107th United States Congress
President George W. Bush signing the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 in the White House East Room on June 7, 2001
President George W. Bush signs the No Child Left Behind Act into law
President George W. Bush in October 2001, elucidating on the government's rationale behind the USA PATRIOT Act before signing into law.
President George W. Bush, surrounded by leaders of the House and Senate, announces the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq, October 2, 2002.
The House of Representatives had a Republican
majority all the way through, while the Senate saw multiple switches – having began with a brief Democratic
majority (due to being a 50–50 split and Vice President Al Gore
in his constitutional role as Senate President serving as the tiebreaker), then switching to Republican (after Dick Cheney
became Vice President on January 20, 2001 and therefore the tiebreaker), then back to Democratic (after Senator Jim Jeffords
switched from a Republican to an independent who caucused with the Democrats on June 6, 2001, effectively giving the Democrats a 51–49 edge), then back to the Republicans late in the term (due to the death of Democrat Paul Wellstone
and special election loss of Democrat Jean Carnahan
). However, since the body was out of session by then, formal reorganization was delayed until the next Congress.
A rare even split in the United States Senate
, the defection of a single Senator, and the inauguration of a new vice president, led to three
changes in majorities. Major security events occurred. The September 11 attacks
were highly disruptive. Some Senators were targeted by anthrax attacks
. The Congress voted to allow the President to invade Iraq
- January 3, 2001: 107th Congress officially begins, with the Senate split 50-50. Democrat Al Gore — the outgoing Vice President — briefly gives the Democrats the tie breaker and majority control.
- January 3, 2001: First Lady Hillary Clinton, wife of President Bill Clinton, became the first presidential spouse to serve in Congress (and briefly holding the titles of both First Lady and Senator).
- January 20, 2001: George W. Bush became President of the United States.
- January 20, 2001: Dick Cheney became Vice President, and the Republicans take control of the Senate with his tie breaking vote.
- May 24, 2001: Senator Jim Jeffords, previously a Republican, declared himself an independent and announced he would join the Democratic caucus, giving the Democrats majority control, effective June 6, 2001.
- September 11, 2001: September 11 attacks
- September 20, 2001: George W. Bush reported to a joint session of Congress on the investigation into the September 11 attacks and announces the War on Terrorism
- October 7, 2001: Operation Enduring Freedom began
- October 9, 2001: Anthrax attacks were executed against members of the Senate, including Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle.
- December 2001: Corporate financial scandals, including Enron and MCI
- June 12, 2002: Prime Minister of Australia John Howard addressed a joint session of Congress. The address was originally scheduled for September 12, 2001, but was interrupted by the September 11 attacks. Already in Washington at the time, he sat in on Congressional sessions on September 12 instead.
- October 25, 2002: Democratic Senator Paul Wellstone dies in a plane crash, and is replaced by non caucusing independent Dean Barkley for the rest of the term.
- November 23, 2002: Jim Talent takes Senate seat in Missouri, effectively giving Republicans the majority (though formal reorganization was delayed until the convening of the 108th United States Congress).
- June 7, 2001: Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act, Pub.L. 107–16 (text)(pdf), 115 Stat. 38
- October 26, 2001: "USA PATRIOT" Act, Pub.L. 107–56 (text) (pdf), 115 Stat. 272
- January 8, 2002: No Child Left Behind Act, Pub.L. 107–110 (text) (pdf), 115 Stat. 1425
- January 11, 2002: Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act, Pub.L. 107–118 (text) (pdf), 115 Stat. 2356
- March 9, 2002: Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act, Pub.L. 107–147 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 21
- March 27, 2002: Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (McCain-Feingold), Pub.L. 107–155 (text)(pdf), 116 Stat. 81
- May 13, 2002: Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, Pub.L. 107–171 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 134
- July 30, 2002: Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Pub.L. 107–204 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 745
- August 6, 2002: Trade Act of 2002, Pub.L. 107–210 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 933
- October 16, 2002: Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq, Pub.L. 107–243 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 1497
- October 21, 2002: Sudan Peace Act, Pub.L. 107–245 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 1504
- October 29, 2002: Help America Vote Act, Pub.L. 107–252 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 1666
- November 25, 2002: Homeland Security Act, Pub.L. 107–296 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 2135
- December 17, 2002: E-Government Act of 2002, Pub.L. 107–347 (text) (pdf), 116 Stat. 2899
- Senate membership
Final (from December 2, 2002)
January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
June 6, 2001 – October 25, 2002
October 25, 2002 – November 4, 2002
November 4, 2002 – November 23, 2002
November 23, 2002 – November 30, 2002
November 30, 2002 – December 2, 2002
House of Representatives
Al Gore (D)(until January 20, 2001)
Senate President pro tempore
(until January 20, 2001)
(from June 6, 2001)
- Minority Leader: Trent Lott (R), until January 20, 2001, and from June 6, 2001
Majority leader January 20 – June 6, 2001
- Minority Whip: Don Nickles (R), until January 20, 2001, and from June 6, 2001
Majority whip January 20 – June 6, 2001
- Republican Conference Chairman: Rick Santorum
- Republican Conference Secretary: Kay Bailey Hutchison
- Republican Campaign Committee Chair: Bill Frist
- Republican Policy Committee Chairman: Larry Craig
- Majority Leader: Tom Daschle (D), until January 20, 2001, and from June 6, 2001
Minority leader January 20 – June 6, 2001
- Majority Whip: Harry Reid (D), until January 20, 2001, and from June 6, 2001
Minority whip January 20 – June 6, 2001
- Democratic Policy Committee Chairman: Byron Dorgan
- Democratic Conference Secretary: Barbara Mikulski
- Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Patty Murray
- Democratic Chief Deputy Whip: John Breaux
House of Representatives
Speaker of the House
Majority (Republican) leadership Minority (Democratic) leadership
Senators are listed by their class. In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 2002; Class 3 meant their term began in the previous Congress, facing re-election in 2004; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 2006.
Senators' party membership by state at the opening of the 107th Congress in January 2001
Senate majority leadership
(Majority until January 20 and minority until June 6, 2001; majority thereafter)
Senate minority leadership
(Minority until January 20 and majority until June 6, 2001; majority thereafter)
House of Representatives
Congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself.
Percentage of House seats held by party
Democratic 80+ to 100% Republican 80+ to 100%
Democratic 60+ to 80% Republican 60+ to 80%
Democratic 50+ to 60% Republican 50+ to 60%
House majority leadership
House minority leadership
Changes in membership
House of Representatives
Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
- Aging (Special) (Chair: John Breaux, then Larry Craig, then John Breaux)
- Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry (Chair: Tom Harkin, then Richard Lugar, then Tom Harkin)
- Appropriations (Chair: Robert Byrd, then Ted Stevens, then Robert Byrd)
- Armed Services (Chair: Carl Levin, then John Warner, then Carl Levin)
- Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs (Chair: Paul Sarbanes, then Phil Gramm, then Paul Sarbanes)
- Budget (Chair: Kent Conrad, then Pete Domenici, then Kent Conrad)
- Commerce, Science and Transportation (Chair: Ernest Hollings, then John McCain, then Ernest Hollings)
- Energy and Natural Resources (Chair: Jeff Bingaman, then Frank Murkowski, then Jeff Bingaman)
- Environment and Public Works (Chair: Harry Reid, then Bob Smith, then Jim Jeffords)
- Ethics (Select) (Chair: Pat Roberts, then Harry Reid)
- Finance (Chair: Max Baucus, then Chuck Grassley, then Max Baucus)
- Foreign Relations (Chair: Joe Biden, then Jesse Helms, then Joe Biden)
- Governmental Affairs (Chair: Joe Lieberman, then Fred Thompson, then Joe Lieberman)
- Indian Affairs (Select) (Chair: Daniel Inouye, then Ben Nighthorse Campbell, then Daniel Inouye)
- Intelligence (Select) (Chair: Bob Graham, then Richard Shelby, then Bob Graham)
- Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (Chair: Ted Kennedy, then Jim Jeffords, then Ted Kennedy)
- Judiciary (Chair: Patrick Leahy, then Orrin Hatch, then Patrick Leahy)
- Rules and Administration (Chair: Chris Dodd, then Mitch McConnell, then Chris Dodd)
- Small Business (Chair: John Kerry, then Kit Bond, then John Kerry)
- Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Jay Rockefeller, then Arlen Specter, then Jay Rockefeller)
House of Representatives
- Agriculture (Chair: Larry Combest, Vice Chair: John A. Boehner)
- Appropriations (Chair: Bill Young)
- Armed Services (Chair: Bob Stump, Vice Chair: Floyd Spence)
- Budget (Chair: Jim Nussle)
- Education and the Workforce (Chair: John Boehner, Vice Chair: Tom Petri)
- Energy and Commerce (Chair: Billy Tauzin, Vice Chair: Richard Burr)
- Financial Services (Chair: Mike Oxley, Vice Chair: Marge Roukema)
- Government Reform (Chair: Dan Burton)
- Census (Chair: Dan Miller, Vice Chair: Chris Cannon)
- Civil Service and Agency Organization (Chair: Dave Weldon)
- Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources (Chair: Mark Souder, Vice Chair: Benjamin A. Gilman)
- District of Columbia (Chair: Constance Morella, Vice Chair: Todd R. Platts)
- Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs (Chair: Doug Ose, Vice Chair: Butch Otter)
- Government Efficiency, Financial Management and Intergovernmental Relations (Chair: Stephen Horn, Vice Chair: Ron Lewis)
- National Security, Veterans' Affairs and International Relations (Chair: Christopher Shays, Vice Chair: Adam Putnam)
- Technology and Procurement Policy (Chair: Thomas M. Davis, Vice Chair: Jo Ann Davis)
- House Administration (Chair: Bob Ney)
- International Relations (Chair: Henry Hyde)
- Judiciary (Chair: Jim Sensenbrenner)
- Resources (Chair: James V. Hansen, Vice Chair: Don Young)
- Rules (Chair: David Dreier, Vice Chair: Porter Goss)
- Science (Chair: Sherwood Boehlert, Vice Chair: Gil Gutknecht)
- Small Business (Chair: Don Manzullo)
- Standards of Official Conduct (Chair: Joel Hefley)
- Transportation and Infrastructure (Chair: Don Young, Vice Chair: Tom Petri)
- Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Chris Smith, Vice Chair: Michael Bilirakis)
- Ways and Means (Chair: Bill Thomas)
- Chaplain: Lloyd John Ogilvie (Presbyterian)
- Curator: Diane K. Skvarla
- Historian: Richard A. Baker
- Parliamentarian: Bob Dove, until May 2001
- Secretary: Gary Lee Sisco, until July 11, 2001
- Librarian: Greg Harness
- Sergeant at Arms: James W. Ziglar, until August 2, 2001
- Secretary for the Majority / Minority:
House of Representatives
- ^ U.S. Vice President Al Gore's term as President of the Senate ended at noon on January 20, 2001, when Dick Cheney's term began.
- ^ When the Congress began, the Senate was divided 50–50. Because the Vice President's tie-breaking vote would change control from Democrats to Republicans on January 20, the Senate elected Byrd to serve until noon and Thurmond to serve from noon on January 20. Control changed again from June 6, 2001, when Jim Jeffords left the Republican Party and Byrd was once again elected President pro tempore.
- ^ Al Gore (D) was U.S. Vice President until January 20, 2001 with the tie-breaking vote.
- ^ Dick Cheney (R) became U.S. Vice President January 20, 2001 with the tie-breaking vote.
- ^ In Vermont, James Jeffords switched June 6, 2001 from Republican to Independent and caucused with Democrats.
- ^ a b In Minnesota, Paul Wellstone (D) died October 25, 2002. Dean Barkley (IMN), who didn't caucus with either party, was appointed November 4, 2002 to Wellstone's seat.
- ^ In the November 5, 2002 Missouri special election, Jim Talent (R) took Jean Carnahan (D)'s seat and became senator November 23, 2002, but there was no reorganization because Senate was out of session.
- ^ a b In Texas, Phil Gramm (R) resigned November 30, 2002 to give his successor advantageous office space. Senator-elect John Cornyn (R) was appointed December 2, 2002 to finish Gramm's term.
- ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.
- ^ a b "Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present" – via Senate.gov.
- ^ "Leaving Republican Party: Jeffords' 2001 speech". Burlington Free Press. August 18, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
- ^ Associated Press (November 21, 2002). "Cornyn Gets Early Start in Senate". The Edwardsville Intelligencer. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
- ^ "SENATORS OF THE UNITED STATES > 1789-present > A chronological list of senators since the First Congress in 1789" (PDF). United States Senate – via Senate.gov.
Last edited on 25 April 2021, at 09:21
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.