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Islam in Europe
centuries-old Muslim societies in the Balkans, Southeastern Europe, Caucasus, Crimea, and Volga region, such as Slavic Muslims, Muslim populations of Albanians
105 KB (8,976 words) - 19:33, 12 July 2021
Ethnic groups in Europe
Europeans are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe
106 KB (9,160 words) - 15:03, 23 July 2021
Europe
since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and
201 KB (18,950 words) - 02:50, 21 July 2021
Demographics of Europe
and Muslims accounted for 2%. Muslims are younger and have more children than non-Muslims in Europe overall. Fertility and migration drove Muslim population
56 KB (3,094 words) - 23:18, 22 July 2021
Muslim Slavs
Muslim Slavs or Slavic Muslims are ethnic groups or sub-ethnic groups of Slavs who are followers of Islam. The term is most often used in the study of
15 KB (1,434 words) - 22:55, 17 July 2021
Religion in Europe
2007 Number of Muslims in Germany. Retrieved 13 October 2014 Hackett, Conrad (29 November 2017), "5 facts about theMuslim population in Europe", Pew Research
83 KB (5,833 words) - 19:30, 13 July 2021
Racism in Europe
mapped the countries in Europe with the highest incidents of racial bias, based on data from 288,076 Europeans.[citation needed] It used the Implicit-association
62 KB (6,866 words) - 21:56, 21 July 2021
Northern Europe
people and people of other religions, especially Muslims, due to immigration. In the United Kingdom, there are also significant numbers of Indian religions
10 KB (935 words) - 00:22, 23 July 2021
Islam by country (redirect from Muslims by country)
non-denominational Muslims, Quranist Muslims and Wahhabis (with nearly around 1–2% of the world's total Muslim population) also exist. A study from the Pew Research
128 KB (6,677 words) - 17:23, 19 July 2021
Black Europeans of African ancestry
Black Europeans of African ancestry, or Afro-Europeans, refers to people in Europe who trace full or partial ancestry to Sub Saharan Africa. In the European
17 KB (832 words) - 07:52, 20 July 2021
Western Europe
Europe is the region of Europe farthest from Asia, with the countries and territories included varying depending on context. After the beginning of foreign
26 KB (2,262 words) - 14:19, 13 July 2021
Muslim population growth
Europe. In 2016, the median age of Muslims throughout Europe was 30.4, 13 years younger than the median age of otherEuropeans. 50% of all European Muslims
31 KB (3,014 words) - 03:49, 18 July 2021
Muslims
Muslims (Arabic: مسلم‎, romanized: Muslim) are people who follow or practice Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion. The derivation of "Muslim" is from
57 KB (4,576 words) - 17:04, 22 July 2021
Other White
self-identify as white (chiefly European) persons who are not of the English, Welsh, Scottish, Romani or Irish ethnic groupings. The category does not comprise
7 KB (777 words) - 07:23, 21 July 2021
European Union
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The union has a total area of 4,233
252 KB (21,831 words) - 17:24, 18 July 2021
Islamophobia (redirect from Hatred ofMuslims)
towards Islam and Muslims, such as anti-Muslimism, intolerance against Muslims, anti-Muslim prejudice, anti-Muslim bigotry, hatred of Muslims, anti-Islamism
152 KB (16,369 words) - 15:07, 20 July 2021
Islam in the United Kingdom
Wales Islam in France List of British MuslimsMuslims in Western Europe Religion in the United Kingdom Islam in the Republic of Ireland CT0341_2011 Census
148 KB (13,541 words) - 03:28, 23 July 2021
Flag of Europe
that year by the Council of Europe as a symbol for the whole of Europe. The Council of Europe urged that it be adopted by otherEuropean organisations
97 KB (9,104 words) - 00:28, 11 July 2021
Persecution of Muslims
Persecution of Muslims is the religious and political persecution which is inflicted upon followers of the Islamic faith or those with a Muslim identity
295 KB (30,893 words) - 23:34, 21 July 2021
History of Europe
and living in the city were required to make people civilized; Europeans and non-Europeans were judged for their civility, and Europe regarded itself
235 KB (29,917 words) - 19:46, 19 July 2021
Regions of Europe
calculations of the midpoint of Europe (among other issues), and the pure geographical criteria of "east" and "west" are often confused with the political
20 KB (2,016 words) - 19:51, 27 June 2021
Arabs in Europe
Arabs in Europe are people of Arab descent living in Europe today and over the centuries. Several million Arabs are residents in Europe. The vast majority
12 KB (1,354 words) - 14:52, 23 June 2021
European emigration
European emigration can be defined as subsequent emigration waves from theEuropean continent to other continents. The origins of the various European
72 KB (6,760 words) - 20:10, 23 July 2021
White slavery (category Greek slaves of the Ottoman Empire)
trafficking) refers to the chattel slavery ofEuropeans, whether by non-Europeans (such as West Asians and North Africans), or by other Europeans (for example naval
43 KB (5,222 words) - 22:53, 21 June 2021
Southern Europe
Southern Europe is the southern subregion of Europe. Definitions of Southern Europe, also known as Mediterranean Europe, include countries and regions
28 KB (3,042 words) - 12:52, 21 July 2021
Turks in Europe
of Muslims in Europe and the Gülen", in Weller, Paul; Ihsan, Yilmaz (eds.), EuropeanMuslims, Civility and Public Life: Perspectives On and From the Gülen
119 KB (10,091 words) - 18:31, 20 July 2021
Moors (redirect from The Moors)
The term Moor is an exonym first used by Christian Europeans to designate theMuslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily and Malta
56 KB (6,418 words) - 17:17, 6 July 2021
Islam in Russia (redirect from Muslims in the Russian Federation)
has the largest Muslim population in Europe; and according to US Department of State in 2017, Muslims in Russia numbered 10,220,000 or 7% of the total
55 KB (4,624 words) - 22:38, 15 July 2021
Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe
Research, a pan European Muslim Brotherhood organisation which provides guidance to Muslims in Europe. According to its website, it has "hundreds of member organizations
10 KB (932 words) - 15:28, 29 December 2020
Religion in the European Union
estimated that the Union's Muslim population in 2009 was 13 million people. The country with the largest number of Muslims in western Europe is believed
45 KB (2,377 words) - 19:05, 15 July 2021
Slavs (redirect from Slavic Europe)
Muslim Slavs include the Bosniaks, Pomaks (Muslim Bulgarians), Gorani, Torbeši (Macedonian Muslims) and other Muslimsof the former Yugoslavia. Modern
75 KB (6,521 words) - 09:42, 21 July 2021
Slavery in medieval Europe
the sale of Christians to Muslims was banned (pactum Lotharii), the Venetians began to sell Slavs and other Eastern European non-Christian slaves in greater
90 KB (11,680 words) - 17:40, 22 July 2021
Muslim world
Muslim". However, other denominations exist in pockets, such as Ibadi (primarily in Oman). About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority
149 KB (16,266 words) - 11:55, 12 July 2021
Bengali Muslims
are the second largest Muslim ethnic group in the world (after Arab Muslims) and the largest among the Indo-Europeans. Bengali Muslims make up the majority
72 KB (7,399 words) - 16:24, 22 July 2021
Antisemitism in Europe
having originated in the Christian and pre-Christian civilizations of Europe. While it has been cited as having been expressed in the intellectual and political
155 KB (17,897 words) - 22:55, 20 July 2021
Saracen (category CS1 maint: others)
were primarily Arab Muslims, but also Turks or other Muslims as referred to by Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Ages. The term's meaning evolved
14 KB (1,555 words) - 08:28, 9 June 2021
Languages of Europe
1.5 million). Of the approximately 45 million Europeans speaking non-Indo-European languages, most speak languages within either the Uralic or Turkic
103 KB (8,074 words) - 14:23, 19 July 2021
Macedonian Muslims
The Macedonian Muslims (Macedonian: Македонци-муслимани, romanized: Makedonci-muslimani), also known as Muslim Macedonians or Torbeši (Macedonian: Торбеши)
14 KB (1,320 words) - 10:54, 15 July 2021
European Islam
which constitute of large populations of native White European Slavic Muslims, alongside Muslim populations of Albanians, Greeks, Romani, Balkan Turks
33 KB (3,473 words) - 20:41, 21 July 2021
Immigration to Europe
and seek jobs elsewhere in the EU. While most immigrant populations in European countries are dominated by other Europeans, many immigrants and their
79 KB (7,662 words) - 14:50, 21 July 2021
Flags of Europe
This is a list of international, national and subnational flags used in Europe. An incomplete list of flags representing intra-European international and
93 KB (486 words) - 17:38, 18 July 2021
Romani people (redirect from Romani people in Eastern Europe)
Elena; Popov, Veselin (2012). "Roma Muslims in the Balkans". Education of Roma Children in Europe. Council of Europe. Retrieved 26 December 2012. "Population
183 KB (17,125 words) - 04:16, 22 July 2021
Islam in India (redirect from Muslims in Parliament of India)
in the 2011 census. It makes India the country with the largest Muslim population outside Muslim-majority countries. The majority of Indian Muslims belong
184 KB (19,572 words) - 05:34, 21 July 2021
Middle Ages (redirect from Europe in the middle ages)
population of Europe; between 1347 and 1350, the Black Death killed about a third ofEuropeans. Controversy, heresy, and the Western Schism within the Catholic
164 KB (20,604 words) - 05:36, 15 July 2021
Ottoman Turks (category Turks of the Ottoman Empire)
between Asia and Europe. Western Europeans had to find other ways to trade with the East. The "Ottomans" first became known to the West in the 13th century
8 KB (1,001 words) - 12:10, 23 July 2021
Antisemitism in Islam (redirect from Muslims and anti-Semitism)
accompanied European antisemitism because, unlike Christians, Muslims viewed Jews as objects of ridicule, not fear. He argues that Muslims did not attribute
147 KB (18,320 words) - 06:52, 24 July 2021
Genetic history of Europe
For comparisons, pair-wise Fst of non-European samples were as follows: Europeans – Africans (Yoruba) 0.1530; Europeans – Chinese 0.1100; Africans (Yoruba)
151 KB (14,681 words) - 18:58, 19 July 2021
Persecution of Muslims during the Ottoman contraction
During the decline and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Muslim (including Ottoman Turks, Albanians, Bosniaks, Serbs, Greek Muslims, Pomaks, Circassians)
84 KB (10,486 words) - 23:29, 19 July 2021
Hijab and burka controversies in Europe
declaration of allegiance to radical Islamism. Although the Balkans and Eastern Europe have indigenous Muslim populations, most Muslims in western Europe are
89 KB (9,646 words) - 03:05, 24 July 2021
Cultural Muslims
born and raised Muslim, I still identify as Muslim, and I was also born gay.” Abdullah says that, unlike former Muslims, cultural Muslims may not wish to
21 KB (2,322 words) - 05:22, 10 July 2021
Spread of Islam
one of the reasons may be that "Islam had become more clearly defined, and the line between Muslims and non-Muslims more sharply drawn. Muslims now lived
73 KB (9,227 words) - 01:47, 24 July 2021
White people (redirect from White Europeans)
change in the meaning of white that occurred in the colonies (see above) to distinguish Europeans from non-Europeans did not apply to the 'home land'
170 KB (17,082 words) - 06:17, 23 July 2021
European migrant crisis
or non-Europeans in their communities. A study released by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights found out that almost 40% of Muslims (focused
270 KB (25,228 words) - 04:45, 24 July 2021
History of the Jews in Europe
The history of the Jews in Europe spans a period of over two thousand years. Some Jews, a Judaean tribe from the Levant, migrated to Europe just before
55 KB (5,849 words) - 19:53, 11 July 2021
Muslims (ethnic group)
former Yugoslavia still consider themselves to be Muslims in an ethnic sense. Remaining ethnic Muslims are most numerous in Serbia and they are constitutionally
18 KB (1,704 words) - 18:14, 11 July 2021
Pied-Noir (category European diaspora in Africa)
the Muslim people of Algeria were called Arabs, Muslims or Indigenous. The term "pied-noir" began to be commonly used shortly before the end of the Algerian
40 KB (4,158 words) - 15:27, 18 July 2021
Concert of Europe
The Concert of Europe refers to a general consensus among the Great Powers of 19th Century Europe to maintain the European balance of power and the integrity
35 KB (4,787 words) - 07:19, 25 June 2021
European Conservatives and Reformists
The European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) is a Eurosceptic, anti-federalist political group of the European Parliament. The ECR is the parliamentary
81 KB (6,289 words) - 06:24, 4 July 2021
European Americans
largest panethnic group in the United States, both historically and at present. The Spaniards are thought to be the first Europeans to establish a continuous
62 KB (4,579 words) - 01:29, 9 July 2021
The Strange Death of Europe
IS OBSESSED WITH A BOOK ABOUT MUSLIMS DESTROYING EUROPE. HERE'S WHAT IT GETS WRONG". The Intercept. Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved
10 KB (971 words) - 18:26, 22 July 2021
Europeans in Algeria
primarily of French people, other populations included Spaniards in the west of the country, Italians and Maltese in the east, and otherEuropeans in smaller
4 KB (419 words) - 22:14, 10 May 2021
Hijab by country (category Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2021)
just the veil itself, or the concept of modesty embodied in hijab. Although the Balkans and Eastern Europe have Muslim populations, most Muslims in western
130 KB (14,687 words) - 08:05, 1 July 2021
Islam in the United States
Institute of Peace: The Diversity of Muslims in the United States: Views as Americans TIME: Muslim in America (photo essay) Valparaiso University: Muslims as
163 KB (17,402 words) - 06:34, 24 July 2021
Eurabia (redirect from Muslim takeover)
that if Muslims "taking over" Europe were imminent, Europeans would either forcibly deport their Muslims at best or engage in a genocide of them at worst
61 KB (6,023 words) - 18:41, 18 July 2021
Bosniaks (redirect from Bosnian Muslims)
component in the Bosniak identity but see it as referring exclusively to the Slavic Muslims in Bosnia. Still others consider all Slavic Muslims in the former
142 KB (15,812 words) - 09:05, 16 July 2021
Islamic world contributions to Medieval Europe
via the Silk Road, including Chinese inventions such as paper and gunpowder. The Islamic world also influenced other aspects of medieval European culture
57 KB (6,444 words) - 18:13, 28 April 2021
Mappila Muslims
is a member of the Muslim community of the same name found predominantly in Kerala and Lakshadweep Islands , in southern India. Muslims of Kerala make
65 KB (7,247 words) - 12:50, 20 July 2021
European colonization of the Americas
although Europeans deemed the territory terra nullius, "nobody's land", it was the homeland of existing indigenous residents. Western European conquest
78 KB (9,081 words) - 21:56, 20 July 2021
Iberian Peninsula (redirect from Southwestern Europe)
The Iberian Peninsula /aɪˈbɪəriən/, also known as Iberia, is a peninsula in the southwest corner of Europe, defining the westernmost edge of Eurasia. It
117 KB (12,578 words) - 12:46, 23 July 2021
World Assembly of Muslim Youth
Islamic teachings and encouraging Muslims to be more religiously observant, as well as providing interested non-Muslims and recent converts with information
9 KB (874 words) - 18:56, 16 March 2021
Arab and Muslim rescue efforts during the Holocaust
disguise themselves as Muslims. There are examples of non-Arab Muslim populations assisting Jews to escape from the Holocaust in Europe, in Albania for example
11 KB (1,398 words) - 17:46, 6 November 2020
Islamophobia in France (category CS1 maint: others)
discrimination against Muslims. A 2014 survey by the Pew Research Center in Spring 2014 revealed that out of all Europeans, the French view Muslim minorities most
18 KB (1,881 words) - 17:14, 20 July 2021
Growth of religion
reveals that Muslims are younger than otherEuropeans. In 2010, the median age ofMuslims throughout Europe was (32), eight years younger than the median for
261 KB (26,767 words) - 04:54, 23 July 2021
HSBC Bank (Europe)
territories in Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, the Americas, the Middle East and Africa. HSBC Bank plc is one of the four major clearing banks in the United
24 KB (2,765 words) - 22:11, 10 July 2021
Xenophobia (redirect from Xenophobia in Europe)
that negative views of refugees and Muslims are held by the majority of the country's locals. As in other European countries, the Romani people faced
88 KB (8,846 words) - 20:52, 16 July 2021
Islam in China (redirect from List of Chinese Muslims)
Other independent sources claim between 60-80 million Muslims in China. Though Hui Muslims are the most numerous group, the greatest concentration of
228 KB (24,239 words) - 07:34, 24 July 2021
Al-Andalus (redirect from Muslim rule of Spain)
on the intellectual life of medieval Europe. Muslims and non-Muslims often came from abroad to study at the famous libraries and universities of al-Andalus
113 KB (13,849 words) - 23:33, 17 July 2021
European balance of power
hegemony over a substantial part of Europe. During much of the Modern Age, the balance was achieved by having a small number of ever-changing alliances contending
24 KB (3,119 words) - 15:28, 12 July 2021
Islam in France (redirect from List of French Muslims)
correspond to the CIA estimates for the number of Muslims in France. French polling company IFOP estimated in 2016 that French Muslims number between
79 KB (9,198 words) - 09:06, 22 July 2021
Islamic missionary activity (section In Europe)
conquest of significant territories in Eastern Europe by the Ottomans allowed Muslims to now operate in hitherto strictly Christian areas inside Europe. Some
33 KB (4,466 words) - 20:27, 4 May 2021
H. A. Hellyer (category Alumni of the University of Warwick)
counter-terrorism team. He is the author of a number of books and articles, including Muslims of Europe: the 'Other' Europeans, and A Revolution Undone: Egypt's
12 KB (954 words) - 22:18, 4 July 2021
Mongol invasion of Europe
The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century occurred from the 1220s into the 1240s. In Eastern Europe, the Mongols conquered Volga Bulgaria, Cumania
68 KB (8,732 words) - 00:55, 23 July 2021
Islam in Canada (redirect from Canadian Muslims)
053,945 Muslims in Canada, or about 3.2%, of the population, making Islam the second largest religion in the country after Christianity. In the Greater
29 KB (2,968 words) - 10:29, 17 July 2021
Chronology of European exploration of Asia
with Europeans starting in the 19th century. Silk Road List of explorers List of Russian explorers European exploration of Arabia Timeline of European exploration
22 KB (2,769 words) - 16:50, 13 June 2021
Islam (redirect from Followers of the Prophet Muhammed)
messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with 1.9 billion followers, or 24.9% of the world's population, known as Muslims. Muslims make
242 KB (27,143 words) - 07:30, 24 July 2021
Colonial India (redirect from European colonies of the Indian Subcontinent)
India was the part of the Indian subcontinent that was under the jurisdiction of European colonial powers during the Age of Discovery. European power was
39 KB (4,458 words) - 01:12, 21 July 2021
Antisemitism (redirect from Jewish Persecution in the Middle Ages)
acceptance as part of the eugenics movement, which categorized non-Europeans as inferior. It more specifically claimed that Northern Europeans, or "Aryans"
251 KB (28,512 words) - 12:08, 17 July 2021
French Algeria (redirect from Colonization of Algeria)
could fit the needs of an area inhabited by close to two million Europeans and four million Muslims. Muslims had no representation in the French National
123 KB (14,524 words) - 13:41, 23 July 2021
Identitarian movement (redirect from Defend Europe)
The Identitarian movement or Identitarianism is a pan-European nationalist far-right political ideology asserting the right of Europeans and peoples of
76 KB (7,512 words) - 05:21, 24 July 2021
European jackal
The European jackal (Canis aureus moreoticus) is a subspecies of the golden jackal present in Anatolia, the Caucasus, and Southeast Europe. It was first
35 KB (4,069 words) - 17:35, 28 May 2021
The 500 Most Influential Muslims
The 500 Most Influential Muslims (also known as The Muslim 500) is an annual publication first published in 2009, which ranks the most influential Muslims
45 KB (3,065 words) - 20:10, 5 July 2021
Farang (section Other uses)
Europeans (including the French, Italians, and the Flemish.) in the Muslim world. Frangistan (Persian: فرنگستان‎) was a term used by Thai and Muslims
14 KB (1,384 words) - 16:39, 13 July 2021
Muslim attitudes toward terrorism
of Muslim attitudes towards terrorism. A number of surveys over the years have found that majorities of Muslims oppose attacks against civilians. The
36 KB (4,472 words) - 19:37, 12 July 2021
Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina (redirect from Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Sunni Islam of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, a 2012 survey found 54% of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Muslims to consider themselves just Muslims, while 38%
27 KB (2,573 words) - 13:37, 18 July 2021
Communal Award
The separate electorate was introduced in [Indian council Act 1909] for Muslims and extended to Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans
5 KB (679 words) - 16:49, 8 April 2021
Religions by country (redirect from List of religions by country)
Church Statistics BBC News's Muslims in Europe: Country guide CIA FactBook Religious Intelligence The University of Virginia The US State Department's International
6 KB (265 words) - 21:57, 25 June 2021
Daniel Pipes (redirect from In the Path of God: Islam and Political Power)
Jews." The New York Times reported that American Muslims were "enraged" by Pipes' arguments that Muslims in government and military positions be given special
47 KB (5,069 words) - 16:15, 27 March 2021
1945 Indian general election (category 1945 elections in the British Empire)
elected seats. The Muslim League won all Muslim constituencies, but failed to win any other seats. Of the 13 remaining seats, 8 went to Europeans, 3 to independents
6 KB (354 words) - 22:21, 10 June 2021
Halal certification in Europe
is meat of animal slaughtered according to Quran and Sunnah and thus permitted for consumption by Muslims. Halal meat market is the segment of much bigger
17 KB (2,468 words) - 09:36, 3 November 2020
Islam in England (redirect from Muslims in England)
on Muslims and on Muslim targets, including attacks on Muslim graves and mosques. In January 2010, a report from the University of Exeter's European Muslim
70 KB (7,243 words) - 20:48, 20 July 2021
Sharia (redirect from Muslim law)
discourse, šarīʿah refers to religious regulations governing the lives of Muslims. For many Muslims, the word means simply "justice," and they will consider any
221 KB (24,772 words) - 21:10, 23 July 2021
French Muslims
French Muslims), formerly Union des organisations islamiques de France (UOIF, Union of Islamic Organisations of France) is a prominent Muslim umbrella
3 KB (328 words) - 17:54, 11 May 2021
Greek Muslims
Greek Muslims, also known as Grecophone Muslims, are Muslims of Greek ethnic origin whose adoption of Islam (and often the Turkish language and identity)
142 KB (18,913 words) - 07:55, 11 July 2021
Spain (redirect from Kingdom of the Spains)
formally the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a country in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of territory in Africa across the Strait of Gibraltar
255 KB (25,420 words) - 13:20, 23 July 2021
Gujarati Muslims
The term Gujarati Muslim is usually used to signify an Indian Muslim from the state of Gujarat in western coast of India. Gujarati Muslims are very prominent
50 KB (6,303 words) - 20:42, 21 July 2021
Islam and other religions
Over the centuries of Islamic history, Muslim rulers, Islamic scholars, and ordinary Muslims have held many different attitudes towards other religions
41 KB (5,421 words) - 03:38, 15 May 2021
LGBT in Islam (redirect from LGBT Muslims)
47% young Canadian Muslims(18-34) holding this belief.The survey also states that 43% ofthe Canadian Muslims disagreed with the statement homosexuality
205 KB (22,187 words) - 16:38, 19 July 2021
History of slavery in the Muslim world
primarily composed of enslaved Europeans. Slaving raids by Barbary Pirates on the coasts of Western Europe as far as Iceland remained a source of slaves until
113 KB (13,178 words) - 17:11, 23 July 2021
Franco-Mongol alliance (redirect from Mongol relations with Europe)
was the Muslim Muhammad II of Khwarezm. Rumors circulated in Europe that Kuchlug was the mythical Prester John, again battling the Muslims in the East
99 KB (12,644 words) - 01:37, 16 April 2021
Crusades (redirect from European crusaders)
Christians and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula was called the Reconquista by Christians, and only ended in 1492 with the fall of the Muslim Emirate of Granada
159 KB (21,244 words) - 22:27, 22 July 2021
Mirza Masroor Ahmad (category 21st-century Muslim scholars of Islam)
Sermons of 21 and 28 September 2012, the Caliph strongly condemned the anti-Islamic film Innocence of Muslims. He said that Muslim emotions against the film
30 KB (3,314 words) - 13:36, 16 July 2021
Accession of Turkey to the European Union
diaspora or Muslims in Europe. The opening of membership talks with the EU in December 2004 was celebrated by Turkey with much fanfare, but the Turkish populace
169 KB (12,403 words) - 00:34, 11 July 2021
White Mexicans (redirect from Europeans in Mexico)
being of European or other Western Eurasian descent. While the Mexican government does conduct ethnic censuses in which a Mexican has the option of identifying
111 KB (11,852 words) - 19:30, 21 July 2021
Islamic–Jewish relations (redirect from Conversion of Muslims to Judaism)
as a part of its own. Muslims regard the Children of Israel as an important religious concept in Islam. Moses, the most important prophet of Judaism, is
63 KB (8,112 words) - 06:28, 4 July 2021
Romani society and culture (section Balkan Muslims)
borrowing loan words from other languages as they migrated from India. In Europe, even though their culture has been victimized by other cultures, they have
50 KB (6,247 words) - 11:40, 21 July 2021
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
200 million Muslims making up approximately 15% of the country's total population; India has the largest Muslim population outside ofMuslim-majority or
66 KB (6,417 words) - 16:36, 5 July 2021
Frangistan (category Catholicism in the Middle Ages)
term used by Muslims and Persians in particular, during the Middle Ages and later historical periods to refer to Western or Latin Europe. Frangistan literally
4 KB (438 words) - 23:32, 5 July 2021
Counter-jihad (redirect from Gates of Vienna)
Counter-jihadists consider all Muslims as a potential threat, especially when they are already living within Western boundaries. Western Muslims accordingly are portrayed
41 KB (4,089 words) - 07:24, 5 July 2021
List of transcontinental countries
immediately-adjacent piece of territory that spans a continental boundary, most commonly the line that separates Europe and Asia (such as in the case of Russia or Kazakhstan)
37 KB (3,911 words) - 15:55, 12 July 2021
Barbary slave trade (category Persecution of Christians by Muslims)
cautions that the picture of Europeans slaves is clouded by the fact the corsairs also seized non-Christian whites from eastern Europe and black people
22 KB (2,600 words) - 23:52, 21 July 2021
Horahane Roma (redirect from Muslim Gypsies)
their own Muslim Roma Tariqa. They are Cultural Muslims. Muslim Roma men are circumcised. Roma have usually adopted the predominant religion of the host country
6 KB (636 words) - 22:28, 23 July 2021
While Europe Slept
Europe divided into warring pockets ofMuslims and non-Muslims." Bawer warns that without a change of direction, Europe may eventually face a stark choice
16 KB (1,825 words) - 07:10, 21 July 2021
Pomaks (category Muslim communities in Europe)
officially as Bulgarian Muslims. The term has also been used as a wider designation, including also the Slavic Muslim populations of North Macedonia and Albania
49 KB (4,971 words) - 21:26, 20 July 2021
Pornography in Europe
Pornography in Europe has been dominated by a few pan-European producers and distributors, the most notable of which is the Private Media Group that successfully
37 KB (4,312 words) - 04:55, 13 July 2021
Mohammedan (category Islam and other religions)
god worshipped by Muslims. Some works of Medieval European literature referred to Muslims as "pagans" or by sobriquets such as the "paynim foe" (enemy)
9 KB (1,014 words) - 21:47, 27 June 2021
Early Middle Ages (redirect from Eastern Europe in the Early Middle Ages)
of war with the Meccans. In the proceeding decades, the area of Basra was conquered by the Muslims. During the reign of Umar, the Muslim army found it
101 KB (12,066 words) - 11:33, 8 July 2021
African-American names (section European and Biblical names)
existing Biblical names, Arabic and Muslim names, French names, and other European names. It is widely held that prior to the 1950s and 1960s, most African-American
12 KB (1,379 words) - 16:34, 5 July 2021
Timothy Winter (category English Sunni Muslim scholars of Islam)
results in Europeans formulating their identity by contrasting themselves with a MuslimOther. Murad is a traditionalist and considers the views of extremists
21 KB (2,001 words) - 00:10, 22 July 2021
Ahmadiyya (redirect from Notable people ofthe Ahmadiyya Muslim Community)
of others as your own and that you pray for them. Ahmadi Muslims subscribe to the same beliefs as the majority of Muslims, but with a difference of opinion
98 KB (10,952 words) - 16:26, 16 July 2021
Liberalism and progressivism within Islam(redirect from LIBERAL MUSLIMS)
Liberalism and progressivism within Islam involve professed Muslims who have created a considerable body of liberal thought about Islamic understanding and practice
61 KB (7,060 words) - 10:24, 27 June 2021
Bosnian genocide (redirect from Genocide against Bosnian Muslims)
was emblematic of the Bosnian Muslims in general. They stripped all the male Muslim prisoners, military and civilian, elderly and young, of their personal
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Turks of Western Thrace
respectively. Due to the multiethnic character of the Muslim minority of Greece, which includes Turks, Pomaks and Roma Muslims, the Government of Greece does not
42 KB (4,002 words) - 04:01, 30 May 2021
Islamic terrorism (redirect from Muslim terrorism)
targeted both Muslims and non-Muslims, with one study finding 80% of terrorist victims to be Muslims. In a number of the worst-affected Muslim-majority regions
298 KB (34,905 words) - 23:00, 21 July 2021
Pegida (redirect from Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamisation of the Occident)
Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamicisation of the Occident (German: Patriotische Europäer gegen die Islamisierung des Abendlandes), abbreviated Pegida
110 KB (9,570 words) - 00:23, 11 July 2021
Islamic views on the crusades
incorrect by default. Muslims referred to Europeans as "Franks" and their perception of Europe and its inhabitants was formed from a mixture of travel accounts
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Tamil Muslim
Tamil Muslims are Tamils who practise Islam and Muslims who consider themselves as "Tamils". The community is at least 4.5 million people in India, primarily
20 KB (2,296 words) - 18:27, 7 July 2021
Islam in Italy (redirect from Italian Muslims)
emigration of Muslims toward Northern Africa. A small Muslim community however survived at least until 1300 (the destruction ofthe Muslim settlement of Lucera)
46 KB (5,344 words) - 04:29, 8 July 2021
Emirate of Sicily
Participazio. A sudden outbreak of plague killed many of the Muslim troops, as well as Asad himself, forcing the Muslims to retreat to the castle Mineo. They later
38 KB (4,878 words) - 11:38, 5 June 2021
Old Europe and New Europe
Old Europe and New Europe are terms used to contrast parts of Europe with each other in a rhetorical way. In the 21st century, the terms have been used
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European exploration of Africa
The geography of North Africa has been reasonably well known among Europeans since classical antiquity in Greco-Roman geography. Northwest Africa (the
39 KB (4,873 words) - 15:27, 16 May 2021
Emirate of Granada
southern Iberia during the Late Middle Ages. It was the last independent Muslim state in Western Europe. Muslims had been present in the Iberian Peninsula
25 KB (2,445 words) - 22:32, 17 July 2021
Descent from Genghis Khan (redirect from Descendant of Genghis Khan)
Asia and Europe was documented through the 14th century, in texts written by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani and other Muslim historians. With the advent of genealogical
24 KB (3,056 words) - 06:42, 13 July 2021
Allahabad Address (redirect from Conception of Pakistan)
degeneration of the Muslims. Most of theMuslim states became the colonies of theEuropean states. Then the industrial; revolution, development of science
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Great Replacement (redirect from The Great Replacement)
traveling to Europe as "Muslim invaders". In a speech, Orbán asserted: "If in the future Europe is to be populated by people other than Europeans, and we accept
131 KB (12,622 words) - 18:44, 21 July 2021
Innocence of Muslims
Innocence of Muslims is an anti-Islamic short film that was written and produced by Nakoula Basseley Nakoula. Two versions of the 14-minute video were
63 KB (5,093 words) - 21:10, 9 July 2021
Eastern European Jewry
The expression 'Eastern European Jewry' has two meanings. The first meaning refers to the current political spheres of the Eastern European countries
18 KB (2,440 words) - 02:06, 25 April 2021
UEFA Euro 2020 (redirect from 2020 UEFA European Football Championship)
the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). To celebrate the
192 KB (18,996 words) - 22:33, 21 July 2021
Demographics of the European Union
among others). The following is a list of the ten most populous cities, urban areas and urban zones in the European Union, with their population: The movement
89 KB (3,350 words) - 10:17, 14 July 2021
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council ofEurope
on behalf of 820 million Europeans and has the power to: demand action from the 47 Council of Europe governments, who – acting through the organisation's
48 KB (4,025 words) - 08:58, 14 July 2021
Islamic terrorism in Europe
London Bridge attack). Other targets in Europe have included Belgium, Germany, Russia, and Spain. The transcontinental city of Istanbul also saw both
168 KB (8,437 words) - 05:34, 21 July 2021
High Middle Ages (category 11th century in Europe)
High Middle Ages Europe and Mediterranean region The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that lasted from around
51 KB (5,873 words) - 18:26, 13 July 2021
Inquisition (redirect from Sacred Congregation of the Inquisition)
numerous on the Iberian Peninsula than in other parts of Europe. During this time, Spain and Portugal operated inquisitorial courts not only in Europe, but also
46 KB (5,727 words) - 11:01, 21 July 2021
European Council for Fatwa and Research
al-Qaradawi. The stated goal of the ECFR is to issue fatwas that serve the needs ofMuslims in Europe. The ECRF draws on all major schools of Sunni law as
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Douglas Murray (author) (redirect from Bloody Sunday: Truths, Lies and the Saville Inquiry)
Europe and Islam", Murray said: Conditions for Muslims in Europe must be made harder across the board: Europe must look like a less attractive proposition…
77 KB (7,727 words) - 07:34, 24 July 2021
Eastern Orthodoxy in Europe
Retrieved July 12, 2011. For the purpose ofthe chart, the categories 'Islam' and 'Muslims' were merged; 'Buddhist' (.02) and Other Religions were merged; 'Atheist'
11 KB (888 words) - 20:39, 12 July 2021
Islamophobia in Italy (category Islamophobia in Europe)
Europe should go back to its Christian origins in order to resist the “ideological assault of Islam." Further, Biffi states that he considers Muslims
17 KB (2,276 words) - 17:30, 17 May 2021
Christianity in the Ottoman Empire
the Ottoman golden age, the millet system promised non-Muslims fairer treatment than conquered or non-Christian subjects enjoyed under the Europeans.
22 KB (2,763 words) - 19:38, 11 July 2021
History of Islam
Sunni Muslims credit him with saving the fledgling Muslim nation from post-civil war anarchy. However, Shia Muslims accuse him of instigating the war,
220 KB (23,993 words) - 09:39, 17 July 2021
Battle of Tours
regarded as one of the decisive battles of the world. It decided that Christians and not Muslims should be the ruling power in Europe." Bernard Grun delivers
73 KB (9,625 words) - 09:37, 22 July 2021
Al-Malhama Al-Kubra
considers itself the inheritor of the Eastern Roman Empire, or contemporary Europeans. Other contemporary interpretations have claimed the Romans referred
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Ottoman Empire (redirect from The Eternal Republic of Ottomans)
History of Europe Since the Congress of Vienna (1958), 736pp; a basic introduction, 1815–1955 online free to borrow Çelik, Nihat. "Muslims, Non-Muslims and
216 KB (24,498 words) - 12:57, 22 July 2021
Bulgarian Muslims
The Bulgarian Muslims or Muslim Bulgarians (Bulgarian: Българи-мохамедани, Bǎlgari-mohamedani, as of recently also Българи-мюсюлмани, Bǎlgari-mjusjulmani
14 KB (1,496 words) - 21:48, 13 June 2021
African admixture in Europe
from the Middle East into Europe is believed to have significantly influenced the genetic profile of present-day Europeans. Some recent studies have focused
65 KB (7,559 words) - 11:13, 16 June 2021
Islam in New Zealand (redirect from History of Islam in New Zealand)
The majority of Muslims in New Zealand are Sunni, with a large minority Shia and some Ahmadi Muslims, who run the largest mosque in the country. The earliest
35 KB (3,358 words) - 01:52, 20 July 2021
Religion in Kerala (redirect from Kerala Muslims)
Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the
65 KB (5,350 words) - 16:07, 17 July 2021
Islam in the Netherlands
Indies contained the world's largest Muslim population. However, the number of Muslims in the European territory of the Kingdom ofthe Netherlands was
70 KB (7,235 words) - 07:50, 26 June 2021
Islamophobia in Poland (category Islamophobia in Europe)
is the fear, hatred of, or prejudice against the Islamic religion or Muslims in Poland. Since the Muslim community in Poland is small (0.1% of the population)
25 KB (2,860 words) - 00:54, 12 July 2021
Islam in Albania (redirect from Discrimination against Muslims in Albania)
numbers of Muslim Romani, Muslims in these areas that eventually came to constitute contemporary southern Albania were all Albanian speaking Muslims. In southern
154 KB (17,635 words) - 05:34, 21 July 2021
Islam in Spain (redirect from Muslims in Spain)
estimations by the Centro de Investigaciones sociológicas (CIS) say there are 2,9 % believers of other religions, of whom arround 2% would be muslims. According
79 KB (8,172 words) - 07:51, 16 July 2021
Islamophobia in the media
to other religions, association of Muslims with terrorism, portrayal of Islam and its adherents as violent or primitive, and exclusion of Muslim perspectives
41 KB (5,133 words) - 18:29, 10 July 2021
Halal (redirect from Muslim food)
by-products or other ingredients that are not permissible for Muslims to eat or use on their bodies. Foods which are not considered halal for Muslims to consume
27 KB (2,818 words) - 18:29, 16 July 2021
Fascism in Europe
following World War I, and other fascist movements, influenced by Italian Fascism, subsequently emerged across Europe. Among the political doctrines which
56 KB (7,016 words) - 16:27, 22 April 2021
Stereotypes of Arabs and Muslims in the United States
Stereotypes of Arabs and Muslims in the United States have been presented in various forms by the mass media in the American culture. Stereotypical representations
14 KB (1,610 words) - 19:35, 5 July 2021
Islam and modernity (section The Greater Muslim world)
the importance of science, rationality, and human reason, and the new technologies ofthe Industrial Revolution swept across Europe, giving Europeans
28 KB (3,442 words) - 09:50, 18 June 2021
Siege of Buda (1686)
soldiers, and other Europeans as volunteers, artillerymen and officers. The Turkish defenders consisted of 7,000 men. By the middle of June 1686 the siege had
14 KB (1,491 words) - 09:04, 8 June 2021
Islam in Bulgaria (redirect from Muslims in Bulgaria)
between Muslims and religious groups in Bulgaria. In 2013, Muslims helped in the repair of a church in Dyranovets. Teachers and pupils from Muslim religious
38 KB (3,807 words) - 14:12, 3 July 2021
Muslim Kayasths
The Muslim Kayastha (Urdu: مسلمان کائستھ‎), a community of Muslims, are related to education-oriented Kayastha of northern India, mainly in modern Uttar
11 KB (1,220 words) - 18:19, 21 July 2021
Kingdom of Jerusalem
for the conduct of the Franks, whose justice they can always rely on. In the cities, Muslims and Eastern Christians were free, although no Muslims were
119 KB (17,211 words) - 20:02, 22 July 2021
Religion in Marseille (section European immigration to Marseille)
("laïcité"), the precise number of Muslims in Marseille is not available. Various sources estimate Muslims to constitute 20%[citation needed] of the city's
10 KB (1,091 words) - 22:35, 19 July 2021
Mughal Empire (redirect from The Journey Of Muslims in South Asia)
there was very little demand for European goods in Mughal India, which was largely self-sufficient, thus Europeans had very little to offer, except for
141 KB (13,691 words) - 07:30, 22 July 2021
1934 Indian general election (category Central Legislative Assembly of India)
independents to the Council, but within the Council, leadership of the independent Muslims was assumed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who, shortly after the election
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Religion in France (redirect from History of Christianity in France)
In some parts of France, however, Muslims and Catholics work together. Many Muslim children are enrolled in Catholic schools (20% of the nation's schools
72 KB (7,994 words) - 08:11, 21 July 2021
Spaniards (redirect from The Spanish)
as Jews and Muslims through the Spanish Inquisition. A process of political conglomeration among the Christian kingdoms also ensued, and the late 15th-century
81 KB (6,644 words) - 21:43, 19 July 2021
Islam in the Philippines
the size of the Muslim population. The 2000 Census reported that Muslims comprised about five percent of the population and a 2015 report of Philippine
31 KB (3,049 words) - 07:26, 18 July 2021
Religion in Germany (redirect from The House of One)
Romanians and other communities. Most Muslims are Sunnis and Alevis of Turkish origin, but there are a small number of Shi'a Muslims and other currents. Moreover
94 KB (8,677 words) - 03:34, 21 July 2021
Morisco (category Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference)
that, at the height of Muslim rule, Muladis or Muslims of pre-Islamic Iberian origin were likely to constitute the large majority ofMuslims in Spain
78 KB (9,795 words) - 05:17, 14 July 2021
Islam in Switzerland (redirect from Swiss Muslims)
immigration since the late 20th century. Numbering below 1% of total population in 1980, the fraction of Muslims in the population of permanent residents
18 KB (1,946 words) - 09:50, 30 May 2021
Moroccans in Italy (category Muslim communities in Europe)
the Moroccan people in Italy were as follows: Muslims: 99.0% Christianity: 0.3% Non religious: 0.5% Other religions: 0.3% Mostafa Errebbah (1971), long-distance
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Crusader states (redirect from The Crusader States)
and the term Franks for the European incomers. However, relatively few of the incoming Europeans took a crusader oath. The Latin chronicles of the First
134 KB (18,346 words) - 03:16, 21 July 2021
Fatwa (redirect from The fatwa)
to Western Muslims have been established in the West, including the Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA, founded in 1986) and theEuropean Council for
48 KB (6,282 words) - 12:02, 13 July 2021
Islamic clothing (redirect from Muslim religious dress)
times, some Muslims have adopted clothing based on Western traditions, while others wear modern forms of traditional Muslim dress, which over the centuries
42 KB (5,027 words) - 06:24, 17 July 2021
Islam in Greece (redirect from Muslims of Greece)
communities; Muslims that have lived in Greece since the times of the Ottoman Empire (primarily in East Macedonia and Thrace) and Muslim immigrants that
30 KB (3,858 words) - 15:15, 10 April 2021
Timeline of science and engineering in theMuslim world
timeline of science and engineering in theMuslim world covers the time period from the eighth century AD to the introduction ofEuropean science to the Muslim
16 KB (2,045 words) - 17:41, 21 June 2021
Hijab (redirect from The verses of Hijab)
Iran and the Indonesian province of Aceh. Other countries, both in Europe and in theMuslim world, have passed laws banning some or all types of hijab in
120 KB (12,954 words) - 04:51, 14 July 2021
Reactions to the November 2015 Paris attacks
November 2015. Todd, Douglas (23 November 2015). "B.C. Muslims fear 'backlash' Douglas Todd: B.C. Muslims fear 'backlash'". Vancouver Sun, Postmedia. Vancouver
177 KB (18,448 words) - 08:00, 10 July 2021
United States recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel
first Muslim nation that passed a bill recognizing Jerusalem as capital of Palestine. Hundreds of Muslims attended the Friday prayers outside the White
118 KB (10,248 words) - 20:03, 25 June 2021
Religion in Russia (redirect from Russia, The Religion of)
for Muslims to be affiliated with any specific sect or organisation. Those who are unaffiliated are mostly Sunni Muslims. These unaffiliated Muslims constitute
105 KB (8,989 words) - 20:14, 22 July 2021
Islamic views on slavery (redirect from Slaves of Muhammad)
legal slaves only those non-Muslims who were imprisoned or bought beyond the borders of Islamic rule, or the sons and daughters of slaves already in captivity
90 KB (11,265 words) - 00:49, 31 May 2021
History of slavery
practiced in some areas. Both Christians and Muslims captured each other as slaves during centuries of warfare in the Mediterranean. Islamic slavery encompassed
260 KB (30,882 words) - 01:56, 21 July 2021
The Years of Rice and Salt
hundreds of years, from the army of theMuslim conqueror Timur to the 21st century, with Europe being re-populated by Muslim pioneers, the indigenous
38 KB (5,012 words) - 22:24, 27 May 2021
Barbary pirates (category CS1 maint: others)
primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, in reference to the Berbers. Their
42 KB (4,871 words) - 19:22, 10 July 2021
1937 Indian provincial elections (category Political history of India)
percent of the seats reserved for Muslims. The Congress Muslims achieved 6 percent of them. Most of the Muslim seats were won by regional Muslim parties
24 KB (2,187 words) - 02:19, 2 June 2021
Dhimmi (redirect from Muslim treatment of non-muslims)
pressure from the European powers combined with pressure from Muslim reformers gradually relaxed the inequalities between Muslims and non-Muslims. On 18 February
82 KB (10,565 words) - 17:42, 9 July 2021
Israr Ahmed (category 20th-century Muslim scholars of Islam)
by South Asian Muslims in the Middle East, Western Europe, and North America. He was the founder of Tanzeem-e-Islami, an offshoot of the Jamaat-e-Islami
18 KB (1,596 words) - 20:43, 23 July 2021
Serb Muslims
Slavic-speaking Muslim populations of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosniaks), Sandžak (Bosniaks and ethnic Muslims), and Kosovo (Bosniaks, Muslims by ethnicity
17 KB (1,602 words) - 11:47, 22 June 2021
Islam in Sweden (redirect from Muslims in Sweden)
the Vikings were trading with the Muslims, but more recently, immigration from predominantly Muslim countries has impacted demography in Sweden. The Muslim
102 KB (10,164 words) - 12:34, 18 July 2021
Supremacism
Europeans as barbarians totally ignorant of all principles of honour and good breeding... In the eyes of a Hindu, a Pariah (outcaste) and a European are
31 KB (3,310 words) - 11:00, 14 July 2021
Mariam Al-Batool Mosque (redirect from Islamic Centre of Paola)
Racius, Egdunas (12 October 2012). Yearbook of Muslims in Europe. p. 391. ISBN 978-9004225213. "The Muslim Cemetery at Paola". lineone.net. Smyth, Emer;
84 KB (7,077 words) - 03:53, 17 July 2021
Military history of Europe
the Muslims including crusades in Northern Europe and against Russia. The Mongolian Empire stretched into Eastern Europe with many eastern European armies
16 KB (2,136 words) - 04:35, 16 July 2021
Indo people (redirect from Indos in the Dutch East Indies)
or it was a term used in the Dutch East Indies to apply to Europeans who had partial Asian ancestry. The European ancestry of these people was predominantly
77 KB (8,917 words) - 05:17, 8 July 2021
Greek language (category Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter)
of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest
55 KB (5,523 words) - 11:54, 17 July 2021
Religious persecution (redirect from Persecution of non-Muslims)
other Muslims belief and practice... Most Druze consider themselves fully assimilated in American society and do not necessarily identify as Muslims.
165 KB (18,314 words) - 23:36, 21 July 2021
Slavery among Native Americans in the United States
they raided other tribes to capture slaves for sales to Europeans, they fell into destructive wars among themselves, and against Europeans. Many Native-American
69 KB (8,218 words) - 15:45, 15 July 2021
Niqāb (category Webarchive template other archives)
also among a minority of Muslims in regions where Muslims are themselves a minority, like India and Europe. Women who wear the niqab are often called
70 KB (7,268 words) - 20:43, 22 July 2021
Golden age of Jewish culture in Spain
allowed fewer rights than Muslims but were still better off than in the Christian parts ofEurope. Jews from other parts of Europe made their way to al-Andalus
18 KB (2,207 words) - 20:43, 16 May 2021
Colonial empire (redirect from European colonial empires)
1494. European imperialism was born out of competition between European Christians and Ottoman Muslims, the latter of which rose up quickly in the 14th
33 KB (2,575 words) - 05:25, 20 July 2021
Islam in Belgium (redirect from Discrimination against Muslims in Belgium)
estimated that about 10% of the Muslim population are "practicing Muslims" A 2009 survey found that the majority of Muslims in Belgium supported "separation
42 KB (4,340 words) - 08:53, 17 July 2021
Persecution of Jews
certain conditions. They had to pay the jizya (a per capita tax imposed on free adult non-Muslim males) to Muslims. Dhimmis had an inferior status under
28 KB (3,501 words) - 19:07, 12 July 2021
Gatestone Institute (category Conservative organizations in the United States)
fertility rates, headlined "Muslims Tell Europe: 'One Day This Will All Be Ours.'" However, no Muslim said the quote in question. The quote came from a French
23 KB (1,983 words) - 12:26, 20 July 2021
Application of Sharia by country
are regulated by Sharia for Muslims. TheMuslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 (XXVI of 1937) applies to Muslims in all matters relating to
141 KB (13,681 words) - 04:29, 10 July 2021
Early modern period (category History ofEurope by period)
European commercial interests, and other Eastern trade routes were not available to theEuropeans due to Muslim control. The ability to outflank the Muslim
129 KB (14,669 words) - 07:28, 10 July 2021
Croat Muslims
Croat Muslims (Croatian: Hrvati muslimani) are Muslims of Croat ethnic origin. They consist primarily of the descendants of the Ottoman-era Croats. Croats
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Islam in Ukraine (redirect from Ukrainian Muslims)
Said Ismagilov, the mufti of Ummah, counted one million Muslims in Ukraine. While there is no general governing structure for Muslims in Ukraine, mono
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Islam in Georgia (country) (redirect from Georgian Muslims)
an army sent by the Third Caliph of Islam, Uthman, conquered Eastern Georgia and established Muslim rule in Tbilisi. Currently, Muslims constitute approximately
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Non-denominational Muslim
of Muslim scholars. Non-denominational Muslims may also defend their stance by pointing to the Quran such as Al Imran verse 103, which asks Muslims to
34 KB (4,148 words) - 15:49, 16 July 2021
Saracen (disambiguation) (section Other art, entertainment, and media)
Saracen is a European medieval term for Muslims, adopted from Latin. Saracen or Saracens may also refer to: Saracen (comics), a Marvel Comics character
2 KB (331 words) - 12:13, 4 June 2021
Islam in the Soviet Union
October revolution, the Bolsheviks issued an appeal to 'All the Muslim Workers of Russia and the East'. Lenin declared; Muslims of Russia…all you whose
13 KB (1,506 words) - 19:25, 12 June 2021
Sandžak (redirect from Demographics of Sandžak)
(2011). Muslims in Poland and Eastern Europe: Widening the European Discourse on Islam. Warszaw: Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warszaw.
28 KB (2,469 words) - 18:11, 11 July 2021
East London Mosque (redirect from London Muslim Centre)
November 1910, at a meeting of Muslims and non-Muslims at the Ritz Hotel, the London Mosque Fund was established with the aims of organising weekly Friday
36 KB (3,493 words) - 20:44, 11 July 2021
Movement for Rights and Freedoms(category Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party member parties)
member of the Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE). While representing the interests of Muslims, especially
21 KB (1,770 words) - 09:51, 21 July 2021
Bosniaks of Serbia
up the basis or 65% of the Muslim community in Serbia, while most otherMuslims being ethnic Albanians or Romani. Ejup Ganić, former president of the Federation
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Mosque (category Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference)
literally "place of ritual prostration"), also called masjid, is a place of worship for Muslims. Any act of worship that follows the Islamic rules of prayer can
102 KB (10,765 words) - 17:16, 16 July 2021
Settler colonialism (section The Middle East)
benefits for the colonists and made no consideration for the Muslims. Moro Muslims are just 17% of Mindanao's population whereas prior to the colonization
73 KB (8,560 words) - 02:04, 19 July 2021
Muslim Aid
across Africa, Asia, and Europe. It is the second oldest Muslim charity in the UK and celebrated its 35th anniversary in 2020. The charity works to support
29 KB (2,905 words) - 22:53, 19 July 2021
European Defence League
The European Defence League (EDL) is a largely UK-based offshoot of the English Defence League founded by Tommy Robinson which campaigns against what
46 KB (4,620 words) - 16:13, 11 May 2021
Muslim campaign at Córdoba Cathedral
Since the early 2000s, Spanish Muslims have lobbied the Catholic Church to allow them to pray in the Cathedral of Córdoba; currently, Muslim prayer is
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Islam in Poland (redirect from Muslims in poland)
Poland is Muslim. The majority of Muslims in Poland are Sunni. The first Tatar (Lipka) settlers arrived in the 14th century. Although Muslims were involved
26 KB (2,857 words) - 05:34, 21 July 2021
Religion in Hungary (category Pages using the Graph extension)
especially in district VII. The largest synagogue in Europe, the Dohány Street Synagogue, is located in Budapest. The influence of Muslims in Hungary was especially
31 KB (2,246 words) - 01:43, 15 June 2021
Kashmiri Muslims
Kashmiri Muslims are natives to the Kashmir Valley. The majority of Kashmiri Muslims are Sunni. They refer to themselves as "Koshur" in their mother language
46 KB (5,556 words) - 10:23, 6 July 2021
Religion in Turkey (category Demographics of Turkey)
Câferî Muslims among other Muslim sects, as well as Latin Catholics and Protestants, are not recognized officially. In 2013, theEuropean Court of Human
83 KB (7,774 words) - 11:23, 22 July 2021
History of sugar
situation. As Europeans established sugar plantations on the larger Caribbean islands, prices fell in Europe. By the 18th century all levels of society had
49 KB (5,622 words) - 06:01, 31 May 2021
History of the Jews under Muslim rule
"people of the book". During waves of persecution in Medieval Europe, many Jews found refuge in Muslim lands. For instance, Jews expelled from the Iberian
25 KB (3,153 words) - 03:32, 9 June 2021
Islamic Forum of Europe
The Islamic Forum of Europe (IFE) is an Islamic organisation based in the United Kingdom with affiliates in Europe. Its charitable arm is the Islamic
22 KB (1,891 words) - 04:02, 6 July 2021
Eric Kaufmann (category Alumni of the London School of Economics)
rate of 2.6, and Muslims 2.9. Islam is the world's fastest growing religion. Meanwhile, the expansion of secularism will slow in Europe as the twenty-first
25 KB (3,094 words) - 14:52, 22 June 2021
Lisbon (redirect from Capital of Portugal)
Tagus. The westernmost portions of its metro area, the Portuguese Riviera, form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, culminating at Cabo da Roca
132 KB (11,609 words) - 10:39, 17 June 2021
Demographics of the Ottoman Empire
1914, Muslim, Greek and Armenian population. In 1865, 658600 (40,51%) Muslims and 967058 (59,49%) non-Muslims, including females, were living in the province
62 KB (2,698 words) - 11:51, 1 July 2021
History of Istanbul
combination of imperial power and a key location at the crossing point between the continents of Europe and Asia, and later Africa and other regions, played
38 KB (4,697 words) - 00:06, 19 July 2021
Salafi movement (redirect from Salafi Muslims)
convinced the Southeast Asian Muslims, and indeed Muslims throughout the world, that the gold standard is Saudi Arabia, that that is the real good Muslim. Laurent
135 KB (15,069 words) - 11:08, 23 July 2021
Renaissance of the 12th century
groups of Europeans into contact with the technologies and luxuries of Byzantium for the first time in many centuries. Crusaders returning to Europe brought
20 KB (2,458 words) - 23:20, 12 July 2021
Yakub (Nation of Islam)
thinkers during the nineteenth century....With these references the [NOI] Muslims replicated the images of European savagery in the Middle Ages that
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Western imperialism in Asia (redirect from European imperialism in China)
to the Age of Discovery, and additionally the introduction of early modern warfare into what Europeans first called the East Indies and later the Far
96 KB (12,225 words) - 08:55, 20 July 2021
Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy (redirect from Economic and social consequences of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy)
with a sense that the cartoons insulted Muhammad and Islam, offended many Muslims. Danish Muslim organisations that objected to the depictions responded
152 KB (15,287 words) - 12:10, 20 July 2021
Islamophobia in Norway (redirect from Hate crimes against Muslims in Norway)
in the workforce, negative coverage in the media, and violence against Muslims. But currently Islamophobia is declining in Norway as like all other European
22 KB (2,256 words) - 14:47, 30 June 2021
Miscegenation (redirect from Admixture in the United States)
from Eastern Europe via the Arab slave trade. Collectively, Christian Europeans named all the Muslims of Iberia, "Moors", regardless of ethnic origin
322 KB (38,916 words) - 07:33, 24 July 2021
Ban on sharia law (category Islam in the United States)
immediately challenged the bequest with the local mufti (a Muslim jurist and theologian) in the name of sharia law, "which forbids Muslims to write wills" (Islamic
26 KB (3,122 words) - 14:55, 14 June 2021
Persecution of Jews and Muslims by Manuel I of Portugal
than in any other part of Europe, Muslims were still perceived as "alien." Anti-Muslim riots were regular in neighboring Valencia during the 1460s; however
10 KB (1,216 words) - 15:39, 29 May 2021
Reflections on the Revolution in Europe
the Revolution in Europe: Immigration, Islam, and the West is a 2009 book by Christopher Caldwell about the impact of the mass immigration of Muslims
8 KB (976 words) - 19:31, 16 April 2021
Islam in Kenya (section Notable Muslims)
several mosques and a notable Muslim population. The majority of Muslims in Kenya are Sunni Muslims forming 81% of theMuslim Population, 7% identify as
16 KB (2,052 words) - 19:05, 9 July 2021
Asia (redirect from Name of Asia)
Ptolemy. The border between Asia and Europe was historically defined by European academics. The Don River became unsatisfactory to northern Europeans when
105 KB (9,519 words) - 03:43, 21 July 2021
Islam in Germany (redirect from List of German Muslims)
The large mayority of Muslims live in former West Germany, including West Berlin. However, unlike in most other European countries, sizeable Muslim communities
65 KB (5,735 words) - 08:07, 22 July 2021
Abdallah bin Bayyah (category Mauritanian Sunni Muslims)
sensitive to the realities of EuropeanMuslims. For over two decades, in relation to the latter two institutions, he worked closely with the Egyptian scholar
14 KB (1,413 words) - 16:26, 10 July 2021
1946 Indian provincial elections (category Political history of India)
compete with other Muslim candidates instead of facing non-Muslim contestants. Thus, the establishment of Pakistan was debated mainly among Muslims themselves
22 KB (2,236 words) - 05:38, 17 June 2021
Indian Ocean slave trade (category History of the Indian Ocean)
upon by Western European interveners. Freamon, Bernard K. Possessed by the Right Hand: The Problem of Slavery in Islamic Law and Muslim Cultures. Brill
28 KB (3,305 words) - 16:39, 19 July 2021
Bat Ye'or (category Naturalised citizens of the United Kingdom)
antisemitic rulers of Europe on the other. Her writing focuses on the history of religious minorities in the Muslim world and modern European politics. Ye'or
41 KB (4,660 words) - 03:46, 15 July 2021
Madkhalism
and has mostly been relegated to the Muslim community in Europe, with most Saudi Arabians not taking the edicts of Madkhalists seriously. Political scientist
19 KB (2,229 words) - 21:10, 28 June 2021
Ottoman constitution of 1876
the protection of Christianity in the Ottoman Empire. There had been perennial conflict between Muslims and non-Muslims in the Empire. This was the focal
48 KB (5,603 words) - 05:25, 14 May 2021
Attack (political party) (category Anti-Islam political parties in Europe)
party of hindering the people from living as Europeans even though Borisov's party is named Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria, and of treating
37 KB (3,644 words) - 12:04, 20 July 2021
Kafir (category Islam and other religions)
between Muslims and non-Muslims during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (before the political decline of Islam). In their memoirs on Muslim invasions
51 KB (5,830 words) - 02:54, 11 July 2021
Barbarian kingdoms (category 6th century in Europe)
Other terms used include "Northern European kingdoms", "Romano-northern European kingdoms", and "post-Roman kingdoms". Historically, the period of the
9 KB (943 words) - 07:48, 15 July 2021
Ataullah Bogdan Kopański (category Polish Muslims)
Polish historian of Central and Eastern Europe, especially of Muslims in this region, today based in Malaysia. He was born in the family of ethnic Silesian
9 KB (950 words) - 03:53, 9 July 2021
Islam in Austria (redirect from Discrimination against Muslims in Austria)
Radical Islam in Europe: Austrian government study concludes 45 % of Muslims unwilling to integrate) Anna Strobel: Unique Legal Status - Muslims in Austria
33 KB (3,065 words) - 09:57, 16 July 2021
Ex-Muslims
Ex-Muslims are people who were raised as Muslims or converted to Islam and later renounced the religion. Leaving Islam is a uniquely individual experience
76 KB (9,198 words) - 23:01, 5 July 2021
Demographics of the Philippines
estimate by the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) in 2011 stated that there were then 10.3 million Muslims, or about 10 percent of the total population
98 KB (4,708 words) - 07:49, 23 July 2021
Gentoo (term) (category Scheduled Tribes of India)
by Europeans for the native inhabitants of India before the word Hindu, with its religious connotation, was used to distinguish a group from Muslims and
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Criticism of Islam
some former Muslims such as Ibn al-Rawandi. Later the Muslim world itself suffered criticism. Western criticism of Islam has grown in the 21st century
184 KB (22,489 words) - 16:37, 19 July 2021
Religion in Armenia (category Religion in Europe)
convert by Muslim law. There is, however, a minority of ethnic Armenian Muslims, known as Hamshenis, the vast majority of which live outside of Armenia mostly
17 KB (1,735 words) - 12:02, 17 June 2021
Budin Eyalet (redirect from Eyalet of Budin)
Slovaks, Muslims of various ethnic origins (living mainly in the cities) and others (Jews, Romani, etc.). The city of Buda itself became majority Muslim during
20 KB (1,721 words) - 21:48, 19 January 2021
Islamism (redirect from Muslim conservative)
within the militant community and among ordinary Muslims, as well as the confidence to carry their jihad to other countries where they believed Muslims required
194 KB (22,537 words) - 05:51, 23 July 2021
Ali Omar Ermes (category Libyan Muslims)
the United Kingdom since 1981, and was the chairman of the Muslim Cultural Heritage Centre in Kensington in west London; he was also active in other intellectual
9 KB (793 words) - 09:07, 16 July 2021
Barb horse (section Influence on other breeds)
imported to Europe, the Barbs were sometimes mistaken for Arabians, although they have distinctly different physical characteristics. The Europeans saw that
5 KB (614 words) - 22:11, 12 July 2021
Turkish people (redirect from Muslim Turks)
Throughout the 1920s and the 1930s, Turks, as well as other Muslims, from the Balkans, the Black Sea, the Aegean islands, the island of Cyprus, the Sanjak of Alexandretta
125 KB (12,528 words) - 07:46, 24 July 2021
Alhassan Dantata (category Nigerian Muslims)
Dangote still finance pilgrimages of otherMuslims to Mecca every year. In 1955, Dantata fell ill. Because of the seriousness of his illness, he summoned his
17 KB (2,042 words) - 07:30, 13 July 2021
Albania (redirect from Republic of Albania)
defense of Muslim lands simultaneously constituting the reason for titling the league Committee of the Real Muslims. Approximately 300 Muslims participated
258 KB (23,975 words) - 03:57, 22 July 2021
Muhammad Abdul Bari (category Bangladeshi Muslims)
and sections of the media are demonising Muslims, treating them as if they're all terrorists — and that encourages other people to do the same", he said
19 KB (1,732 words) - 06:13, 6 July 2021
Moroccan diaspora
prospered financially. The majority of the Moroccan diaspora are Muslims, with a sizable minority of Jews and Christians. The vast majority of Moroccan Jews are
14 KB (842 words) - 14:41, 11 July 2021
Punjabi Muslims
Islam and other sects, including the Ahmadiyya community which originated in Punjab during the British Raj. While the majority of Punjabi Muslims are concentrated
19 KB (1,895 words) - 15:03, 22 July 2021
Islam in the Czech Republic
000 Muslims in the Czech Republic, representing 0.2% of the country's population. According to the 2010 census, there are around 3500 Muslims in the Czech
4 KB (445 words) - 07:26, 26 June 2021
Islam in Norway (redirect from Discrimination against Muslims in Norway)
about 98% of Norwegian Muslims believed that Human rights are important, about 94% believed Democracy is important, and 100% believed that Muslims should
52 KB (5,302 words) - 19:40, 18 July 2021
Murder of Samuel Paty
imams". Other Muslims in France accused the government of a "heavy-handed clampdown" on their communities in the aftermath of the murder. Many Muslims and
81 KB (8,013 words) - 19:26, 12 July 2021
Christianity and Islam (redirect from Muslim–Christian relations)
expression of surrender to the will of God. Those who follow it are called Muslims which means "submitter to God". Muslims have a range of views on Christianity
49 KB (5,833 words) - 11:04, 21 July 2021
Languages of Cyprus
the Council of Europe, Armenian was recognised as a minority language of Cyprus as of 1 December 2002. Three "religious groups" are recognised by the
22 KB (2,137 words) - 10:26, 17 June 2021
Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) (redirect from Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78)
equality of Muslims and non-Muslims, and produced some specific reforms to this end. For example, the jizya tax was abolished and non-Muslims were allowed
92 KB (9,987 words) - 17:39, 16 July 2021
Women in Islam (redirect from Women's education in the Muslim world)
opposite has happened for Muslim women. She pointed out that polygamy was illegal in Malaysia for non-Muslims but not for Muslims, and that child custody
354 KB (41,328 words) - 17:57, 21 July 2021
Shia Islam (redirect from Shia Muslims)
the event of Ghadir Khumm, but was prevented from succeeding Muhammad as the leader of all Muslims as a result of the choice made by Muhammad's other
129 KB (14,069 words) - 07:06, 3 July 2021
Islam in Africa (redirect from African Muslims)
'Migration') to the Christian Kingdom of Aksum. Like the vast majority (90%) ofMuslims in the world, most Muslims in Africa are also Sunni Muslims; the complexity
34 KB (3,296 words) - 11:52, 22 July 2021
Protestantism by country (section Europe)
fifth (or 17.8%) of the continent's Christian population in 2010. Clarke and Beyer estimate that Protestants constituted 15% of all Europeans in 2009, while
74 KB (2,878 words) - 01:05, 13 July 2021
April Uprising of 1876
peaceful Muslims were killed. This has been accepted by modern historians; for example, according to Richard Shannon fewer than 200 Muslims were killed
29 KB (3,327 words) - 02:50, 21 June 2021
Ottomanism (category Political movements ofthe Ottoman Empire)
non-Muslims and Muslims alike. Ottomanism was a form of nationalism, likely[original research?] inspired and formed as a reaction to European ideas of nationalism
7 KB (800 words) - 19:46, 12 June 2021
Muslim Association of Britain
headed the organisation for six and a half years. The vision of the Muslim Association of Britain is: "Muslims At Their Best." Along with Stop the War Coalition
17 KB (1,942 words) - 12:13, 19 July 2021
Jewish history (redirect from History of the Jews)
and the lands of Mesopotamia, Syria and Egypt. The Golden Age of Jewish culture in Spain coincided with the Middle Ages in Europe, a period of Muslim rule
107 KB (13,894 words) - 10:39, 5 July 2021
Mongol Empire (redirect from Vassals of the Mongol Empire)
to the British Empire. Originating in Mongolia in East Asia, the Mongol Empire eventually stretched from Eastern Europe and parts of Central Europe to
130 KB (15,468 words) - 01:16, 18 July 2021
Islam in Kerala (redirect from Muslims of Kerala)
ancient relation with West Asia, and the Middle East, even during the pre-Islamic period Kerala Muslims or Malayali Muslims from north Kerala are generally
51 KB (5,295 words) - 14:51, 17 July 2021
Progressive Muslim vote
The progressive Muslim vote refers to the support that the majority of Muslims make in the West for electoral options of the political left. Different
13 KB (1,486 words) - 20:21, 22 June 2021
North America (redirect from Demographics of North America)
1502, was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a different landmass previously unknown by Europeans. In 1507,
134 KB (11,350 words) - 20:13, 19 July 2021
Islamization (redirect from Muslimization)
Islamification, is the process of a society's shift towards the religion of Islam and becoming Muslims, such as found in the Levant, North Africa, Horn of Africa
14 KB (1,576 words) - 22:27, 11 July 2021
Genetic studies on Gujarati people(category History of Gujarat)
language speakers." The proximity of Gujaratis to Europeans "supported the existing view of European influences in the genetic composition of north Indian populations"
33 KB (3,974 words) - 11:36, 18 July 2021
Kosovo (redirect from The Republic of Kosovo)
Ghaffar. "Muslims in Kosovo: A Socio-economic and Demographic Profile: Is theMuslim Population Exploding?" (PDF). js.ugd.edu.mk. "Muslims in Europe: Country
208 KB (19,801 words) - 06:13, 24 July 2021
Dyab Abou Jahjah (category Lebanese Shia Muslims)
League (AEL), a Pan-Arabist movement that supports the interests of Muslim immigrants in Europe. Since then, Abou Jahjah has distanced himself from identity
21 KB (2,436 words) - 02:28, 1 July 2021
Ebrahim Desai (category South African Muslims)
an alumnus of Jamiah Islamiah Talimuddin Dabhel and ranked among The 500 Most Influential Muslims. He was seen as an influential scholar of Islamic finance
10 KB (925 words) - 08:18, 18 July 2021
WikiIslam (category Anti-Muslim sentiment)
is an anti-Muslim wiki focused on Islam-related content. WikiIslam was founded by Ali Sina in 2006 and was acquired by the Ex-Muslims of North America
13 KB (1,238 words) - 04:23, 11 July 2021
Sétif and Guelma massacre (redirect from Massacres of 8 May 1945)
retaliated by killing between 6,000 and 30,000 Muslims in the region. Both the outbreak and the indiscriminate nature of its retaliation marked a turning point
19 KB (2,186 words) - 17:53, 6 July 2021
Islam in Japan (redirect from Muslims in Japan)
adherents in the country than the Bahá'í faith, but fewer than Christianity. There were isolated occasions of Muslims in Japan before the 19th century
20 KB (2,690 words) - 15:44, 19 July 2021
Renaissance (redirect from Renaissance Europe)
to bring this entire class of Greek cultural works back into Western Europe for the first time since late antiquity. Muslim logicians, most notably Avicenna
115 KB (13,835 words) - 08:46, 27 June 2021
Bassam Tibi (category Members of theEuropean Academy of Sciences and Arts)
Ethnicity of Fear", in: Zeyno Baran (Ed.), TheOther Muslims: Moderate and Secular, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 "Concealed Islamization of Europe", Islamophilia
14 KB (1,563 words) - 22:52, 30 December 2020
Religion in the United Kingdom
than the rest of society. Most Muslim immigrants to the United Kingdom came from former colonies. The biggest groups ofMuslims are of Pakistani, Bangladeshi
156 KB (13,944 words) - 13:22, 19 July 2021
Ayaan Hirsi Ali (category American former Muslims)
in some European nations, and that there are "pockets of Europe" where Muslims have limited access to education or jobs and extremist Muslims "come in
135 KB (15,748 words) - 17:48, 21 July 2021
Islamophobia in the United States
Muslim. Media and politicians capitalize on public fear and distrust of Muslims through laws that target Muslims, while the media emphasizes Muslim religious
58 KB (7,183 words) - 04:42, 21 July 2021
Japheth (redirect from Japheth the elder)
to be the progenitor of the European peoples. The meaning of the name Japheth is disputable. There are two possible sources to the meaning of the name:
22 KB (2,028 words) - 18:20, 18 July 2021
List of former Muslims
Former Muslims or ex-Muslims are people who were Muslims, but subsequently left Islam. Although their numbers have increased, ex-Muslims still face ostracism
141 KB (12,458 words) - 07:55, 21 July 2021
Maghreb (redirect from History of the Maghreb)
to half a million Europeans, Tunisia was home to 255,000 Europeans, and Libya was home to 145,000 Europeans. In religion, most of the pieds-noirs in Maghreb
57 KB (5,973 words) - 16:21, 22 July 2021
The Crusades (film)
There are other moments in which theEuropeans mention devilry or call Muslims infidels. Stock says DeMille established "the stereotypes of Richard and
16 KB (1,883 words) - 20:03, 26 April 2021
Stop Islamization of America
killed by other Muslims if they did so. The Council on American-Islamic Relations criticized the premise of the ads, that there were any such Muslims, calling
43 KB (3,498 words) - 19:38, 5 July 2021
Religion in Romania (section Other religions)
"Muslim institutions and organizations in Romania". Muslims in Poland and Eastern Europe: Widening the European Discourse on Islam. University of Warsaw
38 KB (3,379 words) - 17:22, 27 June 2021
Ottoman–Habsburg wars (category Wars involving the Habsburg Monarchy)
for control of central Europe. The key advance made by the Europeans was an effective combined arms doctrine involving the cooperation of infantry, artillery
73 KB (8,733 words) - 04:07, 23 July 2021
Factory (trading post) (category History ofEuropean colonialism)
headquarters or de facto government of local communities. In North America, Europeans began to trade with the natives during the 16th century. Colonists created
16 KB (1,861 words) - 15:56, 3 June 2021
Afghans in Germany (category Muslim communities in Europe)
Afghanistan. It is the largest Afghan community in Europe and part of the worldwide Afghan diaspora, of which it is one of the largest. In 2019, the Federal Statistical
9 KB (835 words) - 09:05, 21 July 2021
Lebanese Druze
other Muslims belief and practice... Most Druze consider themselves fully assimilated in American society and do not necessarily identify as Muslims.
25 KB (2,803 words) - 09:40, 4 July 2021
Prester John (redirect from Letter of Prester John)
the pagans and Muslims in the Orient. The accounts are varied collections of medieval popular fantasy, depicting Prester John as a descendant of the Three
40 KB (4,742 words) - 22:48, 20 July 2021
Cultural racism (redirect from Racism of cultural difference)
In Norway, the far-right terrorist Anders Behring Breivik expressed ideas about cultural incompatibility between Muslims and otherEuropeans, as opposed
53 KB (6,707 words) - 09:06, 13 June 2021
Uyghurs (redirect from The uighurs)
designation of Turkic Muslims into different ethnicities which could sow disunion among Turkic Muslims. After the Communist victory, the Communist Party of China
219 KB (22,249 words) - 17:42, 20 July 2021
Feudalism (redirect from Europe fuedalism)
Medieval Europe between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships that were derived from the holding
45 KB (5,678 words) - 02:31, 13 July 2021
Koenraad Elst (redirect from Who is a Hindu: Hindu revivalist views of Animism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and other offshoots of Hinduism)
curtailing Muslim violence. He though has retrospectively rejected the use of violent force in the demolition of the temple and has urged the Muslims to contend
25 KB (2,626 words) - 03:25, 1 July 2021
Human history (redirect from History of the World)
supranational politics are taking root in Europe... Luuk van Middelaar writes: '[W]hat unites us as Europeans on this continent is bigger and stronger
136 KB (16,190 words) - 07:54, 24 July 2021
South Slavs (redirect from Battle of berzitia)
Croats are Roman Catholics. Other minor ethnic groups (Gorani, ethnic Muslims) and sub-groups (Torbesh and Pomaks) are Muslims. Some South Slavs are atheist
59 KB (6,751 words) - 13:51, 19 July 2021
Beylik of Tunis
invention coming from the Christian Europeans caused many Muslims to search for a proper and adequate response. Merely to learn the foreign ways risked
22 KB (2,853 words) - 03:09, 7 July 2021
History of religion
the spread of Islam throughout the Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa and parts ofEurope and India During the Middle Ages, Muslims came into conflict
21 KB (2,415 words) - 03:25, 26 June 2021
Khilafat Movement (redirect from Indian Muslim Movement)
launched by Muslims of British India led by Shaukat Ali, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Abul Kalam Azad to restore the caliph of the Ottoman
14 KB (1,633 words) - 03:43, 17 July 2021
Christian population growth (section Europe)
years old," 14% of the Christian population was over 60 years old, but only 7% ofMuslims were over 60. This is another reason that Muslims are projected
76 KB (7,130 words) - 07:36, 18 July 2021
Parangipettai
place. Thus, Parangipettai translates to the "abode of the parangiars or "Europeans" in Tamil. Muslims living in Parangipettai have a unique ancestry. Tamil
16 KB (1,467 words) - 08:20, 26 June 2021
Hungarian invasions of Europe
The Hungarian invasions of Europe (Hungarian: kalandozások, German: Ungarneinfälle) took place in the 9th and 10th centuries, the period of transition
47 KB (5,371 words) - 19:59, 24 May 2021
Atlantic slave trade (redirect from Slave trade in the Americas)
Although Europeans provided the market for slaves (along with the other markets for slaves in the Muslim world), Europeans rarely entered the interior of Africa
151 KB (18,445 words) - 01:19, 22 July 2021
Turkic peoples (redirect from History of the Turkic peoples)
The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethnic groups of Central, East, North and West Asia as well as parts of Europe and North Africa, who speak Turkic
137 KB (13,994 words) - 03:15, 23 July 2021
Bosnia and Herzegovina (redirect from State of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
After the arrival of the first Indo-Europeans, it was populated by several Illyrian and Celtic civilizations. Culturally, politically, and socially, the country
185 KB (18,305 words) - 19:21, 23 July 2021
1346 (section Europe)
much of Western Asia and the Caucasus. The "European foreigners" are those fighting with the Tartars in the Mongol-led siege of Kaffa. These Europeans would
27 KB (3,622 words) - 00:26, 23 May 2021
Religion in Montenegro
and other Slavs of the Muslim faith who identify by religion rather than by ethnicity. Albanian Muslims Albanian-speaking ethnic Albanian Muslims Romani
13 KB (1,023 words) - 11:35, 3 July 2021
Western Thrace (redirect from History of Western Thrace)
and culture; later, under the Ottoman Empire, a number of Muslims settled there, marking the birth of the Muslim minority of Greece. Topographically, Thrace
30 KB (2,389 words) - 17:44, 22 February 2021
Bosnians (redirect from People of Bosnia)
ethnic groups of Bosnia and Herzegovina include Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), Croats, and Serbs. In modern English, term Bosnians is the most commonly used
28 KB (2,906 words) - 05:54, 20 July 2021
Islam in Slovenia (redirect from Slovenian Muslims)
The Muslims in Slovenia are ethnically mostly Bosniaks and ethnic Muslims. In 2014, there were 48,266 Muslims in Slovenia, making up about 2.4 percent
5 KB (533 words) - 11:55, 5 July 2021
Far-right politics in Poland (category Far-right politics in Europe)
Eastern Europe Since 1989 (1999), ISBN 0-271-01811-9. Christina Schori Liang, Europe for the Europeans: The Foreign and Security Policy of the Populist
15 KB (1,426 words) - 18:58, 22 July 2021
Bombay Quadrangular (category History of Mumbai)
Parsees 1913-14 – Hindus shared with Muslims 1914-15 – Hindus shared with Parsees 1915-16 – Europeans 1916-17 – Europeans shared with Parsees 1917-18 – Hindus
13 KB (1,516 words) - 23:06, 22 May 2021
Party of Friendship, Equality and Peace
to represent the interests of native Muslimsof Greece. The recognised Muslim minority in Greece consists mainly of Pomaks, muslimsof Turkish and Bulgarian
8 KB (437 words) - 06:10, 18 July 2021
Anders Behring Breivik (redirect from 2083 - A European Declaration of Independence)
Western Europeans as it was the beginning of the end for the second Islamic wave of Jihads". The manifesto urges the Hindu nationalists to drive Muslims out
175 KB (18,653 words) - 10:02, 23 July 2021
Decline of Christianity in the Western world
still the largest religion in Western Europe, where 71% of Western Europeans identified themselves as Christian, according to a 2018 study by the Pew Research
37 KB (3,862 words) - 01:06, 23 July 2021
E number (redirect from European food additive)
Muslims Current EU approved additives and their E Numbers Food Additives in theEuropean Union Food Additives, Food Safety, website of the European Union
67 KB (1,005 words) - 09:10, 23 July 2021
Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent
(sharia has laws on the transaction of business with both Muslims and non-Muslims[citation needed]). In order to cement their rule, Muslim rulers initially
111 KB (13,762 words) - 13:32, 20 July 2021
Hindu–Muslim unity
that Muslims should have no sympathy with the objectives of the Indian National Congress and "that Anglo-Muslims unity was possible, but Hindu–Muslims unity
13 KB (1,602 words) - 11:07, 15 July 2021
Western world (redirect from Countries of the West)
consisting of the majority of Europe, the Americas, and Australasia. The Western world is also known as the Occident (from the Latin word occidens, "sunset
126 KB (13,494 words) - 21:42, 8 July 2021
Muslim minority of Greece
Turks of Greece would be resettled in Turkey apart from the Muslims of Greek Thrace. The official Greek text of the Treaty of Lausanne refers to "muslim minorities"
23 KB (2,510 words) - 21:28, 5 July 2021
Berke (category Mongol Empire Muslims)
Muslim subjects, in protest at the attack on Baghdad: "He (Hulagu) has sacked all the cities of the Muslims, and has brought about the death of the Caliph
14 KB (1,825 words) - 07:11, 21 March 2021
Turks in Austria (category Muslim communities in Europe)
Turkey: their burden of histories (PDF), http://www.herodot.net/: University of Vienna Nielsen, Jørgen S. (2004), Muslims in Western Europe, Edinburgh University
25 KB (2,469 words) - 12:58, 23 May 2021
Zainab Cobbold (category British Muslims)
to perform Hajj for the first time, and because there were Europeans who visited Saudi Arabia before her and who were not Muslim penetrated into Mecca
10 KB (1,103 words) - 06:22, 21 July 2021
Ottoman wars in Europe
The Ottoman wars in Europe were a series of military conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and various European states dating from the Late Middle Ages
44 KB (5,082 words) - 22:16, 22 July 2021
Cathay (redirect from Empire of Cathay)
Chinese: 契丹) is an alternative European historical name for China. During the early modern period, Europeans thought of Cathay as a completely separate
24 KB (2,890 words) - 16:54, 19 July 2021
Lebanese people (redirect from The Lebanese)
modern Lebanese state. The major religious groups among the Lebanese people within Lebanon are Shia Muslims (27%), Sunni Muslims (27%), Maronite Christians
76 KB (5,167 words) - 21:33, 14 July 2021
Age of Discovery
the 15th century to the 18th century in European history, in which seafaring Europeans explored regions across the globe, most of which were already inhabited
191 KB (23,677 words) - 10:02, 22 July 2021
Sati (practice) (redirect from Origins of Sati)
era, many Muslims and Hindus were ambivalent about the practice, with Muslim attitude leaning towards disapproval. According to Sharma, the evidence nevertheless
139 KB (16,864 words) - 16:58, 23 July 2021
Islam in Croatia (redirect from Croatian Muslims)
647 Croats 9,594 Albanians 6,704 ethnic Muslims 5,039 Romani 2,361 Muslims ofother nationalities 762 Muslims of undeclared nationality 343 Turks 217 Macedonians
18 KB (1,612 words) - 04:03, 2 July 2021
Oran (redirect from History of Oran)
October 24, 1870, while Muslims were forced to do military service. Algerian Jews were granted citizenship Algerian Muslims were not. French Jews would
49 KB (4,371 words) - 17:42, 20 July 2021
List of current monarchies
where the Queen has limited powers or a largely ceremonial role. Other European constitutional monarchies. The Principality of Andorra; the Kingdom of Belgium;
30 KB (1,960 words) - 17:24, 17 July 2021
Historiography of the Crusades
He portrays western Europeans as ignorant, rough and rude, Byzantines as cultivated, sophisticated, and decadent, while Muslims are tolerant, devout
29 KB (3,479 words) - 18:17, 18 July 2021
Regensburg lecture (category Foreign relations of the Holy See)
Australian Muslim leader Ameer Ali said Australian Muslims must "accept the Pope's apology" over remarks that offended Islam and "move on". Filipino Muslims expressed
77 KB (9,017 words) - 21:41, 16 July 2021
John Boswell (category Historians of LGBT topics)
Griswold Professor of History in 1990. The Royal Treasure (1977) is a detailed historical study of the Mudéjar Muslims in Aragon in the 14th century. Christianity
21 KB (2,003 words) - 07:32, 24 July 2021
1000s (decade) (section Europe)
Taíno have become the dominant culture of modern day Puerto Rico In continental Europe, the Holy Roman Empire established itself as the most powerful state
2 KB (5,839 words) - 12:12, 11 January 2021
Caliphate (redirect from Successor of the Prophet of the Lord of the Universe)
God. Shia Muslims believe that all theMuslim caliphs following Muhammad's death to be illegitimate due to their unjust rule and that Muslims have no obligation
124 KB (15,641 words) - 01:03, 11 July 2021
Hui people (redirect from Hui Muslim)
unrelated to Middle Easterners and Europeans. In contrast to distant Middle Easterners and Europeans with whom theMuslims of China are not significantly related
242 KB (27,218 words) - 19:12, 18 July 2021
Christ of Europe
Christ of Europe, a messianic doctrine based in the New Testament, first became widespread among Poland and other various European nations through the activities
17 KB (1,977 words) - 00:58, 21 July 2021
English Defence League (redirect from The Infidels (English Defence League))
rates among Muslims than non-Muslims, and characterises the building of mosques as evidence of this desire for domination. It presents Muslim attempts to
113 KB (14,148 words) - 18:30, 12 June 2021
Freedom of religion in Europe by country
government of Albania provides financial support to the Catholic Church, the Albanian Orthodox Church, Sunni Muslims, and Bektashi Sufi Muslims. The government
167 KB (20,250 words) - 09:53, 26 April 2021
Abbasid Caliphate (redirect from The Abbasid Caliphate)
while other Muslims were at time jealous of some dhimmis for having a level of wealth or prestige greater than other Muslims, even if Muslims were still
136 KB (16,827 words) - 15:42, 22 July 2021
European Foundation for Democracy
produces works that follow a strategy of defamation and delegitimization of actors ofthe civil society of Muslims in Europe, by identifying them as radical
12 KB (1,085 words) - 21:53, 1 September 2020
Islam in Australia (redirect from Australian Muslims)
2000; a group of Lebanese men sexually assaulted non-Muslim women. In 2005, tensions between Muslims and non-Muslims in the Cronulla area of Sydney led to
158 KB (15,631 words) - 22:51, 20 July 2021
Persecution of Muslims in Myanmar
of persecution of Muslims in Myanmar that continues to the present day. Myanmar is a Buddhist majority country, with significant Christian and Muslim
82 KB (9,456 words) - 20:19, 28 June 2021
Freedom of religion
B52 N260; "The Prophet said, 'If a Muslim discards his religion and separates from the main body of Muslims, kill him." However, many Muslims believe that
110 KB (13,275 words) - 20:20, 31 May 2021
Bulgarian Turks (redirect from Turks of Bulgaria)
forced all Turks and other Muslims in Bulgaria to adopt Christian names and renounce all Muslim customs. The motivation of the 1984 assimilation campaign
141 KB (15,596 words) - 22:36, 21 July 2021
Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (category Members of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences)
forces beyond the control of Muslims. He argues that Muslims are capable of progress and that he had in common with "the Turk" the ideas of "religious peace
30 KB (3,561 words) - 02:29, 11 July 2021
Arab world (redirect from Borders of the arab world)
back against the slope of northeast Africa, the long axis pointing toward Turkey and Europe. Muslim world International Association of Arabic Dialectology
72 KB (7,837 words) - 02:42, 14 June 2021
Charlemagne (redirect from Emperor of the West and Frankish king Charles I)
774, and Emperor of the Romans from 800. During the Early Middle Ages, he united the majority of western and central Europe. He was the first recognized
141 KB (17,056 words) - 08:05, 21 July 2021
Religion in Belgium (redirect from Religion of belgium)
Conference of Protestant Churches in Latin Countries of Europe Eurobarometer 90.4: Attitudes of Europeans towards Biodiversity, Awareness and Perceptions of EU
27 KB (2,496 words) - 13:54, 21 July 2021
Demographics of Slovenia
total Muslims in Slovenia) declared themselves as ethnic Slovenian Muslims. The official language in Slovenia is Slovene, which is a member of the South
104 KB (2,309 words) - 15:02, 21 July 2021
Tarafa Baghajati (category Austrian Muslims)
He is also active on the topics of Islam and Muslims in Austria and Europe, such as promoting Muslim women's rights relating to the headscarf and opposition
13 KB (1,129 words) - 07:49, 26 January 2021
Islam in Slovakia (redirect from Muslims in Slovakia)
estimated 5,000 Muslims in Slovakia representing fewer than 0.1% of the country's population. Decades after the Hungarian defeat of Mohacs (1526) Turkish
4 KB (472 words) - 10:00, 14 July 2021
Golden Age of Piracy
were relieved of military duty, at a time when cross-Atlantic colonial shipping trade was beginning to boom. In addition, Europeans who had been pushed
38 KB (5,337 words) - 23:21, 7 June 2021
Tradition of removing shoes in the home and houses of worship
rule in Burma, during which Europeans refused and were exempted from removing their footwear when entering Buddhist places of worship. In pre-colonial Burma
27 KB (3,180 words) - 12:57, 19 July 2021
Lebanese society
and similar to certain cultures of Southern Europe as the country is "linked ideologically and culturally to Europe through France, and its uniquely
6 KB (666 words) - 14:43, 5 June 2021
Antemurale myth (redirect from The Myth of Antemurale)
border to the East, to the non-European parts of the world, where barbaric pagans rule, mostly Muslims. This conviction can be traced back to the mid-fifteenth
29 KB (3,426 words) - 20:53, 13 March 2021
Afzal Khan (British politician) (category Commanders of the Order of the British Empire)
for EU Muslims". 26 January 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016. "A Europe beyond politics: Rediscovering our humanity is the way forward". New Europe. 25 April
16 KB (1,120 words) - 09:39, 22 July 2021
Netherlands (redirect from Climate of the Netherlands)
Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In Europe, the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces
263 KB (26,377 words) - 23:49, 23 July 2021
Muhammad Iqbal (redirect from The Poet ofthe East)
political ideal for the Muslims of British-ruled India was to animate the impulse for Pakistan. He is commonly referred to by the honorific Allama (from
80 KB (9,028 words) - 17:41, 20 July 2021
Turks in Bosnia and Herzegovina (redirect from Turks of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
the Ottoman rule of Bosnia; however, after the Ottomans were defeated in the Balkan Wars (1912–13), the majority of Turks, along with other Muslims living
6 KB (550 words) - 09:58, 14 July 2021
Islam in Lithuania (category Islam in the Soviet Union)
several Muslim lands in the south inhabited by Crimean Tatars. A few Muslims migrated to ethnically Lithuanian lands, now the current Republic of Lithuania
6 KB (700 words) - 07:38, 26 June 2021
Timurid relations with Europe
below the Spaniards. Clavijo's visit to Samarkand allowed him to report to theEuropean audience on the news from Cathay (China), which few Europeans had
11 KB (1,416 words) - 20:40, 3 February 2021
Battle of Covadonga
uprising against the Umayyad Muslims. From the beginning of the Muslim invasion of Hispania, refugees and combatants from the south of the peninsula had
9 KB (1,199 words) - 21:13, 10 June 2021
Headstone
burials in the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim religions, among others. In most cases, it has the deceased's name, date of birth, and date of death inscribed
29 KB (3,175 words) - 14:11, 14 May 2021
Belgium (redirect from Cockpit of Europe)
approximately 6% of the Belgian population (628,751 people) is Muslim. Muslims constitute 23.6% of the population of Brussels, 4.9% of Wallonia and 5.1% of Flanders
193 KB (17,614 words) - 09:08, 23 July 2021
East Thrace (redirect from European side of Turkey)
Turkish Thrace or European Turkey, is the part of Turkey that is geographically a part of Southeast Europe. It accounts for 3% of Turkey's land area
12 KB (984 words) - 16:35, 18 May 2021
Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement (redirect from Lahore ahmadiyya movement for the propagation of islam)
from outside the movement to accept that the term Kafir did not apply to non-Ahmadi Muslims, Mahmud Ahmad did maintain that such Muslims were not deemed
21 KB (2,615 words) - 19:50, 20 July 2021
Volga Bulgaria (category Former Muslim countries in Europe)
of Muslims already lived in the country. The Volga Bulgars attempted to convert Vladimir I of Kiev to Islam; however Vladimir rejected the notion of Rus'
16 KB (1,553 words) - 23:47, 10 July 2021
Majority minority (category Demographics ofthe United States)
According to the Bulgarian census of 2001, a total of 43 municipalities (out of 262) have a Muslim majority, although Muslims only form around 10% of Bulgaria's
62 KB (6,970 words) - 20:42, 5 July 2021
Bidet shower (redirect from Muslim shower)
the Japanese washlet-style toilet seats, or so-called "electronic bidets". Bidet showers are used by Muslims in Muslim countries and all parts of the
7 KB (765 words) - 07:34, 13 June 2021
Hassan al-Banna (category Muslim activists)
abolition of the caliphate in 1924, al-Banna called on Muslims to prepare for armed struggle against colonial rule; he warned Muslims against the "widespread
31 KB (3,482 words) - 06:24, 18 July 2021
Pakistan (redirect from The Islamic Republic of Pakistan)
Hindu and Sikh women also experienced the same fate at the hands of Muslims. Around 6.5 million Muslims moved from India to West Pakistan and 4.7 million Hindus
377 KB (36,266 words) - 13:50, 21 July 2021
Islam in Iceland (redirect from Discrimination against Muslims in Iceland)
religion. The Pew Research Center estimated that the number of Muslims in Iceland was below its 10,000 minimum threshold, and official statistics put the figure
16 KB (1,689 words) - 07:32, 26 June 2021
Islam in Seychelles (section Islamic Society of Seychelles and fasting)
colonization by Muslims, before European colonization. Mauritius also has a much higher Muslim population due to the importation of labour from British
4 KB (375 words) - 16:43, 2 June 2021
Ring finger (redirect from The 4th finger)
generally worn on the ring finger of the left hand in the former British Empire, certain parts of Western Europe, certain parts of Catholic Mexico, Bolivia
11 KB (1,414 words) - 07:07, 27 June 2021
Religion in Slovenia
jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Zagreb and Ljubljana. TheMuslims in Slovenia are ethnically mostly Bosniaks and ethnic Muslims. In 2014
13 KB (1,186 words) - 23:33, 21 July 2021
Siege of Jerusalem (1099)
that the massacre of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, both Muslims and Jews, may have exceeded even these standards. Many Muslims sought shelter in the Al-Aqsa
30 KB (3,810 words) - 12:19, 15 July 2021
Galicia (Eastern Europe)
at the crossroad of Central and Eastern Europe. It was once the small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom
40 KB (4,609 words) - 22:00, 3 July 2021
The Slave Market (Gérôme painting)
political advert for the 2019 European Parliament election. The reprint was accompanied with the slogan "Europeans vote AfD!" and "So Europe doesn't become
8 KB (822 words) - 11:08, 30 May 2021
Mehdi Hasan (category 20th-century Muslims)
"The death sentence given to Youcef Nadarkhani in Iran is an affront to universal moral values and a disservice to Muslims." Hasan, a Shia Muslim, has
44 KB (4,033 words) - 01:08, 20 July 2021
Liberal and progressive Islam in Europe
list of individual liberal and progressive Islamic movements in Europe, sorted by country. See also Islam in Europe and Euroislam. Democratic Muslims is
24 KB (2,388 words) - 17:43, 11 July 2021
Ali al-Qaradaghi (category International Union of Muslim Scholars members)
Muslim population, which could issue fatwas on important questions of Islam and be recognized. Moscow, however, fails to see that only those Muslims who
6 KB (740 words) - 13:05, 10 July 2021
Apostasy in Islam (redirect from Apostate of Islam)
orthodox Muslims' opinions on the former group is more mixed (either that 'Muslim followers of Jesus' are 'heterodox Muslims', 'heretical Muslims' or 'crypto-Christian
179 KB (20,443 words) - 18:31, 13 July 2021
İskilipli Mehmed Atıf Hoca (category Turkish Sunni Muslim scholars of Islam)
This prepared the ground for the rise and blossoming of European art. Europeans marvelled at the radiant splendor of the Andalusian civilization in Iberia
9 KB (1,114 words) - 11:59, 29 March 2021
French Council of the Muslim Faith
radical Muslims with the entire Muslim faith, showing them that there can be a radical form of any religion. France, along with other parts of the world
8 KB (1,050 words) - 09:45, 5 July 2021
Quran translations (redirect from Translation of the Koran)
and European languages. The translation ofthe Qurʻan into modern languages has always been a difficult issue in Islamic theology. Because Muslims revere
51 KB (6,041 words) - 15:51, 27 May 2021
Party of Democratic Action
the left-wing Muslims led by Adil Zulfikarpašić. The party has its roots in the old Yugoslav Muslim Organization, a conservative Muslim party in the Kingdom
25 KB (1,040 words) - 11:42, 5 July 2021
Džemaludin Čaušević (category Bosnia and Herzegovina Muslims)
that Muslims must have fallen into ignorance, in view of the fact that the Europeans had triumphed over them. Now this knowledge (which the Muslims once
9 KB (1,211 words) - 07:13, 21 July 2021
History of Malta
NATO and sought links with the Arab world. After 900 years of being linked to Europe, Malta began to look southward. Muslims, still remembered in folklore
90 KB (10,977 words) - 04:48, 21 July 2021
Through Darkest Europe
world, the dominating Muslim cultures of North Africa and the Middle East are "liberal, tolerant, and above all rich" while Europe is a hot spot of Christian
3 KB (290 words) - 20:45, 9 April 2021
Demographics of France
immigrants entered the country annually. One out of two was born in Europe and one in three in Africa. Between 2009–2012, the number of Europeans entering France
146 KB (11,851 words) - 19:49, 3 July 2021
United Kingdom (redirect from The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
north-western Europe, off the north-­western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-­eastern part of the
324 KB (30,185 words) - 19:27, 23 July 2021
Zeyno Baran (redirect from The OtherMuslims: Moderate and Secular)
Eurasia. She has worked to foster the tolerant integration of Muslims into Western societies, arguing that the creation of "parallel societies" within a state's
8 KB (1,068 words) - 10:05, 14 January 2021
Slavery in the Ottoman Empire
vessels on the Mediterranean relied on European galley slaves supplied by Ottoman and Barbary slave traders. Hundreds of thousands of Europeans were captured
49 KB (6,064 words) - 14:00, 23 July 2021
Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak
SDA founded the Muslim National Council of Sandžak (MNVS) on 11 May 1991. The MNVS acted as a quasi-governmental body of the Sandžak Muslims. It organised
14 KB (892 words) - 15:42, 25 June 2021
1926 Indian general election (category Central Legislative Assembly of India)
(Dacca Muslim), Muhammad Anwar-ul-Azim (Chittagong Muslim), Khabeeruddin Ahmed (Rajshahi), Sir Darcy Lindsay (Europeans), Arthur Moore (Europeans), Col
12 KB (1,229 words) - 15:33, 21 June 2021
Religion in London
Christians (48.4 per cent), followed by those of no religion (20.7 per cent), no response (8.5 per cent), Muslims (12.4 per cent), Hindus (5.0 per cent), Jews
12 KB (1,270 words) - 16:21, 30 June 2021
Demographics of Puerto Rico
The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by Amerindian settlement, European colonization especially under the Spanish Empire, slavery and economic
53 KB (3,750 words) - 15:01, 14 June 2021
Colonization
regarded the landmasses as terra nullius, meaning "empty land" in Latin. Owing to the absence of Western farming techniques, Europeans deemed the land unaltered
35 KB (4,016 words) - 00:36, 13 July 2021
The Satanic Verses controversy
write"—against the view of many Muslims that no one should be free to "insult and malign Muslims" by disparaging the "honour of the Prophet". English writer
102 KB (12,269 words) - 00:36, 11 June 2021
University of al-Qarawiyyin
as a form of social organization, was peculiar to medieval Europe. Later, it was exported to all parts of the world, including the Muslim East; and it
107 KB (12,645 words) - 05:37, 11 July 2021
Ethnopluralism (category New Right (Europe))
of the Mediterranean Sea, he later preached "total ethnic war" between "original" Europeans and Muslims in his 2000 book The Colonization of Europe.
14 KB (1,542 words) - 15:27, 12 May 2021
Muhammad (redirect from The Apostle of Allah)
and the Muslims. Muhammad delivered Quranic verses permitting Muslims to fight the Meccans (see sura Al-Hajj, Quran 22:39–40). According to the traditional
183 KB (20,441 words) - 00:16, 24 July 2021
Luso-Indian (category Europeans in India)
in India and a relatively small population ofother Indian-Europeans. By the end of the 17th century, the East India Companies had established three major
18 KB (2,192 words) - 12:05, 5 July 2021
2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum
his hands". It was mentioned in the European Parliament by the EU Commissioner Jean-Claude Juncker who said: "We Europeans can never accept Polish workers
232 KB (23,136 words) - 00:06, 13 July 2021
Arabic (redirect from History of the Arabic language)
Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims, and Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined
184 KB (18,661 words) - 18:36, 10 July 2021
Colonialism (redirect from European colonial powers)
infrastructure of these areas. European nations entered their imperial projects with the goal of enriching the European metropoles. Exploitation of non-Europeans and
134 KB (13,963 words) - 02:49, 23 July 2021
Cold War (redirect from Western europe during the cold war)
the majority-Muslim Central Asian Soviet Union.[citation not found] Additionally, the CIA encouraged anti-communist Pakistan's ISI to train Muslims from
257 KB (28,192 words) - 22:36, 21 July 2021
Danish People's Party (category Anti-Islam political parties in Europe)
Foreign and Security Policy of the Danish People's Party. Europe for the Europeans: The Foreign and Security Policy of the Populist Radical Right. Ashgate
38 KB (3,263 words) - 15:08, 9 July 2021
Turk head (heraldry)
signifies the many wars fought by European Christian states against the Muslim, Turkish-led Ottoman Empire. Other depictions include the head held up
2 KB (232 words) - 20:42, 10 July 2021
Turkey (redirect from The Republic of Turkey)
the Republic of Turkey, is a country straddling Western Asia and Southeast Europe. It shares borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; the Black
259 KB (23,505 words) - 03:51, 20 July 2021
Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad(redirect from The Promised Reformer)
across the Indian subcontinent commemorating the life of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad known as (Jalsa Seeratun-Nabi) attended by Muslims and non-Muslims alike
49 KB (6,490 words) - 13:55, 22 July 2021
The Mountain Wreath
Yearbook of Muslims in Europe. BRILL. p. 408. ISBN 9789004308909. Retrieved 3 November 2019. Worldmark Encyclopedia ofthe Nations: Europe. Gale Research
25 KB (2,862 words) - 22:52, 22 May 2021
Languages of Greece
in areas settled by Ottoman-era Cretan Greek Muslims (the so-called Cretan Turks), such as the town of Al-Hamidiyah in Syria. Cypriot Greek (Κυπριακή
15 KB (1,603 words) - 12:01, 23 July 2021
Y-DNA haplogroups in populations ofEurope
and other notable groups from Europe. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations shown in the first
91 KB (3,755 words) - 12:27, 23 May 2021
Burqa (category History of Asian clothing)
likumprojektu". 22 August 2017. Yearbook ofMuslims in Europe, Volume 4 p. 393. Dalli, Miriam (2015), "MP calls for banning of the burqa: ‘Decision requires rational
69 KB (7,549 words) - 01:08, 10 July 2021
Salafi jihadism (redirect from List of Salafi jihadist groups)
local Muslims against non-Muslim armies) or the "far enemy" (al-adou al-baid, often affiliates of Al-Qaeda attacking the West). Correcting other Muslims' moral
75 KB (7,606 words) - 16:48, 23 July 2021
Jihad Watch (category Anti-Muslim sentiment)
Dhimmi Watch was a blog on the Jihad Watch site, also maintained by Spencer, focusing on alleged outrages by Muslims. The Horowitz Freedom Center has
21 KB (1,730 words) - 18:12, 6 July 2021
Muslim Brotherhood
others. The Muslim Brotherhood claimed that Muslims did not carry out the Botroseya Church bombing and claimed it was a false flag conspiracy by the Egyptian
196 KB (21,292 words) - 10:04, 21 July 2021
Islamic dietary laws (redirect from Muslim dietary laws)
At first, it was forbidden for Muslims to attend prayers while intoxicated. In addition to this, most observant Muslims refrain from consuming food products
29 KB (3,992 words) - 18:36, 23 July 2021
Pakistani name
The majority of Pakistani names are derived from Arabic, Turkish and Persian names. As most Pakistanis are Muslims, all of them use either Arabic, Persian
3 KB (512 words) - 15:34, 29 June 2021
Devshirme (redirect from Devshirme in the Ottoman Palace School)
their family. The boys were forced to convert to Islam. Muslims were not allowed into the system (with some exceptions), but some Muslim families smuggled
46 KB (5,646 words) - 07:13, 16 June 2021
Curse of Ham
by Arabs and other Muslims. He wrote that the fact that so many Africans had been enslaved by the heretical Muslims was supposed proof of their inferiority
49 KB (6,171 words) - 18:48, 13 July 2021
Arabic numerals (redirect from European digits)
the numerals; his work was crucial in making them known throughout Europe. European trade, books, and colonialism helped popularize the adoption of Arabic
23 KB (2,416 words) - 13:19, 5 July 2021
War on Islam controversy (redirect from War on Muslims)
in the United States Persecution of Muslims Violence against Muslims in India "In recent years it has become the practice, in both western Europe and
41 KB (4,863 words) - 17:32, 8 June 2021
2013 horse meat scandal (redirect from European horsemeat scandal)
The 2013 horse meat scandal was a food industry scandal in parts of Europe in which foods advertised as containing beef were found to contain undeclared
71 KB (6,628 words) - 07:40, 16 July 2021
Jewish hat (section Europe)
Medieval Europe and some of the Islamic world. Initially worn by choice, its wearing was enforced in some places in Europe after the 1215 Fourth Council of the
23 KB (3,033 words) - 13:04, 26 May 2021
French ban on face covering (redirect from The French ban on full-length Islamic veils)
to Muslims in France and Europe. The niqab has no basis in Islam. I used to feel dismayed when I saw some of the sisters (in France) wearing the niqab
52 KB (5,298 words) - 20:31, 23 July 2021
Albanians (redirect from History of the Albanians)
within the Ottoman administrative and political machinery had over that of non-Muslims. As Muslims, the Albanians attained powerful positions in the Ottoman
209 KB (21,500 words) - 17:06, 17 July 2021
Ethnic groups in the Middle East
Crimean Tatars in Turkey Turks Muhacir Muslims from the Caucasus (Peoples of the Caucasus in Turkey) Muslims from the Balkans (mainly Albanians, Bosniaks
11 KB (784 words) - 14:19, 2 July 2021
Eurasian (mixed ancestry) (category Ethnic groups in Europe)
the mass killings of the Iranian-speaking people and Indo-Europeans population of the region, their culture and languages being superseded by that of
133 KB (15,550 words) - 22:45, 21 July 2021
Alhambra Decree (redirect from Abrabanel's response to the Alhambra Decree)
welcoming to the dhimmi. In the late twelfth century, the Muslims in al-Andalus invited the fanatical Almohad dynasty from North Africa to push the Christians
36 KB (4,487 words) - 01:02, 22 July 2021
Muhammad in film (redirect from List of films about the Prophet Muhammad)
Although the Quran does not explicitly forbid images of Muhammad, there are a few hadith (supplemental teachings) which have explicitly prohibited Muslims from
22 KB (1,853 words) - 18:57, 16 July 2021
London, Ontario truck attack (redirect from Canadian Muslim family killing)
a Muslim described him as a proud Christian, and noted he seemed to treat Muslims normally for the four years he worked there. Co-workers said the alleged
15 KB (1,451 words) - 23:12, 14 July 2021
Sephardi Jews (category Jews and Judaism in Europe)
before the Muslims proceeded further north. This began nearly four centuries of Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula, which became known as the "Golden
144 KB (17,699 words) - 21:48, 14 July 2021
Abd al-Rahman ibn Abd Allah al-Ghafiqi(category Generals of the Umayyad Caliphate)
of Andalusian Muslims. He unsuccessfully led into battle against the forces of Charles Martel in the Battle of Tours on October 10, 732 AD. From the Arab
12 KB (1,423 words) - 07:21, 5 June 2021
Mass migration (section History and examples of mass migrations)
million Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims were displaced during the partition of India, the largest mass migration in human history. The largest documented voluntary
7 KB (830 words) - 17:32, 22 July 2021
Danish withdrawal from the European Union
the European Union (colloquially Dexit or Danexit, a portmanteau of "Danish" and "exit". Dexit is also used for a possible German withdrawal from the
15 KB (1,031 words) - 16:18, 9 July 2021
Religion in Luxembourg (redirect from Hinduism in the Luxembourg)
while Arab and other Muslim countries represent about 20%. Sub-Saharan African Muslims account for about 5%, and 15% are other Europeans. Luxembourg's
13 KB (1,376 words) - 01:19, 5 May 2021
1920 Indian general election (category Central Legislative Assembly of India)
eight were reserved for Europeans elected through the Chambers of Commerce. For the upper chamber, the Council of State, 24 ofthe 34 seats were contested
12 KB (1,029 words) - 18:53, 4 June 2021
Argentines (redirect from People of Argintina)
Ethnic Europeans include the Argentine descendants of colonists from Spain during the colonial period prior to 1810, and mainly of immigrants from Europe in
35 KB (3,169 words) - 06:27, 21 July 2021
Les Identitaires (category Pan-European nationalism)
major imperialistic threats to Europe. It was founded in 2003 by some former members of Unité Radicale and several other anti-Zionist and National Bolshevik
19 KB (1,730 words) - 22:58, 15 June 2021
History of weapons
little military operations the Europeans, assuming that the Muslims were vulnerable, embarked on a mission to recapture the holy land lost by them centuries
61 KB (8,388 words) - 18:42, 5 July 2021
Malik clan (Bihar) (redirect from Syed of Bihar)
commission report and several other historical books they are considered to be an ashraf community among Bihari Muslims meaning that they have high social
4 KB (388 words) - 18:19, 21 July 2021
Mahatma Gandhi (redirect from The little brown saint)
stated that Europeans in South Africa treated "all of us, Hindus and Muslims, as untouchables; we may not reside in their midst, nor enjoy the rights which
286 KB (32,060 words) - 11:59, 23 July 2021
Moez Masoud (category Egyptian Muslims)
University's "The 500 Most Influential Muslims of 2009," published by the Georgetown Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding. After the Egyptian revolution
28 KB (2,995 words) - 14:08, 17 July 2021
Slavery in Spain (category Social history of Spain)
themselves and half-value for the slaves. However, non-Muslims were prohibited from holding Muslim slaves, and so if one of their slaves converted to Islam
18 KB (2,469 words) - 05:48, 18 June 2021
Bosnian War (redirect from Serb War against Bosnian Muslims)
mainly carried out by Serb forces with most ofthe victims being Bosnian Muslims. Clashes between Muslims, Croats and Serbs in Bosnia started in late
202 KB (22,877 words) - 07:58, 22 July 2021
Ahmadiyya by country (redirect from Ahmadiyya in the World)
expected by Muslims to appear towards the end times. As of 2016[update] the Community has been established in 209 countries and territories of the world. with
43 KB (2,627 words) - 19:34, 17 July 2021
Genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula
corner of Europe. As is the case for most ofthe rest of Southern Europe, the principal ancestral origin of modern Iberians are Early European Farmers
66 KB (6,433 words) - 20:37, 15 July 2021
Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries
waves of persecution in Medieval Europe, many Jews found refuge in Muslim lands, though in other times and places, Jews fled persecution in Muslim lands
217 KB (27,891 words) - 20:49, 7 July 2021
Legislative Council of Ceylon
appointed by the governor (two Low Country Sinhalese, two Tamils, one Kandyan Sinhalese and one Muslim) and remaining four were elected (two Europeans, one Burgher
18 KB (971 words) - 18:05, 26 June 2021
Ceuta (redirect from The weather in Ceuta)
Melilla and the Canary Islands, was classified as a free port before Spain joined theEuropean Union. Its population consists of Christians, Muslims, and small
68 KB (5,805 words) - 14:31, 16 July 2021
The Holocaust
The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the genocide of European Jews during World War II. Between 1941 and 1945, Nazi Germany and its collaborators
227 KB (23,716 words) - 08:07, 22 July 2021
Interracial marriage (category CS1 maint: others)
males), the Vikings were active in the Arab slave trade at the time. These slaves, most often Europeans that were captured from the coasts of Europe or during
270 KB (31,003 words) - 07:34, 24 July 2021
Population transfer (redirect from Exchange of Populations)
million Muslims were moved from one side ofthe international border to the other. When the exchange was to take effect (1 May 1923), most of the prewar
75 KB (9,078 words) - 21:50, 17 July 2021
Italy (redirect from The Italian republic)
the New World and the opening of the Americas for conquest and settlement by Europeans; John Cabot, sailing for England, who was the first European to
356 KB (33,707 words) - 11:35, 23 July 2021
John X of Antioch
interference in the Syrian civil war as well as his intention to promote peaceful co-existence with Muslims and other Syrians. The ambassador of the Russian Federation
9 KB (989 words) - 21:20, 1 July 2021
History of the mandolin
Christian Europe from Muslim Sicily and Spain. Muslims picked these instruments in Central Asia, calling them barbat and oud. Residents of Asia were playing
44 KB (5,016 words) - 19:54, 6 January 2021
Gunpowder empires (redirect from Period ofthe Gunpowder Empires)
with other weapons. Tonio Andrade cited that the Military Revolution Model that gave theEuropeans so much military success included the use of superior
36 KB (4,419 words) - 10:19, 15 July 2021
Syed Ahmad Khan (category Indian Muslims)
upon Muslims to loyally serve the British Raj and promoted the adoption of Urdu as the lingua franca of all Indian Muslims. Syed criticized the Indian
70 KB (8,223 words) - 07:50, 23 July 2021
Results from sister projects
Appeal of the Council of People's Commissars to the Muslims of Russia and the East
Appeal of the Council of People's Commissars to the Muslims of Russia and the East 30986Appeal of the Council of People's Commissars to the Muslims of Russia
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Europe Movement 2025 (DiEM25) Mar 28, 2020 After Napoleon's 1815 defeat at Waterloo, Europeans had created nation-states in the image and likeness of
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completely absent. The history of early Europeans is, therefore, a history of their tools and settlements. The Neolithic period was a period of human development
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