This article is about the Syrian politician. For similarly named Lebanese politician and Prime Minister, see Amin al-Hafez (Lebanon)
Al-Hafiz was born in the city of Aleppo
Rise to power
On 23 February 1966, al-Hafiz was overthrown by a radical Ba'athist faction headed by Chief of Staff Salah Jadid
A late warning telegram of the coup d'état
was sent from Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser
to Nasim al-Safarjalani
(The General Secretary of Presidential Council), on the early morning of the coup d'état. The coup sprung out of factional rivalry between Jadid's "regionalist" (qutri
) camp of the Ba'ath Party, which promoted ambitions for a Greater Syria
, and the more traditionally pan-Arab al-Hafiz faction, called the "nationalist" (qawmi
) faction. Jadid's supporters were also seen as more radically left-wing.
The coup was also supported and led by officers from Syria's religious minorities, especially the Alawites
and the Druze
, whereas al-Hafiz belonged to the majority Sunni
Exile and return
After being wounded in the three-hour shootout that preceded the coup, in which two of his children were seriously injured, al-Hafiz was jailed in Damascus's Mezzeh prison before being sent to Lebanon in June 1967. A year later, he was relocated to Baghdad
. In 1971, the courts of Damascus
sentenced him to death in absentia
; however, Saddam Hussein
"treated him and his fellow exile, Ba'ath founder Michel Aflaq
, like royalty", and the sentence was not carried out.
After the fall of Saddam in the Iraq War of 2003, al-Hafiz was quietly allowed to return to Syria.
He died in Aleppo on December 17, 2009; reports of his age differ, but he was believed to be in his late 80s.
He received a state-sponsored funeral.
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- ^ "Salah Jadid, 63, Leader of Syria Deposed and Imprisoned by Assad". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 24, 1993. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- ^ "Syria:Coups and Countercoups, 1961-70". countrystudies.us/. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- ^ a b Joffe, Lawrence (16 February 2010). "Amin al-Hafez obituary: Leader of Syria's first Ba'athist regime". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- ^ Anthony Shadid (May 18, 2005). "Syria Heralds Reforms, But Many Have Doubts". The Washington Post. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- ^ AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE (December 18, 2009). "Amin el-Hafez, Baathist Leader of Syria in 1960s, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
Last edited on 17 February 2021, at 00:59
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