Jamal Ja'far Muhammad Ali Al Ibrahim
: جمال جعفر محمد علي آل إبراهيم
Jamāl Jaʿfar Muḥammad ʿAlīy ʾĀl ʾIbrāhīm
, 1 July 1954 – 3 January 2020), known by the kunya Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis
: أبو مهدي المهندس
'Abu Mahdi, the Engineer'), also spelled Mohandes
, was an Iraqi commander of the Popular Mobilisation Committee
(PMC). At the time of his death, he was deputy chief of the PMC (Al-Hashd Al-Sha'abi
Since 1977 he was an opponent of Saddam Hussein
and rose quickly in the ranks due to his popular support amongst the people after the regime fell because of his role in the defeat of ISIS
. He became the commander of many popular volunteer militias that grew from the need to combat ISIS, including the Kata'ib Hezbollah
which is an Iranian government designated terror organisation;
and prior to that worked with the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
against Hussein's regime.
On 1979, after the activity of the Dawa Party was banned and hundreds of opponents were sentenced to death by Saddam Hussein
Al-Muhandis fled, across the border to Ahvaz
in Iran, where the Iranians had set up a camp to train Iraqi dissidents, with the aim of undermining Saddam.
He was known as Jamal al-Ibrahimi in Iran and he became a citizen of Iran by marrying a woman.
He began working with Iran's Revolutionary Guard
in Kuwait in 1983, organizing attacks on embassies of countries that supported Saddam in the Iran–Iraq War
Hours after the December 1983 bomb attacks on U.S. and French embassies in Kuwait
, he fled to Iran.
He was later convicted and sentenced to death in absentia by a court in Kuwait for planning the attacks.
He was later appointed a military adviser to the Quds Force
advising on attacks against Iraqi military based in his hometown of Basra.
(left) with Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis (right) at a 2017 ceremony commemorating the father of Soleimani, in Musalla
War against ISIL in Iraq
After the formation of the popular mobilization units
(PMF) as a group in 2014,
he was appointed to command the group.
The PMF group composed of some 40 militias that fought in nearly every major battle against ISIL.
Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)
group mentioned him as one of the symbols of Iraqi liberation from the US occupation and also condolences to the Iraqi for the death of Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis.
Funeral and burial
Funeral of Qasem Soleimani and other casualties
Funeral of Soleimani and other casualties in Enqelab Square
, Tehran, Iran
Funeral of Soleimani and other casualties in Ahvaz, Iran
On 4 January, a funeral procession for Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis and Soleimani was held in Baghdad with thousands of mourners in attendance, waving Iraqi and militia flags
and chanting "death to America, death to Israel".
The procession started at the Al-Kadhimiya Mosque
in Baghdad. Iraq's prime minister, Adil Abdul-Mahdi
, and leaders of Iran-backed militias attended the funeral procession.
They were taken to the holy Shia cities of Najaf
were held funeral prayers on them.
He was transferred to Iran for the DNA test.
A funeral procession was started from Ahvaz
then was taken them to Mashhad
. On 6 January, Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
held funeral prayers among hundreds of thousands of people and crying in front of the flag-draped coffins for the deceased.
On 7 January, his body was returned to Iraq and transferred to his hometown of Basra.
His burial was delayed because of the huge crowd at the funeral.
On 8 January, Al-Muhandis was buried in Iraq's Najaf where hundreds of mourners gathered to pay their final respects. Funeral processions were also held in several Iraqi cities prior to Najaf, including Baghdad and Karbala.
On 3 January 2021, the first anniversary of Qassem Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis' deaths was observed in Baghdad.
Tens of thousands of Iraqis marched on the highway leading to the airport while chanting anti-American slogans.
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Last edited on 24 July 2021, at 02:07
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