In the 1970s, Abdul-Mahdi was a leading member of the Iraqi Communist Party
The party split into two separate factions, the ICP-Central Committee, which was more accommodating of the military governments that had ruled Iraq since 1958, and the ICP-Central Leadership, which rejected all forms of cooperation of what it regarded as anti-progressive regimes, in 1967. Abdul-Mahdi joined the ICP-Central Leadership, and continued being active until it gradually disappeared by the early 1980s. By that time, Abdul-Mahdi adopted Iranian Islamic
ideas, eventually merging with the Islamists when Ayatollah Khomeini
eradicated the communists and other liberal opposition groups in Iran
. Abdul-Mahdi continued his association with Iran and gradually amalgamated his group within the ICP-Central Leadership with the Iranians, rejecting his Marxist
past and devoting all his group's time to propagating Khomeini's ideas in France
, where he lived at the time. He eventually was made a member of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq
, an exiled opposition party and militia that was formed by Iran in Tehran in 1982 but composed exclusively of Iraqi exiles.
In 2006, Abdul-Mahdi, outgoing Vice President in the transitional government
, unsuccessfully ran for the United Iraqi Alliance
's nomination for Prime Minister against incumbent Ibrahim al-Jaafari
. He lost by one vote. He was reportedly considered to be a possibility for Prime Minister once again until Nouri al-Maliki
became the UIA
nominee. Subsequently, Abdul-Mahdi was re-elected as Vice President of Iraq
. He exerted his limited authority in that role by delaying the first meeting of the National Assembly in March. He resigned from his position as vice-president on 31 May 2011.
In December 2006, the Associated Press reported that Abdul-Mahdi could be the next Prime Minister of Iraq if a new multi-sectarian coalition succeeded in toppling the government of Nouri al-Maliki
On 26 February 2007, he survived an assassination attempt that killed ten people. He had been targeted two times prior.
In 2009, his bodyguards were the perpetrators of a bloody bank robbery in Baghdad.
In July 2013, Abdul-Mahdi announced his decision to give up his retirement pensions as a former vice president.
On 2 October 2018, Iraqi president Barham Salih
selected Abdul-Mahdi to be the Prime Minister of Iraq. Mahdi had 30 days to form a new government.
On 25 October 2018, Abdul Mahdi was sworn into office, five months after the 2018 elections
In April 2019, Abdul-Mahdi met with GermanChancellor Angela Merkel
. He announced a $14 billion plan to upgrade Iraq's electricity infrastructure, with likely cooperation with German company Siemens
. Merkel also pledged to strengthen economic and security cooperation between the two countries, and to continue German support for reconstruction efforts in Iraq.
On 29 November 2019, after weeks of violent protests
, Mahdi forced that he would resign from his post.
The Iraqi parliament approved his resignation on 1 December 2019.
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- ^ a b c Salaheddin, Sinah (3 October 2018). "Iraq tasks Shiite independent with forming new government". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 4 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
- ^ "عادل عبد المهدي". Al Jazeera.
- ^ Doug Struck (14 February 2015). "Prospective Iraqi Premier a Man of Many Labels". Washington Post. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
- ^ "Iraqi prime minister accepts another minister's resignation". Press TV.
- ^ Adil Adbul Mahdi Iraq’s New Prime Minister.
- ^ "Abdul-Mahdi: The man tasked with forming Iraq's new government". Rudaw. 3 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- ^ Ismail, Tariq (2008). The Rise and Fall of the Communist Party of Iraq. Cambridge University Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-521-87394-9.
- ^ 
- ^ Hamza Hendawi; Qassim Abdul Zahra (10 December 2006). "Talks Under Way to Replace Iraq PM". The Washington Post. Baghdad. AP. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- ^ Sly, Liz (27 February 2007). "VP survives assassination try in Iraq". Chicago Tribune. Baghdad. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- ^ Rod Nordland; Riyadh Mohammed (2 September 2009). "In Bank Killings, Highs and Lows of Iraq Justice". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- ^ Hussein, Ahmed (30 July 2013). "Adil Abdul Mahdi gives up his pensions". Iraqi News. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
- ^ "Prime Minister Abdul-Mahdi sworn in with 14 ministers, so far". Rudaw.
- ^ Şimşek, Ayhan (30 April 2019). "Merkel: Germany supports territorial integrity of Iraq". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- ^ Iraqi PM says he will resign after weeks of killing protests - Guardian(29 November 2019)
- ^ Iraq unrest: PM Abdul Mahdi to resign after bloodiest day in protests - BBC(29 December 2019)
Last edited on 3 May 2021, at 02:21
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