The President of Bolivia resigns
Carlos Mesa.
(Image missing from Commons: image; log)
Tuesday, March 8, 2005
South America — The President of Bolivia Carlos Mesa officially resigned Sunday, March 6. Now the President of Senate Hormando Vaca Díez is the temporary President of the Republic of Bolivia.
Mesa resigned because of the announcement of highways's blockages by Evo Morales, both the leader of the coca growers and the Movement Toward Socialism (MAS). The blockages serve to pressure the Legislative so the Hydrocarbons Law can be approved. The law aims to raise the taxes levied on hydrocarbon extraction from 18 to 50%.
The MAS is a political party formed basically by coca-growing campesinos (known as cocaleros), communists, admirers of Fidel Castro, and indigenous people. The party is against the government of the United States and the alleged American influency in the region, the neoliberalism and the globalization. Morales in his own words, explain some of the MAS motivations:
The worst enemy of humanity is capitalism. That is what provokes uprisings like our own, a rebellion against a system, against a neoliberal model, which is the representation of a savage capitalism. If the entire world doesn't acknowledge this reality, that the national states are not providing even minimally for health, education and alimentation, then each day the most fundamental human rights are being violated.
Morales is an admirer of Fidel Castro and he says he is inspired by the presidents of Venezuela Hugo Chavez and Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. He supports the creation of an anti-imperialist block formed by Latin-American and Arabian countries against the USA, which is being organized by the Brazilian President.
Bolivia economy depends on exportation of hydrocarbon (oil and gas). Other sources of resources comes from the cultivation of coca. The coca growers demands the same treatment the government is giving to hydrocarbons. However, the production of coca in great quantities is controversial since the coca is the raw material of cocaine. Cocaine is considered illegal in Bolivia and in the majority of other countries
In October 2003, Morales caused the resignation of the President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada. After the resignation of Lozada, Mesa, the vice-president, assumed the command of Bolivan government.
Morales said about the resignation of Mesa:"The only resignation purpose is to blackmail, this resignation is not worth, it basically serves so the October agenda does not occurr (agenda purpose is nationalization of gas production and to proclaim a Constitutional Assembly [Note:where politics propose a new Constitution]).
The blockades of roads occurred in two strategical places: at the city of El Alto, neighboring to the capital, and at El Chapere, which binds the cities of Cochabamba and Santa Cruz de la Sierra.
The country is divided. There were some protests and manifestations for and against Mesa.
Sources
Brian Winter. "Bolivian Power Brokers Ask President Not to Quit" — Reuters, March 8, 2005
AP. "Bolivian President Submits Resignation" — FOX News, March 7, 2005
"Country profile: Bolivia" — BBC News Online, March 7, 2005
Mario Roque. "Bolivia President Submits Resignation" — Reuters, March 7, 2005
Mario Roque. "Bolivia President Offers to Quit as Protests Mount" — Reuters, March 7, 2005
"Bolivia President Mesa Resigns as Protests Spread" — Reuters, March 6, 2005
AFP. "Bolivia's president resigns amid protests" — Yahoo! News, March 8, 2005
"The World Factbook - Bolivia" — CIA, February 10, 2005
Ronaldo Carmona. "Bolivia in a state of convulsion" — Communist Party of Brazil, October 10, 2003
Michael Radu. "Boiling Bolivia" — FrontPage, October 8, 2003
"Lula, Chavez, and Evo Morales address World Social Forum" — socialistworld.net, February 6, 2003
Alejandro Rodriguez. "BOLIVIA: Who is Evo Morales?" — Green Left Weekly, July 24, 2002
"Evo Morales and opposition to the US in Bolivia" — ZNet, July 14, 2002
"Mesa pone su cargo a disposición y culpa a Evo de la crisis del país" — El Mundo (Bolivia), March 8, 2005
"El conflicto cede, pero El Alto y Chapare insisten en bloquear" — La Prensa (Bolivia), March 8, 2005
"El Presidente renuncia; la decisión está en manos del Congreso" — La Razón (Bolivia), March 7, 2005
"Bolivia: renunció Mesa" — BBC News Online, March 7, 2005
"El presidente de Bolivia, Carlos Mesa, oficializó su renuncia" — El Tiempo (Colombia), March 7, 2005
"Bolivia: Mesa presentó su renuncia al Congreso" — La Nación (Argentina), March 7, 2005
"Solidaridad en Bolivia con Cuba y Venezuela" — Digital Gramma Internacional, December 15, 2003
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This page is archived, and is no longer publicly editable.
Articles presented on Wikinews reflect the specific time at which they were written and published, and do not attempt to encompass events or knowledge which occur or become known after their publication.
Got a correction? Add the template {{editprotected}} to the talk page along with your corrections, and it will be brought to the attention of the administrators.
Please note that due to our archival policy, we will not alter or update the content of articles that are archived, but will only accept requests to make grammatical and formatting corrections.
Note that some listed sources or external links may no longer be available online due to age.
Last edited on 27 February 2019, at 21:39
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