/2/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/14/2019 after 56 days pending
Kyle HauptmanMember
Term Expires 8/2/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/2/2020 after 167 days pending
National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC)
Established by Statute:
25 U.S.C. 2704
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Indian Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required

The National Indian Gaming Commission was established by the Indian Gaming and Regulatory Act (IGRA) and regulates and supervises certain aspects of Indian gaming.
Quorum (2)?
E. Sequoyah Simermeyer (Coharie)Chair
Term Expires 11/21/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/21/2019 after 148 days pending
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
Established by Statute:
29 U.S.C. 153
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
Partisan Balance:
By Convention †
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is responsible for protecting employees' rights to organize and unionize, and investigates allegations of misconduct brought by workers, unions, or employers.
Quorum (3)?
Lauren McGarity McFerranChair
Term Expires 12/16/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 7/29/2020 after 135 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/16/2024
Gwynne A. WilcoxMember
Term Expires 8/27/2023
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 7/28/2021 after 62 days pending
Must Vacate by 8/27/2023
David Prouty Member
Term Expires 8/27/2026
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 7/28/2021 after 35 days pending
Must Vacate by 8/27/2026
Marvin E. KaplanMember
Term Expires 8/27/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 7/29/2020 after 135 days pending
Must Vacate by 8/27/2025
John F. RingMember
Term Expires 12/16/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 4/11/2018 after 82 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/16/2022
National Mediation Board(NMB)
Established by Statute:
45 U.S.C. 154
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
Partisan Balance:
Required
The National Mediation Board (NMB) facilitates labor-management relations within the railroad and airline industries.
Quorum (2)?
Kyle FortsonChair
Term Expired 2 years ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/2/2017 after 129 days pending

Gerald W. Fauth IIIMember
Term Expired a year ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/2/2017 after 126 days pending
Linda PuchalaMember
Term Expired 3 years ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/2/2017 after 35 days pending
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
Established by Statute:
49 U.S.C. 1111
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Partisan Balance:
Required
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) conducts investigations of transportation-related accidents and develops recommendations to improve transportation safety.
Quorum (3)?
Jennifer L. HomendyChair
Term Expires 12/31/2024
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 8/9/2021 after 81 days pending
Thomas B. ChapmanMember
Term Expires 12/31/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/19/2019 after 63 days pending
Michael GrahamMember
Term Expires 12/31/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/19/2019 after 344 days pending
Bruce LandsbergMember
Term Expires 12/31/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 7/24/2018 after 299 days pending
VacantMember
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Established by Statute:
42 U.S.C. 5841
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Environment and Public Works
Partisan Balance:
Required

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is charged with ensuring safe civilian use of radioactive materials and regulating commercial nuclear power plants and other uses of nuclear material through licensing, inspection, and enforcement of its requirements.
Quorum (3)?
Christopher T. HansonChair
Term Expires 6/30/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/21/2020 after 79 days pending
Must Vacate by 6/30/2024
Jeffery BaranCommissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/24/2018 after 261 days pending
Must Vacate by 6/30/2023
David A. WrightCommissioner
Term Expires 6/30/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 5/21/2020 after 135 days pending
Must Vacate by 6/30/2025
Vacant
Vacant
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)
Established by Statute:
29 U.S.C. 661
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
Partisan Balance:
By Convention †
The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC) settles workplace safety and health disputes between the Department of Labor and employers, along with disagreements over the results of safety and health inspections conducted by the Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
Quorum (2)?
Cynthia L. Attwood​Commissioner
Term Expires 4/27/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/9/2020 after 84 days pending
Must Vacate by 4/27/2025
Amanda Wood LaihowCommissioner
Term Expires 4/27/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/9/2020 after 84 days pending
Must Vacate by 4/27/2023
VacantCommissioner
Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC)
Established by Statute:
39 U.S.C. 502
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Postal Regulatory Commission oversees the U.S. Postal Service and ensures that it meets all of its requirements.
Quorum (N/A)?

Michael KubayandaChair
Term Expired 10 months ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 205 days pending
Must Vacate by 11/22/2021
Ashley Jay Elizabeth PolingVice Chair
Term Expires 11/22/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 50 days pending
Must Vacate by 11/22/2025
Robert G. TaubCommissioner
Term Expires 10/14/2022
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 12/10/2016 after 89 days pending
Must Vacate by 10/14/2023
Mark ActonCommissioner
Term Expires 10/14/2022
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 12/10/2016 after 177 days pending
Must Vacate by 10/14/2023
Ann C. FisherCommissioner
Term Expires 10/14/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 94 days pending
Must Vacate by 10/14/2025
Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB)
Established by Statute:
42 U.S.C. 2000ee
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Judiciary
Partisan Balance:
Required

The Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB) is responsible for adequately safeguarding privacy and civil liberties from the federal government's efforts to prevent terrorism.
Quorum (3)?
Travis LeBlancMember
Term Expires 1/29/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 6/27/2019 after 161 days pending
Edward FeltenMember
Term Expires 1/29/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 6/27/2019 after 105 days pending
VacantMember
VacantMember
VacantMember
Railroad Retirement Board (RRB)
Established by Statute:
45 U.S.C. 231f
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
Partisan Balance:
Not Required
The Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) manages retirement, unemployment, survivor, and sickness benefits for U.S. railroad workers and their families.
Thomas JayneMember
Term Expires 8/28/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 20 days pending
Johnathan BraggMember
Term Expires 8/28/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 20 days pending
Erhard R. ChorleMember
Term Expires 8/28/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 155 days pending
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Established by Statute:
15 U.S.C. 78d
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) works to protect investors and facilitate capital formation.The commission is also responsible for promoting a fair and orderly securities market through supervising securities exchanges, securities brokers and dealers, investment advisors, and mutual funds.
Voted with Agency Spotlight principles
Voted against Agency Spotlight principles
Did Not Vote
Ineligible
Allison LeeActing Chair
Term Expires 6/5/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 6/20/2019 after 77 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/5/2023
Record on Key Votes:
SEC: Whistleblower Program Rules(tap box twice for more info)
Nay
Caroline A. Crenshaw​Commissioner
Term Expires 6/5/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/6/2020 after 49 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/5/2025
Record on Key Votes:
SEC: Whistleblower Program Rules(tap box twice for more info)
Nay
Gary GenslerChair
Term Expires 6/5/2026
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 4/14/2021 after 69 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/5/2027
Record on Key Votes:
SEC: Whistleblower Program Rules(tap box twice for more info)
Ineligible
Hester M. PeirceCommissioner
Term Expires 6/5/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/6/2020 after 65 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/5/2026
Record on Key Votes:
SEC: Whistleblower Program Rules(tap box twice for more info)
Yea
Elad Roisman​Commissioner
Term Expires 6/5/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 9/5/2018 after 93 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/5/2024
Record on Key Votes:
(tap box twice for more info)
Yea
Surface Transportation Board (STB)
Established by Statute:
49 U.S.C. 1301
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Commerce, Science, and Transportation
Partisan Balance:
Required
The Surface Transportation Board (STB) decides railroad rate and service disputes and reviews proposed railroad mergers.
Patrick J. FuchsVice Chairman
Term Expires 1/2/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 302 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2025

Ann D. BegemanChair
Term Expired 9 months ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 4/14/2011 after 98 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/31/2021
Michelle A. SchultzMember
Term Expires 11/18/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/18/2020 after 672 days pending
Must Vacate by 11/18/2026
Martin J. ObermanMember
Term Expires 12/31/2023
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 1/2/2019 after 169 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/31/2024
Robert E. PrimusMember
Term Expires 12/31/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 11/18/2020 after 112 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/31/2023
United States International Trade Commission (USITC)
Established by Statute:
19 U.S.C. 1330
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Finance
Partisan Balance:
Required

The United States International Trade Commission (USITC) investigates potential unfair trade practices that harm U.S. businesses and subsequently imposes corrective measures. The commission also provides information and analysis on international trade issues to the President and the Congress.
Rhonda K. SchmidtleinMember
Term Expires 12/16/2021
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 3/6/2014 after 59 days pending
Amy KarpelMember
Term Expired a year ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 57 days pending
Jason E. KearnsChair
Term Expires 12/16/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/1/2018 after 245 days pending
Randolph J. StayinMember
Term Expires 6/16/2026
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 196 days pending
David S. JohansonChair
Term Expired 3 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 10/31/2011 after 206 days pending
VacantMember
United States Parole Commission (USPC)
Established by Statute:
18 U.S.C. 4202
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Judicary
Partisan Balance:
Not Required

The U.S. Parole Commission reviews and decides prisoners' application for parole.
Patricia K. CushwaVice Chair
Term Expired 11 years ago
Nominated by George W Bush, Confirmed 11/21/2004 after 5 days pending

Charles T. Massarone​Commissioner
Term Expired 3 years ago
Nominated by Barack Obama, Confirmed 5/24/2012 after 367 days pending
VacantChair
VacantCommissioner
VacantCommissioner
United States Postal Service (USPS)
Established by Statute:
39 U.S.C. 202
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Partisan Balance:
Required
The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) provides mail processing and delivery services to individuals and businesses in the U.S.
Quorum (6)?
Louis DeJoyPostmaster General
Douglas TulinoDeputy Postmaster General

Ron A. BloomGovernor
Term Expired 10 months ago
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 196 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2021
Donald Lee MoakGovernor
Term Expires 12/8/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 6/18/2020 after 107 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2023
Ronald StromanGovernor
Term Expires 12/8/2028
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 5/12/2021 after 58 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2029
Anton George HajjarGovernor
Term Expires 12/8/2023
Nominated by Joe Biden, Confirmed 5/28/2021 after 74 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2024
Roman Martinez IVGovernor
Term Expires 12/8/2024
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 196 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2025
John M. BargerGovernor
Term Expires 12/8/2021
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 8/1/2019 after 143 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2022
Robert M. DuncanGovernor
Term Expires 12/8/2025
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 12/5/2019 after 323 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2026
William ZollarsGovernor
Term Expires 12/8/2022
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 6/18/2020 after 163 days pending
Must Vacate by 12/8/2023
United States Sentencing Commission (USSC)
Established by Statute:
28 U.S.C. 991-99
Committee of Jurisdiction:
Judiciary
Partisan Balance:
Required

The U.S. Sentencing Commission develops sentencing policies, practices, and guidelines for federal courts. The commission also counsels Congress and the executive branch in crime policymaking.
Quorum (4)?
Charles R. BreyerActing Chair
Term Expires 10/31/2021
Nominated by Donald Trump, Confirmed 3/21/2017 after 19 days pending
Must Vacate by 1/2/2025
VacantMember
VacantChair
VacantMember
VacantMember
VacantMember
Vacant
On Partisan Balance and Quorum Requirements:
The genesis of different agencies’ administrative features — such as partisan balance requirements and quorum rules — varies. For some, these structures and rules are dictated in founding statutes. For others, features have developed and been cemented by convention.
In addition to identifying which agencies require a quorum and partisan balance, we have sought to identify the source of this requirement in each case. At times, this may lead our tool to conflict with other sources, such as the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS), which rely solely on what is dictated in statute in classifying independent agencies. You can find our sources for each determination and additional notes in this spreadsheet
*This agency does not require a quorum by statute but its internal rules demand one. In practice this limits agency action as much as a statutory quorum requirement. However, these limitations are more vulnerable to challenge by the courts than those imposed by statute. Download the spreadsheet to learn more about these agencies’ administrative structures. 
† This agency does not require partisan balance by statute but such balance has developed as a matter of convention. Although, there is little distinction between a statutory partisan balance requirement and one developed by convention in terms of function, it should be noted that the latter is less resilient to norms-defying attacks. 
Note: Politically-balanced boards prohibit more than a certain number of members/commissioners from being members of the President’s political party. In most cases, nominees are either Republicans or Democrats. In rare instances, however, presidents may nominate an Independent to fill a vacancy. For the sake of simplicity, the Monitor treats an Independent nominee as a member of the party with whom the nomination originated – either that of the President or the Senate leader of the party that is not the President’s to whom the President traditionally defers to fill the minority party spots on independent agency boards.
Download the Leadership Tracker data here.
If you have questions about the Spotlight or notice a mistake, please email us at oversight@cepr.net
copyright 2019
TRACKERNEWSABOUT