Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 1
↑ Walker, J. F., Yang, Y., Feng, T., Timoneda, A., Mikenas, J., Hutchison, V., Edwards, C., et al. 2018. From cacti to carnivores: Improved phylotranscriptomic sampling and hierarchical homology inference provide further insight into the evolution of Caryophyllales. American Journal of Botany 105( 3): 446– 462.
Although the waterwheel plant
is listed as endangered globally it is considered potentially invasive in the Northeast, where this carnivorous aquatic plant has been introduced into private ponds by hobbyists and probably transported into the wild on the feet of birds.
Some sources still list the Tamaricaceae
family) as part of the Violales.
) species are considered invasive in North America, and they can be difficult to distinguish from one another.
The New York Flora Atlas lists Tamarix parviflora
as naturalized in New York, but does not specify which counties.
Limonium carolinianum (Walter) Britton
The genus Limonium is generally known as sea lavender or statice. But it's not related to lavender (Lavandula), which is in the Lamiaceae (mint family).
Limonium carolinianum is reported as secure in salt marshes along the New York Atlantic Coast.
According to the Flora of North America, although Limonium leptostachyum
was reported from New York by R. S. Mitchell and G. C. Tucker (1997), it's doubtful that it could naturalize New York.
Armeria maritima is native to coastal regions throughout the northern hemisphere but has not been known to naturalize in New York. Its North American distribution is primarily along the west coast, but there is a fairly significant population near Lehigh Gap, Palmerton, Pennsylvania, where it was used for remediation in test plots downwind from zinc smelters that severely damaged the forest on top of Blue Mountain.
Kim & Donoghue (2008). Molecular phylogeny of Persicaria (Persicarieae, Polygonaceae). Systematic Botany 33(1): pp. 77–86
Persicaria sect. Persicaria
Persicaria sect. Tovara
Persicaria virginiana (L.) Gaert.
Persicaria sect. Echinocaulon
Persicaria perfoliata, mile-a-minute weed
Persicaria sect. Echinocaulon contains armed climbers known as tearthumbs. Two of these are New York natives, and one P. perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) is a fairly recent introduction from Asia that is considered to be very highly-invasive in New York.
Persicaria sect. Cephalophilon
Persicaria sect. Rubrivena
Rumex subg. Axillares
Rumex subg. Rumex
Plants of subg. Rumex are generally synoecious, but polygamodioecious or dioecious individuals occasionally occur in some species.
Rumex subg. Acetosa
Rumex subg. Acetosella
The Flora of North America recognizes the two sections Duravia
Polygonum sect. Duravia
Schuster, Reveal & Kron (2011)
transferred Polygonella articulata
back to Polygonum articulatum
Polygonum sect. Polygonum
Fallopia sect. Fallopia
Knotweed (Reynoutria — syns. Polygonum and Fallopia) includes the very common Japanese knotweed (R. japonica var. japonica) and the less common giant knotweed (R. sachalinensis). The hybrid of the two (R. × bohemica or Bohemian knotweed), often occurs mixed in with Japanese knotweed. All three are considered to be very highly invasive in New York State.
Last edited on 2 October 2021, at 22:29
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.