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Bahrani Arabic
Not to be confused with Bahraini Gulf Arabic or Gulf Arabic.
Bahrani Arabic (also known as Bahrani and Baharna Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken by the Baharna in Eastern Arabia and Oman.[2] In Bahrain, the dialect is primarily spoken in Shia villages and some parts of Manama.
Bahrani Arabic
العربية البحرانية
Native toBahrain, Oman, Qatif, Al Ahsa
Native speakers
730,000 (2001–2013)[1]
Afro-Asiatic
Bahrani Arabic
Dialects
Bahrani
Arabic alphabet, Arabic chat alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3abv
Glottologbaha1259
The Bahrani Arabic dialect has been significantly influenced by the ancient Aramaic, Syriac, and Akkadian languages.[3][4]
An interesting sociolinguistic feature of Bahrain is the existence of three distinct dialects: Bahrani, Sunni and Ajami Arabic.[5] Sunni Bahrainis speak a dialect which is most similar to urban dialect spoken in Qatar.
The Persian language has the most foreign linguistic influence on all the Bahraini dialects.[6] The differences between Bahrani Arabic and other Bahraini dialects suggest differing historical origins. The main differences between Bahrani and non-Bahrani dialects are evident in certain grammatical forms and pronunciation. Most of the vocabulary, however, is shared between dialects, or is distinctly Bahraini, arising from a shared modern history. Many Bahrani words have also been borrowed from Hindi, Turkish, or English.
Examples of words borrowed from other languages
Bahrani dialect has borrowed some vocabulary from Persian, Hindi, Turkish, and more recently from English.
Features
Bahrani Arabic (called Baħrāni by its speakers) shares many features with Gulf Arabic dialects (e.g. Kuwait, UAE, Qatar) of which it is not considered part by most linguists. Some general features:
Phonology
Bahrani Arabic consonants[7]
Labial
Dental
Denti-alveolar
Alveolar
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Glottal

 plain 
emphatic

 plain 
emphatic

Nasal
m
n

Plosive
voiceless
t
k
q
ʔ

voiced
b
d
ɡ

Fricative
voiceless
f
θ
s
ʃ
x
ħ
h

voiced
ð
z
ɣ
ʕ
Trill
r
Approximant
l
j
w
See also
References
  1. ^ "Arabic, Baharna Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  2. ^ "Arabic, Baharna Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
  3. ^ Jastrow, Otto (2002). Non-Arabic Semitic elements in the Arabic dialects of eastern Arabia. Clive Holes. pp. 270–279. ISBN 9783447044912.
  4. ^ Holes, Clive (2001). Dialect, Culture, and Society in Eastern Arabia: Glossary. Clive Holes. pp. XXIX–XXX. ISBN 9004107630.
  5. ^ Bassiouney, Reem (2009). "5". Arabic Sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. pp. 105–107.
  6. ^ Dialect, Culture, and Society in Eastern Arabia: Glossary. Clive Holes. 2001. Page XXX. ISBN 90-04-10763-0
  7. ^ Al-Tajir, Mahdi Abdalla (1982). Language and linguistic origins in Baḥrain : the Baḥārnah dialect of Arabic. London: K. Paul International. ISBN 0-7103-0024-7.
Further reading
External links
Bahrani Arabic test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator
Last edited on 30 March 2021, at 08:51
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