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107th United States Congress
The 107th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2001 to January 3, 2003, during the final weeks of the Clinton presidency and the first two years of the George W. Bushpresidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States Census.
107th United States Congress
106th ←
→ 108th

United States Capitol (2002)
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Members100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityDemocratic
(until January 20, 2001)
Republican
(Jan 20, 2001 – Jun 6, 2001)
Democratic
(from June 6, 2001)
Senate PresidentAl Gore (D)[a]
until January 20, 2001
Dick Cheney (R)
from January 20, 2001
House MajorityRepublican
House SpeakerDennis Hastert (R)
Sessions
1st: January 3, 2001 – December 20, 2001
2nd: January 23, 2002 – November 22, 2002
President George W. Bush signing the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 in the White House East Room on June 7, 2001
President George W. Bush signing the No Child Left Behind Act.
Play media
President George W. Bush signs the No Child Left Behind Act into law
Play media
President George W. Bush in October 2001, elucidating on the government's rationale behind the USA PATRIOT Act before signing into law.
President George W. Bush, surrounded by leaders of the House and Senate, announces the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq, October 2, 2002.
Before the signing ceremony of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act, President George W. Bush met with Senator Paul Sarbanes, Secretary of LaborElaine Chao and other dignitaries in the Blue Room at the White House on July 30, 2002
The House of Representatives had a Republican majority all the way through, while the Senate saw multiple switches – having began with a brief Democratic majority (due to being a 50–50 split and Vice President Al Gore in his constitutional role as Senate President serving as the tiebreaker), then switching to Republican (after Dick Cheney became Vice President on January 20, 2001 and therefore the tiebreaker), then back to Democratic (after Senator Jim Jeffords switched from a Republican to an independent who caucused with the Democrats on June 6, 2001, effectively giving the Democrats a 51–49 edge), then back to the Republicans late in the term (due to the death of Democrat Paul Wellstone and special election loss of Democrat Jean Carnahan). However, since the body was out of session by then, formal reorganization was delayed until the next Congress.[1]
Major events
Main articles: 2001 in the United States, 2002 in the United States, and 2003 in the United States
A rare even split in the United States Senate, the defection of a single Senator, and the inauguration of a new vice president, led to three changes in majorities. Major security events occurred. The September 11 attacks were highly disruptive. Some Senators were targeted by anthrax attacks. The Congress voted to allow the President to invade Iraq.
Major legislation
Main article:List of United States federal legislation
See also:List of Acts of the 107th United States Congress
Party summary
Senate
Party
(Shading indicates party control)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Independence
(IMN)
Republican
(R)
Vacant
caucused with
Democrats
End of
previous Congress
4600541000
Begin[c]5000501000
January 20, 2001[d]5050
June 6, 2001[e]50149
October 25, 2002[f]49991
November 4, 2002[f]11000
November 23, 2002[g]48150
November 30, 2002[h]49991
December 2, 2002[h]501000
Final voting share49%1%50%
Beginning of the
next Congress
4810511000
House of Representatives
 Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total 
DemocraticIndependentRepublicanVacant
caucused with
Democrats
caucused with
Republicans
End of previous Congress208112224323
Begin211112214341
January 31, 20012204332
March 30, 20012104323
May 15, 20012214332
May 28, 20012094323
June 5, 20012104332
June 19, 20012224341
August 5, 20012214332
August 16, 20012204323
September 6, 20012194314
October 16, 20012112204332
November 20, 20012214341
December 18, 20012224350
July 24, 20022104341
August 1, 20020223
September 9, 20022094332
September 28, 20022084323
November 30, 20022094332
Final voting share48.5%51.5% 
Beginning of the next Congress205102294350
Leadership
Senate
Senate President
Al Gore (D)
(until January 20, 2001)
Dick Cheney (R)
(from January 20, 2001)
Senate President pro tempore

Robert Byrd (D)
(until January 20, 2001)
(from June 6, 2001)

Strom Thurmond (R)
(January 20 – June 6, 2001)
Republican leadership
Democratic leadership
House of Representatives
Speaker of the House

Dennis Hastert (R)
Speaker: Dennis Hastert (R)
Majority (Republican) leadership
Minority (Democratic) leadership
Members
Skip to House of Representatives, below
Senate
Senators are listed by their class. In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 2002; Class 3 meant their term began in the previous Congress, facing re-election in 2004; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 2006.
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Senators' party membership by state at the opening of the 107th Congress in January 2001
  2 Democrats
  1 Democrat and 1 Republican
  2 Republicans
Senate majority leadership
(Majority until January 20 and minority until June 6, 2001; majority thereafter)
Senate minority leadership
(Minority until January 20 and majority until June 6, 2001; majority thereafter)
House of Representatives
Congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself.
Further information: List of United States Congressional districts
Alabama
Alaska
At Large. Don Young (R)
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
At Large. Mike Castle (R)
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
At Large. Denny Rehberg (R)
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
At Large. Earl Pomeroy (D)
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
At Large. John Thune (R)
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
At Large. Bernie Sanders (I)
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
At Large. Barbara Cubin (R)
Non-voting members
Percentage of House seats held by party
  Democratic 80+ to 100%  Republican 80+ to 100%
  Democratic 60+ to 80%  Republican 60+ to 80%
  Democratic 50+ to 60%  Republican 50+ to 60%
  1 Independent
House majority leadership
House minority leadership
Democratic whip
David Bonior
(until January 15, 2002)
Democratic whip
Nancy Pelosi
(from January 15, 2002)
Changes in membership
Senate
See also: List of special elections to the United States Senate
State
(class)
VacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation[i]
Vermont (1)Jim Jeffords (R)Incumbent changed party and joined the Democratic caucus.Jim Jeffords (I)June 6, 2001
Minnesota (2)Paul Wellstone (D)Incumbent died October 25, 2002.
Successor appointed to serve the remaining two months of the term.
Dean Barkley (IMN)November 4, 2002
Missouri (1)Jean Carnahan (D)Interim appointee lost election to finish the term.Jim Talent (R)November 23, 2002
Texas (2)Phil Gramm (R)Incumbent resigned November 30, 2002 to give successor seniority advantages. [3][4]John Cornyn (R)December 2, 2002
Alaska (3)Frank Murkowski (R)Incumbent resigned December 2, 2002 to become Governor of Alaska.
Successor appointed to fill the vacancy.
Lisa Murkowski (R)December 20, 2002
House of Representatives
See also: List of special elections to the United States House of Representatives
DistrictVacatorReason for changeSuccessorDate of successor's
formal installation[i]
California 32ndVacantIncumbent Julian Dixon (D) had died December 8, 2000, before the beginning of this Congress.
A special election was held June 5, 2001.
Diane Watson (D)June 5, 2001
Pennsylvania 9thBud Shuster (R)Incumbent resigned, effective January 31, 2001.
A special election was held May 15, 2001.
Bill Shuster (R)May 15, 2001
Virginia 4thNorman Sisisky (D)Incumbent died March 30, 2001.
A special election was held June 19, 2001.
Randy Forbes (R)June 19, 2001
Massachusetts 9thJoe Moakley (D)Incumbent died May 28, 2001.
A special election was held October 16, 2001.
Stephen F. Lynch (D)October 16, 2001
Arkansas 3rdAsa Hutchinson (R)Incumbent resigned August 5, 2001 to head the Drug Enforcement Administration.
A special election was held November 20, 2001.
John Boozman (R)November 20, 2001
South Carolina 2ndFloyd Spence (R)Incumbent died August 16, 2001.
A special election was held December 18, 2001.
Joe Wilson (R)December 18, 2001
Florida 1stJoe Scarborough (R)Incumbent resigned, effective September 6, 2001.
A special election was held October 16, 2001.
Jeff Miller (R)October 16, 2001
Oklahoma 1stSteve Largent (R)Incumbent resigned, effective February 15, 2002, to concentrate on his campaign for governor.
A special election was held January 8, 2002.
John A. Sullivan (R)February 15, 2002
Ohio 17thJim Traficant (D)Incumbent expelled July 24, 2002 for criminal conviction of 10 counts of bribery, racketeering, and tax evasion.VacantNot filled for remainder of Congress
Virginia 5thVirgil Goode (I)Incumbent changed party.Virgil Goode (R)August 1, 2002
Ohio 3rdTony P. Hall (D)Incumbent resigned September 9, 2002 after he was appointed to be the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.VacantNot filled for remainder of Congress
Hawaii 2ndPatsy Mink (D)Incumbent died September 28, 2002 but was elected posthumously on November 5, 2002.Ed Case (D)November 30, 2002
Committees
Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
Senate
House of Representatives
Joint committees
Caucuses
Main article: Caucuses of the United States Congress
Employees
Legislative branch agency directors
Senate
House of Representatives
See also
Notes
  1. ^ U.S. Vice President Al Gore's term as President of the Senate ended at noon on January 20, 2001, when Dick Cheney's term began.
  2. ^ When the Congress began, the Senate was divided 50–50. Because the Vice President's tie-breaking vote would change control from Democrats to Republicans on January 20, the Senate elected Byrd to serve until noon and Thurmond to serve from noon on January 20. Control changed again from June 6, 2001, when Jim Jeffords left the Republican Party and Byrd was once again elected President pro tempore.
  3. ^ Al Gore (D) was U.S. Vice President until January 20, 2001 with the tie-breaking vote.
  4. ^ Dick Cheney (R) became U.S. Vice President January 20, 2001 with the tie-breaking vote.
  5. ^ In Vermont, James Jeffords switched June 6, 2001 from Republican to Independent and caucused with Democrats.
  6. ^ a b In Minnesota, Paul Wellstone (D) died October 25, 2002. Dean Barkley (IMN), who didn't caucus with either party, was appointed November 4, 2002 to Wellstone's seat.
  7. ^ In the November 5, 2002 Missouri special election, Jim Talent (R) took Jean Carnahan (D)'s seat and became senator November 23, 2002, but there was no reorganization because Senate was out of session.[1]
  8. ^ a b In Texas, Phil Gramm (R) resigned November 30, 2002 to give his successor advantageous office space. Senator-elect John Cornyn (R) was appointed December 2, 2002 to finish Gramm's term.
  9. ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.
References
  1. ^ a b "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present" – via Senate.gov.
  2. ^ "Leaving Republican Party: Jeffords' 2001 speech". Burlington Free Press. August 18, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  3. ^ Associated Press (November 21, 2002). "Cornyn Gets Early Start in Senate". The Edwardsville Intelligencer. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  4. ^ "SENATORS OF THE UNITED STATES > 1789-present > A chronological list of senators since the First Congress in 1789" (PDF). United States Senate – via Senate.gov.
 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov​.
External links
Last edited on 25 April 2021, at 09:21
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