2003 Jordanian general election General elections
were held in Jordan
on 17 June 2003. They were the fourth contest held after the political liberalization started in 1989 and the first elections to take place since 1997. The number of voters who cast their ballots constituted almost 58.8 percent of registered voters, a record high in the last years, who total 2,325,496 of the country's 5.4 million citizens. The Kingdom's most prominent tribal representatives carried a large majority of the seats. The highest turnout, 86 percent, was registered in Karak
, while the lowest ratio of voters, 44.62 percent, was in Amman
2003 Jordanian general election
Political Climate in the Region
The elections were first scheduled for November 2001, but were delayed due to political instability in the region. In fact, the second Intifada
started on 28 September 2000 and King Abdullah
found it adequate to defer the parliamentary elections, the Jordanian constitution
allows the monarch to postpone the elections for a maximum of two years. The parliament was also solved by a Royal Decree
Elections Seats Scheme of 2003 was established under Election Law No.34 of 2001
. It added six seats to women, lowered the voting age from 19 to 18, resized electoral districts raising their number from 20 to 45, and re-approved the one-person one-vote electoral system.
Many parties and political figures found this law unfair. The law reserves special ethnical quotas for Circassians
, the parliamentary seat distribution is shown in the following table:
A special quota system has been created to ensure women would be elected to the lower chamber, six seats were assigned at national level, i.e. the six women with the highest percentage nationwide won the six reserved seats. Many women ran for the elections, but none won a seat over the special quota.
Parties and Candidates
In 2003 elections, there were 765 candidates competing for the 110 seats. The major opposition party, the Islamic Action Front
did not boycott the elections, as did other opposition parties. Most candidates were independents of various tendencies, both non-partisans and tribal leaders.
Assembly of Senators
The number of Senators cannot be more than half of deputies, therefore 55 senators were constitutionally appointed by the king. Zaid al-Rifai
was appointed as Spokesman of the House and 4 women were included in the upper house.
- ^ a b Jordanian Elections 2003, Jordanian Embassy, Washington D.C.
- ^ Election Law No.11 of 2003 & Election Law No. 34 of 2001 and amendments - JordanArchived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, International Labor Organization
- ^ JORDAN, Elections and ParliamentArchived 2007-09-03 at the Wayback Machine, European Institute for Research on Mediterranean and Euro-Arab Cooperation
Last edited on 25 March 2021, at 16:32
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