Atlas method - Wikipedia
Atlas method
The Atlas method is a method used by the World Bank since 1993 to estimate the size of economies in terms of gross national income (GNI) in U.S. dollars.
A country's GNI in local (national) currency is converted into U.S. dollars using the Atlas conversion factor, which uses a three-year average of exchange rates to smooth effects of transitory exchange rate fluctuations, adjusted for the difference between the rate of inflation in the country (using the country's GDP deflator), and that in a number of developed countries (using a weighted average of the countries' GDP deflators in SDR terms). The resulting GNI in U.S. dollars is divided by the country's midyear population to obtain the GNI per capita.[1]
The World Bank favors the Atlas method for comparing the relative size of economies, and uses it to classify countries in low, middle and high-income categories and to set lending eligibilities, in order to reduce short-term fluctuations in country classification.
Comparison of GNI (Atlas method) and GNI
2016 World Bank (millions of current US$)
No.CountryGNI (Atlas method)[2]GNI[3]Difference
1 United States18,357,32218,968,714-611,392
2
 China
11,374,22711,154,194220,033
3
 Japan
4,816,8925,096,371-279,479
4
 Germany
3,624,6383,536,57988,058
5 United Kingdom2,778,4882,587,657190,831
6
 France
2,590,0302,504,68485,346
7
 India
2,212,3062,235,524-23,218
8
 Italy
1,923,0951,863,08560,011
9
 Brazil
1,835,9931,758,52777,466
10 Canada1,584,1771,508,49575,682
See also
References
  1. ^ The Atlas Method Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, World Bank.
  2. ^ "GNI, Atlas method (current US$)". World Bank.
  3. ^ "GNI (current US$)". World Bank.
Last edited on 27 October 2018, at 14:10
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