1940 United States census The United States census of 1940
, conducted by the Census Bureau
, determined the resident population of the United States
to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population
of 122,775,046 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, and information about wages. This census introduced sampling techniques; one in 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939. This was the first census in which every state (48) had a population greater than 100,000.
The 1940 census collected the following information:
- home owned or rented
- if owned, value
- if rented, monthly rent
- whether on a farm
- relationship to head of household
- marital status
- school attendance
- educational attainment
- if foreign born, citizenship
- location of residence five years ago and whether on a farm
- employment status
- if at work, whether in private or non-emergency government work, or in public emergency work (WPA, CCC, NYA, etc.)
- if in private or non-emergency government work, hours worked in week
- if seeking work or on public emergency work, duration of unemployment
- occupation, industry and class of worker
- weeks worked last year
- wage and salary income last year
In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage, fertility, and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series
1940 U.S. census poster
Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed
; after which the original sheets were destroyed.
Use for Japanese American internment
During World War II
, the Census Bureau responded to numerous information requests from US government agencies, including the US Army and the US Secret Service, to facilitate the internment of Japanese Americans
. In his report of the operation, U.S. Army Lt. Gen. John L. DeWitt
wrote that "The most important single source of information prior to the evacuation was the 1940 Census of Population."
- ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Retrieved December 15, 2008.
- ^ The Ancestry Insider (May 16, 2012). "1940 Census Update for 16 May 2012: Bad News". www.ancestryinsider.blogspot.com. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- ^ "Historical Background". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 12, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- ^ "1940 Census". Archived from the original on January 3, 2007. Retrieved November 26, 2006.
- ^ Weinstein, Allen (April 2008). "Access to genealogy data at NARA grows" (PDF). NARA Staff Bulletin. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- ^ Weinstein, Allen (Summer 2008). "Finding Out Who You Are: First Stop, National Archives". Prologue magazine, vol. 40, no. 2. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- ^ Daley, Bill (March 27, 2012). "Unlocking a new door to the 1940s – 1940 census details to be released to public". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
- ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- ^ Japanese evacuation from the West coast, 1942 : final report, by De Witt, J. L. (John Lesesne), b. 1880; United States. Army. Western Defense Command
- ^ Confirmed: The U.S. Census Bureau Gave Up Names of Japanese-Americans in WW II
- ^ Some Japanese-Americans Wrongfully Imprisoned During WWII Oppose Census Question
Last edited on 3 June 2021, at 20:48
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