He was raised in Abington, Pennsylvania
, on Wheatsheaf Lane.
At age 11, working at his first job at a Philadelphia car wash, he was fired for "wise-mouthing the owner."
Carter was educated at Highland Elementary School (class of 1966) and at Abington Senior High School
(class of 1972) in Abington. In high school he was a wrestler, lacrosse player, cross-country runner, and president of the Honor Society.
He was inducted into Abington Senior High School's Hall of Fame in 1989.
Carter taught at Harvard University
, as an assistant professor from 1984 to 1986, associate professor from 1986 to 1988, professor and associate director of the Center for Science and International Affairs
at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government
from 1988 to 1990, and director of the center from 1990 to 1993.
At the Kennedy School, he became chair of the International and Global Affairs faculty and Ford Foundation Professor of Science and International Affairs. He concurrently was co-director of the Preventive Defense Project of Harvard and Stanford
Early Department of Defense career
From 1993 to 1996, Carter served as assistant secretary of defense for international security policy
during President Clinton's first term.
He was responsible for strategic affairs, including dealing with the threat of weapons of mass destruction elsewhere in the world, nuclear weapons policy (including overseeing the U.S. nuclear arsenal and missile defenses), the 1994 Nuclear Posture Review
, the Agreed Framework
signed in 1994 which froze North Korea's plutonium-producing nuclear reactor
the 1995 extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
the negotiation of the 1996 Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
, and the multibillion-dollar Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction
program and Project Sapphire
that removed all nuclear weapons
, and Belarus
Carter directed military planning during the 1994 crisis
over North Korea
's nuclear weapons program.
He was also responsible for dealing with the establishment of defense and intelligence relationships with former Soviet countries in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union and its nuclear arsenal, and was chairman of NATO
's High Level Group.
He was also responsible for the Counter proliferation
Initiative, control of sensitive US exports, and negotiations that led to the deployment of Russian troops as part of the Bosnia Peace Plan Implementation Force
From April 2009 to October 2011, Carter was Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics
, with responsibility for DOD's procurement reform and innovation agenda and completion of procurements such as the KC-46
He also led the development and production of thousands of mine-resistant ambush protected (MRAP
) vehicles, and other acquisitions.
He instituted "Better Buying Power," seeking smarter and leaner purchasing.
From October 2011 to December 2013, Carter was Deputy Secretary of Defense
, serving as the DOD's chief operating officer
, overseeing the department's annual budget and its three million civilian and military personnel, steering strategy and budget through sequester, and directing the reform of DOD's national security export controls.
He was confirmed by Senate voice vote
for both positions.
In an April 4, 2013, speech, he affirmed that the 'Shift to Asia' initiative of President Obama was a priority that would not be affected by the budget sequestration in 2013
. Carter noted that The Shift to Asia
is principally an economic matter with new security implications. India, Australia, and New Zealand were mentioned as forthcoming security partners.
arms-control responsibilities included matters involving the START II
, CFE, and other arms-control treaties.
Secretary of Defense
Carter's official portrait
Vice President Joe Biden swears in Ash Carter as the 25th defense secretary as Carter's wife, Stephanie, looks on during a private ceremony at the White House
In his nomination hearing before the Senate Armed Services Committee
, he said he was "very much inclined" to increase U.S. military aid to Ukraine.
Speaking on the Middle East, he said the U.S. must militarily ensure a "lasting defeat" of Islamic State
(ISIL) forces in Iraq
He said he is not in favor of increasing the rate of prisoner releases from Guantanamo Bay
He also opined that the threats posed by Iran
were as serious as those posed by the ISIL forces.
President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and Secretary of Defense Ash Carter greet each other during a meeting of the National Security Council at the Pentagon in Washington, August 4, 2016.
He was approved unanimously on February 1, 2015, by the Senate Armed Services Committee. He was confirmed by the Senate on February 12 by a vote of 93–5
and sworn in by Vice President Joe Biden
on February 17.
U.S. defense secretary Ash Carter, second from right, with, from left, Afghan chief executive Abdullah Abdullah, Afghan president Ashraf Ghani and U.S. Vice President Joe Biden participate in a wreath-laying ceremony.
In October 2015, Carter condemned Russian
air strikes against ISIL and other rebel groups in Syria. On October 8, 2015, Carter, speaking at a meeting of NATO defence ministers in Brussels, said he believed Russia would soon start paying the price for its military intervention in Syria
in the form of reprisal attacks and casualties.
A controversy arose in December 2015 when it was revealed that Carter had used a personal email account when conducting official business as Secretary of Defense.
In January 2016, at Carter's direction, the Department of Defense opened all military roles to women, overriding a request by the Marine Corps
to continue to exempt women from certain positions.
In June 2016, Carter announced that transgender
individuals would be allowed to join and openly serve in the military.
Carter at the demilitarized zone separating North and South Korea
Carter, William Perry and former secretary of state George Shultz
, October 12, 2012
In 1997, Carter and former CIA Director John M. Deutch
co-chaired the Catastrophic Terrorism Study Group which urged greater attention to terrorism. In 1998 Carter, Deutch and Philip Zelikow
(later executive director of the 9/11 Commission) published an article on "catastrophic terrorism" in Foreign Affairs
From 1998 to 2000, he was deputy to William J. Perry
in the North Korea Policy Review and traveled with him to Pyongyang
In 2001–02, he served on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism, and advised on the creation of the Department of Homeland Security
Carter was also co-director of the Preventive Defense Project,
which designs and promotes security policies aimed at preventing the emergence of major new threats to the US.
Carter had been a longtime member of the Defense Science Board
and the Defense Policy Board
, the principal advisory bodies to the Secretary of Defense. During the Bush administration, he was also a member of Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
's International Security Advisory Board; co-chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's Policy Advisory Group; a consultant to the Defense Science Board; a member of the National Missile Defense White Team, and a member of the National Academy of Sciences Committee on International Security and Arms Control. He has testified frequently before the armed services, foreign relations, and homeland security committees of both houses of Congress.
In addition to his public service, Carter was a senior partner at Global Technology Partners, focused on advising investment firms in technology and defense. He has been a consultant to Goldman Sachs
and Mitretek Systems
on international affairs and technology matters, and speaks frequently to business and policy audiences. Carter is currently serving as an independent director on the General Electric
board of directors since 2020.
Support for military interventions
Carter departing from the Pentagon on his last day in office
U.S. Representative Ted Lieu
has criticized Obama's administration for its continued support for Saudi Arabian-led military intervention in Yemen
. On 2 March 2016, he sent a letter to Carter. Lieu, who served in the U.S. Air Force, wrote in the letter that the "apparent indiscriminate airstrikes on civilian targets in Yemen seem to suggest that either the coalition is grossly negligent in its targeting or is intentionally targeting innocent civilians."
Carter is married to Stephanie (DeLeeuw) Carter.
He was previously married to the current and eighth president of Bates College
, Clayton Spencer
, with whom he has two grown children, Ava and Will.
In addition to authoring numerous articles, scientific publications, government studies, and Congressional testimonies, Carter co-edited and co-authored 11 books:
- MX Missile Basing (1981)
- Ballistic Missile Defense (1984)
- Directed Energy Missile Defense in Space (1984)
- Managing Nuclear Operations (1987)
- Soviet Nuclear Fission: Control of the Nuclear Arsenal in a Disintegrating Soviet Union (1991)
- Beyond Spinoff: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World (1992)
- A New Concept of Cooperative Security (1992)
- Cooperative Denuclearization: From Pledges to Deeds (1993)
- Preventive Defense: A New Security Strategy for America (1997)
- Keeping the Edge: Managing Defense for the Future (2001)
- Inside the Five-Sided Box: Lessons from a Lifetime of Leadership in the Pentagon (2019)
- ^ Cooper, Helene; Sanger, David E.; Landler, Mark (December 5, 2014). "In Ashton Carter, Nominee for Defense Secretary, a Change in Direction". The New York Times. Retrieved February 5, 2015. Mr. Carter is a Democrat but not one of the core Obama loyalists, a group that includes Ms. Rice and Denis R. McDonough, the White House chief of staff.
- ^ "Ash Carter | Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs". Harvard Kennedy School. December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- ^ Carter, Ash (2006). "Faculty Career Profile". Harvard Kennedy School Magazine.
- ^ "Ashton B. Carter - Barack Obama Administration". Office of the Secretary of Defense - Historical Office.
- ^ "Angola St., Ocoee, died Monday..." Orlando Sentinel. August 2, 1994.
- ^ a b Sally Jacobs. "Ashton Carter: savvy tactician, independent thinker". Boston Globe.
- ^ a b c "Abington recalls 'brilliant' alum said in line to lead Pentagon". Philadelphia Daily News.
- ^ Herb Drill (August 14, 1994). "Obituaries". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- ^ a b "About Cynthia – Cynthia DeFelice". cynthiadefelice.com.
- ^ "Everything You Need to Know About Ashton Carter". wlsam.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2015.
- ^ a b c d e "Faculty Career Profile; Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University; Ashton B. Carter". harvard.edu.
- ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 14, 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
- ^ "Abington Graduate Ashton Carter Could Be Next Secretary Of Defense". FOX 29 News Philadelphia – WTXF-TV. December 3, 2014. Archived from the original on February 13, 2015.
- ^ a b c d "Ashton Carter Fast Facts". CNN. December 11, 2014.
- ^ Devin Dwyer. "Why Obama's New Defense Nominee Ashton Carter Likes 'Charmed Quarks'". ABC News.
- ^ a b c d Rebecca Shimoni Stoil, Obama names Ashton Carter as next defense secretary, The Times of Israel, December 5, 2014
- ^ "Why Obama's New Defense Nominee Ashton Carter Likes 'Charmed Quarks'". KMBZ.
- ^ Steve Straehley. "Appointments and Resignations – Secretary of Defense: Who Is Ashton Carter?". AllGov.
- ^ a b c d e "Ashton B. Carter" (PDF). Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- ^ a b Byron Tau (December 2, 2014). "Who Is Ashton Carter? A Look at Obama's Leading Defense Secretary Candidate". The Wall Street Journal.
- ^ a b "Resume" (PDF). www.belfercenter.org. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- ^ a b "Ashton B. Carter". Belfer Center.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ashton B. Carter; Secretary of Defense". United States Department of Defense.
- ^ a b c "Kim's Nuclear Gamble: Interview: Ashton Carter". Frontline. PBS. March 3, 2003. Retrieved June 9, 2009.
- ^ Tom Sauer (2005). Nuclear Inertia: US Weapons Policy After the Cold War. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1850437653.
- ^ Carter, Ashton B. (September 2004). "How to Counter WMD". Foreign Affairs. 83 (5): 72–85. doi:10.2307/20034068. JSTOR 20034068. Retrieved December 2, 2014.
- ^ a b c "Ashton B. Carter; Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology & Logistics" Archived December 31, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, US House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations
- ^ "Defense.gov Transcript: Remarks by Deputy Secretary Carter on the U.S.-India Defense Partnership at the Center for American Progress". United States Department of Defense. September 30, 2013.
- ^ "Senate Armed Services Committee". Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- ^ "Video: Statesmen's Forum: The Honorable Ashton B. Carter, Deputy Secretary of Defense". Center for Strategic and International Studies. April 9, 2013. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2014.
- ^ "Obama picks former Pentagon official Ashton Carter to be defense secretary". Fox News Channel. December 5, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- ^ Sara Fischer (December 5, 2014). "Obama nominates Ash Carter to lead Defense". CNN. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- ^ a b Craig Whitlock (February 12, 2015). "Senate confirms Ashton B. Carter as secretary of defense". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
- ^ a b c Dion Nissenbaum (February 4, 2015). "U.S. Defense Nominee Leans Toward Arms for Ukraine in Fight". The Wall Street Journal.
- ^ a b c W.J. Hennigan (February 12, 2015). "Senate confirms Ashton Carter as new secretary of Defense". Los Angeles Times.
- ^ David Lerman. "Senate Confirms Ashton Carter as Obama's Fourth Pentagon Chief". Bloomberg.
- ^ Emmarie Huetteman. "Ashton B. Carter Is Confirmed as Defense Chief, Replacing Chuck Hagel". The New York Times.
- ^ Bill Chappell (February 17, 2015). "Ashton Carter Is Sworn In As Obama's 4th Defense Secretary". NPR.
- ^ "Defense secretary's warning to China: U.S. military won't change operations". The Washington Post. May 27, 2015.
- ^ "Russia will pay price for Syrian airstrikes, says US defence secretary". The Guardian. October 8, 2015.
- ^ "Defense Secretary Conducted Some Official Business on a Personal Email Account". The New York Times. December 16, 2015.
- ^ Cheryl Pellerin (December 3, 2015). "Carter Opens All Military Occupations, Positions to Women". Department of Defense.
- ^ "Secretary of Defense Ash Carter Announces Policy for Transgender Service Members". Department of Defense. June 30, 2016.
- ^ Ashton B. Carter, John Deutch, and Philip Zelikow: "Catastrophic Terrorism: Tackling the New Danger", Foreign Affairs, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/1998-11-01/catastrophic-terrorism-tackling-new-danger
- ^ "Biography of The Honorable Ashton Carter". Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- ^ "Board of Directors". Atlantic Council. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
- ^ Crowley, Michael. "Can a wonk run a war?; Ash Carter is a scholar, a bureaucrat — and the opposite of Chuck Hagel". Politico. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- ^ "If Necessary, Strike and Destroy". The Washington Post. June 22, 2006
- ^ "Interview: Ashton Carter". PBS. March 3, 2003.
- ^ "Another victory for Bush". The Baltimore Sun. December 24, 2003
- ^ "US could potential deploy missiles in Europe to deter Russia". Deutsche Welle. June 5, 2015.
- ^ ""Look like war crimes to me": Congressman raises concerns over U.S. support for Saudi war in Yemen". Salon. March 17, 2016.
- ^ Lieu, Ted (March 2, 2016). "Letter to Secretary of State John Kerry and Defense Secretary Ash Carter" (PDF). Ted Lieu. US House of Representatives. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
- ^ "Atlantic Council Board Member Ashton Carter Opens Testimony to the Senate". Atlantic Council. February 4, 2015.
- ^ "Ten Outstanding Young Americans". Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
Last edited on 9 May 2021, at 20:07
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