Barbara Kopple in conversation
Kopple attended the School of Visual Arts
soon thereafter, where Kopple met documentary filmmakers Albert and David Maysles
through a classmate.
She assisted them on their documentary Salesman
, and then did camera work for their film on the Rolling Stones, titled Gimme Shelter
Reflecting on her time working with the Maysles, Kopple said “the wonderful thing about working for Alan and David Maysles was that they were the first company that treated women as equals...everybody attended all the meetings; everybody's opinion was important.”
She subsequently worked as an editor, camera operator, and sound operator on numerous documentaries and then started production on Harlan County, USA
Kopple first became aware of the plights of the Appalachia miners while studying at Northeastern University.
In 1972, Kopple started her own production company, Cabin Creek Films. It was during this time that miners walked off the job in Harlan County,
and Kopple began the filming Miners for Democracy movement led by Arnold Miller. When Tony Boyle was ousted from the union leadership and miners began striking for union recognition, Kopple moved to Harlan with a crew of five
and a loan of $12,000.
Kopple and her crew lived with the miners, filming even when they ran out of film because the presence of a camera “kept down violence.”
Harlan County, USA
took four years to make and cost over $200,000.
Continuing production was financially demanding on Kopple and her small crew, who regularly moved back-and-forth between Harlan and New York to collect financial backing from grant proposals and odd jobs, even writing letters for money from miners’ homes.
When she ran out of money, Kopple would “come back to New York and take whatever job I could, editing, sound, until I got enough to go back.”
Kopple also accepted donated money from her parents, friends and others in order to continue financing the project; she eventually placed herself into great debt for the film, utilizing her personal credit card for many expenses.
Kopple was threatened by mine owners during filming, being told that “if I was ever caught alone at night I'd be killed.”
She reportedly carried two pistols while filming in Harlan.
Harlan County, USA
debuted at the New York Film Festival in October, 1976, where it received a standing ovation. The film won the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature, Kopple accepting the award “on behalf of the miners of Harlan County who took us into their homes, trusted us, and shared their love with us.”
After Harlan County, USA
, Kopple didn't finish another documentary until 1990. Kopple instead took her political focus on unions to television, directing the 90-minute television drama Keeping On
, Kopple's next feature-length documentary captured the 1985–86 Hormel strike
, a two-year-long workers strike against Hormel Foods. Kopple was first turned onto the subject matter in the early 1980s while working on starting a different documentary project. While driving in Worthington, Minn., Kopple heard a new radio broadcast on developing strikes amongst workers in meatpacking plants of Austin. Kopple reportedly started driving towards Austin immediately; “that was the beginning,” said Kopple, “And I never left."
proved to be even more difficult for Kopple to produce than Harlan County, USA,
despite her previous documentary's success.
Budget for the film was tight,
and Kopple found it difficult to obtain funding due to its subject matter.
Unlike Harlan County
, which had Kopple very much on one side of the battle, Kopple intentionally aimed to be much more objective in depicting the differing perspectives of the Hormel Strike in American Dream
. “I cared about the people in Austin, Minn., very much,” Kopple reflected, “but if we were ever to look back at [the film], we had to have the full story.”
American Dream premiered at the New York Film Festival on October 6, 1990. It eventually earned Kopple her second Academy Award the following year. Kopple continued to exclusively make documentaries for nearly the next decade and a half, exploring new subject matters such as crime procedurals and the lives of celebrities.
2004 to the present
Her first non-documentary feature film to play in theaters, Havoc
, starred Anne Hathaway
and Bijou Phillips
as wealthy suburbanites who venture into East Los Angeles
Latino gang territory, and was released straight to DVD in 2005. Kopple has recently ventured into advertising work that includes documentary-style commercials for Target Stores
In 2014, Sight and Sound
published a list of its Greatest Documentaries of All Time, and Kopple's film Harlan County, USA
(1976) was ranked 24th, tied with two other movies.
When beginning to make the film Harlan County, USA
, Kopple was promised a $9,000 grant, then later was denied. This happened countless times before she eventually secured the necessary funds. The moving image collection of Barbara Kopple is held at the Academy Film Archive, which preserved Harlan County, USA
Style and themes
Kopple's documentaries are in the style of cinema vérité
. Reflecting on her documentaries in 1991, Kopple said “the kind of films that influenced me have more to do with watching people, letting scenes come alive so you actually see people change through the course of the film...almost like you're right there.”
Her work typically consist of observational footage, minimal voice-overs and intimate interviews with her subjects. She has listed the Maysle brothers and D.A. Pennebacker
as notable influences on her technique.
“I absolutely loved Don't Look Back
because he got so close to Dylan,” Kopple said of Pennebacker. “I wanted to make films that were as intimate as that.”
Kopple's work is often politically driven. She has made several films on U.S. labor issues, as well as worker's unions, and has been a longtime advocate for the American labor movement.
Many of her documentaries revolve around political subject matters, but her more recent work has taken a shift towards music documentary and celebrity portraiture.
For her documentaries, Kopple works in small crews of two to five, almost always acting as her own sound operator.
This section needs expansion
. You can help by adding to it
. (July 2010)
Awards and nominations
- 1977: Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature, Harlan County, USA
- 1990: CINE Golden Eagle for Documentary, American Dream
- 1991: Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature, American Dream
- 1992: DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Documentary/Actuality, American Dream
- 1993: Nominee for Primetime Emmy in Outstanding Individual Achievement – Informational Programming, Fallen Champ: The Untold Story of Mike Tyson
- 1993: Woman in Film Crystal Awards, Dorothy Arzner Directors Award
- 1994: American Film Institute, USA, Maya Deren Independent Film and Video Artists Award
- 1994: CINE Golden Eagle for Documentary, A Century of Women
- 1994: DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Documentary/Actuality, Fallen Champ: The Untold Story of Mike Tyson
- 1995: Nominee for Primetime Emmy in Outstanding Informational Series, A Century of Woman
- 1998: DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Dramatic Series’, Homicide: Life on the Street
- 1998: Human Rights Watch International Film Festival, Lifetime Achievement Award
- 2005: CINE Golden Eagle for Documentary, Bearing Witness
- 2006: Nominee for EDA Award for Best Documentary by or About Women, Shut Up & Sing
- 2006: Audience Award for Audience Favorite Documentary, Shut Up & Sing
- 2006: Woman Film Critics Circle Awards, Lifetime Achievement Award
- 2006: Special Jury Prize for DocuFest Competition, Shut Up & Sing
- 2010: Nominated for Emmy in Outstanding Arts & Culture Documentary, Woodstock: Now & Then
- 2011: Felix Award for Best Documentary, American Dream
- 2011: Grand Festival Award for Documentary, Bagels, Borscht, and Brotherhood – Allen Ginsberg
- 2014: Nominee for Primetime Emmy in Outstanding Documentary or Nonfiction, Running from Crazy
- 2017: Nominated for Emmy in Outstanding Arts & Culture Documentary, Miss Sharon Jones!
- 2018: Athena Film Festival, Laura Ziskin Lifetime Achievement Award
- 2018: Hot Docs Outstanding Achievement Award
- ^ "Cabin Creek Films - Shut Up and Sing". www.cabincreekfilms.com. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- ^ "Episode 2: Barbara Kopple". The Drunk Projectionist. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- ^ a b c d e "BACK TO "HARLAN COUNTY, USA"". The Attic. Archived from the original on 2018-07-25. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ a b c d "text template". www.ejumpcut.org. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ a b c d "A Talk With Barbara Kopple | Magazine | The Harvard Crimson". www.thecrimson.com. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ a b c d "Of Politics and Passion: Barbara Kopple's American Dream". International Documentary Association. 1991-12-01. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ a b c The Canadian Press (2018-05-03), How Barbara Kopple funded her first Oscar-winning documentary, retrieved 2018-11-27
- ^ Kernan, Michael (February 8, 1983). "Stark 'Keeping On'". Washington Post.
- ^ a b c "'American Dream' still rings true today - Austin Daily Herald". Austin Daily Herald. 2010-08-14. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ a b c Brown, Gregory (2015-10-14). Barbara Kopple: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781626745698.
- ^ "Barbara Kopple Collection". Academy Film Archive.
- ^ Gaydos, Steven (2015-07-24). "Barbara Kopple Reflects on Joys and Dangers of Filming 'Harlan County, USA'". Variety. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ McKENNA, KRISTINE (1992-03-15). "MOVIES : Without the Union Label : Barbara Kopple told the story of 'Harlan County, USA' in black-and-white terms, but with 'American Dream,' about a strike that put a union local in conflict with its international, as well as the company, the coloring is gray". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ "Ain't that America: The Films of Barbara Kopple – Point of View Magazine". povmagazine.com. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- ^ "Desert One | Film | IMDb page". IMDb. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
- ^ "Oscars | Best Documentary (Feature) 1977 | Harlan County, U.S.A." Oscars | Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- ^ "Oscars | Best Documentary (Feature) 1991". Oscars | Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- ^ "IMDb | Human Rights Watch International Film Festival 1998 | Lifetime Achievement Award". IMDb. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- ^ "IMDb | Woman Film Critics Circle Awards, Lifetime Achievement Award 2006". IMDb. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- ^ "Athena Film Festival | Laura Ziskin Lifetime Achievement Award". Athena Film Festival. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
Last edited on 14 March 2021, at 10:29
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.