: ولاية الجزيرة
: Wilāyat Al Ǧazīra
), also spelt Al Jazirah
, is one of the 18 states of Sudan
. The state lies between the Blue Nile
and the White Nile
in the east-central region of the country. It has an area of 27,549 km2
The name comes from the Arabic
word for island. Wad Madani
is the capital of the state. Gezira is known as an irrigated cotton-producing state as it is a well-populated area that is suitable for agriculture.
The area was at the southern end of Nubia
and little is known about its ancient history and only limited archaeological work has been conducted in this area. It was part of the kingdom of Alodia
for several centuries and with that state's collapse in the early sixteenth century, it became the centre of the Funj Sultanate
The Gezira Scheme
was a program launched in 1925 to foster cotton
farming. At that time the Sennar Dam
and numerous irrigation canals
were built. Al Jazirah became the Sudan
's major agricultural region with more than 10,000 square kilometres (2.5×106
acres) under cultivation. The administrative state of Gezira was established on 1 July 1943, after the Blue Nile
state was divided into three. The initial development project was semi-private, but the government nationalised it in 1950. Cotton production increased in the 1970s but by the 1990s increased wheat production has supplanted a third of the land formerly seeded with cotton.
- ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
- ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- ^ "Home – Al-Gezira State". Sudan Tribune. 2003–2013. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- ^ Hyslop, J (1952). The Sudan Story. Naldrett Press. p. "The Bounteous River".
Last edited on 14 March 2021, at 19:10
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