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Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi
Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm ibn ʿAlī al-Shīrāzī (Arabic: أبو إسحاق الشيرازي‎‎) was a prominent Shafi'i-Ash'ari scholar, debater and the first teacher at the Nizamiyya school in Baghdad, which was built in his honour by the vizier (minister) of the Seljuk Empire Nizam al-Mulk.[2][3][4]
Abū Isḥāq al-Shīrāzī
أبو إسحاق الشيرازي
TitleShaykh al-Islam[1]
Personal
Born393 A.H. = 1003 A.D.
Firuzabad
Died476 A.H. = 1083 A.D.
Baghdad
ReligionIslam
EthnicityPersian
EraIslamic Golden Age
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceShafi'i
CreedAsh'ari
Main interest(s)Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Usul al-Fiqh (principles of jurisprudence), Usul al-Din, 'Aqidah, Tawhid, Kalam (Islamic theology), Hadith studies
Notable work(s)Al-Ishara ila Madhhab Ahl al-Haqq
Muslim leader
SuccessorAbu Sa'd al-Mutwalli
Disciples
Influenced by
Influenced
He acquired the status of a mujtahid in the field of fiqh and usul al-fiqh. The contemporary muhaddithun (hadith specialists) also considered him as their Imam. Likewise, he was respected and enjoyed a high status among the mutakallimun (practitioners of kalam) and Sufis.
He was closely associated with the eminent Sufis of his time like Abu Nasr ibn al-Qushayri (d. 514/1120), the son of al-Qushayri (d. 465/1072).[5]
Abu Bakr al-Shashi said: "Abu Ishaq is Allah's proof on the leading scholars of the time."[6] Al-Muwaffaq al-Hanafi said: "Abu Ishaq is the Amir al-Mu'minin (Prince of the Believers) from among the fuqaha' (jurists)."[1] The Azhari scholar 'Ali Jum'a, an inheritor of al-Bajuri's teachings, calls him the "shaykh of the fuqaha' of his era."[5]
Name
He is Shaykh al-Islam, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim b. 'Ali b. Yusuf al-Fayruzabadi al-Shirazi.
Birth
He was born in 393/1003 in Firuzabad in Persia, a town at a distance of about 35 miles from Shiraz.
Teachers
He studied under various Shafi'i masters in Shiraz and Basra before coming to Baghdad. In Shiraz, he studied under Abu 'Abd Allah al-Baydawi and 'Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ramin. In Basrah, he had al-Kharzi for master. In 415 AH (1024-1025 AD), he entered Baghdad to study under Abu al-Tayyib al-Tabari.[1]
Students
He had many students, the most famous of whom are: Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, al-Hariri of Basra, Ibn 'Aqil, Abu al-Walid al-Baji, Fakhr al-Islam Abu Bakr al-Shashi al-Qaffal (d. 507/1113), and Abu al-Qasim ibn al-Samarqandi al-Dimashqi (d. 536/1142).[7][8][9]
Works
He authored many works, among the most famous of them are:
These two works are counted among the five key reference texts for the Shafi'i school, and the Muhadhdhab was considered by al-Nawawi to be one of the two most important works of this school ever produced.[10]
Death
He died in Baghdad in 476 AH (1083–1084 AD), and the 'Abbasid caliph al-Muqtadi (d. 487/1094) attended his funeral.[13] On his death, his pupils sat in solemn mourning in the Nizāmiya college, and after that ceremony, Muwyyad al-Mulk, son of Nizam al-Mulk, appointed Abu Sa'd al-Mutwalli to the vacant place, but when Nizām al-Mulk heard of it, he wrote to disapprove of that nomination, adding that the college should be shut up during a year, on account of Abu Ishaq's death; he then blamed the person who had undertaken to fill his place, and ordered the sheikh Abu Nasr ibn al-Sabbagh to profess in his stead.[1]
See also
Notes
^ According to Miller, the early period of jadal (debate, argumentation or disputation) theory in legal tradition started when Abū Ishāq al-Shirāzi (d. 476/1083) wrote a book entitled al-Ma'unah fi al-Jadal. His student, Ibn 'Aqil (d. 513/1119) also followed in his footsteps by writing a jadal book entitled Kitab al-Jadal 'ala Tariqat al-Fuqah'.[12]
References
  1. ^ a b c d Al-Dhahabi. "Siyar A'lam al-Nubala' (The Biographies of the Most Noble)". Islamweb.net.
  2. ^ a b Salim bin Samir al-Hadrami (2014). The Ship of Salvation. Translated by Abdullah Muhammad al-Marbuqi. Pustaka Tok Kenali. p. 101. ISBN 9789671221815.
  3. ^ "Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn ʿAli Shirazi". Oxford Reference.
  4. ^ "Abū Isḥāq al-Shīrāzī". Reference Works — BrillOnline.
  5. ^ a b Aaron Spevack (2014). The Archetypal Sunni Scholar: Law, Theology, and Mysticism in the Synthesis of al-Bajuri. State University of New York Press (SUNY Press). p. 84. ISBN 9781438453712.
  6. ^ "Who was Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi?". Darul Tahqiq.
  7. ^ Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi. "مختصر فيما اختلف فيه أبو حنيفة والشافعي" (in Arabic). Google Books.
  8. ^ Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi. "كفاية النبيه شرح التنبيه في فقه الإمام الشافعي" (in Arabic). Google Books.
  9. ^ Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi. "المعونة في الجدل" (in Arabic). Google Books.
  10. ^ Norman Calder; Jawid Mojaddedi; Andrew Rippin, eds. (2003). Classical Islam: A Sourcebook of Religious Literature. Routledge. p. 207. ISBN 9780415240321.
  11. ^ Arabic edition and index by Eric Chaumont, Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph, LIII [1993-1994]
  12. ^ Ovamir Anjum, ed. (2018). American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 35-4. The International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT). p. 12.
  13. ^ Al-Zirikli. "Al-'Alam (The Notable Personalities)". shamela.ws.
External links
Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi: No need to discuss the reliability of Imams like Abu Hanifa
Last edited on 27 May 2021, at 21:28
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