The governorate is divided into municipal divisions
with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 4,407,335. In the case of Asyut governorate, there is 1 new city, three aqsam[check spelling]
and eleven marakiz. Sometimes a markaz and a kism share a name.
Asyut governorate has a population of over 4 million people, with a significant Coptic
presence. In 1914, it had the second largest proportion of Copts in Egypt, where they made up 20.7% of the population.
However, they now make up 32.5% while the remaining population are Sunni Muslims.
Evangelical (Protestant) religions had significant growth in some districts of Asyut, as evidenced in 1907 census data, where half of the citizens of a village were counted as Protestant Copts.
Muslims and Christians have lived together in Asyut and at times there have been clashes. In July 2013, a large number of Christians took to the streets to protest Muslim extremism in Asyut.
Whether Christian or Muslim, Asyut is home to a very conservative society and in October, 2016 Upper Egypt's first beauty pageant, which was to be held in Asyut, had to be canceled due to death threats and security issues.
In 2016, Switzerland committed to funding a solid waste management program in Asyut, a project with the Egyptian Ministry of Environment
that will conclude in 2021. The National Solid Waste Management Programme
(NSWMP) involves the construction of infrastructure for new as well as the expansion and improvement of existing waste treatment, landfill, and recycling facilities.