American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Membership in the academy is achieved through a thorough petition, review, and election process.
The academy's quarterly journal, Dædalus
, is published by MIT Press
on behalf of the academy.
The academy also conducts multidisciplinary public policy research.
The Academy was established by the Massachusetts legislature on May 4, 1780, charted in order "to cultivate every art and science which may tend to advance the interest, honor, dignity, and happiness of a free, independent, and virtuous people."
The sixty-two incorporating fellows represented varying interests and high standing in the political, professional, and commercial sectors of the state. The first class of new members, chosen by the Academy in 1781, included Benjamin Franklin
and George Washington
as well as several international honorary members. The initial volume of Academy Memoirs
appeared in 1785, and the Proceedings
followed in 1846. In the 1950s, the Academy launched its journal Daedalus
, reflecting its commitment to a broader intellectual and socially-oriented program.
Since the second half of the twentieth century, independent research has become a central focus of the Academy. In the late 1950s, arms control
emerged as one of its signature concerns. The Academy also served as the catalyst in establishing the National Humanities Center
in North Carolina. In the late 1990s, the Academy developed a new strategic plan, focusing on four major areas: science, technology, and global security; social policy and education; humanities and culture; and education. In 2002, the Academy established a visiting scholars program in association with Harvard University
. More than 75 academic institutions from across the country have become Affiliates of the Academy to support this program and other Academy initiatives.
The Academy has sponsored a number of awards and prizes,
throughout its history and has offered opportunities for fellowships and visiting scholars at the Academy.
In July 2013, the Boston Globe exposed then president Leslie Berlowitz
for falsifying her credentials, faking a doctorate, and consistently mistreating her staff.
Berlowitz subsequently resigned.
The Humanities Indicators
A project of the Academy that equips researchers, policymakers, universities, foundations, museums, libraries, humanities councils, and other public institutions with statistical tools for answering basic questions about primary and secondary humanities education, undergraduate and graduate education in the humanities, the humanities workforce, levels and sources of program funding, public understanding and impact of the humanities, and other areas of concern in the humanities community.
It is modeled on the Science and Engineering Indicators, published biennially by the National Science Board as required by Congress.
Charter members of the Academy were John Adams
, Samuel Adams
, John Bacon
, James Bowdoin
, Charles Chauncy
, John Clarke
, David Cobb
, Samuel Cooper
, Nathan Cushing
, Thomas Cushing
, William Cushing
, Tristram Dalton
, Francis Dana
, Samuel Deane
, Perez Fobes
, Caleb Gannett
, Henry Gardner
, Benjamin Guild
, John Hancock
, Joseph Hawley
, Edward Augustus Holyoke
, Ebenezer Hunt
, Jonathan Jackson
, Charles Jarvis
, Samuel Langdon
, Levi Lincoln
, Daniel Little
, Elijah Lothrup
, John Lowell
, Samuel Mather
, Samuel Moody
, Andrew Oliver
, Joseph Orne
, Theodore Parsons
, George Partridge
, Robert Treat Paine
, Phillips Payson
, Samuel Phillips
, John Pickering
, Oliver Prescott
, Zedekiah Sanger
, Nathaniel Peaslee Sargeant
, Micajah Sawyer
, Theodore Sedgwick
, William Sever
, David Sewall
, Stephen Sewall
, John Sprague
, Ebenezer Storer
, Caleb Strong
, James Sullivan
, John Bernard Sweat
, Nathaniel Tracy
, Cotton Tufts
, James Warren
, Samuel West
, Edward Wigglesworth
, Joseph Willard
, Abraham Williams
, Nehemiah Williams
, Samuel Williams
, and James Winthrop
From the beginning, the membership, nominated and elected by peers, has included not only scientists and scholars, but also writers and artists as well as representatives from the full range of professions and public life. Throughout the Academy's history, 10,000 fellows have been elected, including such notables as John Adams
, Thomas Jefferson
, John James Audubon
, Joseph Henry
, Washington Irving
, Josiah Willard Gibbs
, Augustus Saint-Gaudens
, J. Robert Oppenheimer
, Willa Cather
, T. S. Eliot
, Edward R. Murrow
, Jonas Salk
, Eudora Welty
, and Duke Ellington
International honorary members have included Jose Antonio Pantoja Hernandez, Albert Einstein
, Leonhard Euler
, Marquis de Lafayette
, Alexander von Humboldt
, Leopold von Ranke
, Charles Darwin
, Otto Hahn
, Jawaharlal Nehru
, Pablo Picasso
, Liu Guosong
, Lucian Michael Freud
, Luis Buñuel
, Galina Ulanova
, Werner Heisenberg
, Alec Guinness
, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
, Menahem Yaari
, Yitzhak Apeloig
, Zvi Galil
, Haim Harari
, and Sebastião Salgado
The current membership encompasses over 5,700 members based across the United States and around the world. Academy members include more than 250 Nobel
laureates and more than 60 Pulitzer Prize
Classes and sections
The current membership is divided into five classes and twenty-four sections.
Class I – Mathematical and Physical Sciences
Class II – Biological Sciences
Class III – Social Sciences
Class IV – Arts and Humanities
Class V – Public affairs, business, and administration
- Section 1. Journalism and Communications
- Section 2. Business, Corporate and Philanthropic Leadership
- Section 3. Educational, Scientific, Cultural and Philanthropic Administration
- ^ Kershaw, G. E. (2014). American Academy of arts and sciences. In M. Spencer (Ed.), The Bloomsbury encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment. London, UK: Bloomsbury.
- ^ "Yale Faculty Named to American Academy of Arts and Sciences". Yale University. May 4, 2004. Archived from the original on September 18, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
- ^ "Academy Bylaws – American Academy of Arts & Sciences". Archived from the original on June 2, 2017. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
- ^ "About the Academy". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- ^ "Our Work". American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
- ^ "Charter of Incorporation". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
- ^ "Gale Encyclopedia of US History: American Academy of Arts and Sciences".
- ^ "Visiting Scholars Program". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on August 30, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- ^ "Prizes". American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
- ^ "Fellowships". American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
- ^ "Leader of Cambridge's prestigious Academy of Arts and Sciences inflated resume, falsely claiming doctorate – The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com.
- ^ Embattled head of American Academy of Arts and Sciences resigns after questions about resume – Metro. The Boston Globe (2013-07-26). Retrieved on 2013-08-12.
- ^ Academy loses a tireless advocate of arts, sciences – Letters. The Boston Globe (2013-07-30). Retrieved on 2013-08-12.
- ^ Humanities Indicators.
- ^ Chronicle of Higher Education, "First National Picture of Trends in the Humanities Is Unveiled," January 7, 2009.
- ^ "A New Humanities Report Card," September 4, 2013.
- ^ "The State of the Humanities: Funding 2014"(PDF). humanitiesindicators.org.
- ^ "Albert Einstein". American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
- ^ "Mr. Sebastiao Ribeiro Salgado". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 13, 2014.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "She is an Astronomer" Maria Mitchell.
- ^ "Hillary Rodham Clinton, Tyler Jacks, Andre Previn, and Melinda F. Gates Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. April 17, 2012.
- ^ "Newly Elected Members, April 2014" (PDF).
- ^ Bowditch, Nathaniel Ingersoll, Memoir of Nathaniel Bowditch, Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1840. Cf. p.138
- ^ White, Daniel Appleton, "Eulogy on John Pickering, LL. D., President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences", eulogy delivered to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, October 28, 1846; published in Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, v.3
Last edited on 6 June 2021, at 20:58
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