The Arabian Plate
is the most common designation of the region, although it is also sometimes referred to as the Arab Plate
Eurasian, Anatolian, and Arabian (purple coloring) plates
The Arabian Plate was part of the African Plate during much of the Phanerozoic
), until the Oligocene
Epoch of the Cenozoic Era. Red Sea rifting began in the Eocene
, but the separation of Africa and Arabia occurred approximately 25
million years ago in the Oligocene, and since then the Arabian Plate has been slowly moving toward the Eurasian Plate.
The opening of the Red Sea rift led to extensive volcanic activity. There are large volcanic fields called the Older Harrats, such as Harrat Khaybar
and Harrat Rahat
, cover large parts of the western Arabian Plate. Some activity still continues especially around Medina
and there are regular eruptions within the Red Sea.
The collision between the Arabian Plate and Eurasia is pushing up the Zagros Mountains
of Iran. Because the Arabian Plate and Eurasian Plate collide, many cities are in danger such as those in southeastern Turkey (which is on the Arabian Plate). These dangers include earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes.
Countries and regions
Countries within the plate include entire Arabia (Bahrain
, Saudi Arabia
, the United Arab Emirates
, and Yemen
), and Djibouti
on the Horn of Africa
, as well as parts of the Levant
(eastern Lebanon[dubious – discuss]
, and Syria
) and Mesopotamia
). Regions include parts of Awdal
), the Khuzestan Province
), the Southeastern Anatolia Region
), and the Southern Denkalya Subregion
- ^ "Sizes of Tectonic or Lithospheric Plates". Geology.about.com. 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2016-01-23.
- ^ Image Science and Analysis Laboratory, NASA-Johnson Space Center. "Tectonics of the Arabian Plate". The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. NASA. Archived from the original on 6 July 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2007.
- ^ Unal, Bunyamin, Mucahit Eren, and M. Gurhan Yalcin. "Investigation of leakage at Ataturk dam and hydroelectric power plant by means of hydrometric measurements." Engineering Geology 93.1 (2007): 45-63.
- ^ arabia2 (2014-09-15). "Plate Boundaries of the Arabian Plate – GEOS 309: Tectonics". Geos309.community.uaf.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-01-23.
- ^ "Arabian Plate - African/Arabian Tectonic Plates". Africa-arabia-plate.weebly.com. Retrieved 2016-01-23.
- ^ "Volcanoes of Saudi Arabia". 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
- ^ Wenbin Xu; et al. (2015-05-26). "Birth of two volcanic islands in the southern Red Sea". Nature Communications 6, Article number: 7104.
Last edited on 14 December 2020, at 23:34
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.