In 1992, Al-Hasakah was described as "an Arab city with a growing Kurdish
Other minorities such as Assyrians
and a smaller number of Armenians
also live in the area.
Excavations in 2007 on Citadel Hill. A barracks from the time of the French Mandate of Syria
can be seen in the background.
Excavations in the tell discovered materials dating to the Middle-Assyrian, Byzantine and Islamic eras. The last level of occupation ended in the fifteenth century.
A period of 1,500 years separated between the Middle-Assyrian and Byzantine levels.
There are numerous other archaeological tells in the surrounding area such as Tall Sulaymānī
, 7.6 kilometers to the north of the city.
In Ottoman times
the town was insignificant.
Today's settlement was established in April 1922 as a French military post which soon grew into a town.
The establishment of new cities in northern Syria was deemed necessary by the authorities of the French Mandate
, as after the foundation of Turkey, all major economic centers were allocated to Turkey.
After the expulsion and genocide of the Armenians
in the Ottoman Empire, many refugees fled to the area and began to develop it in the 1920s.
During the French mandate period, Assyrians
, fleeing ethnic cleansing
during the Simele massacre
, established numerous villages along the Khabur River
during the 1930s.
French troops were stationed on Citadel Hill at that time. In 1942 there were 7,835 inhabitants in al-Hasakah, several schools, two churches and a gas station. The new city grew from the 1950s to become the administrative center of the region. The economic boom in the cities of Qamishli
and al-Hasakah was a result of the irrigation projects started in the 1960s which transformed Northeast Syria into a cotton
Syrian Civil War
Frontlines in Al-Hasakah prior to October 14, 2019
In January 2021, Al-Hasakh, along with Qamishli
, came under siege
by the Asayish due to disputes with the Damascus government.
Hasakah Security Box
The Hasakah Security Box is a Syrian government enclave
within al-Hasakah, established in August 2016.
It contains the prison, immigration office, mayor's palace, police headquarters, and local army command center.
Following the second battle
for the city in 2015, the Syrian government controlled 25% of the city while Rojava controlled 75%. On August 16, 2016, a small skirmish erupted into the third Battle of al-Hasakah
between Asayish alongside YPG and the Syrian government for al-Hasakah. After a week-long battle, Kurdish fighters secured control over 95% of the city.
Russia mediated a ceasefire
that was put into place on August 23, 2016.
Only civilian police officers and interior ministry forces were allowed to return to the Security Box to protect the government's department buildings. In July 2018, the Syrian Army
raised the Syrian flag over the Al-Nashwa District
that previously was controlled by the YPG
and the Asayish
security forces in the city of Hasakah
However, in September through November 2019, Asayish forces were still present in al-Nashwa district and able to make arrests.
In 1939, French mandate authorities reported the following population numbers for different ethnic/religious groups in al-Hasakah city centre.
The United Nations estimates that violence related to the Syrian Civil War
has displaced up to 120,000 people.
The city of Al-Hasakah is divided into 5 districts, which are Al-Madinah, Al-Aziziyah, Ghuwayran, Al-Nasra and Al-Nashwa. These districts, in turn, are divided into 29 neighborhoods.
Also known as Al-Hasakeh, Al-Hasaka or simply Hasakah.
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Last edited on 6 April 2021, at 14:35
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