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2003 Jordanian general election
General elections were held in Jordan on 17 June 2003. They were the fourth contest held after the political liberalization started in 1989 and the first elections to take place since 1997. The number of voters who cast their ballots constituted almost 58.8 percent of registered voters, a record high in the last years, who total 2,325,496 of the country's 5.4 million citizens. The Kingdom's most prominent tribal representatives carried a large majority of the seats. The highest turnout, 86 percent, was registered in Karak, while the lowest ratio of voters, 44.62 percent, was in Amman.[1]
2003 Jordanian general election
← 199717 June 20032007 →
150 to the House of Representatives
Political Climate in the Region
The elections were first scheduled for November 2001, but were delayed due to political instability in the region. In fact, the second Intifada started on 28 September 2000 and King Abdullah found it adequate to defer the parliamentary elections, the Jordanian constitution allows the monarch to postpone the elections for a maximum of two years. The parliament was also solved by a Royal Decree in 2001.
Election law
Elections Seats Scheme of 2003 was established under Election Law No.34 of 2001. It added six seats to women, lowered the voting age from 19 to 18, resized electoral districts raising their number from 20 to 45, and re-approved the one-person one-vote electoral system.[2] Many parties and political figures found this law unfair. The law reserves special ethnical quotas for Circassians, Chechens and Christians, the parliamentary seat distribution is shown in the following table:[1]
GovernorateDistrictsMuslimsCircassian or ChechensChristiansTotal
Amman7202123
Irbid9150116
Balqa480210
Karak680210
Ma'an34004
Zarqa481110
Mafraq14004
Tafileh24004
Madaba23014
Jerash14004
Ajloun23014
Aqaba12004
North Bedouin Tribes13003
Center Bedouin Tribes13003
South Bedouin Tribes13003
Minimum Women Quota6
Total459239110
Women Participation
A special quota system has been created to ensure women would be elected to the lower chamber, six seats were assigned at national level, i.e. the six women with the highest percentage nationwide won the six reserved seats. Many women ran for the elections, but none won a seat over the special quota.
Parties and Candidates
In 2003 elections, there were 765 candidates competing for the 110 seats. The major opposition party, the Islamic Action Front did not boycott the elections, as did other opposition parties. Most candidates were independents of various tendencies, both non-partisans and tribal leaders.
Results
PartyVotes%Seats
Islamic Action Front139,22910.3717
Indepenents and others1,203,77089.6387
Appointed women members6
Total1,342,999100.00110
Total votes1,342,999
Registered voters/turnout2,325,49657.75
Source: IPU
Assembly of Senators
The number of Senators cannot be more than half of deputies, therefore 55 senators were constitutionally appointed by the king. Zaid al-Rifai was appointed as Spokesman of the House and 4 women were included in the upper house.[3]
References
  1. ^ a b Jordanian Elections 2003, Jordanian Embassy, Washington D.C.
  2. ^ Election Law No.11 of 2003 & Election Law No. 34 of 2001 and amendments - JordanArchived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, International Labor Organization
  3. ^ JORDAN, Elections and ParliamentArchived 2007-09-03 at the Wayback Machine, European Institute for Research on Mediterranean and Euro-Arab Cooperation
External links
/ Ministry of the Interior- Temporary Election Law 34 2001
Last edited on 25 March 2021, at 16:32
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