On 31 March 2011, Al Bawaba
reported that Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
(AQAP) had declared Abyan an "Al-Qaeda Emirate in Yemen" after seizing control of the region. The New York Times
reported that those in control, while Islamic militants, are not in fact Al-Qaeda
This takeover was confirmed on May 28.
Yemeni government forces launched an effort to re-establish control of the region, resulting in the Battle of Zinjibar
In addition to Zinjibar, the towns of Jaʿār
were firmly under the control of the Islamists.
In early May 2012 the Yemeni Army and Southern Resistance
began a major offensive
to wrest control of the province from militants. Government forces captured Zinjibar and Jaar on 12 June after a month of heavy fighting. Militants reportedly retreated towards the town of Shuqrah
In 2017, a military campaign led by Southern security forces and Southern resistance could free Abyan from the Islamist militants who escaped to their mountains in Al Bayda
and [[Marib Governorates