Amy Lynn Chua
(born October 26, 1962) is an American law professor and writer. She is the John M. Duff Jr. Professor of Law at Yale Law School. Her expertise is in international business transactions, law and development, ethnic conflict, and globalization and the law.
She joined the Yale faculty
in 2001 after teaching at Duke Law School
for seven years. Prior to starting her teaching career, she was a corporate law
associate at Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton
. She is also known for her parenting memoir Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother
. In 2011, she was named one of Time
magazine's 100 most influential people, one of The Atlantic's
Brave Thinkers, and one of Foreign Policy's
Early life and education
Chua has written five books: two studies of international affairs, a parenting memoir, a book on ethnic-American culture and its correlation with socio-economic success within the United States, and a book about the role of tribal loyalties in American politics and its foreign policy.
Chua's third book, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother
, published in January 2011, is a memoir about her parenting journey using strict Confucianist
child rearing techniques, which she describes as being typical for Chinese immigrant parents.
Despite being sometimes interpreted as a how-to manual for parenting, the book has been critically viewed as an account "of how children can become rebellious and alienated when one-size-fits-all education philosophies are applied, regardless of their personality or aptitudes."
It was an international bestseller in the United States, South Korea, Poland, Israel, Germany, United Kingdom, and China, and has been translated into 30 languages.
The book also received a huge backlash and media attention and ignited global debate about different parenting techniques and cultural attitudes that foster such techniques.
Furthermore, the book provoked uproar after the release where Chua received death threats, racial slurs, and calls for her arrest on child-abuse charges.
Chua also appears in author J. D. Vance
's memoir and bestseller, Hillbilly Elegy
. Chua's student at Yale, Vance wrote that she gave him "the best advice anyone has ever given me." Vance wrote in his acknowledgments, "Besides Tina, the person who deserves the most credit for this book's existence is Amy Chua, my Yale contracts professor, who convinced me that both my life and the conclusions I drew from it were worth putting down on paper."
Vance credits Chua as the "authorial godmother" of Hillbilly Elegy
In February 2018, Chua's fifth book was published. Titled Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations
, it covers the topic of how loyalty to groups often outweighs ideological considerations. She examines how a failure to realize this has played a role in both the failure of US foreign policy abroad and the rise of Donald Trump domestically. The book received overwhelming positive reviews from across the political spectrum. David Frum
, writing for The New York Times
, praised Chua for her willingness to approach "the no-go areas around which others usually tiptoe." The Washington Post
described the book as "compact, insightful, disquieting, yet ultimately hopeful,"
and Ezra Klein
called the book "fascinating" on his Vox podcast.
The book received a few criticisms. The Guardian
called it "a well-intentioned book that never quite comes together."
The Financial Times
stated that it was "an important book," and supported Chua's argument "that America's liberal elite has contributed to Trump's rise by failing to acknowledge its own sense of tribalism"; it did, however, also state that it left the "crucial question" of how to create a "non-tribal world" unanswered.
J.D. Vance, a former student of Chua and author of Hillbilly Elegy
, praised the book, saying that "Political Tribes
is a beautifully written, eminently readable, and uniquely important challenge to conventional wisdom."
In 2014, Forbes
writer Susan Adams criticised Chua's book The Triple Package
for promoting racist overtones. Adams thinks that Chua's suggestion that certain cultural groups are more conventionally successful than others given Chua's "three-pronged prescription [of success]" is at best "pop psychology."
Alleged misconduct at Yale Law School
Chua has recommended a large number of candidates that have gone on to clerk for Justice Brett Kavanaugh
, previously a prominent federal judge
on the D.C. Circuit
. Controversy has arisen from allegations that Chua "groomed" potential clerks for the job by advising them to dress and act a certain way, so as to secure employment with Kavanaugh.
On September 20, 2018, The Guardian
reported that Chua and another prominent Yale law professor had advised female law students at Yale that their physical attractiveness and femininity could play a role in securing a clerkship with Kavanaugh. Chua reportedly stated that female law students should exude a "model-like" femininity and "dress outgoing" in their job interview with him, and that it was "no coincidence" that Kavanaugh's female clerks all "looked like models." Jed Rubenfeld
, Amy Chua's husband, reportedly stated that Kavanaugh "hires women with a certain look."
Chua denied the allegations, pointing out that her own daughter was approved for such a position with him.
Yale Law School Dean Heather K. Gerken
stated that the allegations reported by the Guardian
were "of enormous concern to me and the school," which investigates all complaints concerning violations of Yale University rules.
In a statement to The Guardian
in response to the report, Chua denied the notion that Kavanaugh's hiring was impacted by the attractiveness of female clerks. She stated that, "Judge Kavanaugh's first and only litmus test in hiring has been excellence." Yale subsequently did not find cause to sanction Chua, and she resumed regular teaching in the 2019-20 school year.
She later told The Guardian
that her classes were "among the most popular at the law school, especially for women and minorities," and that she was nominated for a Yale Law Women teaching award in 2019.
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (May 2020)
Chua and her daughters at the 2011 Time 100
Lulu is a student at Harvard Law School,
as well as a graduate of Harvard College, where she majored in history 
and was President of the Sab Club.
- ^ Chabris, Christopher; Hart, Joshua (April 8, 2018). 别迷信虎妈的成功学 [How Not to Explain Success]. The New York Times (in Chinese). Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- ^ "Amy Chua - Yale Law School". law.yale.edu. Retrieved 2018-10-07.
- ^ Chua, Amy. "About Amy". AmyChua.com. Archived from the original on 2015-05-16. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- ^ a b c d Chua, Amy (2011). Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother. Penguin Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-1594202841.
- ^ Chua, Leon O. (September 1971). "Memristor - The Missing Circuit Element". IEEE Transactions on Circuits Theory (IEEE) 18 (5): 507–519.
- ^ @amychua (2014-05-12). "Had Mother's Day dinner @ the studio of "Gunpowder Artist" Cai Guo-Qiang, who is from my ancestral hometown Quanzhou!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- ^ Walsh, Colleen (November 12, 2012). "Memories and beginnings". Harvard Gazette.
- ^ Maslin, Janet (January 19, 2011). "Amy Chua's 'Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother' – Review". The New York Times.
- ^ a b Kira Cochrane (7 February 2014). "The truth about the Tiger Mother's family". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- ^ "Another, Younger Side of 'Tiger Mother' Amy Chua". El Cerrito, CA Patch. 2011-02-07. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
- ^ "Amy Chua". staff.washington.edu. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
- ^ "Amy Chua". UW Faculty Web Server. University of Washington. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
- ^ "H4A 2014 Summit:What Really Defines and Drives Success? with Amy Chua, Vivian Louie and Jeff Yang". YouTube.com. 2014-11-03. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- ^ a b "Yale Law School | Faculty | Curriculum Vitae". Archived from the original on December 11, 2007.
- ^ a b Political Tribes by Amy Chua | PenguinRandomHouse.com.
- ^ "Home entertainment". The Economist. December 4, 2003.
- ^ "Top political reads of the year". The Guardian. London. December 24, 2003.
- ^ Hodson, Heather (January 15, 2011). "Amy Chua: 'I'm going to take all your stuffed animals and burn them!'". The Guardian. London.
- ^ Carey, Tanith (2016-01-17). "Whatever happened to the original tiger mum's children?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- ^ Zeiss Stange, Mary (9 Jan 2013). The Multimedia Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World. SAGE Publications. p. 183. ISBN 978-1452270685.
- ^ Chua, Amy. "The Book". AmyChua.com. Archived from the original on 2011-04-24. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- ^ Emily Rauhala (14 August 2014) 'Tiger Mother': Are Chinese Moms Really So Different? Time. Retrieved 8 March 2014
- ^ Cochrane, Kira (7 February 2014). "The truth about the Tiger Mother's family". The Guardian.
- ^ Chua, Amy; Rubenfeld, Jed (4 February 2014). The Triple Package: How Three Unlikely Traits Explain the Rise and Fall of Cultural Groups in America. Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1594205460.
- ^ Kellaway, Lucy. "Lessons in success from Eton and the Tiger Mother". FT.com. Financial Times. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- ^ Brockes, Emily (2014-02-05). "The Triple Package: What Really Determines Success – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- ^ "Tiger Mom's New Book Stirs Up Culture Wars". Yahoo Shine. January 7, 2014.
- ^ Hafiz, Yasmine (2014-01-06). "Amy Chua In 'The Triple Package' Claims Jews and Mormons Produce More Successful People". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2020-03-13.
- ^ Flood, Alison (8 January 2014). "'Tiger mother' returns with provocative theory of 'cultural group' success". The Guardian.
- ^ Hart, Joshua; Chabris, Christopher F. (2016). "Does a "Triple Package" of traits predict success?". Personality and Individual Differences. 94: 216–222. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.12.041.
- ^ Vance, J.D. Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis. Harper. p. 259.
- ^ Heller, Karen (2017-02-07). "'Hillbilly Elegy' made J.D. Vance the voice of the Rust Belt. But does he want that job?". Washington Post. Retrieved 2020-03-13.
- ^ Frum, David (2018-03-01). "The Battle Over What It Means to Be American". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020-03-13.
- ^ Jonathan Rauch, "Have our tribes become more important than our country?", The Washington Post, Retrieved 2018-03-30.
- ^ Ezra Klein, "The Ezra Klein Show", The Ezra Klein Show, 2018-02-26.
- ^ Anthony, Andrew (2018-02-25). "Political Tribes review – an unreliable guide to the American Dream". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
- ^ Tett, Gillian (2018-02-21). "Us and them: how America divided into tribes". Financial Times. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
- ^ a b Edelman, Adam; Hunt, Kasie (September 20, 2018). "Yale Law dean: Reports that professor groomed female clerks for Kavanaugh 'of enormous concern'". NBC News. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- ^ a b c Kirchgaessner, Stephanie; Glenza, Jessica (September 20, 2018). "'No accident' Brett Kavanaugh's female law clerks 'looked like models', Yale professor told students". The Guardian. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- ^ "Courses | Yale Law School Course Information and Selection Site". courses.law.yale.edu. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
- ^ Kirchgaessner, Stephanie (2020-08-26). "Prominent Yale law professor suspended after sexual harassment inquiry". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
- ^ Marantz, Andrew, "Ink: The Tiger Cub Speaks," The New Yorker, Feb. 10, 2014, p.20, 22.
- ^ "Sophia Chua-Rubenfeld". ethics.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
- ^ "Daughter of 'tiger mom' Chua picked as Kavanaugh law clerk". AP NEWS. 2019-06-10. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
- ^ Lat, David (2019-06-18). "Supreme Court Clerk Hiring Watch: The Return Of The Tiger Cub". Above the Law. Retrieved 2019-11-09.
- ^ Bennett, Laura (2018-01-22). "My Parents' Work-Life Balance: When Your Mom Is "Tiger Mother" Amy Chua". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
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