Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn aṭ-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī
: أبو بكر محمد بن الطيب الباقلاني
; c. 940 - 5 June 1013),
often known as al-Bāqillānī
for short, or reverentially as Imām al-Bāqillānī
by adherents to the Ash'ari 'aqidah
, was a famous Sunni Islamic theologian
, and logician
who spent much of his life defending and strengthening the Ash'ari school of thought within Islam
An accomplished rhetorical stylist and orator, al-Baqillani was held in high regard by his contemporaries for his expertise in debating theological
Al-Baqillani is often given the honorary epithets Shaikh as-Sunnah
("Doctor of the Prophetic Way"), Lisān al-Ummah
("Voice of the Community"), Imād ad-Dīn
("Pillar of the Faith"), Nāsir al-Islām
("Guardian of Islam"), and Saif as-Sunnah
("Sword of the Prophetic Way") by Ash'aris.
Born in Basra
in 330 AH / 950 CE,
he spent most of his life in Baghdad, and studied theology under two disciples of al-Ash'ari
Ibn Mujahid at-Ta'i and Abul-Hasan al-Bahili.
He also studied jurisprudence under the Maliki
scholars Abu 'Abdillah ash-Shirazi and Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani
After acquiring expertise in both Islamic theology and Maliki jurisprudence he expounding the teachings of the Ash'ari school, and taught Maliki jurisprudence in Baghdad.
He held the office of chief Qadi
and in 'Ukbara, a town not far from the capital.
Al-Baqillani became a popular lecturer, and took part in debates with well-known scholars of the day.
Because of his debate skill, the Amir 'Adud ad-Dawlah
dispatched him as an envoy to the Byzantine court in Constantinople
and he debated Christian scholars in the presence of their king in 371/981.
He died in 403 AH / 1013 CE.
He supported the doctrine of the apologetic miracle being proof of prophecy, the non-creation of the Qur'an, intercession, and the possibility of seeing God.
called al-Baqillani 'the best of the Ash'ari mutakallimun, unrivalled by any predecessor or successor'.
Fifty-five titles of works written by al-Baqillani have been listed, the great majority on legal and theological matters, and many written against his opponents.
- Al-Inṣāf fīmā Yajib I'tiqāduh
- I‘jāz al-Qur’ān (The Inimitability of the Qur'an)
- Al-Intiṣār lil-Qur’ān
- Al-Taqrīb wal-Irshād aṣ-Ṣaghīr
- Kitāb Tamhīd al-Awāʼil wa-Talkhīṣ ad-Dalāʼil (The Introduction)
- Manāqib al-A’immah al-Arba‘ah
- ^ a b c d e f Camilla Adang, Muslim Writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible: From Ibn Rabban to Ibn Hazm, p 53. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1996. ISBN 9004100342.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Camilla Adang, Muslim Writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible: From Ibn Rabban to Ibn Hazm, p 51. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1996. ISBN 9004100342.
- ^ a b c d David Richard Thomas, Christian Doctrines in Islamic Theology, p 119. Vol. 10 of History of Christian-Muslim Relations Series. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2008. ISBN 9004169350
- ^ Adang, Camilla; Fierro, Maribel; Schmidtke, Sabine (2012). Ibn Hazm of Cordoba: The Life and Works of a Controversial Thinker (Handbook of Oriental Studies) (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1; The Near and Middle East). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers. p. 384. ISBN 978-90-04-23424-6.
- ^ W. M. Watt, Islamic Philosophy and Theology (Edinburgh University Press, 1985), p. 76.
- ^ a b Ansari, Hassan, Melvin-Koushki, Matthew, Tareh, Masoud, Khodaverdian, Shahram, Omidi, Jalil and Gholami, Rahim, “al-Bāqillānī, Abū Bakr”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary.
- ^ a b Richard C. Martín, Encyclopedia of Islam & the Muslim World, Volume 1, p 105. ISBN 0028656032
- ^ Nuh Keller, Reliance of the Traveller, x32. p 1026. Amana Publications, 1997. ISBN 0915957728
- ^ David Richard Thomas, Christian Doctrines in Islamic Theology, p 120. Vol. 10 of History of Christian-Muslim Relations Series. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2008. ISBN 9004169350
- ^ at-tawhid.net. "Abû Bakr Al Bâqillânî - ابو بكر الباقلّاني (m.403) - at-tawhid.net". at-tawhid.net. Archived from the original on 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- ^ David Richard Thomas, Christian Doctrines in Islamic Theology, p 121. Vol. 10 of History of Christian-Muslim Relations Series. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2008. ISBN 9004169350
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