There is strong evidence of an Arab genetic influence in Arab-Berbers. 
On the other hand, some genetic studies there have determined that some Arab and non-Arab Berbers are genetically nearly identical. 
The Arab-Berber identity came into being
as a direct result of the Arab conquest of North Africa
, and the intermarriage
between the Arabian and Persian people who immigrated to those regions and local mainly Roman Africans
and other Berber people; in addition, Banu Hilal
Arab tribes originating in the Arabian Peninsula
invaded the region and intermarried with the local rural mainly Berber populations, and were a major factor in the linguistic, cultural and ethnic Arabization
of the Maghreb.
Medieval Arabic sources refers to Northwest Africa as Ifriqiya
or as Bilad Al Barbar
(English: Land of the Berbers; Arabic
: بلاد البربر
). This designation may have given rise to the term Barbary Coast
which was used by Europeans
until the 19th century to refer to coastal Northwest Africa.
Since the populations were partially affiliated with the Arab Muslim culture, Northwest Africa also started to be referred to by the Arabic speakers as Al-Maġrib
, the Maghreb (meaning "The West") as it was considered as the western part of the known world. For historical references, medieval Arab and Muslim historians and geographers used to refer to Morocco as Al-Maghrib al Aqşá
("The Farthest West"), disambiguating it from neighboring historical regions called Al-Maghrib al Awsat
("The Middle West", Algeria) and Al-Maghrib al Adna
("The Nearest West", Ifriqiya
The Maghreb was gradually arabized with the spread of Islam in the 7th century AD, when the liturgical language Arabic was first brought to the Maghreb. However, the bulk of the population of northwestern Africa remained Berber or Roman Africans at least until the 14th century. Arabization was at least partly strengthened in the rural areas in the 11th century with the emigration of the Banu Hilal tribes from Egypt
. However, many parts of the Maghreb were only arabized relatively recently in the 19th and 20th centuries, such as the area of the Aurès (Awras) mountains. Lastly, the mass education and promotion of Arabic language and culture through schools and mass media, during the 20th century, by the maghrebis governments, is regarded as the strongest contributor to the Arabization process in the Maghreb.
Various population genetics
studies along with historians such as Gabriel Camps and Charles-André Julien lend support to the idea that the bulk of the gene pool of modern Maghrebis, irrespective of linguistic group, is derived from the Berber populations of the pre-Islamic period.
The CIA World Factbook
states that about 15% of Algerians, a minority, identify as Berber even though many Algerians have Berber origins. The Factbook explains that of the approximately 15% who identify as Berber, most live in the Kabylie
region, more closely identify with Berber heritage instead of Arab heritage, and are Muslim.
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Last edited on 21 April 2021, at 17:25
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