Arab diaspora - Wikipedia
Arab diaspora
Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arabimmigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands to non-Arab countries, primarily in Central America, South America, Europe, North America, and parts of Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa.
Arab Diaspora
العرب المغتربون
Total population
According to the International Organization for Migration, there are 13 million Arab migrants, of whom 5.8 million reside in Arab countries.
Regions with significant populations
 Brazil
Estimated 15–20 million with at least partial ancestry[1][2]
 France
3.3[3] to 5.5[4] million people of North African (Arab or Berber) descent[5]
 Turkey
5,000,000[6][7][8][9][10]
 Indonesia
  • 87,227 Arab Indonesians in 2005 census (officially)[11]
  • Estimated 4–5 million of Arab and partial Arab ancestry (non-official speculations)[12]
 Argentina
4,500,000[13]
 United States3,700,000[14]
 Colombia
3,200,000[15][16][17]
 Niger
2,116,000[18]
 Venezuela
1,600,000[19]
 Iran
1,500,000[20]
 Mexico
1,500,000[21][22]
 Chad
1,536,000 (est.)[23]
 Spain
1,350,000[24][25]
 Germany
1,155,390[26][27]
 Mali
950,000[28]
 Chile
800,000[29][30][31][32]
 Belgium
800,000 (600,000 from Morocco)[citation needed]
 Canada750,925[33]
 Italy
680,000[34]
 Australia321,728[35]
 Netherlands
480,000–613,800[36]
 Sweden
377,616[citation needed]
 Burkina Faso
350,000[37]
 Ivory Coast
300,000[38]
 Honduras275,000 [39][40]
 Ecuador
250,000 [41]
 United KingdomEngland: 230,556 (2011 census)[42]
Wales: 9,989 (2011 census)[42]
Scotland: 9,366 (2011 census)[43]
 Denmark
121,000[citation needed]
 El Salvador
More than 120,000[44][45][46][47][48]
 Japan
less than 100,000[49]
 India
several thousand
Languages
Arabic (mother tongue), French, Italian, Spanish, English, Portuguese, Hebrew, Indonesian, Japanese, German, Turkish, Persian and other languages among others
Religion
Predominantly Christianity in the Americas, Islam in Europe and Asia, but also Druze and irreligion, among others
Related ethnic groups
Overview
Arab expatriates contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. In 2009 Arab countries received a total of US$35.1 billion in remittance in-flows and remittances sent to Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon from other Arab countries are 40 to 190 per cent higher than trade revenues between these and other Arab countries.[50] Large numbers of Arabs migrated to West Africa, particularly Côte d'Ivoire,[51] Senegal,[52] Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.[53] Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Lebanese traders have become re-established in Sierra Leone.[citation needed]
According to Saudi Aramco World, the largest concentration of Arabs outside the Arab World is in Brazil, which has 9 million Brazilians of Arab ancestry.[54] Of these 9 million Arabs, 6 million are of Lebanese ancestry,[55][56][57] making Brazil's population of Lebanese equivalent to that of Lebanon itself. However, these figures are contradicted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), which is the agency responsible for official collection of statistical information in Brazil. According to the 2010 Brazilian census conducted by IBGE, there were only 12,336 Lebanese nationals living in Brazil and other Arab nationalities were so small that they were not even listed.[58] The Brazilian census does not ask about ancestry or family origin. There is a question about nationality and, according to the Brazilian law, any person born in Brazil is a Brazilian national by birth and right for any purpose, nationally or internationally - not an Arab.[59][60] The last Brazilian census to ask about family origin was conducted in 1940. At that time, 107,074 Brazilians said they had a Syrian, Lebanese, Palestinian, Iraqi or Arab father. Native Arabs were 46,105 and naturalized Brazilians were 5,447. In 1940, Brazil had 41,169,321 inhabitants, hence Arabs and their children were 0.38% of Brazil's population in 1940.[61]
Venezuela,[62] Colombia, Mexico and Chile. Palestinians cluster in Chile and Central America, particularly El Salvador, and Honduras.[63] The Palestinian community in Chile[64][65] is the fourth largest in the world after those in Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Arab Haitians (a large number of whom live in the capital) are more often than not, concentrated in financial areas where the majority of them establish businesses. In the United States, there are around 3.5 million people of Arab ancestry.[66]
It has been estimated that there are as many as four million Indonesians with at least partial Arab ancestry.[67] They are generally well-integrated socially with Indonesian society, and identify as Indonesians.[68] In the 2010 census, 118,886 people, amounting to 0.05% of the population, identified themselves as being of Arab ethnicity.[69]
Notable people
Prominent members of the Arab diaspora include:
Business
Fashion, beauty
Film, television
Literature / theatre
Media and intellectuals
Music
Politics
Sciences
Sports
Religion
See also
References
Notes
Citations
  1. ^ Silvia Ferabolli (25 September 2014). Arab Regionalism: A Post-Structural Perspective. Routledge. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-317-65803-0. According to estimates by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), countersigned by the League of Arab States, Brazil has the largest Arab colony outside their countries of origin. There are estimated 15 million Arabs living in Brazil today, with some researchers suggesting numbers around 20 million.
  2. ^ Paul Amar (15 July 2014). The Middle East and Brazil: Perspectives on the New Global South. Indiana University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-253-01496-2. there are, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, more than sixteen million Arabs and descendants of Arabs in Brazil, constituting the largest community of Arabs descent outside the Middle East.
  3. ^ "France's crisis of national identity". The Independent. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  4. ^ "To count or not to count". The Economist. 26 March 2009. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  5. ^ Bertet, Elsa (29 January 2008). "French-Arabs battle stereotypes". Variety. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
  6. ^ (UNHCR), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response". UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  7. ^ Kaya, Ibrahim (2009). "The Iraqi Refugee Crisis and Turkey: a Legal Outlook". cadmus.eui.eu. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  8. ^ "The Impact of Syrian Refugees on Turkey". www.washingtoninstitute.org​.
  9. ^ "Turkey's demographic challenge". www.aljazeera.com.
  10. ^ "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Turkey". UNHCR. 31 December 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  11. ^ Leo Suryadinata (2008). Ethnic Chinese in Contemporary Indonesia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 29. ISBN 978-981-230-835-1.
  12. ^ "The world's successful diasporas". World Business. 3 April 2007. Archived from the original on 1 April 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Inmigración sirio-libanesa en Argentina" (in Spanish). Fearab.org.ar. Archived from the original on 20 June 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  14. ^ "Demographics". Arab American Institute. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  15. ^ "Estimación de la mortalidad, 1985–2005" [Estimation of mortality, 1985–2005] (PDF). Postcensal Studies (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: DANE. March 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  16. ^ Randa Achmawi (21 July 2009). "Colombia awakens to the Arab world". Brazi-Arab News Agency. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  17. ^ "Proyecciones nacionales y departamentales de población. 2006–2020" [National and departmental population projections. 2006–2020] (PDF) (in Spanish). DANE National Statistical Service, Columbia. September 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  18. ^ "Niger - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov.
  19. ^ "Abdel el-Zabayar: From Parliament to the Frontlines". The Daily Beast.
  20. ^ "Iran". Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  21. ^ "Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico | Al Jadid Magazine". www.aljadid.com.
  22. ^ Ben Cahoon. "World Statesmen.org". World Statesmen.org. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  23. ^ "Chad". Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Los musulmanes en España superan los 1,8 millones". www.europapress.es (in Spanish). 30 March 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  25. ^ Redaction (9 October 2012). "La cifra de musulmanes en España alcanza los 1,6 millones, de los que casi un tercio viven en Cataluña". www.alertadigital.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  26. ^ "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland in den Jahren 2015 und 2016". statista (in German).
  27. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 20 June 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  28. ^​http://comprehedv.cluster011.ovh.net/thinktank/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Toubou-Tuareg-Dynamics-AP-EG-Finalized-607.pdf
  29. ^ "Aurora | Aurora". www.aurora-israel.co.il. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  30. ^ "Arabs In The Andes? Chile, The Unlikely Long-Term Home Of A Large Palestinian Community". International Business Times. 31 October 2013.
  31. ^ "Chile: Palestinian refugees arrive to warm welcome". Adnkronos.com. 7 April 2003. Archived from the original on 19 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  32. ^ "500,000 descendientes de primera y segunda generación de palestinos en Chile". Laventana.casa.cult.cu. Archived from the original on 22 July 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  33. ^ "Canadian Arab Institute :: 750,925 Canadians Hail from Arab Lands". www.canadianarabinstitute.org​. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  34. ^ Dati ISTAT 2016, counting only immigrants from the Arab world. "Cittadini stranieri in Italia - 2016". tuttitalia.it.
  35. ^ Mazbouh-Moussa, Randa; Ohtsuka, Keis (2017). "Cultural competence in working with the Arab Australian community: a conceptual review and the experience of the Arab Council Australia (ACA) gambling help counselling service". Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health. 7 (1). doi​:​10.1186/s40405-017-0029-0​.
  36. ^ "Dutch media perceived as much more biased than Arabic media – Media & Citizenship Report conducted by University of Utrecht" (PDF), Utrecht University, 10 September 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 28 February 2019, retrieved 29 November 2010
  37. ^ "Burkina Faso - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov.
  38. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire". Minority Rights Group. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  39. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudi Aramco World. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  40. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudiaramcoworld.com. 27 June 1936. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  41. ^​http://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/ANQE/article/viewFile/ANQE9797110057A/3864
  42. ^ a b "Table CT0010EW 2011 Census: Ethnic group (write-in responses), local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  43. ^ "Ethnic group (detailed): All people" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  44. ^ "Why So Many Palestinians Live In El Salvador | AJ+". newsvideo.su. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  45. ^ http://theidentitychef.com/2009/09/06/lebanese-diaspora-worldwide-geographical-distribution
  46. ^ Zielger, Matthew. "El Salvador: Central American Palestine of the West?". The Daily Star. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  47. ^ "AJ Plus: The Palestinians of el Salvador | LatinX". Archived from the original on 13 November 2019.
  48. ^ correspondent, Hugh Dellios, Tribune foreign. "El Salvador vote divides 2 Arab clans". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  49. ^ "Muslim population in Japan increases with Islamic demands". DailySabah. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  50. ^ "Intra-Regional Labour Mobility in the Arab World" (PDF). International Organization for Migration (IOM) Cairo. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 April 2011.
  51. ^ "Ivory Coast - The Levantine Community". Countrystudies.us. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  52. ^ Lebanese Immigrants Boost West African Commerce, By Naomi Schwarz, voanews.com, 10 July 2007
  53. ^ Lebanese man shot dead in Nigeria, BBC News
  54. ^ "The Arabs of Brazil". Saudi Aramco World. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  55. ^ "Sleiman meets Brazilian counterpart, Lebanese community". The Daily Star. 23 April 2010.
  56. ^ "O Líbano: Geografia" [Lebanon: Geography] (in Portuguese). Lebanese Embassy in Brazil. 1996. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010.
  57. ^ "Estadão de Hoje". Estadao.com.br. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  58. ^ MOBILIDADE ESPACIAL DOS IMIGRANTES ESTRANGEIROS NO BRASIL - 1991/2010
  59. ^ Censo Demográfico 2010
  60. ^ Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988, Government of Brazil (in Portuguese).
  61. ^ IBGE.Censo brasileiro de 1940.
  62. ^ Habeeb Salloum, "Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico", Al Jadid, Vol. 6, no. 30 (Winter 2000).
  63. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudiaramcoworld.com. 27 June 1936. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  64. ^ "Chile: Palestinian refugees arrive to warm welcome". Adnkronos.com. 7 April 2003. Archived from the original on 19 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  65. ^ "500,000 descendientes de primera y segunda generación de palestinos en Chile". Laventana.casa.cult.cu. Archived from the original on 22 July 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  66. ^ "The Arab American Institute". Aaiusa.org. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  67. ^ The world's successful diasporas, World Business
  68. ^ Jacobsen, Frode F. (8 January 2009). Hadrami Arabs in Present-day Indonesia: An Indonesia-oriented Group with an Arab Signature. Routledge. pp. 19–22. ISBN 9781134018529 – via Google Books.
  69. ^ Aris Ananta; Evi Nurvidya Arifin; M Sairi Hasbullah; Nur Budi Handayani; Agus Pramono (14 July 2015). Demography of Indonesia's Ethnicity. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 121. ISBN 978-981-4519-87-8.
Further reading
External links
Last edited on 9 May 2021, at 23:51
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