Politics of Military Authoritarianism in North Africa
YEZID SAYIGH,  WITH NATHAN TORONTO
MARCH 17, 2021
Source: Getty
Authoritarian military politics in North Africa will be shaped by relations between the military and the head of state, dynamics within the coercive sector, marginalization of the private sector, and the ability of state actors to leverage foreign support.
عربي
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The armed forces have been a central political player and the real locus of power in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, and Sudan for sixty years, but the turbulence of the last decade prompts a reexamination of this power. Will the scale of social crisis and structural economic challenges prompt the armed forces to seek an exit from governing? In Egypt, few political or social interlocutors remain with whom a military withdrawal can be negotiated, limiting the scope for orderly transition. A fragile political settlement leaves Libya overshadowed by the continued salience of armed actors and the prospect of the return of strongman rule by generals or military-backed civilians. In Algeria and Sudan, conversely, political parties and civil society organizations are pivotal actors, but are they capable of preventing yet another restoration of military rule, whether direct or indirect?
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  1. Enduring Authoritarianism in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, and Sudan
    YEZID SAYIGH
  2. Civil-Military Relations in Sisi’s Egypt
    RISA BROOKS
  3. A Tale of Two Armies
    ANAS EL-GOMATI
  4. The Military’s Political Role in the New Algeria
    BELKACEM ELGUETTAA
  5. Sudan’s Imperiled Political Transition
    SAMUEL RAMANI

Carnegie does not take institutional positions on public policy issues; the views represented herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of Carnegie, its staff, or its trustees.
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