This work is in the public domain in Russia
according to article 1281 of Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation No. 230-FZ of December 18, 2006, articles 5 and 6 of Law No. 231-FZ of the Russian Federation of December 18, 2006 (the Implementation Act for Book IV of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation).
If the author of this work was subjected to repression and rehabilitated
posthumously, countdown of copyright protection began not from the death date, but from the rehabilitation date. If the work was first published posthumously, the copyright term is counted from the date of that first publication, unless the author was later rehabilitated, in which case it runs again from that later rehabilitation date.
Cinema films created before January 1, 1929 are subjects of points 1-2 of this template.