During the early 21st century Syrian civil war
, rebel sources reported that a massacre
took place on 2 May 2013, perpetrated by regime forces.
On 3 May,
another massacre was, according to SOHR
, perpetrated in the Ras al-Nabaa district of Baniyas causing hundreds of Sunni residents to flee their homes.
According to one opposition report, a total of 77 civilians, including 14 children, were killed.
Another two opposition groups documented, by name, 96–145 people who are thought to have been executed in the district.
Four pro-government militiamen and two soldiers were also killed in the area in clashes with rebel fighters.
The bishopric of Balanea was a suffragan
, the capital of the Roman province
of Syria Secunda
, as is attested in a 6th-century Notitiae Episcopatuum
When Justinian established a new civil province, Theodorias, with Laodicea as metropolis, Balanea was incorporated into it, but continued to depend ecclesiastically on Apamea, till it obtained the status of an exempt bishopric directly subject to the Patriarch of Antioch.
In the Crusades
period, Balanea became a Latin-Rite
see, called Valenia
in the West. It was situated within the Principality of Antioch
and was subject to the Latin-Rite metropolitan see
of Apamea, whose archbishop intervened in the nomination of bishops of the suffragan see in 1198 and 1215.
For reasons of security, the bishop lived in Margat Castle.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baniyas
- ^ Strabo, XVI, 753
- ^ a b c Siméon Vailhé, "Balanaea" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1907)
- ^ "Syrians flee 'massacres' in Baniyas and al-Bayda," BBC (4 May 2013). Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- ^ "At least 62 bodies found in Syria's Banias: watchdog". Bangkokpost.com. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
- ^ "Syrians flee coastal town after mass killings". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
- ^ Jim Muir (2013-05-04). "Syrians flee 'massacres' in Baniyas and al-Bayda". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
- ^ The Violations Documenting Center in Syria. "VDC Martyrs". Vdc-sy.info. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
- ^ "145 civilians (34 children, 40 women, 71 men) killed in the Banias massacre". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
- ^ "Death toll for Friday 3/5/2013: More than 130 people killed yesterday in Syria". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
- ^ Echos d'Orient 1907, p. 94.
- ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. II, coll. 921-924
- ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 436
- ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 8, p. 139
- ^ Jean Richard, Note sur l'archidiocèse d'Apamée et les conquêtes de Raymond de Saint-Gilles en Syrie du Nord, in Syria. Archéologie, Art et histoire, Year 1946, Volume 25, n° 1, pp. 103–108 (especially p. 107)
- ^ Du Cange, Les familles d’outre-mer, Paris 1869, p. 814
- ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 845
Last edited on 11 February 2021, at 10:58
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