Early and international career
From 1981 to 1987, Hamdok was a senior official in the Sudanese Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning.
Hamdok worked briefly for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
(UNECA) in 2001 and 2002 as Director of Regional Integration and Trade
and from 2011 to October 2018 was the Deputy Executive Secretary of UNECA.
UNECA staff described Hamdok as "a true Pan-Africanist, a diplomat, a humble man and a brilliant and disciplined mind".
In September 2018, Hamdok was named as Minister of Finance under the Omar al-Bashir
presidency of Sudan, but refused the nomination.
Prime Minister of Sudan
The Sovereignty Council of Sudan
appointed Hamdok to be Prime Minister on 20 August, as required by the Draft Constitutional Declaration. He was subsequently sworn in on 21 August.
Under Article 19 of the August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration, as a minister during the transitional period, Hamdok is forbidden (along with other senior transition leaders) from running in the 2022 Sudanese general election
scheduled to end the transitional period.
On 9 March 2020, Hamdok survived an assassination
attempt in the capital Khartoum
. The culprit(s) has yet to be publicly identified. At least 3 vehicles were damaged in the attempt, but there were no human casualties
except for one security officer who was "lightly wounded."
Hamdok has pushed for a change from subsistence agriculture
to "more dynamic, commercial oriented" agriculture in Africa, stating in 2014 that Africa was capable of food self-sufficiency, but that 300 million Africans were hungry. Referring to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report
(AR5) estimate of the effects of a 2-degree Celsius global average warming
above pre-industrial levels, Hamdok noted that effects such as reduced rainfall could prevent Africa from reducing extreme poverty
. To combat hunger, Hamdok proposed infrastructure improvements (such as methods of transforming, storing and transporting excess produce to markets); the use of "climate information"; improved water management; and greater integration of agriculture with national industry and science and technology research institutions.
As Prime Minister, Hamdok had the role in late August 2019 of selecting ministers from a list of candidates proposed to him by the Forces of Freedom and Change
(FFC), apart from the Ministers of Interior and Defence, to be chosen by military members of the Sovereignty Council. Hamdok delayed his decision on which candidates to select, stating that one his reasons for objecting was that too few women were present on the list. He stated that he would "take into account a fair representation of women".
Four women became ministers in the Hamdok Cabinet
: Asma Mohamed Abdalla
as Foreign Minister, Lina al-Sheikh
as Minister of Social Development and Labour, Wala'a Essam al-Boushi
as Minister for Youth and Sports and Intisar el-Zein Soughayroun
as Minister of Higher Education.
In November 2019, the government of Sudan repealed all laws restricting women's freedom of dress, movement, association, work and study. Hamdok praised women in a message published on social media
, saying that the laws were "an instrument of exploitation, humiliation, violation, aggression on the rights of citizens."
In 2020, Hamdok passed a law to prohibit female genital mutilation
The change is an amendment to Sudan's Criminal Law Article 141. The act is defined as removing or mutilating "the female genitalia by cutting, mutilating or modifying any natural part of it leading to the full or partial loss of its functions."
Hamdok married fellow economist Muna Abdalla in 1993 in south Manchester. They have 2 grown-up sons; one studying at Exeter University
as of 2019 and one who graduated from a university in the United States in the late 2010s.
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Last edited on 29 December 2020, at 21:31
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