Armed forces associated with the GNA shot at the demonstrators, causing injuries.
The Interior Ministry stated that demonstrators had the right to peacefully protest and that the ministry had opened criminal investigations into the shootings. The Tripoli Protection Force
also declared its support for the right of citizens to carry out street protests.
The United Nations Support Mission in Libya
(UNSMIL) also called for an investigation.
Interior Minister Fathi Bashagha
criticised the gunmen, stating that live ammunition was used "indiscriminately", and that the gunmen had kidnapped demonstrators and "[sowed] panic among the population and [threatened] security and public order".
Protests over "living conditions and power cuts" took place in Benghazi
on 11 September 2020, including tyre burning and road blocks.
Protests continued in Benghazi on 12 and 13 September, and started in Bayda
. Benghazi protestors set fire to a building used as headquarters by the LNA-associated authorities. The de facto LNA-associated government
led by Abdullah al-Thani
offered its resignation on 13 September 2020 in response to the protests.
On 13 September, two hundred protestors demonstrated in Tripoli in front of the Presidential Council
against poor living conditions and calling for elections and political reform. Speakers at the protest objected to the appointment of Mohammed Bayou
as head of a state-supported media organisation, claiming that he supported Khalifa Haftar
On 16 September, Fayez al-Sarraj
, head and prime minister of the Government of National Accord, stated that he would resign from his position by the end of October 2020.
Protests continued on 21 September in Benghazi by the Residents of the City of Benghazi
calling for democracy and opposing corruption
and on 24 September in Sug Juma, Tripoli and Zliten
against cuts in electric power.
The Benghazi protestors were attacked by Haftar supporters and one organiser went missing.
The 24 September protests included road blocks and tyre burning.
A protest in Sabha on 16 October criticised Haftar for poor living conditions in Sabha and the southern region in general, citing control of fuel supplies, growth of the black market and the shutdown of Sabha Airport
Protests and strikes were seen as widespread and nationwide with riots being held and the country seen at risk of a revolution by unknown commentators.[who?]
Between 19-20 October, protests and riots against the government and the shortages on the nation occurred with no police involved but then, riot police took control of the protests in Tobruk
and clashing with protesters in Benghazi
. Peaceful demonstrations occurred throughout Libya between 22-27 October and led to shootings and quelling. Anti-France and a 2-day anti-govt movement was held in Tripoli
Strikes against power cuts saw hundreds attend on 29-30 October. It was met with tear gas and plastic bullets and riots was met with rubber bullets. Riots occurred on 29 October by workers and ended violently with clashes. The general strikes was the worse since August. Benghazi
was the areas that experienced the unrest, according to local Libyan media.
On 31 October 2020, Fayez al-Sarraj rescinded his decision to resign.
Deaths and injuries
The riots and protests in Libya has made the United Nations[who?]
and Amnesty International expressed "grave concern". The rival government to Khalifa Haftar
resigned but on 31 October, refused and didn't accept the resignation. At least 4 deaths, according to CNN
, were committed and blood was also seen by witnesses on the streets of Benghazi
. 13 injuries were reported in October alone by Libyan media and the opposition.
Naming of revolt, slogans and fears of a Revolution Revolution was being shouted on the streets of Misrata
as police entered the critical stage of the protests. Amnesty international and the USA[who?]
and the European Union[who?]
has condemned the protests[dubious – discuss]
and has considered protesters to stay calm. Fears of a revolution was sparked by the slogan "Thawra Liban Libia" meaning revolution in Libya, Libya and "Allahu Akbar" was heard during gunfire in clashes in early September. The protests has been described numerously by international media and the western world as "uprising against president Haftar and Al Sarraj" or the "revolt of victory" after the resignation of the eastern-backed government.
Another popular slogan throughout the south of Libya which was heard after poor living conditions protests was Ash-shab yurid isqat an-nizam
referring to the popular slogan of the Arab summer and Arab spring.
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- ^ "Libya's eastern-based government resigns amid protests". Al Jazeera English. 14 September 2020. Archived from the original on 14 September 2020. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
- ^ "Protesters set government building on fire in eastern Libya". Al Jazeera English. 13 September 2020. Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
- ^ "Libya's Tripoli-based PM Al-Sarraj to stand down". Arab News. 16 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Libya's UN-backed PM al-Sarraj says he plans to quit | DW | 16.09.2020". DW.COM. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- ^ a b Zaptia, Sami (24 September 2020). "Pro democracy, anti-corruption Benghazi demonstrations disrupted by LNA spoilers, one organizer reported missing". Libya Herald. Archived from the original on 25 September 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ a b Zaptia, Sami (24 September 2020). "More road closures with burning tyres in protest at continued acute power cuts". Libya Herald. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ al-Harathy, Safa (24 September 2020). "Protests in Gharyan calling for municipal elections". Libya Observer. Archived from the original on 25 September 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ "Libyan PM al-Serraj takes back resignation".
Last edited on 25 March 2021, at 14:47
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