Two years later, Husayn replaced him as heir with his son Muhammad; Ali therefore revolted, and, with the help of the dey of Algiers
, defeated Husayn in 1735.
Soon after his entrance in Tunis
, however, he was forced to pay a large indemnity to the Algerian troops camped under the city's walls, amounting to the load of 35 mules in silver, and to promise a yearly tribute of 50,000 rials
to the dey.
Husayn fled to Kairouan and tried to continue governing in Sousse
and the Tunisian Sahel
. Ali ordered his son Younes to besiege him. Husayn was captured and executed in 1740, but the latter's sons, Muhammad
and Ali, fled and continued the civil war, one from Constantine
and the other from Algiers
In 1741 Ali conquered the island of Tabarka
from the Republic of Genoa
, deporting 1,500 Christians to Tunis. In the same year he sent an expedition against the French Cap Nègre
, which was captured by his son Younes.
Madrasa El Bachia
In his later years Ali had to face two rebellions. The first one was that led by Younes himself, who was able to seize Tunis, having the local authorities proclaim him bey. Ali besieged him in the citadel and forced him to flee to Algiers. The second came from the sons of Husayn, who were able to gain support from the dey of Algiers and invaded Tunisia with an army led by the dey of Constantine. The army reached Tunis, whose walls Ali had restored and strengthened with a ditch in the meantime. However, this did not prevent the Algerians from storming the city on 31 August 1756. Ali was deposed on 2 September and brought in chains to Algiers, where he was stripped naked and strangled twenty days later by partisans of his successor Muhammad I ar-Rashid
- ^ Tunisia under the deys and the Husaynids in Abun-Nasr, Jamil M., ed. A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge University Press, 1987. p179
- ^ Kissling, Hans-Joachim; Spuler, Bertold; Barbour, N.; Eaton, Richard Maxwell (1997). The Last Great Muslim Empires. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 133.
- ^ Bonnichon, Philippe; Gény, Pierre (2012). Présences Françaises Outre-Mer, XVIe-XXIe Siècles. Paris: Académie des Sciences d'Outre-Mer. p. 167.
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