Mohammed bin Salman and Ahmad Asiri meeting US Secretary of Defense Ash Carter
On 8 May 2015, the Saudi-led coalition declared the entire Houthi stronghold cities of Sa'dah
and Marran to be military targets. Asiri issued what became known as the May Declaration
, telling the media: "Starting today and as you all remember we have declared through media platforms and through the leaflets that were dropped on Marran and Saada, and prior warnings to Yemeni civilians in those two cities, to get away from those cities where operations will take place. This warning will end at 7 p.m. today and coalitions forces will immediately respond to the actions of these militias that targeted the security and safety of the Saudi citizens from now and until the objectives of this operation are reached. We have also declared Saada and Marran as military targets loyal to the Houthi militias and as a result the operations will cover the whole area of those two cities and thus we repeat our call to the civilians to stay away from these groups, and leave the areas under Houthi control or where the Houthis are taking shelter."
The May declaration
was criticised by Human Rights Watch
who said: "Several attacks on apparently civilian objects that Human Rights Watch investigated in Saada, including an attack that struck a residential house, two attacks that struck markets, and an attack on a school, took place after 8 May announcement. Issuing warning of impending attacks to the civilian population is in line with the obligation under the laws of war to take all feasible precautions to minimize civilian harm, and in particular to provide "effective advance warning" of attacks that may affect the civilian population, so long as circumstances permit. However, the general and vague nature of these warnings would be of little help to civilians in need of greater security. Even more problematic, and a clear violation of the laws of war, is the coalition assertion that the entire cities of Saada and Marran are military targets. The laws of war prohibit attacks that treat as a single military objective a number of clearly separated and distinct military objectives located in a city, town, village or other area containing a similar concentration of civilians or civilian objects.
In February 2016, Asiri declared: "Now our rules of engagement are: you are close to the border, you are killed."
This statement was once again criticised by Human Rights Watch who replied: "Treating an entire area as the object of military attack violates the laws-of-war prohibition on attacks that treat distinct military objectives in a city, town or area as a single military objective. Doing so unlawfully denies civilians protection from attack.
According to The Wall Street Journal
, Asiri had been instrumental in forging closer ties between Israel and Saudi Arabia. Asiri is reported to have secretly traveled to Israel for meetings with officials several times, being the highest placed Saudi−Arabian to do so. After the murder of Jamal Khashoggi
, this relationship has been "put on hold", as the Saudis feared backlash.
Assassination of Jamal Khashoggi
In October 2018, the daily newspaper al-Waqt
quoted informed sources as saying that the crown prince Mohammad bin Salman
had assigned Asiri with the mission to execute dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi
inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey. Another military officer with much experience in dealing with dissidents was the second candidate for the mission.
At the same time Saudi rulers admitted to Khashoggi's killing in the Istanbul consulate, they presented to the world on 19 October 2018 a number of alleged perpetrators
. Eighteen men were arrested and five high-ranking state employees dismissed. Asiri was one of those who were sacked.
In 2019 it was reported that Asiri had been "put on trial but acquitted", due to "insufficient evidence". French Human Rights expert Agnès Callamard
called the Saudi trials after the Khashoggi murders for "the antithesis of justice", and "a mockery".
In February 2021, the United States Treasury
announced sanctions against Asiri for his involvement of the killing of Khashoggi.
- ^ a b c Müller, André (20 October 2018). "Ein perfekter Sündenbock: Der saudische General, der für den Tod Khashoggis die Verantwortung übernehmen soll". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- ^ "Gen. Asiri named deputy head of General Intelligence; Ibrahim Al-Omar is new SAGIA chairman". Saudi Gazette. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- ^ "Col. Turki Al-Malki named spokesman for coalition forces in Yemen". Arab News. 28 July 2017.
- ^ "Coalition Forces in Yemen Appoint Colonel Turki Al-Maliki as Their Official Spokesman". Saudi Press Agency. 28 July 2017.
- ^ a b "Targeting Saada". Human Rights Watch. 30 June 2015.
- ^ "Saudi Arabia says 375 civilians killed on its border in Yemen war". Reuters. 2 February 2016.
- ^ "Yemen: Embargo Arms to Saudi Arabia". Human Rights Watch. 21 March 2016.
- ^ Watch a UK peace activist attempt to arrest a Saudi general for war crimes
- ^ Saudi general gives crowd the middle finger after dodging citizen's egg
- ^ Saudi Spy Met With Team Trump About Taking Down Iran, Erin Banco, Betsy Woodruff, 10.25.18
- ^ Covert Saudi Outreach to Israel Sputters After Journalist’s Murder, by Felicia Schwartz, Margherita Stancati and Summer Said, 18 December 2018, WSJ
- ^ Israeli-Saudi ties reportedly set back by fallout from Khashoggi killing, 18 December 2018, Times of Israel
- ^ Saudi outreach to Israel 'faces setbacks' after Khashoggi crisis, Al Jazeera
- ^ "Arab Source: Khashoggi Murdered by Ex-Spokesman of Saudi-Led Coalition in War on Yemen". Fars News Agency. 10 October 2018. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- ^ Maddow, Rachel (17 October 2018). Possible Saudi Fall Guy For Jamal Khashoggi Also Trump Camp Middle Man. MSNBC. Retrieved 17 October 2018 – via YouTube.
- ^ "MBS's rampaging anger will not silence questions about Jamal Khashoggi". Washington Post. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- ^ Alberto Stabile (19 October 2018). "Un capro espiatorio per salvare il principe MbS". Repubblica.it (in Italian). Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- ^ Spencer, Richard (17 October 2018). "Sandhurst-trained general emerges as prime suspect in Khashoggi death". The Times.
- ^ AP (Desmond Butler and Tom LoBianco (21 May 2018). "The Princes, the President and the Fortune Seekers". Bloomberg.
- ^ "Trump Jr. and Other Aides Met With Gulf Emissary Offering Help to Win Election". The New York Times. 19 May 2018.
- ^ "Saudis Plan to Pin Khashoggi Slaying on ‘Rogue’ General", Daily Beast (16 October 2018).
- ^ Jamal Khashoggi: Saudis sentence five to death for journalist's murder, Frank Gardener, 23 December 2019, BBC
- ^ "Treasury announces sanctions on Saudi officials following Khashoggi report". The Hill. 26 February 2021.
Last edited on 18 April 2021, at 08:04
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