1920 United States census The United States census of 1920
, conducted by the Census Bureau
during one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States
to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated
during the 1910 census
Despite the constitutional
requirement that House
seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census, members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census, and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933. In 1929, Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929
which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435.
This was the first census in which a state – New York
– recorded a population of more than ten million.
This census also marked a significant population shift from rural to urban. According to the Census Bureau, "Beginning in 1910, the minimum population threshold to be categorized as an urban place was set at 2,500. "Urban" was defined as including all territory, persons, and housing units within an incorporated area that met the population threshold. The 1920 census marked the first time in which over 50 percent of the U.S. population was defined as urban."
The 1920 census collected the following information:
- If foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., whether naturalized and, if so, year of naturalization
- School attendance
- State of residence
- If foreign-born, the mother tongue
- Ability to speak English
- Occupation, industry, and class of worker
- Whether home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether free or mortgaged
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed
by the Census Bureau in the 1940s, after which the original sheets were destroyed.
(dead link). The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration
. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.
- ^ "History: Urban and Rural". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
- ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
- ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.[permanent dead link]
Last edited on 3 June 2021, at 20:48
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.