(Tamil: [aɳɳaː saːlaɪ]
), formerly known as St. Thomas Mount Road
or simply Mount Road
is an arterial road
, India. It starts at the Cooum Creek, south of Fort St George
, leading in a south-westerly direction towards St. Thomas Mount
, and ends at the Kathipara Junction
Beyond the Kathipara Junction, a branch road arises traversing westwards to Poonamallee
to form the Mount-Poonamallee Road
while the main branch continuing southwards to Chennai Airport
and beyond to form Grand Southern Trunk Road
). Anna Salai, which is more than 400 years old, is acknowledged as the most important road in Chennai city. The head offices of many commercial enterprises and public buildings are located along Anna Salai. It is the second longest road in Chennai, after Poonamallee High Road
Map of Chennai showing Anna Salai
There were several flyover projects under proposal along the stretch, many of which have been shelved owing to the construction of the Chennai Metro
Rail project, which runs along the median of the road.
Anna Salai Head Post office, one of the most important post offices in the city, is located on this road. It was established in 1854 as Mount Road SO as a non-gazetted delivery office. With the growth of commerce and urbanization, this SO was upgraded to gazetted in the year 1955. Nomenclature of this Head Post office was changed from Mount Road Head Post office to Anna Road Head Post office on 15 September 1974.
Mount Road in 1900
Anna Salai is more than 400 years old,
and has its origins in a cart track which was used by the European employees of the British East India Company
to travel from the factory at Fort St George
to the holy town of St Thomas Mount
where the apostle St Thomas
was crucified.
The road, in its present form, took shape during the time of Charles Macartney
who served as Governor of Madras
. With the construction of Marmalong Bridge in 1724, the road started gaining prominence. In the following years, the road became part of the city's central business district which originally covered only George Town
Today, most of Chennai's business and corporate offices are located on Anna Salai.
In the 1700s, the road was lined with garden houses and large colonial mansions with balconies and verandas set amidst lush gardens.
By the 1800s, Mount Road has become the traders' area of the city of Madras while First Line Beach in Georgetown remained the seat of processing, shipping and manufacturing businesses. However, the business activities of Mount Road was responsible for the city's economic growth. Several giant firms had beginnings on Mount Road, from the Amalgamations group to the TVS group. The road's proximity to the Government House, the home of the Governor, and the palaces of the Nawabs of Arcot resulted in several firms selling cars and other luxury goods setting up shops on the road. Simpson & Co, which moved to its current location opposite Government Estate after 1875, began building carriages and coaches and then cars. In the early 1900s, the road became the entertainment hub for the British.
In 1903, the first steam-driven car was taken for its debut drive on Mount Road. To overcome the Great Depression of the 1930s, Simpon's introduced the hire purchase system for cars and trucks. In the 1930s, the TVS group, which was a travel operator in mofussil areas, was established in Madras by acquiring the Madras Auto Service property. In the 1940s, Anantharamakrishnan helped with the formation of Amalgamations & Co. The city's first skyscraper, the LIC Building
, was built in 1959. Several major firms were then established, namely, Spencers & Co, Victoria Family Hotel (the present location of the Indian Overseas Bank Headquarters) and Higginbothams.
By the 2010s, the stretch between Parry's Corner
was used by over 16,000 vehicles during rush hour. Anna Salai is used by over 0.183 million vehicles every day.
The Metropolitan Transport Corporation in Anna Salai carries about 14,000 passengers per hour per direction.
Anna Salai remains the road in the city experiencing second most number of accidents annually, next only to Jawaharlal Nehru Road (100 ft Inner Ring Road), with one person being injured every 1.13 days. Together, these roads account for almost 14 per cent of the 5,101 accidents that occurred in Chennai in 2010.
Landmarks on Anna Salai
The Tamil Nadu Omandurar Government Multi Speciality Hospital and Medical College
Spencer Plaza from Anna Salai
Thousand Lights Mosque
Equestrian Statue on the Nungambakkam
side of Anna (Gemini) fly over.
Panagal Maaligai or Panagal Building, Saidapet
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anna Salai
- ^ a b "Mount Road's takeover tycoons". The Times of India. Chennai. 28 August 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- ^ "Time travel on Anna Salai". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. 23 October 2018. pp. 4 (MetroPlus).
- ^ "Anna Salai flyovers proposal shelved". Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- ^ "Chennai's Anna Salai: Frozen in time". The New Indian Express. Chennai: Express Publications. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- ^ "Structure of Chennai" (PDF). Chapter 1. CMDA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- ^ a b Narayanan, Ayush (2 July 2019). "The Mount Road that was". The Hindu. Chennai: Kasturi & Sons. pp. 5 (MetroPlus). Retrieved 21 July 2019.
- ^ Ramakrishnan, Deepa H. (1 July 2012). "Flyover wall mended after 3 days". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- ^ "Chennai: Bid to ease Anna Salai rush, give push for public transport". The New Indian Express. Chennai: IBN Live. 11 June 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
- ^ Karthikeyan Hemalatha (11 July 2011). "100-Ft Rd, Anna Salai are city's most dangerous". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
Last edited on 26 April 2021, at 04:03
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