This article is about the organisation. For the flagship channel, see Al Jazeera
The network's news operation currently has 70 bureaux
around the world that are shared between the network's channels and operations, the second largest amount of bureaux of any media company in the world after the BBC
In June 2017, the Saudi, Emirati, Bahraini, and Egyptian governments pressed for the closure
of the entire conglomerate as one of thirteen demands made to Government of Qatar during the Qatar diplomatic crisis
. Other media networks have spoken out in support of the network.
The original Al Jazeera Satellite Channel (then called JSC or Jazeera Satellite Channel) was launched on 1 November 1996
following the closure of the first BBC Arabic
language television station, then a joint venture with Orbit Communications Company
, owned by Saudi King Fahd
's cousin, Khalid bin Faisal Al Saud
. The BBC channel had closed after a year and a half when the Saudi government attempted to thwart a documentary pertaining to executions under sharia law.
The Emir of Qatar
, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa
, provided a loan of QAR
500 million ($137 million) to sustain Al Jazeera through its first five years, as Hugh Miles
detailed in his book Al Jazeera: The Inside Story of the Arab News Channel That Is Challenging the West
Al Jazeera's first day on the air was 1 November 1996. It offered 6-hours of programming per day; this would increase to 12-hours
by the end of 1997. It was broadcast to the immediate neighborhood as a terrestrial signal, and on cable, as well as through satellites (which was also free to users in the Arab world). 1 January 1999 was Al Jazeera's first day of 24-hour
Employment had more than tripled in one year to 500 employees, and the agency had bureaux at a dozen sites as far as EU and Russia
. Its annual budget was estimated at about $25 million at the time.
Al Jazeera English
In 2001, Al Jazeera was the singular international news network in Kabul, Afghanistan. Especially after 9/11, the demand for the English translation of Al Jazeera had increased. Therefore, Al Jazeera started to think about a service in the English-language.
In late 2002, director of marketing of Al Jazeera, Ali Mohamed Kama began to push a "repositioning" of Al Jazeera, "accompanied by the introduction of English subtitles and dubbing of broadcast into English." 
In March 2003, it launched an English-language website
). The name of the website was "Al Jazeera Net"; it was launched by younger journalists. The site published various stories covered by the network, but it was not depending on Arabic-language channels and websites. The website aimed to connect to the Western audience, cooperate with BBC, and to be "a global citizen's home page."
However, twelve hours after the launch of the website, "Al Jazeera Net" was kept offline due to many denials of service attacks. Over twenty-four hours later, "Al Jazeera Net" came back online however, Freedom Cyber Force Militia hacked the website to redirect web browsers to a picture of the American flag
with a slogan saying that "Let Freedom Ring". After that, "Al Jazeera Net" came to be without a secured place to host because three Al Jazeera's web providers, Horizons Media, Information Services, and Akamai Technologies canceled the contract. Also in March, Yahoo and AOL stopped advertising contracts with Al Jazeera. Therefore, the English translated website was put off later in 2003.
On 4 July 2005 Al Jazeera officially announced plans to launch a new English-language satellite service to be called Al Jazeera International
The new channel started at 12h GMT
on 15 November 2006 under the name Al Jazeera English
and has broadcast centers in Doha
(next to the original Al Jazeera headquarters and broadcast center), London, Kuala Lumpur
and Washington D.C. The channel is a 24-hour, 7-days-a-week news channel, with 12 hours broadcast from Doha, and four hours each from London, Kuala Lumpur, and Washington D.C. Among its staff were journalists hired from ABC
and other top news outfits. Josh Rushing,
a former media handler for CENTCOM
during the Iraq
war, agreed to provide commentary; David Frost
was also on board.
In an interesting technical feat, the broadcast of the new operation was handed off between bases in Doha
, London, Washington, D.C., and Kuala Lumpur
on a daily cycle.
The new English language venture faced considerable regulatory and commercial hurdles in the North America market for its perceived sympathy with extremist causes.
At the same time, others felt Al Jazeera's competitive advantage lay in programming in the Arabic language
. There were hundreds of millions of potential viewers among the non-Arabic language
speaking Muslims in Europe and Asia, however, and many others who might be interested in seeing news from the Middle East read by local voices. If the venture panned out, it would extend the influence of Al Jazeera, and tiny Qatar
, beyond even what had been achieved in the station's first decade. In an interesting twist of fate, the BBC World Service
was preparing to launch its own Arabic language
station in 2007.
Al Jazeera Balkans
, Former Director General of Al Jazeera Media Network
Al Jazeera Turk
In 2013 they announced the creation of Al Jazeera Türk
, a version of Al Jazeera in the Turkish
language(s), stationed in Istanbul, and catering to and broadcasting around Turkey. On January 22, 2014, Al Jazeera Türk's website launched with news content. The move made Al Jazeera Türk the first 24-hour news operation to go digital before broadcast.
The Website shut down in 2017 without the channel being launched.
Al Jazeera's London Studio
Al Jazeera America
Al Jazeera America was an American version of Al Jazeera English. The channel launched on 20 August 2013 exclusively on cable and satellite systems in the United States
On 2 January 2013, Al Jazeera Media Network announced that it purchased Current TV
from its founders Al Gore
, Joel Hyatt
, and Ronald Burkle
, in the United States and would be launching an American news channel. Originally 60% of the channel's programming would be produced in America while 40% would be from Al Jazeera English, that later changed to almost all the content being U.S. originated.
Though Current TV had large distribution throughout the United States on cable and satellite TV, it averaged only 28,000 viewers at any time.
The acquisition of Current TV by Al Jazeera allowed Time Warner Cable
to drop the network due to its low ratings, but released a statement saying that they would consider carrying the channel after they evaluated whether it made sense for their customers.
The channel was later added to Time Warner and Bright House Networks
lineups after a new carriage deal was agreed upon.
On January 13, 2016, Al Jazeera America CEO Al Anstey announced that the network would cease operations on April 12, 2016, citing the "economic landscape".
Al Jazeera Sports
In 2004 Al Jazeera expanded into the world of sports with the establishment of Al Jazeera Sports
(now known as beIN Sports
) and the building of 8 Arabic language specialty sports channels.
Al Jazeera's former Knightsbridge London Control Room
Al Jazeera restructured its operations to form a network that contains all their different channels. Wadah Khanfar
, then the managing director of the Arabic Channel, was appointed as the Director General of the Al Jazeera Network. He also acted as the Managing Director of the Arabic channel. Khanfar resigned on 20 September 2011, proclaiming that he had achieved his original goals, and that eight years was enough time for any leader of an organization, in an interview aired on Aljazeera English.
On 26 November 2009, Al Jazeera English received approval from the CRTC, which enables Al Jazeera English to broadcast via satellite in Canada.
In 2011, in accordance with the renaming of the corporation, AJMN was legally re-designated from a "public institution to a 'private institution of public utility'"; however, it was unknown how this would affect editorial management and funding.
The network is also funded through its television contracts and revenue from its sports division.
Al Jazeera and the 2011 Arab Spring
Al Jazeera covered the Arab spring
more than any other news outlets and had a significant role in spreading the Arab uprising
Al Jazeera was the leading media spreading the news about unrest in a small city in Tunisia
throughout the Middle East in 2011.
People in the Middle East have heavily relied on Al Jazeera to obtain news about their regions and the world even more than YouTube and Google. Hillary Clinton
, who at the time of the Arab Spring
was the U.S. Secretary of State
stated that "Al-Jazeera has been the leader in that [it is] literally changing people’s minds and attitudes. And like it or hate it, it is really effective."
The news of unrests in the Arab states was broadcast by Al Jazeera in Arabic for the Arab world
as well as in English for the audiences from the rest of the world.
, Ben Ali
regime banned Al Jazeera from operating in the country, but with the help of Facebook
users inside Tunisia
, Al Jazeera was able to access reports from the events such as protests and government crackdowns that were taking place inside the country.
The intensive media coverage of people's uprising against their leaders by Al Jazeera mobilized more people from other parts of the country to join the revolution.
The population in other Arab countries such as Bahrain
also mobilized against their governments influenced by the Tunisian's successful revolt which was extensively covered by Al Jazeera in local languages.
The international opinion also came to support the Arab movements in the Middle East
since Al Jazeera English
covered and reported governmental human right abuses against political activists and even ordinary citizens in the Middle East
Al Jazeera media network operates a number of specialty channels
besides its original flagship news channel.
Al Jazeera network's TV channels include(d):
Al Jazeera Office, Kuala Lumpur
Al Jazeera Media network also operates mobile apps for their various channels with Al Jazeera Mobile and Al Jazeera New Media
On January 1, 2018, Al Jazeera launched a Mandarin-language
news website becoming the first Middle Eastern news provider to target the Chinese audience. The staff of the project are in contact with their audience via Chinese social media like Weibo
, Meipai and WeChat.
Al Jazeera Media Network also has a digital online only news channel AJ+
. The channel is an online and mobile only news channel primarily found on various social media networks and YouTube
and operated by Al Jazeera New Media out of San Francisco, California
. The channel consists of mostly On Demand content. It soft launched on 13 June 2014 with a new webpage, Facebook
page and videos on YouTube
. The full channel launched with an app in September 2014. There are also Arabic
and Spanish language
versions of the channel.
Al Jazeera Podcasts
In 2017, the network launched a podcasting network called Jetty. Later renamed Al Jazeera Podcasts, the network is available via the network's website as well as SoundCloud
, Apple Podcasts, Stitcher
, and iHeartRadio
. The network is based out of San Francisco alongside AJ+ and is available in English.
In 2021, the network launched Rightly, a online news channel aimed at center-right American conservatives. The channel much like AJ+ is only available online, primarily on YouTube. The launch of the channel spurred questions from Al Jazeera staff questioning if the channel took away from Al Jazeera's mission to be non-partisan and from various media critics wondering if conservative audiences would watch a channel from Al Jazeera, a long time target of American conservatives.
Al Jazeera Media Network owns and operates the Al Jazeera Center for Studies 
. Established in 2006, the Al Jazeera Center for Studies conducts in-depth analysis of current affairs at both regional and global levels. Its research agenda focuses primarily on geo-politics and strategic developments in the Arab world and surrounding regions.
The center with an extensive network of distinguished researchers, and a wide range array of experts from across the globe, the center aims to promote dialogue and build bridges of mutual understanding and cooperation between cultures, civilizations, and religions.
The center also contains the Al Jazeera Media Training and Development Center.
Al Jazeera International Documentary Film Festival
The Al Jazeera International Documentary Film Festival
is an annual film festival held at the Doha Sheraton in Doha, Qatar
. The first festival was held on 18 April 2005. Every year the festival has a different theme. The vision of the festival is to make the festival an invitation.... to introduce different cultures from all over the world, foster better relationships through an exchange of experiences and knowledge thus creating a foundation of respect and understanding. Al Jazeera seeks to make the festival become a place where filmmakers from different countries and cultures meet to create a unique platform that celebrates creative talent and encourages a cultural interest in documentary films.
The festival endeavors to promote creative talent from all over the world and in this way, leave behind a unique stamp of originality and professionalism.
Al Jazeera Media Network sued AT&T in 2013 for refusing to carry its United States channel, claiming this was in violation of their contract.
The two sides later settled in 2014 leading to the channel being added on AT&T's U-Verse
Al Jazeera Media Network sued AT&T over contracts AT&T tried to illegally pursue in 2003.
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Last edited on 23 April 2021, at 18:58
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