Al Waleed bin Talal Al Saud Al Waleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
: الوليد بن طلال بن عبد العزيز آل سعود
Al-Walīd bin Ṭalal bin 'Abd al-'Azīz Āl Su'ūd
, born 7 March 1955)
is a Saudi Arabian businessman, investor, philanthropist and a member of the Saudi royal family
. He was listed on Time
magazine's Time 100
, an annual list of the hundred most influential people in the world, in 2008.
Al-Waleed is a grandson of Ibn Saud
, the first Saudi Arabian king, a nephew of all Saudi Arabian kings since, and a grandson of Riad Al Solh
's first prime minister).
He is the founder, chief executive officer and 95 percent owner
of the Kingdom Holding Company
, a company with investments in companies in the financial services, tourism and hospitality, mass media, entertainment, retail, agriculture, petrochemicals, aviation, technology and real-estate sectors.
In 2013, the company had a market capitalization
of over $18 billion.
Al-Waleed is Citigroup
's largest individual shareholder, the second-largest voting shareholder in 21st Century Fox
, a minor shareholder in Zaveriwala Holdings LLC and owns Paris' Four Seasons Hotel George V
and part of the Plaza Hotel
has called him the "Arabian Warren Buffett".
In November 2017 Forbes
listed Al-Waleed as the 7th-richest man in the world with a net worth of $39.8 billion.
On 4 November 2017, he and other prominent Saudis (including fellow billionaires Waleed bin Ibrahim Al Ibrahim
and Saleh Abdullah Kamel
) were arrested in Saudi Arabia
, in a purge
that the Saudi government characterized as an anti-corruption drive.
The allegations against Prince Al-Waleed include money laundering, bribery, and extorting officials.
Some of the detainees have been in the Ritz-Carlton, Riyadh
Al-Waleed was released from detention on 27 January 2018, following a financial settlement of some kind, after nearly three months in detention.
In March 2018 he was dropped from the World's Billionaires
list due to lack of current information.
He was listed in the 'Top 100 most powerful Arabs 2021' by Gulf Business.
Early life and education
Al-Waleed's parents separated when he was seven, and he lived with his mother in Lebanon.
He first attended Pinewood College in Beirut.:19–20
As a boy, he ran away from home for a day or two at a time (sleeping in unlocked cars) before attending military school in Riyadh,
the King Abdul Aziz Military Academy.:26
In 1974, he returned to Lebanon, attending the Choueifat School and then Manor School.:27,33
Al-Waleed received a bachelor's degree in business administration from Menlo College
in California in 1979,
finishing in two-and-a-half years,:43
and a master's degree with honors in social science from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs
at Syracuse University
finishing in eleven months.:57
Al-Waleed began his business career in 1979 after graduating from Menlo College. He returned to Saudi Arabia, which was in the midst of the 1974–85 oil boom
Operating from a small, four-room cabin in Riyadh and $30,000 start-up money provided by Prince Talal, al-Waleed formed Kingdom Establishment in 1980. When that money ran out in a few months, he secured a $300,000 loan from the Saudi American Bank, partly owned by Citibank. Rather than taking a commission for facilitating contracts as the legally required middleman, Al-Waleed insisted on a stake in the project. His first success was in 1982, partnering with a South Korean construction company, and from then on, his commissions were used to fund his real estate deals. In his own words, "All the money I used to get from this construction I would plough back into real estate, and in the stock market, both.":42–54
After the end of the Saudi oil boom, Al-Waleed acquired the underperforming United Saudi Commercial Bank (USCB). Through mergers with Saudi Cairo Bank (SCB), forming United Saudi Bank (USB), and the Saudi American Bank
(SAMBA), it became a leading Middle Eastern bank.
The hostile takeover
of USCB in 1986, the merger with SCB in 1997, and the merger of USB with SAMBA in 1999, were the first of their kind in the Kingdom. He then secured a majority in Al-Azizia Panda
, merging it with the Savola Group
, and took over National Industrialization Company.:60–71,146–148
By 1989, his net worth was $1.4 billion, and included stakes in Canary Wharf
, Four Seasons Hotel Group
, and News Corporation. When Al-Waleed turned to the international market, he focused on "established brands going through hard times," as Riz Khan puts it. Al-Waleed would do his homework, and then wait for the proper purchase entry point. He invested about $250 million in Chase Manhattan
, Manufacturers Hanover
, and Chemical Bank
. After seven months, he sold his stakes in the other banks and concentrated on investing in Citicorp, acquiring 4.9 percent of the bank. Though the worst performing bank of the four, Al-Waleed considered Citicorp had the best potential.:49,73–76,121
In Sept. 1990, Citibank was undercapitalized
due to real estate credit losses and exposure to Latin America debt, prompting a need for a capital reserve. By Nov. they were actively seeking investors. Based on his banking experience in the Kingdom, Al-Waleed agreed in Jan. 1991 to invest $590 million, about half his accumulated wealth, in a five-year convertible security
paying 11 percent interest. By Feb., that took his total investment in Citicorp to $797 million, or about 15 percent of the company. Though he had received a Federal Reserve
temporary waiver to own such a large portion of the company, Al-Waleed sold enough shares in 1993 to get below the 10 percent threshold. Still, he was the largest shareholder in the largest US financial institution at the time. Yet, in Alwaleed's words, "It is not a relationship, it's an alliance. We are there forever with them." Sandy Weill
says of Al-Waleed, "I think what he did really saved the bank.":77–98
In 1994, Al-Waleed secured a 50 percent controlling interest in Fairmont
, and a 22 percent stake in the Four Seasons. In 1995, he bought a 42 percent stake in the Plaza Hotel. Then, in 1996, he bought the George V for $185 million, and spent $120 million renovating it for a reopening in Dec 1999. Regarding Al-Waleed's investment in the George V, Issy Sharp
states, "...he created value where no one else could...":110–118
Also in 1994, Al-Waleed bought a 24 percent stake in Euro Disney for $345 million.:128
In 1995, Kingdom Establishment for Trading and Contracting was reorganized as the Kingdom Holding Company, and Al-Waleed announced construction of the Kingdom Centre
, Kingdom Hospital, Kingdom School and Kingdom City. Also in 1995, he bought a 2.3 percent share of Mediaset
after having invested earlier in the Arab Radio and Television Network
, acquiring 30 percent. In Oct. 1995, Al-Waleed joined a consortium which paid $1.2 billion for control of Canary Wharf, with his share of the company amounting to 6 percent, costing him $66 million.:52,120–121,139–145
In March 1997, Al-Waleed purchased a 5 percent stake in Apple Inc.
, making him the largest shareholder. In Nov. 1997, he purchased 1 percent share of Motorola
for $287 million and a five percent share of Netscape
for $146 million, before its purchase by AOL
and merger with Time Warner
. In 2001 and 2002, Al-Waleed increased his stake in AOL Time Warner by another $540 million.:122–125
He also invested in MCI
, Fox Broadcasting
and other technology and media companies.
reported in 1997 that Al-Waleed owned about five percent of News Corporation
which he purchased for $400 million, making him the third largest shareholder. In April 1999, Al-Waleed purchased an additional $200 million of preferred shares.:123–124
In 2010 his News Corporation stake was about seven percent ($3 billion). Three years later News Corporation had a $175 million (19-percent) investment in al-Waleed's Rotana Group
, the Arab world's largest entertainment company. A review of his holdings implied that al-Waleed had sold his investment in AOL.
In April 1997, Al-Waleed purchased a 4 percent stake in Planet Hollywood
for $57 million, and another 16 percent in Nov 1998 for $45 million.:132
In 1999 The Economist
expressed doubts about the source of his income, wondering if he was a front man for other Saudi investors:
He has not earned enough income from his investments to pay for all that he has spent in the 1990s. The mystery goes back to that first stake in Citicorp. The prince has declared that this money came entirely from his personal funds. He says he started out in 1979 with a loan of just $30,000 from his father. He also mortgaged a house that his father had given him, raising something like $400,000. And each month, as a grandson of Ibn Saud, he receives $15,000. You could barely clothe a Saudi prince for such sums, let alone furnish him with a multi-billion-dollar empire. Nevertheless, by 1991 Prince Alwaleed had felt able to risk an investment of $797m in Citicorp.
Al-Waleed invested in WorldCom
, and Ford Motor Company
, totaling almost $2 billion. In Asia, he bought 5.9 percent of Daewoo
for $50 million, which he increased to 18 percent with an additional $100 million investment, 3 percent of PROTON Holdings
for $46 million, 3 percent of Ong Beng Seng
's Hotel Properties Ltd., and $50 million worth of Hyundai Motor Company bonds
. In Africa, he invested $50 million, acquiring 10 percent of Sonatel
, 10 percent of Ecobank
, 13.7 percent of United Bank for Africa
, and 14 percent of CAL Bank
. Investments which turned out poorly included WorldCom, Priceline, Teledesic
, and KirchMedia
, besides PlanetHollywood and Euro Disney.:133–137,152
His stake in Apple was sold in 2005.
Al-Waleed also invested in Eastman Kodak
, both of which performed moderately well.
In 2002, Al-Waleed formed Kingdom Hotel Investments to oversee his hotel assets.:108
By 2003, Al-Waleed owned 100 percent of Rotana, and 49 percent of LBC Sat
The Savoy Hotel in London is owned by al-Waleed
In January 2005 Al-Waleed purchased the Savoy Hotel in London for an estimated £
250 million, to be managed by Fairmont Hotels and Resorts
; his sister, Sultana Nurul, owns an estimated 16 percent stake. In January 2006, in partnership with the U.S. real-estate firm Colony NorthStar
, Kingdom Holding acquired Toronto
-based Fairmont Hotels and Resorts
for an estimated $3.9 billion. It was reported in 2009 that Al-Waleed owned 35 percent of Research and Marketing Group (SRMG), a large mid-east media company.
The 2004 Forbes
list of wealthiest people had Al-Waleed fourth, with a net worth of $21.5 billion. More than $1.3 billion was in hotel holdings.:99,115
In August 2011 al-Waleed announced that his company had contracted with the Saudi Binladin Group
to build the world's tallest building
, the Kingdom Tower
(at a height of at least 1,000 metres (3,300 ft)) for SR
The original plan—announced in 2008—called it برج الميل (Arabic for "One-Mile Tower"), at a height of 1,609 metres (5,279 ft)
and an estimated cost of $20 billion.
In December 2011 Al-Waleed invested $300 million in Twitter, purchasing secondary shares from insiders.
The purchase gave Kingdom Holding a "more than 3% share" in the company, which was valued at $8 billion in late summer 2011.
In 2015, he announced that he would donate his fortune to charity at an unspecified date. He had previously donated $3.5 billion over the course of 35 years through his charitable organization Alwaleed Philanthropies.
Arrest and release
On 4 November 2017, Al-Waleed was arrested in Saudi Arabia
in a "corruption crackdown" conducted by a new royal anti-corruption committee.
This was done on authority of Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman
, his cousin (both are grandsons of Ibn Saud
, first monarch
and founder of Saudi Arabia), with the aim of consolidating his position.
Just days before his arrest, Al-Waleed reportedly contacted US-based Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi
(who had publicly criticized the Saudi government in the past) and invited him to return to the Kingdom to contribute to Mohammad bin Salman's vision.
The authorities in Saudi Arabia were demanding at least $6 billion from Prince Al Waleed bin Talal in exchange of his release.
In total, 320 princes, ministers and businessmen were detained.
Al-Waleed was released from detention in late January 2018, nearly three months after his arrest,
after he and most of the other Saudi notables arrested the previous year had made a financial settlement of some kind with the Saudi government.
Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah
, the son of the late King Abdullah
(1924–2015), was released after paying a reported $1 billion.
According to a Wall Street Journal report, the price for his release was $6 billion.
The Saudi Arabia government did not disclose charges or produce evidence and the negotiations were held in secret.
In 2013, Kerry Dolan
, editor of Forbes'
annual billionaires' list, wrote an article accompanying the list entitled "Prince Alwaleed and the Curious Case of Kingdom Holding Stock".
According to Dolan, al-Waleed attached great importance to the Forbes
list and she alleged a correlation between changes in the share price of Kingdom Holdings and the annual run-up to the list's publication.
In the Forbes
article, Dolan wrote that al-Waleed would blind copy Dolan on text messages he sent to prominent people in an attempt to impress her. She spent a week with him in Riyadh in 2008, at his behest, touring his palaces. In 2006 Forbes
estimated al-Waleed's net worth at $7 billion less than he claimed. He telephoned Dolan at home, according to the editor, "nearly in tears".
Al-Waleed had Kingdom Holding's chief financial officer fly to New York before a previous list was published to ensure that Forbes
used his stated numbers.
The article explains the methodology behind Forbes'
2013 estimate of his wealth at $20 billion, examines Kingdom Holdings' share performance and contains Dolan's communications with Kingdom Holdings CFO Shadi Sanbar. Sanbar demanded that al-Waleed's name be removed from the billionaires' list if Forbes
did not increase its valuation of his wealth.
Dolan wrote, "As Forbes
asked increasingly specific questions in the process of fact-checking this story, the prince acted unilaterally the day before it was published, announcing through his office that he would 'sever ties' with the list."
Sanbar said in a press release, "Prince Alwaleed has taken this step as he felt he could no longer participate in a process which resulted in the use of incorrect data and seemed designed to disadvantage Middle Eastern investors and institutions."
Al-Waleed said in a March 2013 interview with The Sunday Telegraph
that he would pursue legal action against Forbes
"They are accusing me of market manipulation
," Al-Waleed said. "This is all wrong and a false statement. We will fight it all the way against Forbes
He called the Forbes
list "flawed and inaccurate", saying that it "displays bias against Middle East investors and financial institutions."
reported that on 6 June 2013, al-Waleed had brought a defamation claim in London against the publisher of Forbes
; its editor, Randall Lane
, and two journalists from the magazine. Forbes
expressed surprise at the libel action and the fact that it was filed in London.
According to the magazine, "The Prince's suit would be precisely the kind of libel tourism that the UK's recently-passed libel reform law is intended to thwart. We would anticipate that the London high court will agree. Forbes
stands by its story."
As of 20 June, Forbes
had not been served with papers.
A statement issued by the Kingdom Holding Company
of publishing a "deliberately insulting and inaccurate description of the business community in Saudi Arabia and specifically, Forbes'
denigration of the Saudi stock exchange (Tadawul
), which is one of the most regulated in the world". According to al-Waleed, the magazine used an "irrational and deeply flawed valuation methodology, which is ultimately subjective and discriminatory".
On 16 June 2015, Forbes
and al-Waleed released a joint statement announcing that they had settled their dispute "on mutually agreeable terms". The opening of the Saudi stock exchange to foreign investors was cited as key in the defendants' willingness to consider the stock price of al-Waleed's publicly traded Kingdom Holding Company in valuing the KHC component of his wealth.
Al-Waleed tweeted a statement with a picture of himself holding an honorary Palestinian passport, "In response to the news of the visit to Israel: I have not and will not visit Jerusalem or pray inside it until its liberation from the Zionist enemy. And I carry an honorary Palestinian passport".
In 2015, al-Waleed was criticised for offering to buy Bentley cars for Saudi fighter pilots involved in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
. In a tweet later deleted, he said: "In appreciation of their role in this operation, I'm honoured to offer 100 Bentley cars to the 100 Saudi [fighter] pilots".
In July 1997, Al-Waleed invested $10 million with the Palestinian Investment and Development Company (PADICO), and then helped cofound the Jerusalem Development and Investment Company (JEDICO).:149 150
On 1 July 2015, al-Waleed held a press conference announcing his intention to donate $32 billion to philanthropic causes. He said that the funds would be used for humanitarian projects such as the empowerment of women and youth, disaster relief, disease eradication and building bridges of understanding between cultures.
Donation after 11 September attacks
After the 11 September attacks
, al-Waleed gave a cheque for $10 million to New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani
, despite Saudi opposition. In a written statement after his donation, he said: "At times like this, we must address some of the issues that led to such a criminal attack. I believe the government of the United States of America should re-examine its policies in the Middle East and adopt a more balanced stance toward the Palestinian cause." As a result of that statement, Giuliani returned his cheque.
Al-Waleed said to a Saudi weekly magazine about Giuliani's rejection of his check, "The whole issue is that I spoke about their position [on the Middle East conflict] and they didn’t like it because there are Jewish pressures and they are afraid of them."
Giuliani replied to this by suggesting that al-Waleed's comment was actually part of the problem: "There is no moral equivalent for this [terrorist] act. There is no justification for it... And one of the reasons I think this happened is because people were engaged in moral equivalency in not understanding the difference between liberal democracies
like the United States, like Israel, and terrorist states and those who condone terrorism. So I think not only are those statements wrong, they're part of the problem."
First Saudi female pilot
Al-Waleed is considered a proponent of female emancipation in the Saudi world. He financed the training of Hanadi Zakaria al-Hindi
as the first Saudi woman commercial airline pilot, and said at her graduation that he is "in full support of Saudi ladies working in all fields".
Al-Hindi became certified to fly within Saudi Arabia in 2014.
Al-Waleed owns the 65th-largest private yacht
in the world, the 85.9-metre (282 ft) Kingdom 5KR
(originally built as the Nabila
arms dealer Adnan Khashoggi
in 1979). In 1983, owned by Khashoggi, it appeared as the Flying Saucer
(the yacht of James Bond
's villain, Largo) in Never Say Never Again
. It was sold to Donald Trump
, who renamed her the Trump Princess
. Al-Waleed bought the yacht after Trump experienced financial problems in the late 1980s.
Al-Waleed ordered a yacht known as the New Kingdom 5KR
, about 173 metres (568 ft) long with an estimated cost of over $500 million. The yacht is designed by Lindsey Design, and its design was delivered in late 2010.
However, there has been no recent news regarding the yacht.
Among his assets are a 95-percent stake in Kingdom Holding Company; 91-percent ownership of Rotana Video and Audio Visual Company; 90-percent ownership of the Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation
; seven-percent ownership of News Corporation
; about six-percent ownership of Citigroup
, and a 17-percent ownership of Al Nahar
and a 25-percent ownership of Ad-Diyar
(two daily newspapers published in Lebanon
). Al-Waleed topped the first Saudi Rich List in 2009, with assets of $16.3 billion.
Al-Waleed owns three palaces: two existing and a third under construction. The 250,000-square-foot (23,000 m2
) Kingdom Palace, in central Riyadh, is his primary home. According to Time
magazine, "Al-Waleed lives in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in a $130 million sand-colored palace whose 317 rooms are adorned with 1,500 tons of Italian marble, silk oriental carpets, gold-plated faucets and 250 TVs. It has four kitchens, for Arabic, Continental and Asian cuisines, and a fifth just for dishing up desserts, run by chefs who can feed 2,000 people on an hour's notice. There is also a lagoon-shaped pool and a 45-seat basement cinema".
The 500,000-square-foot (46,000 m2) Kingdom Resort, also in central Riyadh, has three lakes interspersed with gardens. The 4,000,000-square-foot (370,000 m2
) Kingdom Oasis, under construction, will have a 70,000-square-metre (17-acre) lake and a private zoo.
Al-Waleed received the first order
of the Order of King Abdulaziz
of Saudi Arabia
in 2002 and is a recipient of the Lebanese National Order of the Cedar
On 2 December 2009, he received the Order of Izzudin from Maldives
President Mohamed Nasheed
that year he also received the Star of Palestine, the highest honour conferred by the State of Palestine
In 2010, al-Waleed received the Dwight D. Eisenhower Award for Innovation.
He received the Bahrain Medal of the First Order, the country's highest honorary medal in late May 2012.
He received the Nepalese third-order Mahaujjval Rastradip Manpadvi, the highest award bestowed on a foreigner,
's Colina De Boe Medal in August 2012.
In June 2013 al-Waleed was made Grand Commander of the Order of the Republic of Sierra Leone
(GCRSL), the country's highest honour.
On 13 December 2014, he was made an Honorary Companion of the National Order of Merit of the Republic of Malta.
Saudi Arabian national honours
Al-Waleed has been married four times.
His first marriage was in 1976, at the age of 19.:34
His first wife was his cousin
, Dalal bint Saud, a daughter of King Saud
. They have two children (Prince Khaled
born on 21 April 1978 and Princess Reem, born on 20 June 1982),:37,57
and later divorced,
in December 1994.:173
In 1996, Al-Waleed married Princess Iman Sudairi, but the marriage lasted only approximately a year.:174
After divorcing his second wife, Al-Waleed married Kholood Al Anazi,
in 1999. They were divorced in 2004.:174,177
His fourth wife was Ameera al-Taweel
; after about six years of marriage, they divorced in 2014.
In an interview, he said: "Yes, I announce it through Okaz
for the first time. I have officially separated from Princess Ameera Al-Taweel, but she remains a person that I have all respect for."
Ancestors of Al Waleed bin Talal Al Saud
17. Sarah bint Mishari bin Abdulrahman bin Hassan Al-Saud
18. Amed al-Kabir bin Mohammed bin Turki Al-Sudairy
9. Sarah bint Ahmed al-Kabir bin Mohammed Al-Sudairy
28. Murad bin Al-Sayed Haj Abdul Qader, Mufti of Aleppo
14. Haj Abdul Qader Lutfi Al-Jabiri Al-Husseini, Mufti of Aleppo
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab acad Khan, Riz (2005). Alwaleed, Businessman Billionaire Prince. New York: HarperCollins. p. 19. ISBN 9780060850302.
- ^ "Saudi Arabia's Prince Alwaleed's Timeline". Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ Khan, Riz (12 May 2008). "Prince Alwaleed bin Talal". Time. Archived from the original on 20 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
- ^ a b Knickmeyer, Ellen, "Saudi prince invests $300M for 3% stake in Twitter" Archived 7 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Zawya Dow Jones via affiliate Market Watch, 19 December 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011
- ^ "Alwaleed About". Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- ^ "Kingdom Holding on the Forbes Global 2000 List". Archived from the original on 24 May 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ "The 2009 TIME 100 Finalists". 19 March 2009. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016 – via content.time.com.
- ^ William D. Cohan. "The Creation Myth of Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, Saudi Arabia's Billionaire Investor". Archived from the original on 12 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ "Alwaleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud". Alwaleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- ^ Jehl, Douglas (28 March 1999). "Buffett of Arabia? Well, Maybe". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 7 March 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- ^ "The World's Billionaires". Forbes. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
- ^ "Saudi Billionaire Alwaleed bin Talal's Net Worth Takes A Hit After News of His Arrest". Forbes. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- ^ a b Kirkpatrick, David D. (4 November 2017). "Saudi Arabia Arrests 11 Princes, Including Billionaire Alwaleed bin Talal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- ^ "Alwaleed bin Talal, two other billionaires tycoons among Saudi arrests". Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
- ^ "Future Saudi king tightens grip on power with arrests including Prince Alwaleed". Reuters. 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- ^ Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, billionaire investor, is released from custody in Saudi Arabia, relative says Archived 27 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine (27 January 2018)
- ^ a b "Saudi billionaire Prince Al-Waleed freed after 'settlement'". Agence France-Presse. 27 January 2018. Archived from the original on 28 January 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2018. The prince was released following an undisclosed financial agreement with the government, similar to deals that authorities struck with most other detainees in exchange for their freedom.
- ^ a b Ben Hubbard, Billionaire Saudi Prince, Alwaleed bin Talal, Is Freed From DetentionArchived 27 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times (27 January 2017).
- ^ Dolan, Kerry (6 March 2018). "Why No Saudi Arabians Made The Forbes Billionaires List This Year". Forbes. Archived from the original on 6 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- ^ "Top 100 most powerful Arabs 2021". Gulf Business. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- ^ Gornail, Jonathan (8 March 2013). "Newsmaker: Prince Al Waleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud". The National. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- ^ Sherifa Zuhur (31 October 2011). Saudi Arabia. ABC-CLIO. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-59884-571-6.
- ^ Mamoun Fandy (2007). (Un)civil War of Words: Media and Politics in the Arab World. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-275-99393-1.
- ^ Moubayed, Sami (1 February 2011). "Lebanon cabinet: A tightrope act". Lebanon Wire. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- ^ Yitzhak Oron, Ed. (1961). "The Saudi Arabian Kingdom". Middle East Record. 2: 417–431 (419).
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dolan, Kerry A. (5 March 2013). "Prince Alwaleed and the Curious Case of Kingdom Holding Stock". Forbes. New York. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- ^ "Asia Times Online". Archived from the original on 8 August 2002.
- ^ Nanette Asimov (12 May 2015). "Tiny Menlo College is like home for Saudi elite". SfGate. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- ^ Peel, Michael (8 March 2013). "Prince Alwaleed, singular Saudi scion". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 14 March 2013. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- ^ a b Rose, Kennedy (5 November 2017). "Saudi prince who serves on Maxwell board arrested on charges related to corruption". The Daily Orange. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
- ^ "Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Al Saud". Forbes. March 2011. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- ^ Saudi Arabia. Economic Policy During the Oil Boom, 1974–85 Archived 29 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. country-data.com
- ^ "Prince Waleed: The Saudi dealmaker on Wall Street". Khaleej Times. Archived from the original on 25 May 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- ^ a b "'The mystery of the world's second-richest businessman'". The Economist. 25 February 1999. Archived from the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2008.
- ^ "Kingdom Holding Company (KHC)". Zawya. 30 June 2009. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2010.
- ^ Macleod, Scott (1 December 1997). "Prince Alwaleed: The Prince and the Portfolio". Time. Archived from the original on 13 September 2010. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
- ^ a b Gustin, Sam (16 August 2010) "News Corp., the Saudi Prince and the 'Ground Zero Mosque'" Archived 21 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Daily Finance (AOL), via Rich, Frank (21 August 2010) "How Fox Betrayed Petraeus" Archived 23 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine,The New York Times, p. WK8 NY ed.. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
- ^ a b Neville, Simon; Moulds, Josephine (5 March 2013). "Prince Alwaleed bin Talal insulted at only being No 26 on Forbes rich list". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
- ^ Disneyland Resort Paris, Annual review 2007, p. 53
- ^ "Ideological and Ownership Trends in the Saudi Media". Cablegate. 11 May 2009. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- ^ Khan, Ghazanfar Ali; Abbas, Maher (2 August 2011). "Kingdom Holding to build world's tallest tower in Jeddah". Arab News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
- ^ Shaw, Matt. "10 Facts About the Kingdom Tower, the Soon-To-Be Tallest Building in the World" Archived 17 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Architizer, 22 April 2014. Accessed 15 March 2016.
- ^ Pink, Roger. "Scraping the Sky: The 1 km-Tall Kingdom Tower" Archived 27 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Globalspec, 19 February 2015. Accessed 15 March 2016.
- ^ Primack, Dan (19 December 2011). "Twitter doesn't really raise money from Saudi prince". Fortune. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- ^ Maceda, Cleofe. "Senior Web Reporter". Gulf News. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- ^ "Saudi Arabia princes detained, ministers dismissed". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- ^ Kalin, Stephen; Paul, Katie (5 November 2017). "Future Saudi king tightens grip on power with arrests including Prince Alwaleed". Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- ^ "Corruption crackdown in Saudi Arabia". Fox Business. 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- ^ David, Javier E. (5 November 2017). "Billionaire Saudi Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal arrested in corruption crackdown". cnbc. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017.
- ^ Stancati, Margherita; Said, Summer; Farrell, Maureen (5 November 2017). "Saudi Princes, Former Ministers Arrested in Apparent Power Consolidation". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- ^ 
- ^ Agencies (27 January 2018). "Saudi prince Alwaleed bin Talal released from detention". the Guardian. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- ^ "Saudi anti-corruption purge: All the latest updates". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 9 November 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- ^ Browne, Gareth (25 December 2017). "Saudi Arabia demands $6 billion for the release of Prince Al-Waleed Bin Talal, one of the richest men in the world". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- ^ London, Margherita Stancati in Riyadh, Summer Said in Dubai and Benoit Faucon in. "The Price of Freedom for Saudi Arabia's Richest Man: $6 Billion". WSJ. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- ^ Browne, Gareth (25 December 2017). "Saudi Arabia demands $6 billion for the release of Prince Al-Waleed Bin Talal, one of the richest men in the world" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- ^ "Saudi anti-corruption drive: Prince Miteb freed 'after $1bn deal'". 29 November 2017 – via www.bbc.com.
- ^ Margherita Stancati; Summer Said; Benoit Faucon. "The Price of Freedom for Saudi Arabia's Richest Man: $6 Billion". The Washington Post.
- ^ "Alwaleed Reveals Secret Deal Struck to Exit Ritz After 83 Days". Bloomberg.com. 20 March 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- ^ a b c Sylt, Christian (16 March 2013). "Saudi Prince to Fight Forbes Over Rich List". The Sunday Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 30 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- ^ a b c Holliday, Josh (6 June 2013). "Saudi prince launches libel action against Forbes magazine over Rich List". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- ^ Dolan, Kerry (20 June 2013). "Is Prince Alwaleed Trying To Undermine The Saudi King?". Forbes. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- ^ "Saudi Arabia's Prince Alwaleed defends libel action". BBC News Online. 13 June 2013. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- ^ "Prince Alwaleed and Forbes settle libel case". Arabian Business.com. 16 June 2015. Archived from the original on 16 June 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- ^ Twitter message Archived 2 August 2018 at the Wayback Machine (1:11 pm – 24 July 2015)
- ^ "Saudi prince criticised for offering Bentleys to pilots bombing Yemen". Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- ^ "Saudi telethon raises $77 million". CNN. 7 January 2005. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- ^ "Saudi Prince Pledges $32 Billion to Good Causes, With Women's Rights a Focus". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- ^ "$10 Million? NYC Says No Thanks". CBS. 18 September 2001. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- ^ "New York Rejects Saudi Millions". BBC News. 12 October 2001. Archived from the original on 15 April 2008. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- ^ "Big Bad Apple". Al Ahram Weekly. 18–24 October 2001. Archived from the original on 25 March 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- ^ "Giuliani rejects $10 million from Saudi prince". CNN. 12 October 2001. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- ^ "Saudi Gives $20 Million to Georgetown". Washington Post. 13 December 2005. Archived from the original on 16 June 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- ^ "Saud to improve Islamic studies". Times Higher Education. 8 May 2008. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- ^ "AUB – CASAR – Home". Archived from the original on 24 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ "The HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Bin Abdulaziz Alsaud Institute for Computational Biomedicine". New York City: Weill Cornell Medical College. Archived from the original on 30 May 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- ^ Centre of Islamic Studies, Cambridge
- ^ "Alwaleed Islamic Studies Program". Archived from the original on 10 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ "HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Centre of Islamic Studies". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
- ^ "Maxwell School: Advisory Board". The Maxwell School of Syracuse University. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
- ^ First Saudi Female Pilot Lands Job With Kingdom Holding Archived 24 November 2004 at the Wayback Machine, 24 November 2004. Includes photo.
- ^ "Saudi Arabia: First woman to get pilot license – BBC News". Archived from the original on 25 May 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ Prince Al-Waleed's yacht Archived 27 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Yachts.monacoeye.com (31 May 2006). Retrieved on 17 January 2014.
- ^ – Project New Kingdom 5KR Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Agent4stars.com. Retrieved on 17 January 2014.
- ^ Morrison, Murdo (17 October 2014), "Ultimate corporate jets: Nine private aircraft that combine business with pleasure", Flightglobal, Reed Business Information, archived from the original on 19 October 2014, retrieved 17 October 2014
- ^ "Prince Alwaleed tops first Saudi Rich List". Arabian Business. 30 August 2009. Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2009.
- ^ "Prince Alwaleed: The Prince and the Portfolio". Time. 1 December 1997. Archived from the original on 4 May 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- ^ "Medals Received by Al waleed bin Talal". Al Waleed official website. 2002. Archived from the original on 22 September 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- ^ a b "Prince Alwaleed bin Talal". Arab Bankers Association of North America. 2 December 2002. Archived from the original on 11 May 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- ^ "Presidencymaldives.gov". Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- ^ "Maldives president awarded highest honour of Palestine". Haveeru Online. 5 June 2013. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- ^ "BCIU Gala". bciu.org. Archived from the original on 24 June 2012.
- ^ "Prince Alwaleed bin Talal receives Bahrain Medal of the First Order". Saudi Gazette. 31 May 2012. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- ^ "साउदी राजकुमारलाई नेपालले उतै तक्मा पठायो". Nagarik News. 14 August 2012. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012.
- ^ "Alwaleed awarded Colina De Boe medal". Saudi Gazette. 27 August 2012. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- ^ "Sierra Leone to decorate Saudi Prince with its Highest National Honours". Awareness Times. 10 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- ^ "REPUBLIC DAY – HONOURS AND AWARDS 2014". Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ a b Royal Saudi couple’s divorce is 'amicable' Richard Johnson. Page Six. NYPost.com 20 November 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2015
- ^ "Khaled bin Alwaleed bin Talal Al Saud Biography". Archived from the original on 3 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- ^ "Daughters and sons of King Saud". King Saud net. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- ^ Kapoor, Talal (1 August 2007). "Wedding of the century: Rim bint Al Walid and Abdulaziz bin Musa'id". Datarabia. Archived from the original on 1 May 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- ^ "Richest man outside U.S. enjoys life in tents". Honolulu (Hawaii) Advertiser. 21 May 2000. Archived from the original on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
- ^ "Egyptian tycoon, Saudi princess locked in legal battle". Gulf News. 4 January 2010. Archived from the original on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
- ^ "Saudi Gazette". Archived from the original on 27 December 2014.
- ^ Alfatlawi, Rosie (30 January 2018). "Saudi's Prince Al Waleed is Vegan: The Biggest Revelation of the Corruption Probe". Al Bawaba. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- ^ a b سعد الله الجابري Archived 4 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine مركز الشرق العربي
Last edited on 4 May 2021, at 02:11
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.