Prince Shāh Karim al-Husayni
(شاه كريم الحسيني Shāh Karĩm al-Ḥussaynĩ) (born 13 December 1936),
known by the religious title Mawlana Hazar Imam
Shia circles and as Aga Khan IV (آقا خان or آغا خان) elsewhere,
is the 49th and current Imam
of Nizari Ismailism
, a denomination
within Shia Islam
. He has held this position of Imam since 11 July 1957,
when, at the age of 20, he succeeded his grandfather, Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III
. Aga Khan claims to be a direct lineal descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
through Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali
in Shia Islam, and Ali's wife Fatima
, Muhammad's daughter from his first marriage.
His grandfather, Aga Khan III
, states in his memoirs that the Shias had a "need (for) Divine guidance"
after the Prophet of Islam's death. This need of the Shias manifested in their belief system for the Institution of the Imamate. Thus, after the death of Prophet of Islam, the Shias established the Institute of the Imamate. According to the Aga Khan III as mentioned in his memoirs, he (the Aga Khan) has actual "Divine power, guidance, and leadership (authority)"
The Institution of Imamate has continued to present day with the Aga Khan IV as the 49th Imam of the Ismaili Muslim Community. The Aga Khan is a business magnate with British
and Portuguese citizenship
as well as a racehorse owner and breeder.
Aga Khan's net worth has been estimated at $13 billion.
Forbes describes the Aga Khan as one of the world's fifteen richest royals. Additionally he is unique among the richest royals as he does not rule over a geographic territory.
Among the goals the Aga Khan has said he works toward are the elimination of global poverty; the promotion and implementation of religious pluralism;
the advancement of the status of women; and the honoring of Islamic art
He is the founder and chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network
, one of the largest private development networks in the world. The organisation works toward improvement of the environment, health, education, architecture, culture, microfinance
, rural development, disaster reduction, the promotion of private-sector enterprise and the revitalisation of historic cities.
Since his ascension to the Imamate of the Nizari Ismailis in 1957, the Aga Khan has been involved in complex political and economic changes which have affected his followers, including the independence of African countries from colonial rule, the expulsion of Asians from Uganda
, the independence of Central Asian countries such as Tajikistan
from the former Soviet Union
and the continuous turmoil in Afghanistan
. Aga Khan IV became the first faith leader to address the Joint Session of the Parliament of Canada
on 27 February 2014.
Aga Khan IV at the 1964 Olympics
Born in Geneva
, Switzerland, on 13 December 1936, Prince Karim was declared healthy despite being born prematurely.
The Aga Khan's brother, Amyn Aga Khan
, was born less than a year later. Their parents divorced in 1949, in part due to Prince Aly Khan's extramarital affairs,
and Prince Aly Khan shortly after married American actress Rita Hayworth
– with whom he had a daughter, Princess Yasmin Aga Khan
, the half-sister of Aga Khan IV.
The Aga Khan IV also had a half-brother, Patrick Benjamin Guinness (1931–1965), from his mother's first marriage, as Joan Yarde-Buller was previously married to Loel Guinness
of the banking Guinnesses
Prince Karim spent his childhood in Nairobi
where his early education was by private tutoring. His grandfather, Aga Khan III
, engaged Mustafa Kamil, a teacher from Aligarh Muslim University
, for both Prince Karim and Prince Amyn
. Prince Karim later attended the Institut Le Rosey
in Switzerland, the most expensive boarding school in the world,
for nine years where he ended up with, in his words, "fair grades."
As a youngster Prince Karim would have preferred to attend MIT and study science, but his grandfather, Aga Khan III, vetoed the decision and Prince Karim attended Harvard University
, where he was elected a member of The Delphic Club
. There he majored in Islamic history.
When his grandfather died, the young Prince was thrust into the position of the Aga Khan
(IV), and he went from being not only a university student but also replacing his grandfather as the new Nizari Imam
. He said about it: "Overnight, my whole life changed completely. I woke up with serious responsibilities toward millions of other human beings. I knew I would have to abandon my hopes of studying for a doctorate in History."
The Aga Khan IV graduated from Harvard in 1959, two years after becoming the Imam of the Nizari Ismailis, with a Bachelor of Arts degree in History (with Cum Laude
honours) and his varsity H
for football (soccer)
The Aga Khan's first wife was former British model Sarah Frances Croker Poole
, who assumed the name Begum Salimah Aga Khan
upon marrying him. Sarah Frances was a divorcee, having previously been married to Lord James Charles Crichton-Stuart, son of John Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute
. The wedding ceremonies were held on 22 October 1969 (civil) and 28 October 1969 (religious) at Karim Aga Khan's home in Paris. By 1984, the Aga Khan and Begum Salimah had taken to living separate lives.
However, their marriage did not officially end by divorce until eleven years later, in 1995. The Aga Khan and Begum Salimah had one daughter and two sons together:
The Aga Khan married for the second time on 30 May 1998 at his walled compound and chateau, Aiglemont
, in Gouvieux
, France. The bride was Gabriele Renate Thyssen
, who assumed the name Begum Inaara Aga Khan
at her wedding. Born to Roman Catholic German entrepreneur parents in 1963, Gabriele was twenty-seven years younger than the Aga Khan. She was also a divorcee, having previously been married to Prince Karl Emich of Leiningen
, by whom she had a daughter, Teresa. Two years after the wedding, the Aga Khan became a father again at the age of 64, with the birth of a son, Aly Mohammad, in 2000. On 8 October 2004, after six years of marriage, an announcement was made that the Aga Khan and Begum Inaara would be seeking a divorce.
However, it was not until September 2011, seven years later, that a divorce settlement was reached between them in the French courts, and the divorce settlement amount was agreed upon only in March 2014.
By Begum Inaara, the Aga Khan has a son:
Ascension to Nizari Ismaili Imamat
Following the death of his grandfather the Aga Khan III, Prince Karim, at the age of 20, became the 49th Imam of the Nizari Ismailis and Aga Khan IV, bypassing his father, Prince Aly Khan, and his uncle, Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan
, who were in direct line to succession. In his will, the Aga Khan III explained the rationale for choosing his eldest grandson as his successor (which marked the second time in the history of the Nizari Ismaili chain of Imamat that a grandson of the preceding Imam – instead of one of the sons of the preceding Imam – was made the next Imam):
In view of the fundamentally altered conditions in the world has provoked many changes, including the discoveries of atomic science
, I am convinced that it is in the best interests of the Nizari Ismaili community that I should be succeeded by a young man who has been brought up and developed during recent years and in the midst of the new age, and who brings a new outlook on life to his office.
In light of his grandfather's will, the Aga Khan IV has sometimes been referred to by Nizari Ismailis as the "Imam of the Atomic Age
The will of the Aga Khan III added that the next Aga Khan, in the first several years of his Imamat, should look to the Aga Khan III's widow for guidance on general matters pertaining to the Imamat:
I DESIRE that my successor shall, during the first seven years of his Imamat, be guided on questions of general Imamat Policy, by my said wife, Yvette called Yve Blanche Labrousse Om Habibeh, the BEGUM AGA KHAN, who has been familiar for many years with the problems facing my followers, and in whose wise judgment, I place the greatest confidence.
Nizari Ismaili Imamat
Upon taking the position of Imam, the Aga Khan IV stated that he intended to continue the work his grandfather had pursued in building modern institutions to improve the quality of life of the Nizari Ismailis. Takht nashini
(installation of the new Imam) ceremonies occurred at several locations over the course of 1957 and 1958. During this time, the Aga Khan emphasized to his followers the importance of fostering positive relations with different ethnicities
– a message highly appropriate considering the racially tense atmosphere in East Africa at the time between blacks and South Asians. During the Aga Khan's installation ceremonies in the Indian subcontinent
, the Aga Khan stressed his commitment to improving the standard of living of Nizari Ismailis and encouraged co-operation with individuals of other religions.
The main themes that the Aga Khan emphasised to his community during these first few months of his Imamat were material development, education, interracial harmony, and confidence in religion
In 1972, under the regime of President Idi Amin
of Uganda, people of South Asian origin, including Nizari Ismailis, were expelled. The South Asians, some of whose families had lived in Uganda for over 100 years, were given 90 days to leave the country.
The Aga Khan phoned his long-time friend Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau
. Trudeau's government agreed to allow thousands of Nizari Ismailis to immigrate to Canada.
The Aga Khan also undertook urgent steps to facilitate the resettlement of Nizari Ismailis displaced from Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, and Burma, to other countries.
Most of these Nizari Ismailis found new homes in Asia, Europe and North America.
Most of the initial resettlement problems were overcome remarkably rapidly by Nizari Ismailis due to their educational backgrounds and high rates of literacy, as well as the efforts of the Aga Khan and the host countries, and moral and material support from Nizari Ismaili community programs.
The Aga Khan has encouraged Nizari Ismailis settled in the industrialised world to contribute towards the progress of communities in the developing world through various development programs.
He has described his role as Imam as being partly to uplift the material and spiritual wellbeing of Nizari Ismailis – a duty which requires an understanding of Nizari Ismailis in the context of their geographic location and their time.
He elaborated on this concept in a 2006 speech in Germany, saying "The role and responsibility of an Imam, therefore, is both to interpret the faith to the community, and also to do all within his means to improve the quality, and security, of their daily lives and the people with whom Ismailis share their lives."
This engagement of the Aga Khan with Nizari Ismailis is said to extend to the people with whom the Nizari Ismailis share their lives, locally and internationally.
I have two reactions to the pope's lecture: There is my concern about the degradation of relations and, at the same time, I see an opportunity. A chance to talk about a serious, important issue: the relationship between religion and logic.
When the Aga Khan IV was asked about his view on the consumption of alcohol in a 1965 interview with The Sunday Times
, he said, in line with Muslim teaching:
Our belief is that the thing which separates man from the animals is his power of thought. Anything that impedes this process is wrong. Therefore, alcohol is forbidden. I have never touched alcohol. But this, to me, is not a puritan prohibition. I don't want to drink. I've never wanted to drink. There's no pressure being placed on me by my religion.
The Status of the Imam in Nizari Ismailism
The Ismailis are a community
of Shi'a Islam
, and their theology is derived from the teachings of the Shi'i Imams – 'Ali ibn Abi Talib
, Muhammad al-Baqir
and Ja'far al-Sadiq
. According to early Shi'i Ismaili theology, God or Allah is absolutely transcendent and unique.
Unlike Sunni theology where God's Essence is conjoined to eternal attributes, the early Shi'i Imams emphasized a theology according to which God's Essence is beyond all names and attributes. The first creation of God is a spiritual entity (Ruhani) or light (nur) called the Intellect ('Aql), the Light of Muhammad (nur Muhammad) or the Light of Ali. This cosmic Intellect or Light exists prior to the creation of the physical world and is the highest of created beings is identified with the Eternal Imam or the spiritual essence of the Prophet Muhammad and the Shi'i Imams. The historical Imams on earth are the locus of manifestation (mazhar) of the Light (nur) or Intellect (aql). Ismaili philosophers developed these ideas further using Neoplatonic frameworks and identified the Intellect ('Aql) or Light of the Imam with the Universal Intellect (Nous) of Plotinus. Similarly, the Imam's human soul – revered as pure based on Qur'an 33:33 – is regarded as the reflective mirror of the Universal Intellect.
The 1975 Ismailia Association Conference – a meeting of the Aga Khan with senior Nizari Ismaili council leaders from several countries – addressed the question of the status of the Imam. It mentioned:
"The Imam to be explained as the 'mazhar' ["locus of manifestation"] of God, and the relationship between God and the Imam to be related to varying levels of inspiration and communication from God to man." Paris Conference Report
The term mazhar is also used in Sufi literature by Ibn 'Arabi ("Bezels of Wisdom"), Nasir al-Din al-Tusi ("Contemplation and Action", "The Paradise of Submission") and many others. The meaning of the word mazhar denotes the idea of a mirror in which an object is reflected as an image but not incarnate. Similarly, the Imam as mazhar (locus of manifestation, mirror) 'differs greatly' from the idea of incarnation or indwelling (hulul) in which the Divine dwells inside a material body. The Imam is not
seen as an incarnation of divinity. The Imam
is also the Pir (Sufism)
within Nizari Ismailism
denoting a title from the Sufi
heritage of Nizari Ismaili history.
Silver Jubilee Year of Imamat
From 11 July 1982 to 11 July 1983 – to celebrate the present Aga Khan's Silver Jubilee, marking the 25th anniversary of his accession to the Imamat – many new social and economic development projects were launched.
These range from the establishment of the US$450 million international Aga Khan University
with its Faculty of Health Sciences and teaching hospital based in Karachi
the expansion of schools for girls and medical centres in the Hunza
(one of the remote parts of Northern Pakistan bordering on China and Afghanistan that is densely populated with Nizari Ismailis), to the establishment of the Aga Khan Rural Support Program
in Gujarat, India – and the extension of existing urban hospitals and primary health care centres in Tanzania and Kenya.
Noor Karimi was married during the Silver Jubilee Year of Imamat and he even placed the ring on her finger.
Golden Jubilee Year of Imamat
11 July 2007 to 13 December 2008 marked the 50th Anniversary of the Aga Khan's reign of Imamat (Golden Jubilee). On this occasion, leaders representing Nizari Ismailis from different areas of the world gathered at the Aga Khan's residence to pay homage to the Imam.
As part of the Golden Jubilee, the Aga Khan made official visits to various countries – using the visits to recognize the friendship and longstanding support of certain leaders of state, government, and others, to the Aga Khan and his Nizari Ismaili community, as well as to lay the foundations for certain future initiatives and programmes.
Areas of the world visited included the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa. The Aga Khan also organized a Nizari Ismaili sports meet in Kenya, and teams of Nizari Ismailis from different areas of the world came to play in this event.
One of the initiatives of the Golden Jubilee was the Jubilee Games
, firstly named as the Golden Jubilee Games but continued as the Jubilee Games. The first event was held in Kenya in 2008. The second Jubilee Games were held in Dubai, UAE in July 2016.
Diamond Jubilee Year of Imamat
11 July 2017 to 11 July 2018 has been designated the Diamond Jubilee Year of the Aga Khan's 60th year of reign.
The Aga Khan travelled throughout the Diamond Jubilee year to countries where his humanitarian institutions operate to launch new programs that help alleviate poverty and increase access to education, housing and childhood development. The Aga Khan's Diamond Jubilee opening ceremony was held in his Aiglemont estate
. On 8 March 2018, Queen Elizabeth
hosted the Aga Khan at Windsor Castle at a dinner to mark his Diamond Jubilee. He has visited a number of countries including the United States, UAE, India, Pakistan, Canada, France, UK, Kenya, and others. During his visit to Houston, he announced The Ismaili Centre Houston. The Diamond Jubilee ended with grand celebrations in Lisbon, Portugal on and around 11 July 2018. People from around the world came to celebrate with their worldwide community. There were many concerts, a Jubilee Arts festival, and other events planned for tens of thousands of people. Following a historic agreement with the Portuguese Republic in 2015, His Highness the Aga Khan officially designated the premises located at Rua Marquês de Fronteira in Lisbon – the Henrique de Mendonça
Palace – as the Seat of the Ismaili Imamat on 11 July 2018, and declared that it be known as the "Diwan of the Ismaili Imamat".
Aga Khan Development Network
The Aga Khan is the founder and chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network
, which coordinates the activities of over 200 agencies and institutions, employing approximately 80,000 paid staff, the majority of whom are based in developing countries.
AKDN is partly funded by his followers and donor partners that include numerous governments and several international organisations. AKDN
agencies operate in the fields of health, education, culture, rural development
, institution-building and the promotion of economic development
, with a special focus on countries of the Third World
. It is dedicated to improving living conditions and opportunities for the poor, without regard to their faith, origin or sex.
The AKDN's annual budget for non-profit development activities in 2010 was approximately US$625 million
. The network operates in more than 35 of the poorest countries in the world.
The Aga Khan has expressed concern about the work of the AKDN being described as philanthropy. In his address to the Evangelische Akademie Tutzing
, when he was awarded their Tolerance Prize
in 2006, he described this concern:
Reflecting a certain historical tendency of the West to separate the secular from the religious, they often describe [the work of the AKDN] either as philanthropy or entrepreneurship
. What is not understood is that this work is for us a part of our institutional responsibility – it flows from the mandate of the office of Imam to improve the quality of worldly life for the concerned communities.
Promotion of Islamic architecture
In 1977, the Aga Khan established the Aga Khan Award for Architecture
, an award recognising excellence in architecture that encompasses contemporary design and social, historical, and environmental considerations. It is the largest architectural award in the world (prize money for which is a million US dollars) and is granted triennially.
The award grew out of the Aga Khan's desire to revitalise creativity in Islamic societies and acknowledge creative solutions for buildings facilities and public spaces.
The prize winner is selected by an independent master jury convened for each cycle.
In 1979, Harvard University
and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(MIT) established the Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture (AKPIA), which is supported by an endowment from Aga Khan. These programs provide degree courses, public lectures, and conferences for the study of Islamic architecture
and urbanism. Understanding contemporary conditions and developmental issues are key components of the academic program.
The program engages in research at both institutions and students can graduate with a Master of Science of Architectural Studies specialising in the Aga Khan program from MIT's Department of Architecture.
describes the Aga Khan as one of the world's fifteen richest royals, one rank below the Sultan of Oman, with an estimated net worth of US$1 billion (2013).
He is unique among the richest royals in that he does not preside over a geographic territory.
He owns hundreds of racehorses, valuable stud farms, an exclusive yacht club on Sardinia
, Bell Island
in the Bahamas,
jets, a £100 million high speed yacht Alamshar
, and several estates around the world, with his primary residence at Aiglemont estate
in the town of Gouvieux
, France, north of Paris. The Aga Khan's philanthropic non-profit institutions spend about US$600 million per year – mainly in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.
The Aga Khan is and has been involved in multiple business ventures, in such areas as communications media and luxury hotels. In 1959 he founded the Kenyan media company Nation Media Group
In the 1990s, the Aga Khan had a group of US$400 a night Italian luxury hotels, called Ciga. Currently the Aga Khan, through his for-profit AKFED
, is the largest shareholder in the Serena Hotels
The Aga Khan's racing horse businesses bring in considerable income.
He owns and operates the largest horse racing and breeding operation in France, the French horse auction house, Arqana, Gilltown Stud near Kilcullen in Ireland, and other breeding/stud farms in Europe.
In 2009, Forbes
reported that the Aga Khan's net worth was US$800 million, after a decline of $200 million over the course of the previous year.
In 2013, Vanity Fair
estimated his fortune to be well over US$1 billion.
Thoroughbred horse racing
The Aga Khan is said to be France's most influential owner-breeder and record winner of The Prix de Diane
, sometimes referred to as the French Oaks
In 2006 the Aga Khan became the majority shareholder of French horse auction house Arqana
On 27 October 2009 it was announced that Sea the Stars
, regarded by many as one of the greatest racehorses of all time, would stand stud at the Aga Khan's Gilltown Stud in Ireland.
The Aga Khan was the lead owner of Shergar
, the Irish racehorse that was kidnapped from Ballymany stud farm in County Kildare
, Ireland by masked men in 1983 and held for ransom. The Aga Khan and the other co-owners refused to pay a ransom, and the horse was not recovered.
The Aga Khan, the police and the public suspected the Provisional Irish Republican Army
of the abduction, though the IRA denied all involvement. In 1999, former IRA member Sean O'Callaghan
published an autobiography in which he implicates the IRA as being responsible for the abduction. Shergar had become a national symbol in Ireland, and the IRA had underestimated the public outpouring of support for the horse and the backlash for the IRA even among Irish republicans who had historically supported the IRA, leading the IRA to deny involvement.
The Aga Khan is an ardent yachtsman. He co-founded the Yacht Club Costa Smeralda
in Porto Cervo
, Sardinia in 1967. He also commissioned a 164-foot yacht
, named after a prized racehorse of his
, with a price tag of £200 million. The cost and maintenance are partly covered by chartering. The yacht was advertised as having a top speed of 60 knots, capable of setting a new transatlantic speed record.
It reached a speed in excess of 55 knots in its initial trials but despite the claims, it was never intended for transatlantic speed records as it does not have the range.
Titles, styles and honours The titles Prince
are used by the Aga Khans and their children by virtue of their descent from Shah Fath Ali Shah
of the Persian Qajar dynasty
. The title was officially recognised by the British government in 1938.
Author Farhad Daftary wrote of how the honorific title Aga Khan
) was first given to Aga Khan I at the age of thirteen after the murder of his father: "At the same time, the Qajar monarch bestowed on him the honorific title (laqab
) of Agha Khan (also transcribed as Aqa Khan), meaning lord and master." Daftary additionally commented, "The title of Agha Khan remained hereditary amongst his successors."
On the other hand, in a legal proceeding, the Aga Khan III noted that 'Aga Khan' is not a title, but, instead a sort of alias or "pet name" that was given to Aga Khan I when he was a young man.
The style of His Highness
was formally granted to the Aga Khan IV by Queen Elizabeth II
in 1957 upon the death of his grandfather Aga Khan III.
The granting of the title to the Aga Khan IV was preceded by a strong expressed desire of the Aga Khan III to see the British monarchy award the non-hereditary title to his successor.
The style of His Royal Highness
was granted in 1959 to the Aga Khan IV by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
, the Shah of Iran, later overthrown in the Iranian Revolution
but he uses instead His Highness
Over the years, the Aga Khan has received numerous honours, honorary degrees, and awards.
- Canada: Honorary LL.D. degree, Simon Fraser University (2018)
- Canada: Honorary LL.D. degree, University of British Columbia (2018)
- Canada: Honorary LL.D. degree, University of Calgary (2018)
- Canada: Honorary LL.D. degree, McGill University (1983)
- Canada: Honorary LL.D. degree, McMaster University (1987)
- Canada: Honorary LL.D. degree, University of Toronto (2004)
- Canada: Honorary LL.D. degree, University of Alberta (2009)
- Canada: Honorary DUniv degree, University of Ottawa (2012)
- Canada: Honorary D.S.Litt. degree, University of Toronto (2013)
- Canada: Honorary D.Litt. degree in medieval studies, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies (2016)
- Pakistan: Honorary LL.D. degree, University of Sindh (1970)
- Portugal: Honorary PhD degree, NOVA University of Lisbon (2017)
- United Kingdom: Honorary LL.D. degree, University of Wales (1993)
- United Kingdom: Honorary D.D. degree, University of Cambridge (2009)
- United States: Honorary LL.D. degree, Brown University (1996)
- United States: Honorary LL.D. degree, Harvard University (2008)
- Canada: Key to the City of Ottawa (2005)
- Canada: Honorary Canadian citizenship (2010)
- France: Silver Medal of the Académie d'Architecture (1991)
- France: Insignia of Honour, International Union of Architects (2001)
- France: Associate Foreign Member, Académie des Beaux-Arts (2008)
- France: Philanthropic Entrepreneur of the Year, by Le Nouvel Economiste, Paris (2009)
- Germany: Die Quadriga Award, the United We Care Award (2005)
- Germany: Tolerance Prize of the Evangelical Academy of Tutzing (2006)
- Italy: Honorary Citizen of the Town of Arzachena (Sardinia) (1962)
- Italy: Gold Mercury Ad Personam Award, Non-State Organization (1982)
- Ivory Coast: Freeman of Abidjan, and presented with a Key to the City of Abidjan (1960)
- Jordan: One of The 500 Most Influential Muslims in the world, by Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre (2009–13)
- Kazakhstan: State Award for Peace and Progress (2002)
- Kazakhstan: Honoured Educator of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2008)
- Kenya: Honorary Citizen of the Town of Kisumu (1981)
- Madagascar: Key to the city of Majunga (1966)
- Mali: Honorary Citizen of the Islamic Ummah of Timbuktu (2003)
- Mali: Citizen of Honour of the Municipality of Timbuktu (2008)
- Pakistan: Honorary Colonel of the 6th Lancers by the Pakistani Army (1970)
- Pakistan: Honorary Citizen of Lahore, and presented with a key to the city of Lahore (1980)
- Pakistan: Honorary Membership, Pakistan Medical Association, Sindh (1981)
- Pakistan: Key to the city of Karachi (1981)
- Pakistan: Honorary Fellowship of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) (1985)
- Portugal: Key to the City of Lisbon (1996)
- Portugal: Foreign Member, Class of Humanities, by Lisbon Academy of Sciences (2009)
- Portugal: 2013 North–South Prize of the Council of Europe (2014)
- Portugal: Key to the City of Porto (2019)
- Scotland: Carnegie Medal for Philanthropy (2005)
- Spain: Guest of Honour of Granada (1991)
- Spain: Honorary Citizen of Granada (1991)
- Spain: Gold Medal of the City of Granada (1998)
- Spain: Royal Toledo Foundation (Real Fundación de Toledo) Award (2006)
- Sweden: Archon Award, International Nursing Honour Society, Sigma Theta Tau International (2001)
- Tanzania: Honorary Citizen of Dar es Salaam (2005)
- United Kingdom: The Gold Mercury International "AD PERSONAM" Award (1982)
- United Kingdom: Honorary Fellowship, Royal Institute of British Architects (1991)
- United Kingdom: Andrew Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy (2005)
- United Kingdom: Winner of the 10th annual Peter O'Sullevan Award at the Savoy in London (2006)
- United States: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Medal in Architecture, University of Virginia (1984)
- United States: Institute Honor of the American Institute of Architects (1984)
- United States: Honorary Member of the American Institute of Architects (1992)
- United States: Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1996)
- United States: Hadrian Award, World Monuments Fund (1996)
- United States: Vincent Scully Prize, National Building Museum (2005)
- United States: Key to the City of Austin (2008)
- United States: UCSF medal (2011) 
- United States: Key to the City of Sugar Land, Texas (2018)
- United States: ULI J.C. Nichols Prize for Visionaries in Urban Development, Los Angeles (2011)
- Uzbekistan: Honorary Citizen of the City of Samarkand and presented with a key to the city of Samarkand (1992)
Ali Muhammad Nizam al-Dawla
19. Khurshid Kulah Khanum
5. Cleope Teresa Magliano
15. Jessica Henrietta Pococke
Nizari Imams of the Fatimid Dynasty
- Ma'ad ibn Adnan
- Nizar ibn Ma'ad
- Mudar ibn Nizar
- Ilyas ibn Mudar
- Mudrikah ibn Ilyas
- Khuzayma ibn Mudrika
- Kinanah ibn Khuzayma
- An-Nadr ibn Kinanah
- Malik ibn Al-Nadr
- Fihr ibn Malik
- Ghalib ibn Fihr
- Lu'ayy ibn Ghalib
- Ka'b ibn Lu'ayy
- Murrah ibn Ka'b
- Kilab ibn Murrah b. ca. 372
- Qusay ibn Kilab ca. 400-ca. 480
- Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
- Hashim ibn Abd Manaf, ca. 464-ca. 497
- Abd al-Muttalib, ca. 497–578
- Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib, 535–619
- 1st Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib, 601–661
- 2nd Imam Husayn ibn Ali, 626–680
- 3rd Imam Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin, 659–713
- 4th Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, 677–733
- 5th Imam Jafar al-Sadiq, ca. 702–765
- 6th Imam Ismail ibn Jafar, ca. 722-ca. 762
- 7th Imam Muhammad ibn Ismail, 740–813
- 8th Imam Ahmad al-Wafi, 795/746-827/828
- 9th Imam Muhammad at-Taqi (Isma'ili), 813/814-839/840
- 10th Imam Radi Abdullah, 832–881
- 11th Imam Caliph Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah, 873–934
- 12th Imam Caliph Al-Qa'im, 893–946
- 13th Imam Caliph Al-Mansur Billah, 914–953
- 14th Imam Caliph Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah, 932–975
- 15th Imam Caliph Al-Aziz Billah, 955–996
- 16th Imam Caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, 985–1021
- 17th Imam Caliph Ali az-Zahir, 1005–1036
- 18th Imam Caliph Al-Mustansir Billah, 1029–1094
- 19th Imam Nizar al-Mustafa, 1045–1095
- 20th Imam Ali Al-Husayn Al-Hadi, 1076–1132
- 21st Imam Al-Muhtadi, Muhammad I, 1106–1157
- 22nd Imam Al-Qahir, Hasan I, 1126–1162
- 23rd Imam Hassan II of Alamut (also referred to as 'Alā Zikrihi-s-Salām), 1142/1145-1166
- 24th Imam Muhammad II of Alamut, 1148–1210
- 25th Imam Hassan III of Alamut, 1187–1221
- 26th Imam Muhammad III of Alamut, 1211–1255
- 27th Imam Rukn al-Din Khurshah, ca. 1230-1256/1257
- 28th Imam Shams al-Din (Nizari), 1257–1310
- 29th Imam Qasim Shah, 1310–1368
- 30th Imam Islam Shah, d. 1424
- 31st Imam Muhammad, d. 1464
- 32nd Imam Ali Shah Qalandar, al-Mustansir Billah II, d. 1480
- 33rd Imam Abd al-Salam Shah, d. 1494
- 34th Imam Abbas Shah Gharib, al-Mustansir Billah III, d. 1498
- 35th Imam Abuzar Ali Nur Shah, d. ca. 1509
- 36th Imam Murād Mīrzā, d. 1574
- 37th Imam Zulfiqar Ali, Khalilullah I, d. 1634
- 38th Imam Nur al-Din Ali, d. 1671
- 39th Imam Ali, Khalilullah II, d. 1680
- 40th Imam Nizar II, d. 1722
- 41st Imam Sayed Ali, d. ca. 1736
- 42nd Imam Al-Hassan Ali Beg, d. ca. 1747
- 43rd Imam Sayed Jafar, Al-Qasim Ali, d. ca. 1756
- 44th Imam Abū-l-Hasan ʻAlī, d. 1792
- 45th Imam Shah Khalilullah III, 1740–1817
- 46th Imam Hasan Ali Shah, Aga Khan I, 1804–1881
- 47th Imam Aqa Ali Shah, Aga Khan II, 1830–1885
- 48th Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan III, 1877–1957
- Prince Sayyid Aly Khan, 1911– 1960
- 49th Imam Shah Karim Al-Hussaini, Aga Khan IV, b. 1936
The Aga Khan is the first Muslim to receive the honour.
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Last edited on 9 June 2021, at 04:00
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