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38th parallel north
This article is about the circle of latitude, a portion of which used to divide the Korean Peninsula. For the current division of the peninsula, see Division of Korea and Military Demarcation Line.
The 38th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. The 38th parallel north formed the border between North and South Korea prior to the Korean War.
38°
38th parallel north
38th parallel north
Hangul삼팔선
Hanja三八線
Revised RomanizationSampalseon
McCune–ReischauerSamp'alsŏn
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML
At this latitude the sun is visible for 14 hours, 48 minutes during the summer solstice and 9 hours, 32 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian heading eastward, the 38th parallel north passes through:
Co-ordinatesCountry, territory or seaNotes
38°0′N 0°0′E
Mediterranean SeaPassing just north of the island of Marettimo,
 Italy (at 37°59′43″N​12°1′47″E​)
38°0′N12°19′E
 Italy
Islands of Levanzo and Sicily
38°0′N15°25′E
Mediterranean SeaStrait of Messina
38°0′N15°38′E
 Italy
Passing through Reggio di Calabria (southern suburbs)
38°0′N 16°8′E
Mediterranean SeaIonian Sea - passing between the islands of Kefalonia (at 38°4′N20°43′E) and Zakynthos (at 37°56′N20°42′E),
 Greece
38°0′N21°16′E
 Greece
Passing through Athens (northern suburbs)
38°0′N 24°2′E
Aegean Sea
38°0′N24°14′E
 Greece
Islands of Petalioi and Euboea
38°0′N24°34′E
Aegean SeaPassing just north of the island of Andros (at 37°59′57″N​24°47′23″E​),
 Greece
38°0′N 27°7′E
 Turkey
Passing through Konya, Niğde and İzmir (southern suburbs)
38°0′N44°17′E
 IranPassing just south of Tabriz
38°0′N48°55′E
Caspian Sea
38°0′N53°49′E
 Turkmenistan
38°0′N55°17′E
 Iran
38°0′N57°22′E
 Turkmenistan
Passing just north of Ashgabat
38°0′N66°38′E
 Uzbekistan
38°0′N68°17′E
 Tajikistan
38°0′N70°19′E
 Afghanistan
38°0′N71°16′E
 Tajikistan
38°0′N74°54′E
 People's Republic of China
Xinjiang
Qinghai
Gansu
Inner Mongolia
Ningxia
Inner Mongolia
Shaanxi − for around 5 km (3.1 mi)
Inner Mongolia − for around 14 km (8.7 mi)
Shaanxi
Shanxi — passing just north of Taiyuan
Hebei — passing just south of Shijiazhuang
Shandong
38°0′N118°58′E
Yellow SeaPassing just north of Baengnyeong Island (at 37°59′N​124°41′E​),
 South Korea
38°0′N125°7′E
 North KoreaOngjin PeninsulaSouth Hwanghae Province
38°0′N125°35′E
Yellow SeaOngjin Bay
38°0′N125°46′E
 North KoreaSouth Hwanghae Province
North Hwanghae Province
passing just north of Kaesong
38°0′N126°49′E
 South Korea
Gyeonggi Province- Passing through Paju, Yeoncheon County, Pocheon, Gapyeong County
Gangwon Province - Passing through Hwacheon County, Chuncheon, (passing just north of Soyang Reservoir), Inje County, Yangyang County
38°0′N128°44′E
Sea of Japan
38°0′N138°14′E
 Japan
Island of Sado:
Niigata Prefecture
38°0′N138°33′E
Sea of Japan
38°0′N139°14′E
 Japan
Island of Honshū:
— Niigata Prefecture
Passing just north of Niigata City
Yamagata Prefecture
Miyagi Prefecture
38°0′N140°55′E
Pacific Ocean
38°0′N123°1′W
 United StatesCalifornia - passing through Stockton
Nevada - passing just south of Tonopah
Utah - passing through Capitol Reef and Canyonlands National Parks
Colorado - passing just south of Pueblo
Kansas - passing just south of Newton
Missouri - passing through Camdenton and just north of Rolla
Illinois - passing just south of Mount Vernon
Indiana - passing through Evansville
Kentucky - passing through Lexington
West Virginia - passing just north of Beckley
Virginia - passing just south of Charlottesville
38°0′N76°28′W
Chesapeake Bay
38°0′N75°53′W
 United StatesMaryland - passing just north of Smith Island and Crisfield
Virginia - passing just north of Chincoteague
38°0′N75°16′W
Atlantic OceanPassing between Pico (at 38°23′N28°14′W) and São Miguel (at 37°55′N25°47′W) islands, Azores,
 Portugal
38°0′N8°51′W
 Portugal
Setúbal District
Beja District - passing just south of Beja
38°0′N7°12′W
 Spain
Andalusia
Extremadura
Region of Murcia - passing just north of Murcia
Valencian Community
38°0′N0°39′W
Mediterranean Sea
Korea
UN Forces crossing the 38th parallel line in Korea during the Korean War
The Korean Peninsula first divided along the 38th parallel, later along the demarcation line
See also: Division of Korea and Panmunjom
Japan had ruled the Korean peninsula between 1910 and 1945. When Japan surrendered in August 1945, the 38th parallel was established as the boundary between Soviet and American occupation zones. This parallel divided the Korean peninsula roughly in the middle. In 1948, this parallel became the boundary between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea), both of which claim to be the government of the whole of Korea. On 25 June 1950, after a series of cross-border raids and gunfire from both the Northern and the Southern sides, the North Korean Army crossed the parallel and invaded South Korea. This sparked a United Nations resolution against the aggression and the Korean War, with United Nations troops (mostly Americans) helping to defend South Korea.[2]
After the Armistice agreement was signed on July 27, 1953, a new line was established to separate North Korea and South Korea. This Military Demarcation Line is surrounded by a Demilitarized Zone. The demarcation line crosses the 38th parallel, from the southwest to the northeast. The Demarcation Line is often confused with 38th parallel, but as can be seen in the image of the map, the two are not the same.
See also
References
  1. ^ "Duration of Daylight/Darkness Table for One Year". aa.usno.navy.mil.
  2. ^ Nash, Gary B., The American People (6th edition), Pearson Longman (New York), 2008.
Further reading
Last edited on 2 May 2021, at 05:58
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