Apsley Pellatt
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This article is about the glassware manufacturer Apsley Pellatt (1791–1863). For his father, Apsley Pellatt (1763–1826), see Apsley Pellatt (1763–1826).
Apsley Pellatt (27 November 1791 – 17 August 1863) was an English glassware manufacturer and politician.
He was the son of glassware maker Apsley Pellatt (1763–1826) and Mary (née Maberly) Pellatt.
Glassmaking career
He joined the family glass-making company of Pellatt and Green in 1811. He took over the London-based glass-works on his father's death, renaming it Apsley Pellatt & Co.[1]
His main interest lay in the chemistry of glass-making. In 1819, he took out his first patent for the manufacture of "sulfides" or Cameo Incrustations. Pellatt originally called them "Crystallo-Ceramie," reflecting their French origin.[2] The process involved the embedding of ceramic figurines into the glass sides of paperweights, jugs, decanters, etc., by cutting a hole in the hot glass, sliding in the insert, and resealing the glass afterward.
Pellatt became the most famous and successful producers of sulfides in England from 1819 to the mid-century rivalled only by Baccarat in France. He described their manufacture in a book on glass-making entitled "Curiosities of Glassmaking" published in 1849. After his retirement around 1850, the glass-works went into decline in the hands of his brother Frederic.
Political career
Pellatt was a public-spirited man who for some years served on the Common Council of the City of London. He unsuccessfully contested Bristol at the 1847 general election,[3] and was elected at the 1852 general election as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Southwark.[4] He held the seat until his defeat[5] at the 1857 general election,[6] and was unsuccessful when he stood again in 1859.[5]
He died in Balham in 1863 and was buried at Staines, where he had lived in later life. He had married twice, firstly in 1814 to Sophronia, daughter of Thomas Kemp; she died in 1815 aged only 23.[7] He married secondly, in Streatham in 1816, to Margaret Elizabeth, daughter of George Evans, of Balham, with whom he had one son, Apsley (who died young) and four daughters. His second wife died in 1874 and was buried alongside him. His younger brother, Mill Pellatt (1795-1863) was grandfather of Canadian financier Sir Henry Pellatt.[8]
  1. ^​http://www.museum.state.il.us/exhibits/barker/manufacturers/manufac_pellatt.php
  2. ^ http://www.great-glass.co.uk/glass%20notes/mann-p.htm
  3. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [First published 1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 67. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
  4. ^ "No. 21345". The London Gazette. 3 August 1852. p. 2129.
  5. ^ a b Craig 1989, pp. 16–17.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)
  7. ^ Visitation of England and Wales, vol. 9., 1901, ed. Joseph Jackson Howard and Frederick Arthur Crisp, pp. 161-167, Pellatt pedigree
  8. ^ Visitation of England and Wales vol. 9, 1901, ed. Joseph Jackson Howard and Frederick Arthur Crisp, pp. 161-167, Pellatt pedigree
Further reading
Apsley Pellatt On Glass Making: Publications By Apsley Pellatt Senior And Apsley Pellatt Junior, 1807–1848 by Cable and Pellatt ISBN 978-0-900682-54-4
External links
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Humphery
Sir William Molesworth, Bt
Member of Parliament for Southwark
With: Sir William Molesworth, Bt to 1855
Sir Charles Napier from 1855
Succeeded by
John Locke
Sir Charles Napier
Last edited on 30 May 2021, at 06:20
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