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Alzira, Valencia
Alzira (Valencian pronunciation: [alˈziɾa]; Spanish: Alcira [alˈθiɾa]) is a city and municipality of 45,000 inhabitants in Valencia, eastern Spain. It is the capital of the comarca of Ribera Alta in the province of Valencia. The city is the heart of the second largest urban agglomeration in the province, with a population of 100,000.
Alzira, Valencia
Municipality
Flag
Coat of arms

Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°09′00″N 0°26′06″W
Country
 Spain
Autonomous community
 Valencian Community
ProvinceValencia
ComarcaRibera Alta
Judicial districtAlzira
Government
 • MayorDiego Gómez García (2015) (Compromís)
Area
 • Total110.4 km2 (42.6 sq mi)
Elevation14 m (46 ft)
Population (2018)[1]
 • Total44,393
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Alzirenys
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code46600
46268 (La Garrofera)
Official language(s)Valencian
WebsiteOfficial website
Geographic situation
Alzira is located in the province of Valencia, on the left bank of the Júcar river, and on the ValenciaAlicante railway.[2]
Alzira's climate is typically Mediterranean: warm with no extremes of temperature either in summer or winter. Rainfall is scarce and irregular. Torrential rains usually follow periods of relative drought.
The town is situated on the shores of the Júcar river and contains the Murta and Casella valleys. Alzira's borough extends over 111 square kilometres.
History
Moorish walls
View of Alzira in 1824 by Edward Hawke Locker (can see the bridge semi-destroyed by the French)
Alzira was founded by the Muslim Moors under the name Jazirat Shukr (Arabic: جزيرة شَقْر‎‎) which later became known as Júcar Island.
It was a prosperous trading station during the reign of the Muslim Moors which lasted over five hundred years. During that time the city had a local administrative government and was considered as a cultural hub for writers, philosophers, and law experts.
The city was conquered by James I of Aragon on 30 December 1242.
Alzira, located right on the bank of the Júcar, has suffered devastating floods throughout its history - in particular in 1472, 1590, 1864, 1916, 1982 and 1987.
Alzira has historically been a walled town, surrounded by palm, orange and mulberry groves, and by low-lying rice-swamps, which rendered its neighborhood somewhat unhealthy. It is sometimes identified with the Roman Saetabicula or with the pre-Roman Sucro.[2] According to one source, the mutiny at Sucro of 206 BC, squelched by Scipio Africanus, was at or near present-day Alzira, a few kilometers east of the mouth of the Sucro/Jucar River.[3]
Economy
Grefusa's headquarters.
Edicions Bromera, headquarters.
Agriculture was the prime economic driving force in Alzira up to the mid-20th century. The most important produce are oranges and they are distributed by important local co-operatives.
During the 20th century, Alzira changed from an agricultural based economy to a diversified industry-orientated city with an important commercial infrastructure and associated services. Many outstanding companies have their head-office in the city: building and publishing companies, diverse manufacturers, textile and ice cream factories, etc. Alzira has become a very important commercial city due to its influence area, which is estimated about 300,000 inhabitants.
Healthcare
Alzira has a 250-bed Community Hospital, the Hospital de la Ribera, which was built in 1999 by UTE-Ribera, under a Private Finance Initiative scheme. Under the contract the Valencia Health Department pays an annual capitation-fee per inhabitant of 420 euros to Ribera Salud. There are about 250000 inhabitants in the area. The hospital has to pay for any treatment provided elsewhere for those inhabitants, and they are at liberty to go elsewhere. After 10 years the building reverts to the Valencia Health Department. During 2001, there were 19205 inpatient episodes, 19098 surgical acts, 115428 A&E visits, and 462733 outpatient visits. 90% of the patients seen were very satisfied with the care they got.[4] This capitation based system with integration between primary and secondary care providers and a unified IT system across all services has become known as the Alzira model and received a great deal of attention. The quality of services appears to be considerably higher than other health care systems.[5]
Main sights
Notable people
Raúl Albentosa, footballer
See also
Route of the Monasteries of Valencia
Notes
  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ a b One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Alcira". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 523.
  3. ^ Boix, p. 145: "Almost buried in a grove of mulberry trees and towering stands a compact mass of buildings that dominate some towers, and utterly old walls. That is the town of Alzira , that's the old Sucro. Not only in geography, but history also has its place in the city of Sucre."
  4. ^ "Private finance and "value for money" in NHS hospitals: a policy in search of a rationale?". British Medical Journal. 18 May 2002. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  5. ^ Zanon, Elisabetta (17 November 2014). "The Alzira model gives us a great deal to think about". NHS Confederation. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  6. ^​http://www.programmemed.eu/uploads/tx_ausybibliomed/Cultural_Heritage_Poles_Study_Section_6_MANRA.pdf
References
Boix, Vicente, Memoria histórica de la inundacion de la Ribera de Valencia en los dias 4 y 5 de Noviembre de 1864, Imprenta de La Opinion, á cargo de José Domenech, 1865
External links
Town city site

Last edited on 20 May 2021, at 08:35
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